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Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Tibetischer Fachbegriffe

Tibetisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Nur für einige ausgewählte tibetische Begriffe wurden auch die Entsprechungen des Sanskrit aufgenommen, außerdem wurden die diakritischen Zeichen für die Transliteration des Sanskrit weggelassen, um eine Anzeige in allen Browsern zu ermöglichen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

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TibetischDeutschEnglischSanskritDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)
chags-paAnhaftungattachmentSkt: sangaAnhaftung ist die störende Emotion, die die guten Qualitäten eines Objekts, das man besitzt, übertreibt und die sich nicht wünscht, das Objekt loszulassen.
chags-paklebrige Anhaftungsticky attachmentSkt: snehaThe disturbing emotion that exaggerates the good qualities of an object that one possesses, that clings to it like glue, and does not wish to let go.
chags-pa med-paLoslösungdetachmentSkt: asangaThe constructive mental factor of bored disgust with and thus lack of longing desire for compulsive existence and objects of compulsive existence. Also translated as "nonattachment."
ched-du brjod-pabesondere Versespecial versesSkt: udanaPraises that Buddha uttered with joy for the sake of the long life of his teachings, and not for the sake of specific individuals. One of the twelve scriptural categories.
chosDharmadharmaSkt: dharma(1) Preventive measures which, if one puts into practice or achieves, prevent the experience of future suffering. (2) Buddha's teachings. (3) Any phenomenon or "thing."
chosPhänomenphenomenonSkt: dharmaA validly knowable object that holds its own individual self-nature.
chos-canMerkmalsbesitzerproperty-possessorA member of the set of phenomena possessing a certain property, such as voidness as its actual nature.
chos-dbyings ye-shestiefes Gewahrsein der Realitätdeep awareness of realitySkt: dharmadhatu-jnanaOne of the five types of deep awareness that all beings have as an aspect of Buddha-nature. The deep awareness of the superficial truth of something -- namely, awareness of what it is. When developed on the spiritual path, this deep awareness may also be of the deepest truth of something -- namely, its voidness. Also called: deep awareness of the sphere of reality.
chos-kyi bdag-medNichtvorhander einer "Seele" aller Phänomenelack of an impossible "soul" of all phenomenaSkt: dharma-anatmanThe total absence (voidness) of an impossible mode of existence that establishes the existence of a phenomenon by the power of something findable inside that phenomenon. Often translated by others as "selflessness of all phenomena" or "identitylessness of all phenomena."
chos-kyi sdom-pa bzhivier Kennzeichen des Dharmafour hallmarks of the DharmaFour points which, if contained in a system of teachings, indicate that the system is a Buddhist one: (1) all affected (conditioned) phenomena are nonstatic (impermanent), (2) all tainted phenomena are problematic (suffering), (3) all phenomena are devoid and lacking an impossible "soul," while (4) a nirvana release is a pacification and something constructive. Also called "four sealing points for labeling an outlook as being based on enlightening words."
chos-kyi skye-mchedWahrnehmungsanreger, die (alle) Phänomene sindcognitive stimulators that are (all) phenomenaAll validly knowable phenomena, all of which may be validly cognized by mental consciousness.
chos-kyi skye-mched-pa'i gzugsFormen physischer Phänomene, die (ausschließlich) bei den kognitiven Anregern enthalten sind, die (alle) Phänomene sindforms of physical phenomena included (only) among the cognitive stimulators that are (all) phenomenaForms of physical phenomena that are not knowable by sensory consciousness, but are only knowable by mental consciousness. These include (1) those that make up other things by amassing together, (2) those existing in actual situations, (3) those arising from clearly taking them on, (4) totally imaginary forms, and (5) those arising from gaining control over the elements.
chos-kyi spyanaußersinnliches Auge des Dharmaextrasensory eye of the DharmaOne of the five extrasensory eyes gained as a byproduct of the attainment of an actual state of the first level of mental stability (the first dhyana). (1) According to the Gelug explanation, cognition that is able to understand the mental capacities of others, in order to be able to teach them appropriately. (2) According to the Karma Kagyu explanation, a Buddha's omniscient awareness that possesses the ten forces that enable a Buddha to lead all beings to enlightenment.
chos-nyidtatsächliche Naturactual natureSkt: dharmataEin Synonym für Leerheit (Leere) oder, in einigen Mahamudra- und Dzogchen-Systemen, die Natur aller Dinge als Spiel des untrennbaren Paares von Gewahrsein und Leerheit.
chos-skuAlles umfassender KörperCorpus Encompassing EverythingSkt: dharmakayaDer allwissende Geist eines Buddha
chos-skyongDharma-SchützerDharma-protectorSkt: dharmapalaA class of forceful beings, tamed by Buddha or a spiritual lineage master such as Guru Rinpoche, and made to take an oath to protect the Dharma and its practitioners. They may be either ordinary worldly beings (non-aryas) or highly realized aryas. In some cases, they are emanations of a Buddha, appearing in the form of a Dharma-protector.

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