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The Buddhist Archives of Dr. Alexander Berzin

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Relating to a Spiritual Teacher: Building a Healthy Relationship

Originally published as
Berzin, Alexander. Relating to a Spiritual Teacher:
Building a Healthy Relationship
Ithaca, Snow Lion, 2000

Reprint: Wise Teacher, Wise Student: Tibetan Approaches to a Healthy Relationship. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2010

Order this book directly from Snow Lion Publications


Sanskrit and Tibetan Sources

Aku Sherab-gyatso (A-khu Shes-rab rgya-mtsho) (1803-1875). 'Dus-pa lam rim-pa dang-po'i khrid-dmigs-kyi brjed-byang (A Reminder for Not Forgetting the Visualizations Described for the First Stage of the Path of Guhyasamaja).

Anangavajra (Yan-lag med-pa'i rdo-rje) (9th century). Prajnopaya-vinishcayasiddhi (Thabs-dang shes-rab gtan-la dbab-pa grub-pa; Establishing Method and Discriminating Awareness).

Aryadeva ('Phags-pa lha) (3rd century). Catuhshataka-shastra-karika (bsTan-bcos bzhi-brgya-pa zhes-bya-ba'i tshig-le'ur byas-pa; Four Hundred Stanzas).

Aryashura (sLob-dpon dPa'-bo) (2nd century). Jatakamala (sKyes-rabs 'phreng-ba; A Garland of Past-Life Accounts [of the Buddha]).

Asanga (Thogs-med) (4th or 5th century). Abhidharmasamuccaya (Chos mngon-pa kun-las btus-pa; An Anthology of Special Topics of Knowledge).

Ashvaghosha II (rTa-dbyangs) (10th century). Gurupancashatika (Bla-ma lnga-bcu-pa; Fifty Stanzas on the Guru).

Atisha (Atisha Dipamkarashrijnana; A-ti-sha, dPal Mar-me mdzad ye-shes) (982-1054). Bodhipathapradipa (Byang-chub lam-gyi sgron-me; A Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment).

_______. Bodhipathapradipavrtti (Byang-chub lam-gyi sgron-me'i dka'-'grel; An [Auto] Commentary to the Difficult Points of A Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment).

_______. Gurukriyakrama (Bla-ma'i bya-ba'i rim-pa; The Stages of Practice with a Guru).

Bla-ma sgrub-pa thun-mong-ba'i khrid-dang 'brel-ba'i nyams-len ngag-'don-gyi rim-pa khrigs-su bkod-pa mun-sel nyin-byed snang-ba (The Properly Arranged Stages of Recitation for Practice in Conjunction with a Discourse on the Common Level of Actualizing through the Guru: Eliminating Darkness and Bringing Daylight).

Chaykawa ('Chad-kha-ba) (1101-1175). Blo-sbyong don-bdun-ma (Seven Points for Cleansing Attitudes; Seven-Point Mind Training).

Chandrakirti (Zla-ba grags-pa) (6th century). Bodhisattva-yogacarya-catuhshataka-tika (Zhi-brgya-pa'i 'grel-ba byang-chub sems-dpa'i rnal-'byor spyod-pa; Yogic Deeds of Bodhisattvas: A Commentary on [Aryadeva's] Four Hundred Stanzas).

_______. Madhyamakavatara (dBu-ma-la 'jug-pa; A Supplement to [Nagarjuna's Root Stanzas on] the Middle Way).

_______. Mulamadhyamaka-vrtti-prasannapada (dBu-ma rtsa-ba 'grel-ba tshig-gsal; Clear Verses: A Commentary on [Nagarjuna's] Root Stanzas on the Middle Way).

Chandrakirti II (Zla-ba grags-pa) (9th century). Pradipoddotana-nama-tika ('Grel-ba sgron-gsal; An Illuminating Lamp: A Commentary [on The Guhyasamaja Tantra].

Dagpo Jampel-lhundrub (Dvags-po 'Jam-dpal lhun-grub) (19th century). Lam-rim myur-lam-gyi sngnon-'gro'i ngag-'don-gyi rim-pa sbyor-chos bskal-bzang mgrin-rgyan (Supplementary Practices: An Ornament for the Throats of Fortunate Ones, Stages for Recitation as a Preliminary for [the Second Panchen Lama's] Graded Stages of the Path: A Speedy Path; The Lam-rim Puja).

The First Dalai Lama (rGyal-ba dGe-'dun grub) (1391-1474). mDzod-tik thar-lam gsal-byed (Clarifying the Path to Liberation: A Commentary to [Vasubandhu's] Treasure-House [of Special Topics of Knowledge]).

The Third Dalai Lama (rGyal-dbang bSod-nams rgya-mtsho) (1543-1588). Lam-rim gser-zhun-ma (The Graded Stages of the Path: Refined Gold).

The Fifth Dalai Lama (rGyal-mchog lnga-pa chen-po Ngag-dbang blo-bzang rgya-mtsho) (1617-1682). Lam-rim 'jam-dpal zhal-lung (The Graded Stages of the Path: Personal Instructions from Manjushri).

The Seventh Dalai Lama (rGyal-dbang bsKal-bzang rgya-mtsho) (1708-1757). dPal gsang-ba 'dus-pa mi-bskyod rdo-rje'i dkyil-'khor-gyi cho-ga'i rnam-par bshad-pa dbang-don de-nyid yang-gsal snang-ba rdo-rje sems-dpa'i zhal-lung (An Explanation of the Mandala Ritual of Glorious Vajra Akshobhya Guhyasamaja, Illumination Clarifying the Actual Meaning of Empowerment: Personal Instructions from Vajrasattva).

Dharmakirti (Chos-kyi grags-pa) (7th century). Pramanavarttika (Tshad-ma rnam-'grel; A Commentary on [Dignaga's Compendium of] Validly Cognizing Minds).

mDo mtshams-sbyor (The Connections Sutra).

Dragpa-gyeltsen (Grags-pa rgyal-mtshan) (1147-1216). Bla-ma bsten-pa'i thabs shlo-ka lnga-bcu-pa'i gsal-byed (Clarifying [Ashvaghosha's] Fifty Stanzas, The Method for Relating to a Guru).

_______. Byin-rlabs tshar-gsum khug-pa (Three Rounds of Inspiration).

Drigungpa ('Bri-gung 'Jig-rten mgon-po Rin-chen dpal) (1143-1217). Dam-chos dgong-pa gcig-pa (The Single Intention of the Sacred Dharma).

_______. Theg-chen bstan-pa'i snying-po (The Essence of the Mahayana Teachings).

Gampopa (sGam-po-pa Zla-'od gzhon-nu) (1079-1153). Lam-mchog rin-po-che'i phreng-ba (A Precious Garland for the Supreme Path).

_______. Thar-pa rin-po-che'i rgyan (A Precious Ornament for Liberation; The Jewel Ornament of Liberation).

Gandavyuhasutra (sDong-po bskod-pa'i mdo; A Sutra Spread Out Like a Tree-Trunk).

Ghanavyuhasutra (sTug-po bkod-pa'i mdo; A Sutra [on Pure Realms] Spread Out in a Dense Array).

Gorampa (Go-bo rab-'byams-pa bSod-nams seng-ge) (1429-1489). Blo-sbyong zhen-pa bzhi-bral-gyi khrid-yig zab-mo gnad-kyi lde'u-mig (A Key to the Essential Profound Points: Discourse Notes on the Cleansing of Attitudes, [Manjushri's] Parting from the Four [Stages of] Clinging).

Gyelrong Tsultrim-nyima (rGyal-rong Tshul-khrims nyi-ma) (19th century). Kha-chems rlung-la bskur-ba'i 'phrin-yig (A Last Testament Letter Cast to the Wind).

