English Glossary of Buddhist Terms
This glossary is only a partial list of technical terms found on the pages of the website. From time to time, as work progresses on the glossary project, new terms will be added to the list. Sanskrit equivalents for Tibetan terms have been provided only for select terms and all diacritical marks for transliterated Sanskrit have been omitted, for ease of display on all browsers.
Choose one of the letters below to see the glossary entries that start with this letter:
|English||Definition||Tibetan / Sanskrit|
|habit, karmic constant|
|hallmarks of the Dharma, four|
Pure and worthy of the highest respect; sacred.
J. Hopkins' translation: "ultimate."
That feeling which, when it stops, we wish to meet with it again.
See: mental happiness
|heart essence division||Tib: snying-thig|
|heart essence teachings||Tib: snying-thig|
|heartwarming love||Tib: yid-'ong byams-pa|
See: advanced awareness
Someone who has attained a spiritual goal.
|highly realized being|
|highly realized practitioner|
Literally, a "Modest Vehicle of Mind" -- levels and states of mind with a modest motivation - renunciation - and, with modest methods, lead to the modest goal of liberation. Some translators render the term as "Lesser Vehicle."
J. Hopkins' translation: "Lesser Vehicle/Hīnayāna."
See: mental hold
|holding a deluded outlook as supreme|
(1) According to Asanga, the disturbing attitude that regards as supreme any one of the three deluded outlooks -- a deluded outlook of a transitory network, an extreme outlook, or a distorted outlook -- and the samsara-perpetuating aggregates based on which the deluded outlook is produced. (2) According to Vasubandhu, the disturbing attitude that regards the samsara-perpetuating aggregates, based on which any of the three above-mentioned deluded outlooks is produced, with the discordant attention that they are totally clean by nature or a source of true happiness.
|Tib: lta-ba mchog-tu 'dzin-pa|
|holding deluded morality or conduct as supreme|
The disturbing attitude that regards as purified, liberated, and definitely delivered some deluded morality, some deluded conduct, and the samsara-perpetuating aggregate factors that give rise to the deluded morality and conduct.
J. Hopkins' translation: "conception of ethics and modes of conduct as supreme."
|Tib: tshul-khrims-dang brtul-zhugs mchog-tu 'dzin-pa|
|horizontal mental synthesis||Tib: thad-ka'i spyi|
J. Hopkins' translation: "hatred."
Someone who is neither a monk nor a nun.
|how things are|
Also called: thusness.
J. Hopkins' translation: "suchness."