English Glossary of Buddhist Terms
This glossary is only a partial list of technical terms found on the pages of the website. From time to time, as work progresses on the glossary project, new terms will be added to the list. Sanskrit equivalents for Tibetan terms have been provided only for select terms and all diacritical marks for transliterated Sanskrit have been omitted, for ease of display on all browsers.
Choose one of the letters below to see the glossary entries that start with this letter:
|English||Definition||Tibetan / Sanskrit|
See: deepest bodhichitta
|ultimate deepest level|
See: ultimate level
J. Hopkins' translation: "[end-to-meet] final; complete."
|ultimate phenomenon, denumerable|
|ultimate phenomenon, nondenumerable|
|ultimate source of safe direction||Tib: mthar-thug-gi skyabs-gnas|
See: deepest truth
|ultimate vehicles of mind|
According to the tenets of the Chittamatra Followers of Scripture, three vehicles of mind that lead to three different final goals -- shravaka arhatship, pratyekabuddha arhatship, and Buddhahood -- which, once one has been attained, do not allow for the person who has attained it to achieve one of the other two goals. Thus, shravaka arhats and pratyekabuddha arhats cannot attain enlightenment.
J. Hopkins' translation: "final vehicle."
|Tib: mthar-thug theg-pa|
J. Hopkins' translation: "uncompounded."
|Tib: 'dus ma-byas|
|unassociated with confusion|
(1) According to Vasubandhu and Asanga, not knowing. (2) According to Dharmakirti, knowing in an inverted (incorrect) manner. In both cases, unawareness is of either behavioral cause and effect, or of the lack of an impossible "soul" or voidness. Translators often render the term as "ignorance."
J. Hopkins' translation: "ignorance."
|unawareness, automatically arising|
|unawareness, doctrinally based|
|unawareness, link of|
See: link of unawareness
J. Hopkins' translation: "unseemliness; fault; blemish; blame."
|Tib: kha-na ma-tho-ba|
|uncommendable action, naturally|
|uncommendable action, naturally destructive|
|uncommendable action, prohibited|
The mental factor of an equal attitude toward everyone, with which one has no feelings of close or far in the thoughts or actions involved in benefiting and helping all limited beings and eliminating their problems. The type of equanimity developed specifically in Mahayana in the context of equalizing and exchanging one's attitudes about self and other, and not taught in common with Hinayana. Also called "distinguished equanimity."
|Tib: thun-mong ma-yin-pa'i btang-snyom|
|uncommon Mahayana equanimity|
See: uncommon equanimity
|uncontrollably recurring existence|
|uncontrollably recurring samsara|
J. Hopkins' translation: "unhappiness; difficult."
Skt: du:kha (duhkha)
A pair of items, joined inseparably, in which the initial attainment of both items occurs simultaneously. Sometimes used as a general term whether the initial attainment of both items occurs simultaneously or sequentially.
J. Hopkins' translation: "union."
See: conceptual category
See: audio category
See: mental category
See: audio category
|unlabored bodhichitta||Tib: rtsol-med byang-sems|
|unmixed with confusion|
J. Hopkins' translation: "not indicated in scripture; not prophesied; neutral."
|Tib: lung ma-bstan|
|unspecified phenomenon, nonobstructive|
|unspecified phenomenon, obstructive|
Something that does not derive from a disturbing emotion or attitude, or is not related in any way with a disturbing emotion or attitude. Also translated as "unmixed with confusion" or "dissociated from confusion." Many translators render this term as "uncontaminated."
J. Hopkins' translation: "uncontaminated."
|untainted aggregates||Tib: zag-med-kyi phung-po|
J. Hopkins' translation: "things; objects; disarranged; confused; various things."
See: mental urge