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Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Tibetischer Fachbegriffe

Tibetisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Nur für einige ausgewählte tibetische Begriffe wurden auch die Entsprechungen des Sanskrit aufgenommen, außerdem wurden die diakritischen Zeichen für die Transliteration des Sanskrit weggelassen, um eine Anzeige in allen Browsern zu ermöglichen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

' A B C D G K L M N P R S T Y Z alles

TibetischDeutschEnglischSanskritDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)
nang-gi dkyil-'khorinneres Mandalainner mandalaA world-system represented by parts of the human body and used as an object of offering.
nang-mchodinneres Opferinner offeringAn offering made of the flesh of various animals and various bodily fluids and wastes, representing either the five tainted aggregates and five bodily elements or the ten energy-winds, and which are specially "elevated" and transformed into pure nectar.
ngar-'dzinBeschäftigung mit dem "Ich"self-preoccupationAn attitude of thinking only about oneself, as if one were the only one in the world, and not thinking about anyone else; narcissism.
nges-'byungEntsagungrenunciationSkt: naishkramya(1) The definite determination to be free of samsara and to gain liberation, and with which one is willing to give up true suffering and true causes. Also translated as "determination to be free." (2) In Theravada, the mental factor to give up all attachment to worldly possessions, social status, and even one's body. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude.
nges-donendgültige Lehre / eindeutige Lehredefinitive teachingSkt: nitarthaA passage in a sutra text that discusses the most profound view of voidness, and to which all other passages in all other sutra texts eventually lead or point. Such passages do not need to be explained as indicating anything more profound.
nges-donimplizit hingewiesene Bedeutungimplicit suggested meaningSkt: nitarthaOne of the six alternative meanings. When an expression in a root tantra text has two dissimilar meanings, the meaning that is dissimilar to the literal, evident, or face value meaning of the expression. It is the meaning suggested by the literal (explicit suggestive) meaning and to which one is led by that literal meaning.
ngo-boessentielle Naturessential natureDie allgemeine Art von Phänomen, die eine Sache ist - beispielsweise ein Anblick, ein Klang und so weiter. [So ist beispielsweise die essentielle Natur des schönen Anblicks eines Sonnenuntergangs, der Anblick]
ngo-bo'i rig-paEssenz-Rigpaessence rigpaEssenz-Ripga ist das reine Gewahrsein vom Standpunkt her, dass es ursprünglich rein ist und als offener Raum dient, in dem das strahlende Rigpa fungiert.
ngo-bo gciggleiche essentielle Natursame essential natureThe relationship between two facts about the same attribute of a phenomenon. In a sense, the two facts are referring to the same phenomenon from two points of view. The two facts may be naturally inseparable, such as the two truths about the phenomenon, or they may constitute a joined inseparability arising from the power of meditation, such as a blissful awareness and an awareness of voidness. Some translators render the term as "one by nature."
ngo-bo-nyid skuKörper der essentiellen NaturCorpus of Essential NatureSkt: svabhavakaya(1) In the Gelug non-Kalachakra system, the voidness of a Buddha's omniscient mind and its state of being parted from the two sets of obscurations. (2) In the Gelug Kalachakra system, the blissful awareness aspect of a Buddha's omniscient mind. (3) In the Non-Gelug systems, the inseparability of all the Corpuses of a Buddha - equivalent to the inseparability of the two truths. Also called: Body of Essential Nature, Nature Body.
ngo-tsha med-pamoralische Selbstwürde, kein Gefühl vonno sense of moral self-dignitySee: no moral self-dignity
ngo-tsha shes-pamoralische Selbstwürdemoral self-dignitySkt: hriAs defined by Asanga, the sense to refrain from negative behavior because of caring how one's actions reflect on oneself.
nyamssegensreiche Erfahrungboon experienceIn mahamudra meditation, an experience of bliss, clarity, nonconceptuality, and bareness that arises as a bonus result of the attainment of a stilled and settled state of shamatha. With this experience, the meditator still has a dualistic sense of there being the meditator on the one side and, on the other, these four as things to be meditated on or experienced.
nyan-thosShravakashravakaSkt: shravakaLiterally, "listeners" to Buddha's teachings - practitioners of the Hinayana vehicle who, motivated by renunciation, strive to attain liberation from uncontrollably recurring rebirth (samsara) and to become an arhat (liberated being) of either the shravaka or pratyekabuddha class. They practice, based on having listened to Buddha's teachings. Some translators render the term as "hearer."
nyan-thos 'phags-paArya-Shravakaarya shravakaSkt: arya shravakaEin Arya-Shravaka ist ein Pratyekabuddha der eine nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung der vier edlen Wahrheiten erlangt hat. Siehe auch: Shravaka.
nyan-thos dgra-bcomShravaka-Arhatshravaka arhatSkt: shravaka arhatA shravaka that has attained liberation. See also: shravaka.
nye-ba'i rgyuunmittelbare Ursachenimmediate causesThe causes that are very close in time to bringing about a result.
nye-brgyudnahe Linienear lineageThe lineage of a teaching that did not begin with Buddha himself, but began with an Indian or Tibetan master, usually through a pure vision.
nyer-len-gyi phung-poherbeiführende Aggregateobtaining aggregatesAggregate factors of a limited being that include the causes that will obtain for that being further samsaric rebirth.
nyer-len-gyi rgyuherbeiführende Ursacheobtaining causeSkt: upadanahetuThe cause from which a result is obtained and which transforms into the result. For example, a seed is the obtaining cause for a sprout, and a network of positive force (a collection of merit) is the obtaining cause for a Corpus of Forms (Form Body) of a Buddha. Some translators render the term as "material cause," but this term does not refer to the physical elements that make up something.
nyer-thobSchwellethresholdAuch übersetzt als: dem Erreichen nahe, schwarze Erscheinung
nyes-byasfehlerhafte Handlungfaulty actionsA set of forty-six actions that one vows to avoid and which, if committed, would be detrimental to one's practice of either one of the six far-reaching attitudes or to one's benefiting others. Also called: secondary bodhisattva vows.
nyon-mongsstörende Emotion oder Geisteshaltungdisturbing emotion or attitudeSkt: kleshaA subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that, when it arises, causes oneself to lose peace of mind and incapacitates oneself so that one loses self-control. An indication that one is experiencing a disturbing emotion or attitude is that it makes oneself and/or others feel uncomfortable. Some translators render this term as "afflictive emotions" or "emotional afflictions."
nyon-mongs kun-brtagsdoktrinär bedingte störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungendoctrinally based disturbed emotions and attitudesDisturbing emotions and attitudes that arise based on having been taught and having accepted a non-Buddhist Indian tenet system or a less sophisticated Indian Buddhist tenet system.
nyon-mongs lhan-skyesautomatisch erscheinende störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungenautomatically arising disturbing emotions and attitudesAutomatisch erscheinende störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungen sind störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungen, die im geistigen Kontinuum einer Person entstehen, ohne dass der Person ein fehlerhaftes Lehrsystem beigebracht worden ist.
nyon-sgribemotionale Schleieremotional obscurationsSkt: kleshavaranaFleeting stains that temporarily "cover" or accompany mental activity (more precisely, clear light mental activity), thereby preventing the mental activity from cognizing phenomena without accompanying disturbing emotions or attitudes. They include the disturbing emotions and attitudes, as well as their tendencies (seeds), and prevent the attainment of liberation from samsara, Also translated as "obscurations that are the disturbing emotions and attitudes"and "obscurations preventing liberation."
nyon-yidverblendetes Gewahrseindeluded awarenessA primary consciousness that is aimed at the alayavijnana in the Chittamatra system, or at the alaya for habits in the dzogchen system, and grasps at it to be the "me" to be refuted.

' A B C D G K L M N P R S T Y Z alles