Das Berzin-Archiv

Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

Zur Textversion für diese Seite wechseln. Zur Haupt-Navigation springen.

Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Tibetischer Fachbegriffe

Tibetisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Nur für einige ausgewählte tibetische Begriffe wurden auch die Entsprechungen des Sanskrit aufgenommen, außerdem wurden die diakritischen Zeichen für die Transliteration des Sanskrit weggelassen, um eine Anzeige in allen Browsern zu ermöglichen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

' A B C D G K L M N P R S T Y Z alles

TibetischDeutschEnglischSanskritDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)
bag-chagskarmische ständige Gewohnheitkarmic constant habitSkt: vasanaA type of karmic aftermath, imputable on one's mental continuum as an unspecified (ethically neutral) noncongruent affecting variable after having committed a karmic action, and which ripens into a result every moment until a true stopping of it has been achieved. Some translators render it as "habit" or "instinct."
bag-chagskarmische Gewohnheitkarmic habitSkt: vasanaA synonym for "karmic latency."
bag-chagskarmische Latenzkarmic latencySkt: vasanaA general term for all karmic aftermath -- namely, karmic potentials, karmic tendencies, and karmic constant habits.
bag-chags-kyi kun-gzhiAlaya für Gewohnheitenalaya for habitsDer Alaya für Gewohnheiten bezeichnet im Dzogchen-System das grundlegende Gewahrsein für die Gewohnheiten des Greifens nach wahrer Existenz, nach Karma und nach Erinnerungen. Der Alaya der Gewohnheiten bezeichnet die Art des begrenzten Gewahrseins, als die das Basis-Rigpa fungiert, wenn es mit Benommenheit vermischt ist.
bag-la nyalschlafende Faktorendormant factorLiterally, something that is "asleep to the taste of the mind." Affecting variables, associated with mental continuums, which are "lying down" and not rushing to manifest mind (consciousness). They include subliminal awareness, tendencies, and habits.
bag-la nyal-gyi shes-paunterbewusste Wahrnehmungsubliminal cognitionA cognition in which the consciousness gives rise to a mental hologram of a cognitive object and, in which, the cognitive object appears, through that hologram, only to the consciousness of the subliminal cognition and only that consciousness cognizes it. The cognitive object of the subliminal cognition does not appear to the person and is not cognized by the person. Nor does it appear to or is it cognized by the consciousness of the manifest cognition that is simultaneously occurring and overpowering the subliminal cognition.
bag-yodsich kümmernde Geisteshaltungcaring attitudeSkt: apramadaEine sich kümmernde Geisteshaltung ist ein Nebengewahrsein, dass die Situation anderer, wie auch die eigene Situation ernst nimmt, und dass auch die Auswirkungen der Handlungen auf sich selbst und andere ernst nimmt, und somit zur Folge hat, dass man konstruktive Geisteshaltungen und Verhaltensweisen zu einer Gewohnheit ausbaut. Dieses Nebengewahrsein, die sich kümmernde Geisteshaltung (fürsorgliche Haltung), behütet einen auch davor, dass man zu befleckten oder destruktiven Geisteshaltungen neigt.
bar-doBardobardoSkt: antarabhavaDie Existenzform zwischen dem Augenblick unmittelbar nach dem Tod bis zu dem Augenblick unmittelbar vor der Empfängnis. Der Bardo wird mit dem Begriff "Zwischenzustand" übersetzt.
bar-do'i srid-paBardo-Existenzbardo existenceDie Zeitspanne im geistigen Kontinuum eines individuellen begrenzten Wesens beginnend im ersten Moment unmittelbar nach dem Tod bis zum Augenblick unmittelbar vor der Empfängnis.