Jnanavajrasamuccaya (Ye-shes rdo-rje kun-las btus-pa; An Anthology of Vajra Deep Awareness).

The Eighth Karmapa (rGyal-ba Kar-ma-pa Mi-bskyod rdo-rje) (1507-1554). dBu-ma gzhan-stong smra-ba'i srol legs-par phye-ba'i sgron-me (A Lamp for Clearly Revealing the Other-Voidness Madhyamaka Tradition).

The Ninth Karmapa (rGyal-ba Kar-ma-pa dBang-phyug rdo-rje) (1554-1603). Phyag-chen ma-rig mun-sel (Mahamudra Eliminating the Darkness of Ignorance).

Kaydrub Norzang-gyatso (mKhas-grub Nor-bzang rgya-mtsho) (1423-1513). Dam-tshig gsal-ba'i sgron-me (A Lamp to Illuminate the Closely Bonding Practices).

_______. bKa'-dge dgongs-pa gcig-bsgrub-kyi phyag-rgya chen-po gsal-ba'i sgron-ma (A Lamp for Clarifying Mahamudra to Establish the Single Intention of the Kagyu and Gelug Traditions ).

_______. Phyi-nang-gzhan-gsum gsal-bar byed-pa dri-med 'od-kyi rgyan (An Ornament for [Pundarika's] Stainless Light, Clarifying the External, Internal and Alternative [Kalachakras]).

Kongtrul ('Jam-mgon Kong-sprul Blo-gros mtha'-yas Yon-tan rgya-mtsho) (1813-1899). rGyud bla-ma'i 'grel-ba phyir mi-ldog-pa'i seng-ge'i nga-ro (The Irrevocable Lion's Roar: A Commentary on [Maitreya's] The Furthest Everlasting Continuum).

_______. Nges-don sgron-me (A Lamp for the Definitive Meaning; Torch of Certainty).

_______. Shes-bya mtha'-yas-pa'i rgya-mtsho (Ocean of Infinite Knowledge).

Langri-tangpa (Glang-ri thang-pa) (11th century). Blo-sbyong tshig-brgyad-ma (Eight Stanzas on Cleansing Attitudes; Eight-Verse Mind Training).

Longchenpa (Klong-chen Rab-'byams-pa Dri-med 'od-zer) (1308-1363). Chos-bzhi rin-po-che'i 'phreng-ba (A Precious Garland for the Four Themes [of Gampopa]).

_______. Rin-po-che'i man-ngag mdzod (A Treasure-House of Precious Guideline Instructions)

_______. Sems-nyid ngal-gso (Rest and Restoration in the Nature of the Mind; Kindly Bent to Ease Us).

Mahavyutpatti (Bye-brag-tu rtogs-par byed-pa chen-po; The Grand [Lexicon] for Understanding Specific [Terms]).

Maitreya (Byams-pa). Mahayanottaratantra-shastra (Theg-pa chen-po rgyud bla-ma bstan-bcos; The Furthest Everlasting Continuum: A Mahayana Treatise; The Changeless Nature).

_______. Mahayanasutralamkara (Theg-pa chen-po'i mdo-sde rgyan; Filigree for the Mahayana Sutras).

Manjushri ('Jam-pa'i dbyangs). Zhen-pa bzhi-bral (Parting from the Four [Stages of] Clinging).

Naropa (Na-ro-pa) (1016-1100). Gurusiddhi (Bla-ma sgrubs-pa; Actualizing through a Guru).

Ngari Panchen (mNga'-ris Pan-chen Pad-ma dbang-gi rgyal-po) (1487-1542). sDom-gsum rnam-nges (Ascertaining the Three Vows).

Ngawang-pelzang (Ngag-dbang dpal-bzang) (19th century). Kun-bzang bla-ma'i zhal-lung-gi zin-bris (Lecture Notes on [Peltrul's] Personal Instructions from My Totally Excellent Guru).

Ngojey-raypa (Ngo-rjes ras-pa Zhe-sdang rdo-rje) (12th century). Theg-chen bstan-pa'i snying-po legs-bshad lung-gyi rgya-mtsho (Ocean of Quotations Explaining Well [Drigungpa's] Essence of the Mahayana Teachings).

Ngorchen Konchog-lhundrub (Ngor-chen dKon-mchog lhun-grub) (1497-1557). rGyud-gsum mdzes-rgyan (A Filigree for Beautifying the Three Continuums).

_______. sNang-gsum mdzes-rgyan (A Filigree for Beautifying the Three Appearances).

Niguma (Ni-gu-ma) (11th century). sGyu-ma lam-gyi rim-pa (The Graded Stages of the Path of Illusion).

_______. sGyu-ma lam-gyi rim-pa'i don-'grel (A Commentary on the Meaning of The Graded Stages of the Path of Illusion).

Pabongka (Pha-bong-kha Byams-pa bstan-'dzin 'phrin-las rgya-mtsho) (1878-1943). rNam-grol lag-bcangs (Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand).

________. Thun-drug bla-ma'i rnal-'byor-dang sDom-pa nyi-shu-pa Bla-ma lnga-bcu-pa sNgags-kyi rtsa-ltung sbom-po bcas-kyi bshad-khri gnang-ba'i zin-tho mdor-bsdus (Abbreviated Notes from Explanatory Discourses Given on [the First Panchen Lama's] Six-Session Guru-Yoga, [Chandragomin's] Twenty [Stanzas on the Bodhisattva] Vows, [Ashvaghosha's] Fifty Stanzas on the Guru, and the Root and Secondary Tantric Vows).

Padmasambhava (Padmasambhava; Pad-ma 'byung-gnas) (8th century). Bar-do thos-grol (Liberation through Hearing in the Bardo; The Tibetan Book of the Dead).

The First Panchen Lama (Pan-chen Blo-bzang chos-kyi rgyal-mtshan) (1570-1662). Bla-ma mchod-pa (An Offering Ceremony to the Spiritual Masters; Lama Chopa; The Guru Puja).

_______. dGe-ldan bka'-brgyud srol phyag-chen rtsa-ba rgyas-par bshad-pa yang-gsal sgron-me (An Extensive [Auto-]Explanation of A Root Text for the Gelug-Kagyu Lineage of Mahamudra: A Lamp for Further Illumination).

_______. rGyud thams-cad-kyi rgyal-po dpal gsang-ba 'dus-pa'i bskyed-rim-gyi rnam-bshad dngos-grub-kyi rgya-mtsho'i snying-po (The Essence of [Kaydrubchey's] Ocean of Actual Attainments: An Explanation of the Generation Stage of Glorious Guhyasamaja, the King of All Tantras).

_______. Lam-rim bde-lam (The Graded Stages of the Path: A Blissful Path).

The Second Panchen Lama (Pan-chen Blo-bzang ye-shes) (1663-1737). Lam-rim myur-lam (The Graded Stages of the Path: A Speedy Path).

Peltrul (rDza dPal-sprul O-rgyan 'jigs-med chos-kyi dbang-po) (1808-1887). Kun-bzang bla-ma'i zhal-lung (Personal Instructions from My Totally Excellent Guru; The Words of My Perfect Teacher).

Pema-karpo ('Brug-chen Pad-ma dkar-po) (1527-1592). Bla-ma mos-gus-kyi khrid-kyi dmigs-rim byin-rlabs-kyi snye-ma (Graded Visualizations as a Thrust for Conviction and Appreciation of a Guru: A Cluster of Fruit of Inspiration).

_______. Dvags-po chos-bzhi'i rnam-bshad skyes-bu gsum-gyi lam nyin-mor byed-pa (An Explanation of the Four Themes of Gampopa: Bringing Daylight to the Path of the Three Scopes of Spiritual Seekers).

Pundarika (Kalki Pundarika, Rigs-ldan Pad-ma dkar-po). Paramaseva (Don-dam bsnyen-pa; Approximating the Deepest Level).

_____. Vimalaprabha-nama-laghu-kalachakra-tantra-raja-tika (bsDus-pa'i rgyud-kyi rgyal-po dus-kyi 'khor-lo'i 'grel-bshad dri-ma med-pa'i 'od; Stainless Light: A Commentary Explaining The Regal Abbreviated Kalachakra Tantra).

Ratnameghasutra (dKon-mchog sprin-gyi mdo; A Cloud of Jewels Sutra).

Rigdzin Chokyi-dragpa (Rig-'dzin Chos-kyi grags-pa) (b. 1595) rGyud-sde'i snying-po lnga-ldan-gyi nyams-len (The Heart of the Tantras: The Fivefold Practice [of Mahamudra]).

Sakya Pandita (Sa-pan Kun-dga' rgyal-mtshan) (1182-1251). sDom-gsum rab-dbye (The Divisions of the Three Sets of Vows).

_______. Lam zab-mo bla-ma'i rnal-'byor (The Profound Path of Guru-Yoga).

_______. Legs-bshad rin-po-che'i gter (A Precious Treasury of Elegant Sayings).

Sangwayjin (gSang-ba'i byin). sKyes-bu gsum-gyi lam-rim rgyas-pa khrid-su sbyar-ba (An Extensive Presentation of the Graded Stages of the Path for the Three Scopes of Spiritual Seekers, Arranged in a Discourse).

Shantideva (Zhi-ba lha) (8th century). Bodhisattvacaryavatara (Byang-chub sems-pa'i spyod-pa-la 'jug-pa; Engaging in Bodhisattva Behavior).

Sherab-senggey (rGyud Shes-rab seng-ge) (1383-1445). sGron-gsal rgya-cher bshad-pa le'u dang-po rgya-cher bshad-pa (An Extensive Explanation of [Chandrakirti's] Illuminating Lamp: An Extensive Explanation of Chapter One).

Sonam-tsemo (bSod-nams rtse-mo) (1142-1182). Chos-la 'jug-pa'i sgo (The Gateway for Entering the Dharma).

Taranata (Ta-ra na-tha) (1575-1634). rGyal-ba'i bstan-pa-la 'jug-pa'i rim-pa skyes-bu gsum-gyi man-ngag-gi khrid-yig bdud-rtsi'i nying-khu (The Stages for Engaging in the Triumphant One's Teachings: Discourse Notes on the Guideline Instructions Concerning the Three Scopes of Spiritual Seekers: The Essence of Nectar).

Terdag Lingpa (gTer-bdag gLing-pa sMin-gling gter-chen 'Gyur-med rdo-rje) (1646-1714). Rin-chen them-skas (A Precious Ladder; The Jewel Ladder).

Tsangpa-gyaray (Tsang-pa rgya-ras Ye-shes rdo-rje) (1161-1211). Bla-ma'i ngo-sprod rmus-long mig-'byed (Introduction by the Guru to Open Blind Eyes).

_______. Bla-ma'i sgrub-thabs thugs-rje nyi-rgyas (Actualizing through One's Guru: The Expansive Sun of Compassion).

Tsarchen (Tshar-chen Blo-gsal rgya-mtsho) (1502-1566). bShes-gnyen dam-pa bsten-par byed-pa'i thabs shlo-ka lnga-bcu-pa'i 'grel-ba (Methods for Building a Relationship with a Proper Spiritual Mentor: A Commentary on [Ashvaghosha's] Fifty Stanzas [on the Guru]).

Tsongkhapa (Tsong-kha-pa Blo-bzang grags-pa) (1357-1419). Bla-ma lnga-bcu-pa'i rnam-bshad slob-ma'i re-ba kun-skong (An Explanation of [Ashvaghosha's] Fifty Stanzas on the Guru: The Complete Fulfillment of Disciples' Hopes; The Fulfillment of All Hopes).

_______. dBu-ma-la 'jug-pa'i rgya-cher bshad-pa dgongs-pa rab-gsal (Totally Clarifying the Intention: An Extensive Explanation of [Chandrakirti's] Supplement to [Nagarjuna's "Root Stanzas on] the Middle Way").

_______. Drang-nges legs-bshad snying-po (The Essence of Excellent Explanation of Interpretable and Definitive Meanings; The Essence of True Eloquence).

_______. Lam-gyi rim-pa mdo-tsam-du bstan-pa (A Brief Indication of the Graded Stages of the Path).

_______. Lam-rim bsdus-don (The Abbreviated Points of the Graded Stages of the Path).

_______. Lam-rim chen-mo (A Grand Presentation of the Graded Stages of the Path).

_______. Lam-rim chung-ngu (A Short Presentation of the Graded Stages of the Path; The Middle-Length Presentation of the Graded Stages of the Path).

_______. Lam-gtso rnam-gsum (The Three Principal Aspects of the Path).

_______. Legs-bshad gser-phreng (A Golden Rosary of Excellent Explanations).

_______. gSang-sngags-kyi rim-pa chen-mo (A Grand Presentation of the Graded Stages of the Secret Mantra Path).

Udanavarga (Ched-du brjod-pa'i tshoms; Special Verses Grouped by Topic; The Tibetan Dhammapada).

Vajramala (rDo-rje phreng-ba; A Vajra Garland).

Vanaratna (Nags-kyi rin-chen) (b. 1384) and Go Lotsawa ('Gos Lo-tsa-ba gZhon-nu dpal) (1392-1481) (transl.) Gurvaradhanapanjika (Bla-ma'i bsnyen-bkur-gyi dka'-'grel; A Commentary on Difficult Points [in Ashvaghosha's Fifty Stanzas on the Guru] concerning Helping and Showing Respect to a Guru).

Vasubandhu (Vasubandhu, dByig-gnyen) (4th or 5th century). Abhidharmakosha (Chos mngon-pa'i mdzod; A Treasure-House of Special Topics of Knowledge).

________. Abhidharmakosha-bhashya (Chos-mngon-pa'i mdzod-kyi rang-'grel; An Auto-Commentary on A Treasure-House of Special Topics of Knowledge).

Wonpo Sherab-jungnay (dBon-po Shes-rab 'byung-gnas) (1187-1241). Dam-chos dgong-pa gcig-pa'i 'grel-chen (A Grand Commentary to [Drigungpa's] Single Intention of the Sacred Dharma).

Yeshey-gyeltsen (Yongs-'dzin dKa'-chen Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan) (1713-1793). Bla-ma mchod-pa'i khrid-yig gsang-ba'i gnad rnam-par phye-ba snyan-rgyud man-ngag-gi gter-mdzod (Discourse Notes on [the First Panchen Lama's] An Offering Ceremony to the Spiritual Masters: A Treasure-House of Guideline Instructions from the Oral Tradition Revealing the Hidden Important Points).

_______. Sems-dang sems-byung-gi gsal-bar ston-pa blo-gsal mgul-rgyan zhes sdom-'grel (An [Auto-]Commentary on Mneumonic Verses, Indicating Clearly the Primary Minds and Mental Factors: A Necklace for a Clear Mind; The Necklace of Clear Understanding).

Translations and Secondary Literature

Aryadeva and Gyel-tsap. Yogic Deeds of Bodhisattvas: Gyel-tsap on Aryadeva's "Four Hundred," with commentary by Geshe Sonam Rinchen. Trans. and ed. Ruth Sonam. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1994.

Aryasura. The Marvelous Companion: Life Stories of the Buddha. Berkeley: Dharma Publishing, 1983.

Atisha. A Lamp for the Path and Commentary. Trans. Richard Sherburne, S. J. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1983.

Berzin, Alexander. Developing Balanced Sensitivity. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1998.

_______. Taking the Kalachakra Initiation. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1997.

Berzin, Alexander and Jampa Gendun et al., trans. The Guru Puja. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1979.

Berzin, Alexander and Sharpa Tulku, trans. "A Letter of Practical Advice on Sutra and Tantra: A Brief Indication of the Graded Stages of the Path, Lam-gyi rim-pa mdo-tzam-du bstan-pa." In Thurman, Robert A. F., ed. Life and Teachings of Tsong Khapa. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1982, 67-89.

_______. "Lines of Experience: The Abbreviated Points of the Graded Path, Lam-rim bsdus-don." In Ibid., 59-66.

Boszormenyi-Nagy, Ivan and G. H. Spark. Invisible Loyalties. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1984.

Capra, Fritjof. The Web of Life: A New Scientific Understanding of Living Systems. New York: Anchor Books, 1996.

The Dalai Lama, H. H., Tenzin Gyatso. Path to Bliss: A Practical Guide to Stages of Meditation. Trans. Geshe Thubten Jinpa. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1991.

_______. The Path to Enlightenment. Cf. Gyatso, Sonam, The Third Dalai Lama. Essence of Refined Gold.

_______. The Union of Bliss & Emptiness: A Commentary on the Lama Choepa Guru Yoga Practice. Trans. Thupten Jinpa, trans. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1988.

_______. The World of Tibetan Buddhism: An Overview of Its Philosophy and Practice. Trans. Geshe Thupten Jinpa. Boston: Wisdom, 1995.

The Dalai Lama, H. H. and Alexander Berzin. The Gelug/Kagyü Tradition of Mahamudra. Trans. and ed. Alexander Berzin. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1997.

Dhargyey, Geshe Ngawang. An Anthology of Well-Spoken Advice, vol. 1. Trans. and ed. Alexander Berzin, with Sharpa Tulku. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, 1984.

Gampopa, Je. The Jewel Ornament of Liberation. Trans. Khenpo Konchog Gyaltshen Rinpoche. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1998.

Gtsan-smyon He-ru-ka. The Life of Milarepa. Trans. Lobsang P. Lhalungpa. New York: Dutton, 1977.

Guenther, Herbert V., trans. The Life and Teachings of Naropa. Boston: Shambhala, 1986.

Guenther, Herbert V. and Leslie S. Kawamura. Mind in Buddhist Psychology: A Translation of Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan's "The Necklace of Clear Understanding." Emeryville, Ca.: Dharma Publishing, 1975.

Gyatso, Sonam, The Third Dalai Lama. Essence of Refined Gold, with commentary by Tenzin Gyatso, The Fourteenth Dalai Lama. Trans. Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca: Gabriel/Snow Lion, 1982. Reprint, The Dalai Lama. The Path to Enlightenment. Trans. Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1995.

Holmes, Katia and Ken Tsultim Gyamtso, trans. The Changeless Nature (The Mahayana Uttara Tantra Shastra). Eskdalemuir, Scotland: Karma Drubgyud Darjay Ling, 1979.

Hopkins, Jeffrey. Meditation on Emptiness. London: Wisdom, 1983.

Karmapa IX. Mahamudra Eliminating the Darkness of Ignorance, with commentary by Beru Khyentse Rinpoche and "Fifty Stanzas of Guru-Devotion" by Asvaghosa. Trans. and ed. Alexander Berzin. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, 1978.

Khenpo Karthar Rinpoche. The Instructions of Gampopa: A Precious Garland of the Supreme Path. Trans. Lama Yeshe Gyatso. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1996.

Kongtrul, Jamgon. Buddhist Ethics. Trans. International Translation Committee founded by V. V. Kalu Rinpoche. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1998.

_______. The Teacher-Student Relationship. Trans. and comm. Ron Garry. Ithaca: Snow Lion, 1998.

_______. The Torch of Certainty. Trans. Judith Hanson. Boston: Shambhala, 1986.

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