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Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
KadamKadam-SchuleOne of the New Translation Period traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, deriving from Atisha's visit to Tibet. After its branches were merged and reformed, it continued as the Gelug tradition.Tib: bKa'-gdams
KagyuKagyüOne of the New Translation Period traditions of Tibetan Buddhism. It has two branches, Shangpa Kagyu deriving from Kyungpo Neljor and Dagpo Kagyu deriving from the line Naropa, Marpa, Milarepa, and Gampopa.Tib: bKa'-brgyud
Kalachakra tantra root downfallÜbertretung der tantrischen Wurzelgelübde des KalachakraA transgression of one of the version of the root tantric vows that is specific to the practice of Kalachakra.
KamaKamaThe god of desire in Hindu mythology.Tib: 'dod-pa'i lha
KangyurKangyurThe collection of the Tibetan translations of the enlightening words of the Buddha.Tib: bKa'-'gyur
KanjurKanjurSee: Kangyur
karmaKarma(1) In all Tibetan Buddhist systems except Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika, equivalent to a subcategory of the mental factor (subsidiary awareness), an urge. It is the mental factor that brings the mind in the direction of a specific physical, verbal, or mental action. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika, with respect to mental karmic actions, it is the mental factor of the urge that brings the mind in the direction of that action. With respect to physical or verbal karmic actions, it is (a) the revealing form of the physical impulse of the physical action or the sound of the words of the verbal action, plus (b) the nonrevealing form of the subtle invisible "vibration" of the action, which continues during and after the action. Some translators render the term "karma" as "action." (3) A general term used loosely for behavioral cause and effect. Also called: karmic impulse.Tib: las
Skt: karma
karmic actionkarmische HandlungA physical, verbal, or mental action brought on by and sustained by a karmic impulse.
karmic aftermathkarmische HinterlassenschaftA general, nontechnical term for everything left over on someone's mental continuum as a consequence of having committed a karmic action. It includes karmic potentials, a network of karmic force, karmic tendencies, and karmic constant habits. According to the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika tenet systems, also included, for physical and verbal actions, is a second phase of subtle karmic energy.
karmic constant habitkarmische ständige GewohnheitA type of karmic aftermath, imputable on one's mental continuum as an unspecified (ethically neutral) noncongruent affecting variable after having committed a karmic action, and which ripens into a result every moment until a true stopping of it has been achieved. Some translators render it as "habit" or "instinct."Tib: bag-chags
Skt: vasana
karmic energykarmische EnergieA general term for both positive and negative karmic energy. A constructive or destructive phenomenon that is the first phase of the karmic force of a karmic action.(1) In all Tibetan Buddhist systems except Vaibhashika and the Gelug Prasangika presentation, it is equivalent to the karmic action itself, from the point of view of what will ripen into a result intermittently. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika systems, this is the case only regarding mental karmic actions. With regard to physical and verbal karmic actions, it is equivalent to the karma of the action -- both its revealing and nonrevealing forms.
karmic forcekarmische KraftA general term for both positive and negative karmic force -- the type of karmic aftermath that is either a constructive or destructive phenomenon and which will ripen into a result intermittently. (1) In all Tibetan Buddhist systems except Vaibhashika and the Gelug Prasangika presentation, it has two phases (a) the karmic energy, referring to the karmic action itself, and (b) the karmic potential, which is the karmic force that has taken on the essential nature of a karmic tendency (karmic seed). (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika system, this is the case only regarding mental karmic actions. With regard to physical and verbal karmic actions, the karma of the action -- both its revealing and nonrevealing forms, as well as the karmic force that has taken on the essential nature of a karmic tendency.
karmic force, negativekarmische Kraft, negativeSee: negative karmic force
karmic force, positivekarmische Kraft, positiveSee: positive karmic force
karmic force that has taken on the essential nature of a karmic tendencykarmische Kraft, die die essentielle Natur angenommen hat, eine karmischen Tendenz zu seinA synonym for "karmic potential."Tib: sa-bon-gyi ngo-bor gyur-ba
karmic habitkarmische GewohnheitA synonym for "karmic latency."Tib: bag-chags
Skt: vasana
karmic impulsekarmischer ImpulsSee: karma
karmic impulse for further existencekarmischer Impuls, der eine weitere Existenz realisiertA karmic impulse that activates the karmic aftermath of throwing karma just before one dies, thus enabling the aftermath to ripen into a next rebirth. Abbreviated as "further existence."Tib: yang-srid sgrub-pa'i las
karmic latencykarmische LatenzA general term for all karmic aftermath -- namely, karmic potentials, karmic tendencies, and karmic constant habits.Tib: bag-chags
Skt: vasana
karmic legacykarmisches VermächtnisA general term for all karmic aftermath that ripen into a result intermittently -- namely, karmic potentials and karmic tendencies.Tib: sa-bon
Skt: bija
karmic potentialkarmisches PotenzialA general term for either positive or negative karmic potential. The phase of a karmic force that is a type of either constructive or destructive karmic aftermath, imputable as a noncongruent affecting variable on one's mental continuum after having committed a karmic action and which ripens into a result intermittently. (1) In all Tibetan Buddhist systems except Vaibhashika and the Gelug Prasangika presentation, it follows immediately after the karmic action ceases. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika systems, this is the case only with mental karmic actions. In the case of physical and verbal karmic actions, it is the phase of karmic force that follows immediately after the nonrevealing form of the action ceases.
karmic tendencykarmische TendenzA type of karmic aftermath that is ethically neutral (unspecified as being either constructive or destructive), which is imputable on one's mental continuum after having committed a karmic action, and which ripens into a result only intermittently. Literally, a "karmic seed."Tib: sa-bon
Skt: bija
kayaKayaSee: Corpus of a Buddha
key pointsSchlüsselpunkteThe most important main points of a topic.Tib: gnad
kind mental synthesisgeistige ArtsyntheseThe type of phenomenon that a specific individual item is an instance of, such as "a table" imputed on a specific instance of something having legs and a flat surface. This is equivalent to the conventional identity of something.Tib: rigs-spyi
kindnessGüte / gütige HandlungA beneficial action that is of help to others.Tib: drin
kindness, rememberingGüte erinnernSee: remembering kindness
kindness, repayingGüte zurückgebenSee: repaying kindness
kind synthesisArtsyntheseSee: kind mental synthesis
kind universalArtenallgemeinesSee: kind mental synthesis
kleshaKleshaSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
knowing, seven ways ofWahrnehmen, sieben Arten derSee: seven ways of knowing

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles