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Tibetisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Nur für einige ausgewählte tibetische Begriffe wurden auch die Entsprechungen des Sanskrit aufgenommen, außerdem wurden die diakritischen Zeichen für die Transliteration des Sanskrit weggelassen, um eine Anzeige in allen Browsern zu ermöglichen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

' A B C D G K L M N P R S T Y Z alles

TibetischDeutschEnglischSanskritDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)
rang bces-par 'dzin-paSelbstbezogenheit / sich nur um das eigene Wohl kümmernself-cherishingThe attitude with which one considers oneself as the most important being and has affection for and takes care of only oneself.
rang-byung ye-shesselbstentstehendes tiefes Gewahrseinself-arising deep awarenessIn Nyingma, the aspect of pure awareness (rigpa) that automatically arises with awareness of its own two truths or its own threefold nature. Synonymous with reflexive deep awareness.
rang-bzhinfunktionelle Naturfunctional natureThe nature of a phenomenon defined in terms of the function that the phenomenon performs.
rang-bzhinSelbstnaturself-natureSomething on the side of an object or phenomenon that (1) establishes the existence, in general, of the object or phenomenon and (2) establishes, as well, what the object or phenomenon is. A self-nature may do this either by its own power alone, or by its own power in conjunction with mental labeling. The term may also be translated as "self-establishing nature."
rang-bzhin dbyer-mednatürliche Untrennbarkeitnatural inseparabilityThe relationship between two items, in which when one is the case or is occurring, then automatically so is the other.
rang-bzhin gnas-rigsnatürlich andauernde Familieneigenschaftennaturally abiding family-traits(1) In the Chittamatra system, the seeds that, without beginning, are imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being and which serve as factors allowing that being to attain one of the three purified states. (2) In the Madhyamaka systems, the voidnesses imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being.
rang-bzhin-gyi kha-na ma-tho-banatürlicherweise nicht lobenswerte Handlungennaturally uncommendable actionA negative action which, because it is destructive by nature, ripens into the experience of suffering by anyone who commits it.
rang-bzhin-gyi mya-ngan 'dasnatürliches Nirvananatural nirvanaEquivalent to voidness (emptiness), the natural state of all phenomena being released from impossible ways of existing. Asserted only by the Mahayana tenet systems.
rang-bzhin-gyis grub-paExistenz, die durch Selbstnatur begründet istexistence established by self-natureExistence of something established or proven by the fact that the referent object of the imputation of it can be found upon searching for it. For example, the existence of a table established or proven by the fact that when one searches for the object that the mental label "table" refers to, one can find the object, a "table." Also translated as "self-established existence," it is often translated by others as "inherent existence."
rang-gi mtshan-nyidindividuelle definierendes charakteristisches Merkmalindividual defining characteristic markSkt: svalakshanaSomething findable on the side of an object that establishes the identity or features of that object and which serves as the basis for that object being labeled by the names, words, and concepts for it, as well as for its qualities.
rang-mtshanobjektive Entitätobjective entitiesSkt: svalakshanaIn the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, those phenomena, the existence of which is established by their not being merely imputed by conceptual cognition. They include all nonstatic phenomena. According to Sautrantika, they include all nonstatic phenomena and are deepest true phenomena; according to Chittamatra, they include not only all nonstatic superficial true phenomena, but also the static deepest true phenomena of voidnesses, true stoppings, and nirvanas. (1) In the Gelug tradition, the appearing objects of only valid nonconceptual cognitions, although they are what actually appears and can be validly cognized in both valid nonconceptual and conceptual cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug systems, they can only be validly cognized by valid nonconceptual cognition. Also translated as "individually characterized phenomena."
rang-ngoeigenes Angesicht/Anlitzown faceThe manner of existence and good qualities of pure awareness (rig-pa) as can be cognized by reflexive deep awareness.
rang-ngo shes-paGewahrsein seines eigenen Angesichtsawareness of its own faceDas Gewahrsein seines eigenen Angesichts bezeichnet bei einem reinen Gewahrsein (Rigpa) die nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung von seiner eigenen Natur.
rang-rgyalPratyekabuddhapratyekabuddhaSkt: pratyekabuddhaLiterally, "self-realizers" or "self-evolvers" - practitioners of the Hinayana vehicle who, motivated by renunciation, strive to attain liberation from uncontrollably recurring rebirth (samsara) and to become an arhat (liberated being). They live during dark ages when the teachings of a Buddha are no longer available. They do not study with Buddhist spiritual teachers, because there are none at such times, and they teach others only subtly, through gestures, since people are not receptive. Living either singly ("like a rhinoceros") or in small groups, they must rely on their instincts from previous lives to recall and master the Dharma. Some translators render the term as "solitary Buddhas."
rang-rgyal 'phags-paArya-Pratyekabuddhaarya pratyekabuddhaSkt: arya prtatyekabuddhaA pratyekabuddha that has attained nonconceptual cognition of the four noble truths. See also: pratyekabuddha.
rang-rgyal dgra-bcomPratyekabuddha-Arhatpratyekabuddha arhatSkt: pratyekabuddha arhatA pratyekabuddha that has attained liberation. See also: pratyekabuddha.
rang-rigreflexives Gewahrseinreflexive awareness(1) The cognitive faculty within a cognition, asserted in the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, that takes as its cognitive object the consciousness within the cognition that it is part of. It also cognizes the validity or invalidity of the cognition that it is part of, and accounts for the ability to recall the cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug schools, this cognitive faculty becomes reflexive deep awareness -- that part of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness that cognizes the two truths of that nonconceptual cognition.
rang-rig ye-shesreflexives tiefes Gewahrseinreflexive deep awareness(1) In Kagyu and Sakya, that aspect of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness that cognizes its own two-truth nature. (2) In Nyingma, that aspect of pure awareness (rigpa) that cognizes its own two truths or its own threefold nature. Synonymous with self-arising deep awareness.
rang-rkya thub-pa'i rdzas-yodeigenständig erkennbarself-sufficiently knowableA validly knowable phenomenon that, when actually cognized, does not rely on actual cognition of or by something else, for instance actual cognition of the object's basis for labeling.
rang-snangreflexive Erscheinungreflexive appearanceAn appearance of a cognitive object that arises automatically from a person's clear light mind itself. Such an appearance may be either impure (with an appearance of truly established existence) or pure (without such an appearance).
rang-stongSelbstleerheitself-voidnessThe absence of any phenomenon existing, by "self"-nature, in an impossible manner.
ras-bris-kyi dkyil-'khorStoffmandalacloth mandalaEin Stoffmandala ist ein zwei-dimensionales Symbol, das auf ein Stück Stoff gemalt worden ist. Das Stoffmandala lässt sich mit einer architektonischen Blaupause eines dreidimensionalen Palastes, der Umgebung und den Buddhagestalten vergleichen, die sich in einem symbolischen Weltensystems befinden. Das Stoffmandala wird bei der Übertragung von tantrischen Ermächtigungen verwendet.
rdo-rje-i skuVajra-KörperVajra CorpusSkt: vajrakayaIn some dzogchen systems, the voidness factor of the deep awareness of a Buddha's pure awareness (rigpa); the unchanging nature of the other corpuses of a Buddha. Also called Vajra Body.
rdo-rje slob-dpontantrischer Meistertantric masterSkt: vajracaryaA spiritual mentor who confers on disciples tantric vows. According to some commentaries, a spiritual mentor who confers on disciples empowerments and subsequent permissions from any of the classes of tantra.
rdo-rje theg-paVajrayanaVajrayanaSkt: vajrayanaThe Diamond-strong Vehicle of Mind, within Mahayana, that makes use of the tantra methods. Synonymous with "Mantrayana" and "Tantrayana."
rdul-phran-gyi dkyil-'khorMandala aus gestreutem Sandpowdered sand mandalaA two-dimensional representation, made of powdered colored minerals, which is like an architectural blueprint of the three-dimensional palace, environment, and Buddha-figures of a symbolic world system, and used for conferring a tantric empowerment.
rdzasUrsprungsquelle // Geburtsquellenatal sourceSkt: dravyaThat which gives rise to something, such as a womb for a baby or an oven for a loaf of bread.
rdzogs-byed-kyi lasvervollständigendes Karmacompleting karmaDas vervollständigende Karma ist ein geistiger Drang oder Impuls, der von einer relativ schwachen Motivation begleitet wird, und daher, als Wirkung dieses geistigen Drangs, lediglich die Kraft hat [Stärke besitzt] jene Umstände heranzureifen, die die Bedingungen für eine zukünftige Wiedergeburt vervollständigen.
rdzogs-chenDzogchendzogchenDas Dzogchen bezeichnet ein Mahayana-System oder eine Mahayana-Praxis in den Nyingma-, Bön-, Karma-Kagyü-, Drugpa-Kagyü- und Drigung-Kagyü-Traditionen. Die Praktiken befassen sich damit einen Zugang zu Rigpa zu erlangen, d.h. zu seinem eigenen reinen Gewahrsein, und zu erkennen, dass dieses bereits vollständig alle guten Qualitäten besitzt. Dzogchen wird als "die große Vollendung" übersetzt.
rdzogs-rimStufe der Vollständigkeit / Vollständigkeitsstufecomplete stageSkt: sampannakrama(1) Die zweite Stufe von Praktiken des Anuttarayoga-Tantra, in der jetzt alles vollständig ist, um sich in Praktiken zu üben, die als unmittelbare Ursache für das Erlangen der Erleuchtung dienen [fungieren]. Diese Praktiken beinhalten das Arbeiten mit den Chakren, Kanälen und Winden des subtilen Körpers. (2) in einigen Nicht-Gelug-Texten bezeichnet die Stufe der Vollständigkeit die nichtkonzeptuelle Meditation über die Leerheit der zuvor, während der ersten Stufe des Anuttarayoga-Tantra, erzeugten Visualisationen. Diese Meditation über ein nicht abzählbares endgültiges Phänomen wird, auf der selben Stufe der Praxis, gleichzeitig mit der Visualisation durchgeführt, and vervollständigt die Visualisationspraxis auf diese Weise. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Vollendungsstufe".
rdzu-'phrulaußerphysische Emanationextraphysical emanationsSkt: rddhiPhysical bodies having abilities that are beyond the usual capacity of the body -- such as the ability to run great distances at an incredible speed, to fly, to increase or decrease in size, to multiply, to walk on water, to pass beneath the earth, and so on -- which are produced (emanated) from karma, recitation of mantra, the power of specially consecrated substances, or the power of an actual state of the first level of mental stability (the first dhyana).
rdzu-'phrul-gyi mngon-sheshöher entwickeltes Gewahrsein außerphysischer Emanationadvanced awareness for extraphysical emanationEine Wahrnehmung, die in der Lage ist, viele verschiedene simultane Emanationen zu erzeugen, die irgendeinen der folgenden drei Arten ist: (1) körperliche Emanationen, die aus den Elementen Erde, Wasser, Feuer, Wind und Raum zusammengesetzt sind, (2) sprachliche Emanationen - in der Weise sprechen, dass verschiedene Menschen die Worte in ihrer eigenen Sprache und auf ihrem Verständnisniveau verstehen können, oder (3) geistige Emanationen von Gedanken und Ebenen des Geistes, wie zum Beispiel das Gewahrsein vieler Bedeutungsebenen eines Absatzes in einem Dharma-Text. Hierbei handelt es sich um eine von sechs Arten höher entwickelten Gewahrseins, die als ein Nebenprodukt des Erlangens eines verwirklichten Zustandes der ersten Ebenen geistiger Stabilität (dem ersten Dhyana) .
reg-paKontaktbewusstseincontacting awarenessSkt: sparshaThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that differentiates that the object of a cognition is pleasant, unpleasant, or neutral, and thus serves as the foundation for experiencing it with a feeling of happiness, unhappiness, or a neutral feeling.
rga-shiAltern und Sterbenaging and dyingIn a particular rebirth, the period starting immediately after the moment of conception and ending with the moment of death.
rgod-paFlatterhaftigkeit des Geistes / geistige Flatterhaftigkeitflightiness of mindThe mental factor with which the mind wanders to an object of attraction, due to desire for it or attachment, and which faults the mental abiding of mindfulness's mental hold on an object of focus. Sometimes translated as "mental agitation."
rgyal-baGlorreiche, derTriumphant OneSkt: jinaAn epithet of a Buddha - one who has triumphed over the emotional and cognitive obscurations. Some translators render the term as "Victorious One."
rgyanFiligranschmuckfiligreeSkt: alamkaraA piece of jewelry made of fine, intricately intertwined wires. A word used in the titles of many Buddhist texts to indicate that the subject matter is presented in a manner resembling a filigree, in which the various topics are intricately intertwined, resulting in a beautiful, elegant presentation of the material. Usually translated by others as "ornament."
rgyas-'gyur-gyi rigssich entwickelnde Familieneigenschaftenevolving family-traits(1) In the Chittamatra system, the tendencies (seeds) that, newly gained by listening, contemplating and meditating on Buddha's teachings, are imputable on the basis of the stained minds of each limited being and which serve as factors allowing that being to attain arya pathway minds. (2) In the Svatantrika-Madhyamaka system, the factors, imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being, that are fit to become the essential nature of a deep awareness Dharmakaya. (3) In the Prasangika-Madhyamaka system, the factors imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being that are fit to become the essential natures of a Corpus of Forms and a deep awareness Dharmakaya of a Buddha.
rgyas-padie guten Eigenschaften anderer anregen (Wachstum)stimulating others' good qualitiesAlso translated as "increase."
rgyuUrsachecauseSkt: hetuA nonstatic phenomenon able to bring about the production or arising of something.
rgyu'i kun-slongursächliche Motivationcausal motivating aimWas jemand beabsichtigt, gerade bevor er/sie damit beginnt etwas zu tun; diese Motiviation ist die Ursache dafür, dass die Person die entsprechende Handlung dann ausführt.
rgyu'i rkyenursächliche Bedingungencausal conditionsSkt: hetupratyayaAll the causes that have the power to produce a specific result.
rgyu'i skyabs-'groursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtungcausal taking of safe directionMit dem Begriff "ursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung" wird das Einschlagen einer sicheren Ausrichtung (Zufluchtnahme) bezeichnet, in der die Quellen einer sicheren Ausrichtung die Personen oder Phänomene sind, die als Ursachen für die eigene Erlangung der drei Juwelen, wirken, nämlich von Buddha, Dharma und Sangha, die bereits von anderen erlangt worden sind. Der Begriff "ursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung" ist synonym mit dem Begriff "bloßes Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung".
rgyudTantratantraSkt: tantra(1) An everlasting stream of continuity. On the causal level, the mental continuum, with its various aspects of Buddha-nature. On the pathway level, the continuity of practices involving Buddha-figures. On the resultant level, the continuity of the various corpuses or bodies of a Buddha. (2) The texts that discuss the above topics.
rgyu-dus-kyi rnam-shes-kyi yan-lagaufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt der Ursachelink of loaded consciousness at the time of the causeThe first phase of the third of the twelve links of dependent arising, the link of loaded consciousness. A mental continuum containing the karmic aftermath of throwing karma during the lifetime in which the karmic action producing it has occurred. The first part of the third link of dependent arising, the link of loaded consciousness.
rgyu-mthun-gyi 'bras-buWirkung, die der Ursache entsprichtresult that corresponds to its causeSkt: nishyandaphalamA result that in some way resembles its cause, either in the wish to repeat its causal action or in the experience of something happening back to one that resembles what one did.
rgyunStrom von Kontinuitätstream of continuityEine Abfolge von Momenten von etwas.
rig-gnas lngafünf Hauptgebiete des Wissensfive major fields of knowledge**a) Kunst und Kunsthandwerk, b) Medizin, c) Sprachen und Grammatik, d) Logik und e) geheime oder außerordentliche Selbsterkenntnis
rig-pareines Gewahrseinpure awarenessIn the dozgchen system, the subtlest level of awareness, which is totally untainted by any of the fleeting stains of mental obscurations. It is devoid of all grosser levels of awareness and yet permeates all of them, and it spontaneously establishes pure appearances. Often left untranslated as "rigpa."
rigs-'dra'I rgyuUrsache der gleichen Artsimilar family causeSkt: sajatiyakaranamDie Ursache gleicher Art ist eine Ursache, die zur selben Familie oder Kategorie von Phänomen gehört wie die Wirkung. Zum Beispiel ist die Vorlage zur Herstellung einer Vase die Ursache gleicher Art für die Vase, die man gerade herstellt.
rigs-nges-pa'i byang-semsBodhisattva- Arhats eindeutiger Linie / Bodhisattva-Arhats der bestimmten Liniebodhisattva arhats of definite lineageBodhisattvas who have been definite about their lineage as bodhisattvas from before attaining arhatship and thus who have attained arhatship as bodhisattvas and not as shravakas or pratyekabuddhas before developing bodhichitta.
rigs-pa bzhivier Axiomefour axiomsThe four axioms for examining a Dharma teaching in order to accept its validity: (1) dependency, (2) functionality, (3) establishment by reason, and (4) the nature of things.
rigs-spyigeistige Artsynthesekind mental synthesisThe type of phenomenon that a specific individual item is an instance of, such as "a table" imputed on a specific instance of something having legs and a flat surface. This is equivalent to the conventional identity of something.
ring-brgyudentfernte Liniedistant lineageThe lineage of a teaching that began with Buddha himself.
rjes-dpagschlussfolgernde Wahrnehmunginferential cognitionSkt: anumanaA valid conceptual way of cognizing an obscure object through reliance on a correct line of reasoning as its basis.
rjes-snanganschließende Erlaubnissubsequent permissionA tantric ritual for a specific Buddha-figure, received in order to strengthen further the Buddha-nature factors that were previously activated with a full empowerment. Usually called by its Tibetan name, "jenang."
rjes-thobnachfolgende Erlangungsubsequent attainmentA state of mind having the joined pair of shamatha and vipashyana, and in which absorbed concentration is focused single-pointedly on a voidness that is like an illusion. It is attained only upon rising from total absorption on space-like voidness and may occur either while still in meditation or after arising from meditation. It may be either conceptual or nonconceptual. Sometimes translated as "subsequent realization." Other translators often render the term as "post-meditation."
rkyenBedingungconditionSkt: pratyayaA nonstatic phenomenon that helps shape the conventional identity of something that is produced or arises from causes.
rlungEnergiewindenergy-windSkt: pranaAlso called: energy-wind breaths
rlung phra-mosubtiler Energiewindsubtle energy-windsSubtle forms of energy that move within the subtle energy-channels of the subtle body and which are the "mount" (the physical basis) for consciousness, either in nonconceptual or conceptual cognition, transporting it through the subtle body. Through anuttarayoga complete stage practices, one can cause them to enter, abide, and dissolve in the central energy-channel and thereby make manifest the subtlest clear light mind.
rmad-du byung-bafabelhafte Berichtefabulous accountsSkt: adbhutadharmaDescriptions of such marvelous, wondrous things as the wisdom, extra-physical powers and saintly deeds of the Buddhas, pratyekabuddhas (self-realizers), and shravakas (listeners). One of the twelve scriptural categories.
rmongs-chaBenommenheitdumbfoundednessIn the dzogchen system, a nominal disturbing attitude, equivalent to automatically arising unawareness regarding phenomena, which obscures rigpa's (pure awareness's) knowing its own nature. Some translators render it as "bedazzlement" or "stupidity," but it has nothing to do with intelligence.
rmongs-paVerwirrungbewildermentEin naiver Geisteszustand des Nicht-Wissens in Bezug auf das, was geschieht.
rmugs-pageistige Umnebelungfoggy-mindednessThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of a heavy feeling of body and mind that makes the mind unclear, unserviceable, and incapable either of giving rise to a cognitive appearance of its object or of apprehending the object correctly.
rNal-'byor spyod-paYogacharaYogacharaAnother name for the Chittamatra school of Indian Buddhism.
rnam-'phrulwundersame Emanationmiraculous emanationsSkt: vikurvana(1) In mahamudra and dzogchen texts, a descriptive synonym for the mental aspects (mental appearances, mental holograms) that are produced by the clarity aspect of the mind and which are directly cognized by conceptual or nonconceptual cognition. (2) A synonym for extraphysical emanations.
rnam-g.yenggeistige Abschweifung / Abschweifungmental wanderingA subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that causes the mind to lose concentration and to go on and on, uncontrollably from one object to another, due to any reason.
rnam-grangs ma-yin-pa'I don-damNicht (mit Worten) fassbares letztendliches Phänomennondenumerable ultimate phenomenonVoidnesses that are validly cognized nonconceptually. They are "nondenumerable" in the sense that they cannot be counted among what appears to minds validly cognizing phenomena through mentally labeling them with words and concepts, thus they are voidnesses that are "beyond words and beyond concepts."
rnam-grangs-pa'I don-dammit Worten fassbare letzendliche Phänomenedenumerable ultimate phenomenonVoidnesses that are validly cognized conceptually. They are "denumerable" in the sense that they can be counted among what appears to minds validly cognizing phenomena through mentally labeling them with words and concepts.
rnam-pageistiges Erscheinungsbildmental aspectSkt: akaraA nonstatic mental hologram, asserted by all Indian Buddhist tenet systems other than Vaibhashika, that is a likeness of an object of cognition, and which both conceptual and nonconceptual mental activity produces in order to cognize the object; the "mental shape" of the appearing object of a cognition. (1) According to Gelug, except in the case of Chittamatra and Yogachara Svatantrika, they are fully transparent so that through them, one directly cognizes external objects. (2) According to non-Gelug, they are opaque and thus allow only indirect cognition of external objects.
rnam-par rig-byed-kyi gzugsoffenbarende Formrevealing formSkt: vijnaptirupaA form of physical phenomenon, asserted in the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika schools, that shows (reveals) the motivation behind it, and which may be a constructive, destructive or unspecified phenomenon. Examples are the shape of one's body when performing an action, the sound of the words when one speaks, the expression on someone's face, and so on. In general, such a phenomenon may be either one of the five sensory objects or one of the five sensory cognitive sensors.
rnam-par rig-byed ma-yin-pa'i gzugsnichtoffenbarende Formnonrevealing formSkt: avijnaptirupaA subtle form of physical phenomenon, asserted only by the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika schools, that is caused by a strong constructive or destructive motivation, but which does not show ("reveal") that motivation. Such a phenomenon is part of a mental continuum, but is not felt on that continuum; it does not degenerate from moment to moment; it can only be an object of mental cognition; and it must be either constructive or destructive. Examples are vows and one aspect of karmic impulses.
rnam-shesBewusstseinconsciousnessSkt: vijnanaEine Gruppe der Weise, etwas gewahr zu sein, die lediglich die essentielle Natur seines Objektes wahrnimmt, wie beispielsweise eine Ansicht, ein Klang oder ein Geistesobjekt etc. Das Bewusstsein kann dabei entweder sinnlich oder geistig sein
rnam-shesUnterteilungen machendes Bewusstseindividing consciousnessA consciousness that makes dualistic appearances, dividing a moment of experience into an appearance of independently existing consciousness (subject) and object. It is a Kagyu/Nyingma explanation. The Tibetan is rnam-shes, the same as the usual word for consciousness. It is defined like this only in some very special places.
rnam-shesPrimärbewusstseinprimary consciousnessSkt: vijnanaDas Primärbewusstsein ist, innerhalb (des Vorgangs) der Wahrnehmung eines Objektes, das Gewahrsein, das sich lediglich auf die essentielle Natur eines Objektes ausrichtet [konzentriert]. Das Primärbewusstsein hat die Identitäts-Natur eines individualisierenden Gewahrsein.
rnam-shesspezifisches Gewahrseinspecific awarenessSkt: vijnanaIn the Karma Kagyu system, the aspect of mental activity that is aware of the specific type of awareness of an object that has arisen and the specific object that it is aware of. In a looser sense, awareness of the details that have arisen and one is aware of in a cognition.
rnam-shes-kyi phung-poAggregat des Primärbewusstseinsaggregate of primary consciousnessesSkt: vijnana-skandhaEiner der fünf Aggregat-Faktoren der Erfahrung. Das Netzwerk aller Vorgänge des geistigen Bewusstseins oder irgendeiner der fünf Arten sinnlichen Bewusstseins, die Teil jeden Augenblick des Erlebens im Geisteskontinuum eines Lebewesens sein könnten. Dieser Aggregat-Faktor umfasst auch alle Vorgänge verblendeten Gewahrseins und alle Vorgänge des alles umfassenden grundlegenden Bewusstseins innerhalb der philosophischen Systeme, die diese beiden bestätigen. Das Aggregat des Primärbewusstseins für auch als "Aggregat des Bewusstseins" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Aggregat des Hauptbewusstseins".
rnam-smin-gyi 'bras-bugereifte Wirkungripened resultSkt: vipakaphalamA nonobstructive unspecified item conjoined with the mental continuum of a limited being, such as the body, consciousness, and feelings of happiness and unhappiness, and which comes from a ripening cause that was also conjoined with his or her mental continuum.
rnam-smin-gyi rgyureifende Ursacheripening causeSkt: vipakahetuA destructive or tainted constructive phenomenon that, unless one has rid one's mental continuum forever of craving, has the power to produce the nonobstructive unspecified items contained in the five aggregate factors of future rebirth states, such as the body, the types of consciousness, and the feelings.
rNying-maNyingmaNyingmaThe Old Translation Period tradition of Tibetan Buddhism deriving from Guru Rinpoche, Padmasambhava.
rtag-paStatischseinstaticnessSkt: nityaThe noncongruent affecting variable of not changing from moment to moment. Sometimes translated as "permanence."
rtag-pastatisches Phänomenstatic phenomenonSkt: nityaPhenomena that are unaffected by causes and circumstances and, consequently, do not change from moment to moment and do not produce any effects. Somewhat similar to unchanging facts, they are imputed about some validly knowable phenomenon and only exist and can be validly known so long as the basis for their imputation lasts. Sometimes translated as "static abstractions." Some translators render the term as "permanent phenomena."
rten-'brel yan-lag bcu-gnyiszwölf Glieder des abhängigen Entstehenstwelve links of dependent arisingThe twelve-part mechanism whereby the existence of all samsaric phenomena, especially those of future rebirth, are established by reliance on unawareness: (1) unawareness, (2) affecting impulses, (3) loaded consciousness, (4) nameable mental faculties with or without gross form, (5) stimulators of cognition, (6) contacting awareness, (7) feeling a level of happiness, (8) craving, (9) an obtainer, (10) further existence, (11) conception, and (12) aging and dying.
rten-cing 'brel-bar 'byung-babedingtes Entstehendependent arisingSkt: pratityasamutpadaThe reliance of something on something other than itself for establishing its existence. (1) The reliance of all samsaric phenomena on unawareness for establishing their existence; (2) the reliance of all functional, nonstatic phenomena on causes and conditions for establishing their existence; (3) the reliance of both static and nonstatic phenomena on their parts for establishing their existence; (4) the reliance of all phenomena on mental labeling for establishing their existence. Also translated as "dependent origination."
rten-pa'i dkyil-'khorunterstützendes Mandalasupporting mandalaThe immeasurably magnificent palace of a symbolic world system, together with the environment around it, visualized in tantra practice.
rtog-bcaskonzeptuellconceptualTogether with a concept.
rtog-med shes-panichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmungnonconceptual cognitionCognition of an object, without that cognition being through the medium of a universal, a category, or a mental label.
rtog-paKonzeptconceptA general term for a universal, a category, or a mental label. A concept of something need not be verbal. For example, one has a concept of what a pretty face looks like, what one's mother looks like, what a good soup tastes like, what a properly tuned guitar sounds like, what a valid line of reasoning is, what one plus one equals, and so on.
rtog-pakonzeptuelle Wahrnehmungconceptual cognitionDie Wahrnehmung eines Objekts durch das Medium einer metaphysischen Einheit, und zwar durch ein Allgemeines, eine Kategorie oder eine geistige Bezeichnung. Die konzeptuelle Wahrnehmung schreibt dem Objekt eine metaphysischen Einheit zu, die den geistigen Aspekt, den sie annimmt ähnelt, und sie vermischt und verwechselt die beiden.
rtog-pagrobes Feststellengross detectionThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that investigates something roughly, such as detecting if there are mistakes on a page. According to Asanga, one of the four changeable subsidiary awarenesses. Also translated as "investigation."
rtogs-pabegreifenapprehendEin Objekt sowohl korrekt als auch entschlussfreudig [***bestimmt] kognitiv annehmen.
rtogs-paVerwirklichungrealizationA stable, correct understanding of some point in the Dharma, such as voidness, which brings about a lasting attainment and change in the person who has it. Compare: "attainment".
rtogs-pastabile Verwirklichungstable realizationIn mahamudra meditation, the state of mind in which the meditator has nonconceptual bare cognition of there being no dualism of meditator and meditation.
rtogs-par brjod-paerläuternde Berichteillustrative accountsSkt: avadanaTeachings of Buddha given with examples for ease of comprehension by the listener. One of the twelve scriptural categories.
rton-pa bzhivier Grundlagen des Vertrauenfour placements of confidenceDon’t place your confidence on the person, place it on his or her teachings; don’t place your confidence on his or her words, place it on their meanings; don’t place your confidence on their interpretable meanings, place it on their definitive meanings; (to understand them) don’t place your confidence on your dividing consciousness, place it on your deep awareness.
rtsa-ba'i bla-maWurzelgururoot guruThe spiritual teacher that inspires one the most, such that his or her inspiration serves as the root giving sustenance to one's spiritual growth.
rtsal-gyi rig-pastrahlendes Rigpaeffulgent rigpaStrahlendes Rigpa bezeichnet das reine Gewahrsein (rigpa) aus dem Blickwinkel seines Aspektes spontan Erscheinungen hervorzubringen. Strahlendes Rigpa ist synonym mit dem Begriff "Erscheinungs-hervorbringendes grundlegendes Rigpa".
rtsa-ltungÜbertretung der Wurzelgelübderoot downfallA transgression of a root bodhisattva or root tantric vow, which, if it is a full transgression, acts as a root for falling to rebirth in one of the worse rebirth states.
rtsol-bcaserarbeitetlaboredA state of mind, such as bodhichitta, generated by working oneself up to it, with deliberate effort, through a series of steps, each of which entails a line of reasoning.
rtsol-medmühelosunlaboredA state of mind, such as bodhichitta, generated instantly without needing to work oneself up to it, with deliberate effort, through a series of steps, each of which entails a line of reasoning.
rtsol-med byang-semsmüheloses Bodhichittaunlabored bodhichittaA bodhichitta aim that arises automatically and effortlessly, without need to build up to it through steps or by relying on lines of reasoning.

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