bcad-paabgrenzenprecludeTo cut off, dismiss, or reject something. To logically cut off or eliminate the possibility that something is something else
bcad-paAbgrenzenpreclusionThe conceptual process through which sets and countersets are formulated. It implies previous apprehension of an object to be negated, in which the apprehension itself logically and automatically excludes the object to be negated from the set of either all validly knowable phenomena other than itself or all validly knowable phenomena in total. It is not a deliberate, conscious mental act.
bcad-shesnachfolgende Wahrnehmungsubsequent cognitionOne of the seven ways of knowing something: a nonfraudulent, but not fresh, cognition of an object. It is the second phase of a valid bare cognition or inferential cognition, and is asserted only by the Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika tenet systems.
bcas-pa'i kha-na ma-tho-baverbotene nicht lobenswerte Handlungenprohibited uncommendable actionEthically neutral (unspecified) actions that Buddha prohibited for certain types of practitioners, for instance monks or nuns, as detrimental to their spiritual practice.
bcomvernichtendevastateTo totally weaken the effectiveness of something, such as the positive force of a constructive act, such that it ripens into something far less and more distant in the future, but without completely eliminating its potential to ripen.
bcom-ldan-'dasAlles Übertreffender Siegreicher MeisterVanquishing Master Surpassing AllSkt: bhagavanAn epithet of a Buddha - one who has conquered (vanquished) all obstacles, attained (mastered) all good qualities, and gone beyond (surpassed) any of the Hindu gods for whom the epithet Bhagavan has also been applied. Some translators render the term as "Blessed One."
bcos-makünstlich / gekünsteltcontrivedAls "künstlich" wird ein Geisteszustand bezeichnet, der geistig durch konzeptuelle Gedanken zusammengebaut oder konstruiert wird, wie beispielsweise durch eine Argumentationskette.
bcos-mednichtkünstlichuncontrivedA state of mind not mentally constructed by conceptual thought. Also translated as "unartificial."
bdagSeelesoulSkt: atmanAccording to non-Buddhist Indian tenet systems, something findable, either with or without being a conscious phenomenon, inside the body of a person, and which is static, a partless monad, separable from the body, and self-sufficiently knowable.
bdag-'brasbeherrschende Wirkungdominating resultSkt: adhipatiphalam(1) The type of environment or society in which one is born or enters and the way it treats one, or (2) objects, such as one's possessions, and what happens to them. Such results may ripen from destructive, tainted constructive, or unspecified actions and are called "dominating results" because they extend over and dominate everything that one experiences in a particular rebirth. Also translated as "comprehensive result," "overriding result" or "overlord result," it is synonymous with "commanding result."
bdag-'jugSelbst-Initiationself-initiationA tantric meditation practice in which one visualizes receiving the entire empowerment (initiation) ritual for a Buddha-figure, performed in order to renew one's tantric vows. It may only be performed if one has done the serviceability retreat of that particular Buddha-figure and the fire-puja afterwards.
bdag-bskyedSelbst-Erzeugungself-generationSynonymous with "sadhana." A meditation method in which one visualizes and imagines oneself to be a Buddha-figure for which one has received empowerment. See: sadhana.
bdag-gzhan mnyam-brjeunsere geistigen Einstellungen uns selbst und anderen gegenüber gleichsetzen und austauschenequalizing and exchanging self and othersA method for developing a bodhichitta aim, consisting of (1) developing mere equanimity, (2) developing uncommon Mahayana equanimity, as a way to regard all others equally in the same way as one regards oneself, (3) thinking of the disadvantages of a self-cherishing attitude, (4) thinking of the advantages of cherishing others, (5) giving and taking, with attitudes of love and compassion, as a way of exchanging one's attitudes about self and others, (6) exceptional resolve, and (7) developing a bodhichitta aim.
bdag-rkyendominante Bedingung / vorherrschende Bedingungdominating conditionSkt: adhipatipratyayaThe nonstatic phenomena that produce the essential nature of something, such as the eye sensors for the visual consciousness and congruent mental factors of a visual cognition. This condition is called "dominating" – literally, the "overlord condition" – because it rules what the essential nature of its result will be.
bdag-tu smra-baeigene Identitäten behauptenasserting one's identityThe fourth of the four "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising. Equivalent to a deluded outlook toward a transitory network.
bde-baglückseliges Gewahrseinblissful awarenessSkt: sukhaGlückseliges Gewahrsein ist ein Geisteszustand der entweder befleckt oder unbefleckt ist, und der durch unterschiedliche Intensitätsgrade von Glück gekennzeichnet ist. Einige der unbefleckten Grade von glückseligem Gewahrsein können in Praktiken des Anuttara-Yoga-Tantra als die Art von Gewahrsein verwendet werden, mit dem man sich auf Leerheit ausrichtet und mit dessen Hilfe man die Energiewinde im Zentralkanal auflöst, um Zugang zum Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts zu erlangen.
bde-baGlücklichseinhappinessSkt: sukhaThat feeling which, when it stops, we wish to meet with it again.
bde-ba chen-po'i skuKörper großer GlückseligkeitCorpus of Great BlissSkt: mahasukhakayaIn the dzogchen system, the blissful awareness aspect of a Buddha's omniscient mind.
bde-bar gshegs-paGlückselig GegangenerBlissfully Gone OneSkt: sugataEin Beiname des Buddha - jemand der das glückselige Ziel der Erleuchtung durch Methoden erreicht hat, die auf dem Weg zum Ziel Glück erzeugen.
bden-'dzinGreifen nach wahrer Existenzgrasping for truly established existenceSkt: satyagraha(1) Both to cognize (literally, take as a cognitive object) the appearance of the world as having truly established existence, which the habits of this grasping cause the mind to fabricate and project, as well as believing this deceptive appearance to correspond to how things actually exist, (2) simply cognizing the appearance of the world as having truly established existence, without actually believing this deceptive appearance to correspond to how things actually exist. Gelug asserts both definitions, while non-Gelug asserts only the first. Abbreviated as "grasping for true existence."
bden-grubinhärente Existenzinherent existenceSee: existence established by self-nature
bden-paWahrhaftigkeit / zu seinem Wort stehenbeing true to one's wordSkt: satyaWahrhaftigkeit ist der Geisteszustand, in dem man sein Versprechen nicht bricht, nachdem man sein Wort gegeben hat, etwas zum Wohle anderer zu tun. Wahrhaftigkeit ist die siebte der zehn weitreichenden Geisteshaltungen, die gemäß der Theravada-Tradition von einem Bodhisattva entwickelt wird.
bden-pa gnyiszwei Wahrheitentwo truths(1) In Hinayana, two types of validly knowable phenomena into which all existent phenomena can be divided: superficially true and deepest true phenomena. (2) In Gelug Mahayana, two true facts that can be validly known about any existent phenomenon. (3) In non-Gelug Mahayana, all existent phenomena cognized with dualistic appearance-making and cognized without dualistic appearance-making.
bden-par grub-pawahre Existenztrue existence(1) An impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Existence established or proven (a) merely by the power of something on the side of an object and not in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis, according to Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, or (b) by the power of something on the side of an object, either by itself or in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis, according to Gelug Prasangika-Madhyamaka. (2) A mode of existence that is true. Existence established or proven by (a) arising from causes and conditions, according to Jetsunpa and Kunkhyen Gelug Sautrantika, or (b) the power of something on the side of an object, according to Panchen Gelug Sautrantika and Gelug Chittamatra. Also translated as "truly established existence."
bden-par grub-pawahrhaft auffindbare Existenztrue findable existenceExistence established or proven by the power of something findable on the side of an object, either by itself or in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis. According to Gelug Prasangika-Madhyamaka, an impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Also called "truly and findably established existence."
bden-par grub-pawahre nichtzugeschriebene Existenztrue unimputed existenceExistence established or proven merely by the power of something on the side of an object and not in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis. According to Madhyamaka, an impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Also called "truly and unimputedly established existence."
bden-snangHervorbringen von Erscheinungen wahrer Existenzappearance-making of true existenceDer Aspekt der geistigen Aktivität eines begrenzten Wesens der ein geistiges Hologramm wahrer Existenz entstehen lässt (erzeugt). Das Hervorbringen von Erscheinungen wahrer Existenz lässt die geistigen Hologramme der Objekte der Wahrnehmung als wahrhaft existent erscheinen, in dem Sinne, wie die Madhyamaka-Schule wahre Existenz definiert. In den Nicht-Gelug-Systemen erscheint sie lediglich mit konzeptueller Wahrnehmung und macht Erscheinungen von Objekten der Wahrnehmung zu wahrhaften als "dieses" oder "das" existierenden Dingen.
bduddämonische Kraftdemonic forceSkt: maraSomething that harms limited beings or causes interference and obstacles to constructive actions.
bKa'-'gyurKangyurKangyurThe collection of the Tibetan translations of the enlightening words of the Buddha.
bKa'-brgyudKagyüKagyuOne of the New Translation Period traditions of Tibetan Buddhism. It has two branches, Shangpa Kagyu deriving from Kyungpo Neljor and Dagpo Kagyu deriving from the line Naropa, Marpa, Milarepa, and Gampopa.
bKa'-gdamsKadam-SchuleKadamOne of the New Translation Period traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, deriving from Atisha's visit to Tibet. After its branches were merged and reformed, it continued as the Gelug tradition.
bla-med rnal-'byorAnuttarayoga-Tantraanuttarayoga tantraSkt: anuttarayoga tantraAnuttarayoga-Tantra bezeichnet in der Sarma-Schule des tibetischen Buddhismus (aus der neuen Übersetzungsperiode) die vierte oder höchste Klasse an Tantra-Praktiken, die bestimmte innere Methoden betont, um sich selbst als Buddhagestalt zu realisieren.
bloGeisteshaltung / geistige EinstellungattitudeEin Geistesfaktor, der ein kognitives Objekt erfasst, indem er es von einem bestimmten Standpunkt aus betrachtet.
bloIntellektintellectThe mental activity that gives rise to conceptual cognition -- most commonly, to verbal conceptual thought.
blo'i gzhan-selgeistiger Ausschluss von etwas anderemmental exclusions of something elseStatic implicative negation phenomena, including audio categories, meaning/object categories, and conceptually isolated items.
blo-grosIntelligenzintelligenceThe ability to discriminate between what is correct and what is incorrect, and between what is helpful and what is harmful.
blos-byasvom Intellekt herrührtintellectually derivedDescriptive of meditation with verbal thoughts based on conceptual schemes.
blo-sbyongTraining der Geisteshaltungenattitude-trainingEin spirituelles Training in der man sich von seinen störenden Geisteshaltungen in seinem Geist reinigt und sich darin übt, sie durch konstruktive Geisteshaltungen zu ersetzen. Wird auch bezeichnet als: Reinigen der Geisteshaltungen, Geistestraining, Lojong.
blo-sbyongLojonglojongSee: attitude-training
bonBönBonThe pre-Buddhist spiritual tradition of Tibet.
bon-poBönpoBonpoEin Anhänger der Bön-Tradition
bral-baTrennen / TrennungpartingSkt: visamyogaAlso translated as: separation
brdar-btags-pa'i chos dkon-mchognominelles Darmajuwel / Dharmajuwel dem Namen nachnominal Dharma GemPrinted Dharma texts, representing the Dharma that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to the actual Dharma Gem.
brdar-btags-pa'i dge-'dun dkon-mchognominelles Sanghajuwelnominal Sangha GemFour or more people from any of the four groups of the monastic sangha (full or novice monks or nuns), representing the Sangha that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to the actual Sangha Gem.
brdar-btags-pa'i dkon-mchognominelles Juwel / Juwel dem Namen nachnominal gemRepresentations of the Three Rare and Supreme Gems, which themselves are not actual sources of safe direction, but which serve as a basis for showing respect to them.
brdar-btags-pa'i sangs-rgyas dkon-mchognominelles Buddhajuwel / Buddhajuwel dem Namen nachnominal Buddha GemA painting or statue of a Buddha, representing a Buddha that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to an actual Buddha Gem.
brten-pa'i dkyil-'khorunterstütztes Mandalasupported mandalaThe set of Buddha-figures residing inside the immeasurably magnificent palace of a symbolic world system visualized in tantra practice.
brtse-baLiebevolle Güteloving-kindnessThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) with which one not only wishes others to be happy and to have the causes for happiness, but with which one also acts towards others in a helpful manner.
brtson-'grusfreudige Ausdauerjoyful perseveranceSkt: virya(1) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to have zestful vigor for being constructive, without becoming lazy. With this mental factors, one takes joy in being constructive. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude. (2) For Theravada, see: "perseverance."
brtul-zhugsgezügeltes Verhaltentamed behaviorEthical behavior with which one both restrains oneself from destructive actions and engages in constructive ones.
bsam-gtangeistige Stabilitätmental stabilitySkt: dhyanaSingle-pointed placement of the mind on any constructive focal object, without any mental wandering -- a stable state of mind that is not only free of flightiness and dullness, but is also not distracted by any disturbing emotion of the plane of sensory desires. In Mahayana, when conjoined with bodhichitta, a far-reaching attitude. Some translators render the term as "concentration."
bsam-gtan dang-po'i dngos-gzhider tatsächliche Zustand der ersten Ebene geistiger Stabilitätactual state of the first level of mental stabilityA state of mind attained on the basis of the attainment of a stilled and settled state of shamatha and which temporarily blocks all disturbing emotions and attitudes directed at phenomena on the plane of sensory desires (the "desire realm"). The various types of advanced awareness arise as a byproduct of the attainment of this state of mind. Also called: "actual state of the first dhyana."
bsam-pamotivierender geistiger Rahmenmotivating mental frameworkA state of mind that accompanies a karmic urge or impulse and which is a cluster of three mental factors (subsidiary awarenesses): distinguishing an object on which to focus the action, the motivating aim of what one intends to do with or to that object, and a motivating emotion or attitude.
bsam-paEhrlichkeitsinceritySincerity has two factors included in it: (1) lack of hypocrisy (g.yo-med) – not hiding our own faults, (2) lack of pretension (sgyu-med) – not pretending to have qualities that we do not have.
bsdud-pa-las gyur-pa'i gzugsFormen physischer Phänomene, die andere Dinge bilden, indem sie sich ansammelnforms of physical phenomena that make up other things by amassing togetherForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are the invisible objects, such as atoms and subatomic particles, that make up visible objects.
bsdus-grvaMengenlehreset theorySkt: duraSet theory has to do with the logical pervasions between two or more sets -- mutually exclusive, totally congruent, overlapping, etc. A set is a collection or a group of many items, like the set of all nonstatic phenomena.
bsgrub-byed-kyi yan-lagkausale Glieder, die realisierencausal links that actualizeIn the twelve links of dependent arising, the three links of craving, an obtainer, and further existence, which activate the karmic aftermath of throwing karma in the moments preceding death so that the karmic results will actualize. Thus, they serve as the simultaneously acting conditions for the aggregates of a next rebirth.
bshes-gnyen bsten-pazu einem spirituellen Mentor eine gesunde Beziehung aufbauenrelating to a spiritual mentor in a healthy mannerEntrusting oneself, through mind and actions, to a fully qualified spiritual mentor. Also called: relying on a spiritual mentor, entrusting oneself to a spiritual mentor, whole-hearted commitment to a spiritual mentor. Often translated as: guru-devotion.
bskyed-pa'i skyes-bu byed-pa'i 'bras-buvon Menschhand geschaffene Wirkung, die künstlich erzeugt wurdeman-made result that is producedSomething material, such as a vase, a bruise, or a profit, that arises from someone's effort or actions, but which does not ripen from that person's karma.
bskyed-rimErzeugungsstufegeneration stageThe first stage of anuttarayoga practice, during which one uses the powers of imagination to generate oneself in the form of a Buddha-figure and performs a sadhana.
bsngo-baWidmungsgebet / Gebet der Widmungdedication prayerSkt: pranidhanaA prayer for the attainment of a spiritual goal or of the circumstances conducive for reaching that goal, in which the person making the prayer directs the positive force (merit) from a constructive action that he or she has done toward ripening into that attainment.
bsnyen-chengroßes Annäherungsretreatgreat approximation retreatA three-year, three-month retreat focusing exclusively on one Buddha-figure (deity) system, in which one recites tens of millions of mantras and makes millions of offerings in fire pujas.
bsnyen-sgrubuns der spezifischen Buddhagestalt anzunähern und uns selbst als sie zu realisierenapproximate and actualize oneself as a Buddha-figureIntensive tantrische Meditationspraxis, welche die Visualisation von einem selbst als Buddhagestalt, wie auch die Rezitation der dazugehörigen Mantras umfasst.
bsod-namspositive karmische Kraftpositive karmic forceSkt: punyaThe type of karmic force associated with a constructive action and which ripens intermittently into transitory happiness. Some translators render it as "merit." See: karmic force.
bsod-nams-kyi tshogsNetzwerk positiver Kraftnetwork of positive forceSkt: punyasambharaA constructive noncongruent affecting variable imputable on the positive force on the mental continuum of a limited being, when dedicated with bodhichitta, and which functions as the obtaining cause for the Form Corpus of a Buddha. Also called: "bountiful store of positive force." Some translators render the term as "collection of merit."
btags-chosBezugsobjekt der Bezeichnungreferent objectThe validly knowable phenomena that the names and concepts for them, imputed on a basis for labeling, refer to.
btags-donDinge, auf die sich etwas bezieht / Bezugs-Dingreferent thingThe actual "thing" referred to by a name or concept, corresponding to the names or concepts for something, and which is findable, establishing its own existence by its own power, on the side of the referent object of the name or concept. In Gelug, according to Prasangika it is nonexistent and according to lower tenet systems it is existent.
btang-snyomsGleichmutequanimitySkt: upeksha(1) The mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of having an equal attitude toward everyone. (2) In Theravada, when conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, the tenth of the ten far-reaching attitudes -- the attitude with which one does not expect anything in return for one's help, being indifferent to pleasure and pain, and to any benefit or harm one might receive.
btang-snyomsneutrales Gefühl / neutrale Empfindungneutral feelingSkt: upekshaThat feeling which, when it arises, one neither wants to be parted from it, nor, when it stops, one wishes to meet it again.
btang-snyoms tsambloßer Gleichmutmere equanimityAn equal attitude toward everyone that is devoid of attachment to loved ones, repulsion from enemies, and indifference toward strangers, developed in common in both Hinayana and Mahayana.
bya-grub ye-shesvollbringendes tiefes Gewahrseinaccomplishing deep awarenessDas vollbringende tiefe Gewahrsein ist eine von fünf Arten des tiefen Gewahrseins, das jedes Lebewesen als ein Aspekt seiner Buddhanatur besitzt. Das tiefe Gewahrsein geht zu einem kognitiven Objekt hinaus und hat die Bereitschaft, etwas mit diesem Objekt zu erreichen, oder mit ihm etwas zu tun, oder dem Objekt etwas anzutun, oder sich in persönlicher Weise auf das Objekt zu beziehen. Es wird auch als bezeichnet als: das tiefe Gewahrsein etwas zu vollbringen.
bya-grub ye-shesGewahrsein, vollbringendesawareness, accomplishingSee: accomplishing deep awareness
byams-paLiebeloveSkt: maitri(1) The wish for someone to be happy and to have the causes for happiness. (2) In Theravada, when conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, the ninth of the ten far-reaching attitudes -- the attitude to work to bring about the welfare and happiness of others, even when doing so requires self-sacrifice.
byams-pa chen-pogroße Liebegreat loveSkt: mahamaitriThe wish for everyone to be happy and to have the causes for happiness.
byang-chubgereinigter Zustandpurified stateSkt: bodhiThe state of a shravaka arhat, pratyekabuddha arhat, or a Buddha, in which the mental continuum of the person attaining this state has been purified of either the emotional obscurations or both the emotional and the cognitive obscurations.
byang-chub-gyi semsBodhichittabodhichittaSkt: bodhicittaGewöhnlicherweise wird der Begriff mit der Bedeutung von relativem Bodhichitta verwendet: Ein Geist oder Herz, dass sich zuerst auf das Wohl aller begrenzten Wesen ausrichtet und dann auf die eigene individuelle zukünftige Erleuchtung, mit der Absicht,
byang-chub sems-dpa'BodhisattvabodhisattvaSkt: bodhisattvaJemand der müheloses Bodhichitta entwickelt hat
byang-sems 'phags-paArya-Bodhisattvaarya bodhisattvaSkt: arya bodhisattvaEin Bodhisattva der eine nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung von Leerheit erlangt hat. Siehe auch: Bodhisattva.
byang-sems sdom-paBodhisattva-Gelübdebodhisattva vowsThe set of restraints from committing certain actions (eighteen root downfalls and forty-six faulty actions) that, if committed, would be detrimental to achieving enlightenment and benefiting all others.
Bye-brag smra-baVaibhashikaVaibhashikaA Hinayana school of Indian Buddhism that does not assert reflexive awareness and does assert external phenomena; a subdivision of the Sarvastivada school of Hinayana. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.
byed-pa-potreibende KraftagentDie Person, die eine Handlung vollführt. *** [D.h. die handelnde Person. Die treibende Kraft ist eine Person, die eine Tat ausführt. Das passt nicht so (Keine Vorschläge) Fragen]
byed-pa rgyu-mthun-gyi 'bras-buWirkung, die der Ursache im eigenen Verhalten ähneltresult that corresponds to its cause in one's behaviorThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of liking or wishing to do an action, in a particular moment, similar to what one has done in the past. Also translated as "result that is similar to its cause in one's behavior" and "result that is similar to its cause in one's instinctive behavior."
byed-rgyuwirkende Ursacheacting causeSkt: karanahetuAll phenomena, other than the result itself, which do not impede the production of the result.
bying-bageistige Trägheitmental dullnessA mental factor (subsidiary awareness) faulting the appearance-making of mindfulness's mental hold on an object of focus. Some translators render the term as "sinking."
byin-gyis rlabsInspirationinspirationSkt: adhishthana(1) A transformation that someone or something confers, literally by means of a "brightening," into a state of heightened power and ability resembling the position or status of the person or thing that confers it. (2) In the meaning of "elevation," transformation of one's body, speech, and mind, or offering substances, into pure aspects, done during a tantric ritual. Some translators render the term as "blessing."
byin-rlabsEntschlossenheit / EntschlusskraftresolutionSkt: adhisthanaOne of the ten far-reaching attitudes in the Theravada tradition. An attitude of determination with which a bodhisattva never abandons what he or she needs to do in order to benefit others.
bzod-paGeduldpatienceSkt: kshanti(1) In Theravada, the mental factor of not becoming angry at others' shortcomings, mistakes, or cruel deeds. (2) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to be unperturbed by those who do harm and by suffering, so that one never becomes angry. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, patience becomes a far-reaching attitude.

' A B C D G K L M N P R S T Y Z alles