Das Berzin-Archiv

Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

Zur Textversion für diese Seite wechseln. Zur Haupt-Navigation springen.

Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
labeling, mentalBezeichnen, geistiges / Zuschreiben, geistiges/ ZuschreibungSee: mental labeling
laborederarbeitetA state of mind, such as bodhichitta, generated by working oneself up to it, with deliberate effort, through a series of steps, each of which entails a line of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-bcas
lack of a hopeFehlen von HoffnungDie Abwesenheit oder das vollständige Fehlen von wahrhaft existenten Wirkungen irgendeines Phänomens; wörtlich: das Fehlen von wahrhaft existenten Wirkungen, die man sich von einem Phänomen erhoffen könnte.Tib: smon-pa med-pa
lack of an action’s affecting variablesFehlen der Einflussvariabeln einer HandlungThe voidness or total lack of true existence of the three affecting variables (three circles) involved with any action: an act to be done, an agent and an action that occurs.Tib: mngon-par ‘du-byed med-pa
lack of an impossible "soul" of all phenomenaNichtvorhander einer "Seele" aller PhänomeneThe total absence (voidness) of an impossible mode of existence that establishes the existence of a phenomenon by the power of something findable inside that phenomenon. Often translated by others as "selflessness of all phenomena" or "identitylessness of all phenomena."Tib: chos-kyi bdag-med
Skt: dharma-anatman
lack of an impossible soul of a personNichtvorhandensein einer "Seele" einer PersonThe total absence (voidness) of something findable inside the five aggregate factors of an individual being that is static, a partless monad, separable from the body and mind, and self-sufficiently knowable. Often translated by others as "selflessness of a person" or "identitylessness of a person."Tib: gang-zag-kyi bdag-med
Skt: pudgala-anatman
lack of a signFehlen von AnzeichenThe voidness or total lack of truly existent causes for any phenomenon; literally, the lack of any sign of truly existent causes from which a phenomenon arose.Tib: mtshan-ma med-pa
lack of true identityAbwesenheit wahrer IdentitätSee: lack of an impossible "soul"
lamrimLamrimSee: lam-rim
lam-rimLam-rimGraded path; graded stages of the path; graded stage of motivation; graded stages of pathway minds. A course of training in the Mahayana sutra teachings through which one makes progress by developing graded stages of motivation, which act as pathway minds leading to enlightenment.Tib: lam-rim
latencyLatenzSee: karmic latency
latency, karmicLatenz, karmischeSee: karmic latency
leap-aheadVorwärtssprungThe practice, and resultant stage of the practice, in dzogchen during which one "leaps ahead" from the attainment of break-through, and during which effulgent rigpa gives rises to and cognizes itself as a rainbow body. During this stage, effulgent rigpa becomes increasingly more prominent, while essence rigpa is also prominently maintained. This stage is equivalent to an accustoming pathway of mind (path of meditation).Tib: thod-rgal
leap-ahead stageStufe des VorwärtssprungesSee: leap-ahead
legacy, karmicVermächtnis, karmischesSee: karmic legacy
Lesser VehicleKleines FahrzeugSee: Hinayana
level, basisEbene der BasisSee: basis level
level, pathwayEbene des PfadesSee: pathway level
level, resultantWirkungsebeneThe level of a fully enlightened Buddha, attained as the result of Mahayana practice.Tib: 'bras-bu
libation, goldenTrankopfer, goldenesSee: golden libation
liberated beingbefreites WesenSee: arhat
liberationBefreiungThe state of an arhat; the state in which one has attained a true stopping of true suffering and the true origins of suffering, and thus a true stopping of samsara; the state in which one has attained a true stopping of the emotional obscurations.Tib: thar-pa
Skt: moksha
light diffusionLicht-StreuungAuch übersetzt als: heller werdend, rote ErscheinungTib: mched
limited awarenessbegrenztes GewahrseinSee: sem
limited beingbegrenztes WesenA being still having limited awareness. Any being other than a Buddha. Often rendered as "sentient being."Tib: sems-can
Skt: sattva
lineage, distantLinie, entfernteSee: distant lineage
lineage, nearLinie, naheSee: near lineage
link of affecting impulsesbeeinflussende ImpulseDas zweite Glied der zwölf Glieder abhängigen Entstehens. Es handelt sich um karmische Impulse, die zukünftige Leben beeinflussen werden; synonym mit "werfendem Karma". Einige Übersetzer geben diesen Fachbegriff mit dem Ausdruck "karmische Formationen" oder "karmische Gestaltungen" wieder. Tib: 'du-byed-kyi yan-lag
Skt: samskara-anga
link of loaded consciousness at the time of the causeaufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt der UrsacheThe first phase of the third of the twelve links of dependent arising, the link of loaded consciousness. A mental continuum containing the karmic aftermath of throwing karma during the lifetime in which the karmic action producing it has occurred. The first part of the third link of dependent arising, the link of loaded consciousness.Tib: rgyu-dus-kyi rnam-shes-kyi yan-lag
link of loaded consciousness at the time of the resultaufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt des ErgebnissesThe second phase of the third of the twelve links of dependent arising, the link of loaded consciousness. A mental continuum containing the karmic aftermath of throwing karma during the future lifetime produced as a result of that throwing karma.Tib: 'bras-dus-kyi rnam-shes-kyi yan-lag
link of nameable mental faculties with or without gross formbenennbare Geisteskräfte mit oder ohne feste FormThe fourth of the twelve links of dependent arising. The four mental aggregates -- consciousness, feeling a level of happiness, distinguishing, and other affecting variables -- some of which are merely potentials -- together with the aggregate of forms of physical phenomena during a rebirth on the plane of sensory desires or the plane of ethereal forms, or without this aggregate during a rebirth on the plane of formless beings, during the period of time in the development of a foetus from the moment of conception up until the moment just before the cognitive faculties of seeing, hearing, and so on are differentiated.Tib: ming-dang gzugs-kyi yan-lag
Skt: namarupa-anga
link of stimulators of cognitiondas Glied der WahrnehmungsanregerThe fifth of the twelve links of dependent arising. The stimulators of cognition during the period of time in the development of a fetus from when the six different stimulators of cognition are differentiated up until but just before the aggregate of distinguishing is differentiated.Tib: skye-mched-kyi yan-lag
Skt: ayatana-anga
listenerHörerSee: shravaka
listeningZuhörenAt the time when the Buddhist teachings were only available in oral form, hearing the recitation of the teachings. Nowadays, also reading the teachings. By means of listening to the teachings, one learns about them.Tib: thos-pa
Skt: shruta
loaded consciousnessaufgeladenes BewusstseinSee: link of loaded consciousness
loaded consciousness at the time of the cause, link ofaufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt der UrsacheSee: link of loaded consciousness at the time of the cause
loaded consciousness at the time of the result, link ofaufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt des ErgebnissesSee: link of loaded consciousness at the time of the result
lojongLojongSee: attitude-trainingTib: blo-sbyong
longdeyLongdeSee: open space divisionTib: klong-sde
longing desiresehnsüchtiges VerlangensThe disturbing emotion that exaggerates the good qualities of an object that one does not possess and wishes to obtain it.Tib: 'dod-chags
Skt: raga
loveLiebe(1) The wish for someone to be happy and to have the causes for happiness. (2) In Theravada, when conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, the ninth of the ten far-reaching attitudes -- the attitude to work to bring about the welfare and happiness of others, even when doing so requires self-sacrifice.Tib: byams-pa
Skt: maitri
love, caringLiebe, fürsorglicheSee: love
love, cherishing concernedLiebe, sich liebevoll kümmerndeSee: cherishing concerned love
love, greatLiebe, großeSee: great love
love, heartwarmingLiebe, herzerwärmendeSee: heartwarming love
loving-kindnessLiebevolle GüteThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) with which one not only wishes others to be happy and to have the causes for happiness, but with which one also acts towards others in a helpful manner.Tib: brtse-ba
lucidityLichtheitA quality of a well-concentrated mind with which the mind remains fresh in each moment.Tib: dvangs

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles