Das Berzin-Archiv

Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

Zur Textversion für diese Seite wechseln. Zur Haupt-Navigation springen.

Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
identitylessnessIdentitätslosigkeitSee: lack of an impossible "soul"
ignoranceIgnoranzSee: unawareness
illustrative accountserläuternde BerichteTeachings of Buddha given with examples for ease of comprehension by the listener. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: rtogs-par brjod-pa
Skt: avadana
immeasurably magnificent palaceunermesslich herrlicher PalastA palace visualized in tantra practice as part of the supporting mandala. Each architectural feature of the palace represents one or another realization gained along the tantra path, and inside the palace reside one or more Buddha-figures.Tib: gzhal-yas khang
immediate causesunmittelbare UrsachenThe causes that are very close in time to bringing about a result.Tib: nye-ba'i rgyu
immediately preceding conditionunmittelbar vorausgehende BedingungThe immediately preceding moment of awareness, which produces the appearance-making and cognizing (clarity and awareness) of the next moment of awareness as its result.Tib: de-ma-thag rkyen
Skt: samanantarapratyaya
immovables, threeUnbewegliche, dreiSee: three immovables
Immutable Vajra Bodyunveränderlicher Vajra-KörperSee: Immutable Vajra Corpus
Immutable Vajra Corpusunveränderlicher Vajra-KörperIn some Kagyu mahamudra systems, synonymous with "Vajra Corpus" in the meaning of the unchanging nature of the other four Corpuses of a Buddha.Tib: mi-'gyur rdo-rje'i sku
impermanenceUnbeständigkeit / VeränderlichkeitSee: nonstaticness
impermanent phenomenonunbeständiges PhänomenSee: nonstatic phenomenon
implicative negation phenomenonimplizierendes Negierungs-PhänomenAn exclusion of something else in which, after the sounds of the words that exclude the object to be negated have negated that object, they leave behind in their wake, explicitly or implicitly, something else. Some translators render the term as "affirming negation." Tib: ma-yin dgag
implicit apprehensionimplizites BegreifenIn the Gelug system, apprehension of a cognitive object in which a cognitive appearance (mental hologram) of the involved object itself does not arise; only a cognitive appearance of the basis for imputation of the involved object arises. Compare: explicit apprehension.Tib: shugs-la rtogs-pa
implicit suggested meaningimplizit hingewiesene BedeutungOne of the six alternative meanings. When an expression in a root tantra text has two dissimilar meanings, the meaning that is dissimilar to the literal, evident, or face value meaning of the expression. It is the meaning suggested by the literal (explicit suggestive) meaning and to which one is led by that literal meaning.Tib: nges-don
Skt: nitartha
implied objectimplizierte Objekte / angedeutete ObjekteSee: conceptualized object
imply, conceptuallykonzeptuell implizieren / konzeptuell darauf schließen lassenSee: conceptually cling
impulse, karmicImpuls, karmischerSee: karma
impulse, mentalImpuls, geistigerSee: karma
impulses, affectingImpulse, beeinflussendeSee: link of affecting impulses
impure appearanceunreine ErscheinungAn appearance of something as a nonenlightened mind makes it appear, namely in only a mundane form and with true existence.Tib: ma-dag-pa'i snang-ba
imputationzuschreiben / ZuschreibungSee: mental labeling
inbetween existenceZwischenexistenzSee: bardo
inbetween stateZwischenzustandSee: bardo
incorrect considerationfehlerhafte BetrachtungSee: paying attention in a discordant manner
indecisive cognitionunentschlossene WahrnehmungSee: indecisive wavering
indecisivenessUnentschlossenheitSee: indecisive wavering
indecisive waveringunentschlossenes SchwankenThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) that entertains two opinions about what is true – in other words, wavering between accepting or rejecting what is true. One of the six root disturbing emotions and attitudes. Sometimes translated as "doubt."Tib: the-tshoms
indirect cognitionindirekte WahrnehmungAccording to the non-Gelug presentation, the type of cognition that a present moment of sensory consciousness has of the immediately preceding moment of an external sense object, which no longer exists. Compare: direct cognition.Tib: shugs-la shes-pa
individual beingLebewesenSee: person
individual defining characteristic markindividuelle definierendes charakteristisches MerkmalSomething findable on the side of an object that establishes the identity or features of that object and which serves as the basis for that object being labeled by the names, words, and concepts for it, as well as for its qualities.Tib: rang-gi mtshan-nyid
Skt: svalakshana
individualizing deep awarenessindividualisierendes tiefes GewahrseinDas individualisierende tiefe Gewahrsein ist eine von fünf Arten des tiefen Gewahrseins, die alle Wesen als einen Aspekt ihrer Buddhanatur besitzen. Das individualisierende tiefe Gewahrsein ist das tiefe Gewahrsein, welches ein Objekt auswählt und seiner einzigartigen und individuellen Qualitäten gewahr ist. Es wird auch als tiefes Gewahrsein der Individualität der Dinge bezeichnet. Tib: sor-rtog ye-shes
inferential cognitionschlussfolgernde WahrnehmungA valid conceptual way of cognizing an obscure object through reliance on a correct line of reasoning as its basis.Tib: rjes-dpag
Skt: anumana
influence, enlighteningEinfluss, erleuchtenderSee: enlightening influence
influencing naturebeeinflussende NaturOne of the threefold natures of pure awareness (rigpa), referring to the enlightening influence it has on others.Tib: 'phrin-las
in focusklar und scharfThe appearance of something as being sharp and clear, not blurry.Tib: gsal-ba
inherentinhärentThe English word "inherent" means something inside an object that is there by means of the nature of that object, It is used in Buddhism to mean something inside an object, by nature of that object, which, by its own power, establishes that the object exists in general and exists specifically as "this" or "that."
inherent existenceinhärente ExistenzSee: existence established by self-natureTib: bden-grub
initiationInitiationSee: empowerment
innateinnewohnendSee: simultaneously arising
inner mandalainneres MandalaA world-system represented by parts of the human body and used as an object of offering.Tib: nang-gi dkyil-'khor
inner offeringinneres OpferAn offering made of the flesh of various animals and various bodily fluids and wastes, representing either the five tainted aggregates and five bodily elements or the ten energy-winds, and which are specially "elevated" and transformed into pure nectar.Tib: nang-mchod
inseparableuntrennbarTwo facts about the same attribute of an object are inseparable if, when one is the case, so is the other. The two facts may inseparably both be the case either naturally or made to be so through the power of meditation.Tib: dbyer-med
insightEinsichtA nontechnical term for an understanding of a deeper level of meaning of something that one did not understand so deeply before or not at all before.
inspirationInspiration(1) A transformation that someone or something confers, literally by means of a "brightening," into a state of heightened power and ability resembling the position or status of the person or thing that confers it. (2) In the meaning of "elevation," transformation of one's body, speech, and mind, or offering substances, into pure aspects, done during a tantric ritual. Some translators render the term as "blessing."Tib: byin-gyis rlabs
Skt: adhishthana
instructions, guidelineAnleitungen, richtungsweisendeSee: guideline instructions
instructions, personalAnleitungen, persönlicheSee: personal instructions
instructor, DharmaAusbilder, Dharma-See: Dharma instructor
intellectIntellektThe mental activity that gives rise to conceptual cognition -- most commonly, to verbal conceptual thought.Tib: blo
intellectually derivedvom Intellekt herrührtDescriptive of meditation with verbal thoughts based on conceptual schemes.Tib: blos-byas
intelligenceIntelligenzThe ability to discriminate between what is correct and what is incorrect, and between what is helpful and what is harmful.Tib: blo-gros
intentbeabsichtigte BedeutungThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to obtain any object, to achieve any goal, or to do something with the object or goal once obtained or achieved, but based on prior deliberation and thus a stronger mental factor than intention .
intentionAbsicht / IntentionThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to obtain any object, to achieve any goal, or to do something with the object or goal once obtained or achieved.Tib: 'dun-pa
interpolationVerfälschung / verfälschende HinzufügungThe projection or superimposition, onto an object, of a quality or a conventional or ultimate identity that it doesn't have. For instance, to superimpose true existence onto the conventionally existent "me." Literally, the term means "sticking feathers on to something." Some translators render it as "exaggeration," but it is not the exaggeration of something present. Rather, it is the adding of something that is not there, as if it were present.Tib: sgro-'dogs
interpretable teachingauslegbare Lehre / interpretierbare LehreA passage in a sutra text that discusses any topic other than the most profound view of voidness, and which leads one on or points the way to the most profound view of voidness. Such passages require explanation, so that one does not confuse them as indicating the most profound view.Tib: drang-don
Skt: neyartha
invalid cognitionungültige Wahrnehmung(1) According to Gelug Sautrantika, Gelug Chittamatra, and Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a cognition that is not fresh, or one that is fallacious, or one that is both not fresh and fallacious. (2) According to Gelug Prasangika and all tenet systems according to non-Gelug, a fallacious cognition.Tib: tshad-min
investigationUntersuchen / UntersuchungSee: gross detection
involved bodhichittaausübendes BodhichittaSee: engaged bodhichitta
involved objectbeteiligtes ObjektThe main object with which a particular cognition involves itself or engages. Equivalent to the object existing as cognitively taklen.Tib: 'jug-yul

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles