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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
naivetyNaivitätEine Unterkategorie des Gewahrseins. Das Gewahrsein von verhaltensbedingter Ursache und Wirkung oder das Gewahrsein der Realität, das lediglich destruktive Geisteszustände oder Verhaltensweisen begleitet. Eine der drei giftigen Emotionen. Tib: gti-mug
Skt: moha
nameable mental faculties with or without gross form, link ofbenennbare Geisteskräfte mit oder ohne feste FormSee: nameable mental faculties with or without gross form
narratives, ancientErzählungen aus alter ZeitSee: ancient narratives
narratives, ethicalErzählungen, ethischeSee: ethical narratives
natal sourceUrsprungsquelle // GeburtsquelleThat which gives rise to something, such as a womb for a baby or an oven for a loaf of bread.Tib: rdzas
Skt: dravya
natural inseparabilitynatürliche UntrennbarkeitThe relationship between two items, in which when one is the case or is occurring, then automatically so is the other.Tib: rang-bzhin dbyer-med
naturally abiding family-traitsnatürlich andauernde Familieneigenschaften(1) In the Chittamatra system, the seeds that, without beginning, are imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being and which serve as factors allowing that being to attain one of the three purified states. (2) In the Madhyamaka systems, the voidnesses imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being.Tib: rang-bzhin gnas-rigs
naturally destructive uncommendable actionnatürlicherweise destruktive nicht lobenswerte HandlungSee: naturally uncommendable action
naturally inseparable aspectsnatürlich untrennbare AspekteSee: natural inseparability
naturally uncommendable actionnatürlicherweise nicht lobenswerte HandlungenA negative action which, because it is destructive by nature, ripens into the experience of suffering by anyone who commits it.Tib: rang-bzhin-gyi kha-na ma-tho-ba
natural nirvananatürliches NirvanaEquivalent to voidness (emptiness), the natural state of all phenomena being released from impossible ways of existing. Asserted only by the Mahayana tenet systems.Tib: rang-bzhin-gyi mya-ngan 'das
nature, actualNatur, tatsächlicheSee: actual nature
nature, essentialNatur, essentielleSee: essential nature
nature, functionalNatur, funktionelleSee: functional nature
Nature BodyNatur-KörperSee: Corpus of Essential Nature
near lineagenahe LinieThe lineage of a teaching that did not begin with Buddha himself, but began with an Indian or Tibetan master, usually through a pure vision.Tib: nye-brgyud
negatingly known phenomenonnegierend erkanntes Phänomen / durch Negierung erkanntes PhänomenSee: negation phenomenon
negationNegierungSee: negation phenomenon
negation phenomenonNegierungs-PhänomenAn item, or a truth about an item, defined in terms of the exclusion of something else, in which an object to be negated is explicitly precluded by the conceptual cognition that cognizes the phenomenon. Also translated as: "negation," "nullification," "refutation."Tib: dgag-pa
negation phenomenon, implicativeNegierungs-Phänomen, implizierendesSee: implicative negation phenomenon
negation phenomenon, nonimplicativeNegierungs-Phänomen, nichtimplizierendesSee: nonimplicative negation phenomenon
negative forcenegative KraftSee: negative karmic force
negative karmic forcenegative karmische KraftDie Art von karmischer Kraft die mit einer destruktiven Handlung verbunden ist und mit kurzen Unterbrechungen als Unzufriedenheit und als Leiden unter Problemen und Schmerz heranreift. Die negative karmische Kraft wird auch als "negatives karmisches Potenzial" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff als "Sünde". Siehe: karmische Kraft. Tib: sdig-pa
Skt: papa
negative potentialnegatives PotenzialSee: negative karmic force
network of deep awarenessNetzwerk des tiefen GewahrseinsA constructive noncongruent affecting variable imputable on the moments of conceptual or nonconceptual cognition of the four noble truths or of voidness, on the mental continuum of a limited being, when followed by a bodhichitta dedication, and which functions as the obtaining cause for the Dharmakaya of a Buddha. Also called: "bountiful store of deep awareness." Some translators render the term as "collection of wisdom" or "collection of insight."Tib: ye-shes-kyi tshogs
Skt: jnanasambhara
network of positive forceNetzwerk positiver KraftA constructive noncongruent affecting variable imputable on the positive force on the mental continuum of a limited being, when dedicated with bodhichitta, and which functions as the obtaining cause for the Form Corpus of a Buddha. Also called: "bountiful store of positive force." Some translators render the term as "collection of merit."Tib: bsod-nams-kyi tshogs
Skt: punyasambhara
neutral feelingneutrales Gefühl / neutrale EmpfindungThat feeling which, when it arises, one neither wants to be parted from it, nor, when it stops, one wishes to meet it again.Tib: btang-snyoms
Skt: upeksha
ngondroNgöndroSee: preliminary practices
NirmanakayaNirmanakayaSee: Corpus of Emanations
nirvanaNirvanaAn extinguished state of release -- either an acquired one, in which all samsaric sufferings and their causes have been removed, or a naturally occurring one, in which all stains of impossible existence have always been removed. The Tibetan term means, literally, "a state beyond sorrow."Tib: mya-ngan-'das
Skt: nirvana
nirvana, acquiredNirvana, erlangtesSee: acquired nirvana
nirvana, naturalNirvana, natürlichesSee: natural nirvana
nirvana, nonabidingnichtverweilendes NirvanaSee: nonabiding nirvana
nirvana without residueNirvana ohne Überrest(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the state of nirvana that shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhats, or a Buddha, attains immediately upon their death from the lifetime in which they attain nirvana with residue. No longer having a residue of tainted aggregates left, their mental continuum extinguishes, like a spent candle. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems other than Gelug Prasangika, the state that shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhats attain immediately upon their death from the lifetime in which they attain nirvana with residue. Although they no longer have a residue of tainted aggregates left, their mental continuums now go on in a purified form. (3) According to Gelug Prasangika, in reference to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats, their state during total absorption on voidness, when there is no appearance-making of truly established existence. In reference to Buddhas, their Deep Awareness Dharmakayas.Tib: lhag-med mya-ngan 'das
Skt: nirupadhishesha-nirvana
nirvana with residueNirvana mit Überrest(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the state of nirvana that a shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhat, or a Buddha, attains during his lifetime and which lasts only so long as the person is alive. This is so called because the person still has left a residue of tainted aggregates. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems other than Gelug Prasangika, the same as asserted by the Hinayana systems, but in reference only to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats. (3) According to Gelug Prasangika, in reference to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats, their state either during subsequent attainment (post-meditation) periods, when meditating on something other than voidness, or when not meditating at all. In reference to Buddhas, their Corpuses of Form.Tib: lhag-bcas-kyi mya-ngan 'das
Skt: sopadhishesha-nirvana
noble oneEdle, derSee: arya
no-longer-happeningNicht-Länger-StattfindenThe past occurrence of something. According to Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a static nonimplicative negation phenomenon; according to Gelug Prasangika, a nonstatic implicative negation phenomenon. Also translated as "passed-happening."Tib: 'das-pa
nominal Buddha Gemnominelles Buddhajuwel / Buddhajuwel dem Namen nachA painting or statue of a Buddha, representing a Buddha that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to an actual Buddha Gem.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i sangs-rgyas dkon-mchog
nominal Dharma Gemnominelles Darmajuwel / Dharmajuwel dem Namen nachPrinted Dharma texts, representing the Dharma that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to the actual Dharma Gem.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i chos dkon-mchog
nominal gemnominelles Juwel / Juwel dem Namen nachRepresentations of the Three Rare and Supreme Gems, which themselves are not actual sources of safe direction, but which serve as a basis for showing respect to them.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i dkon-mchog
nominal Sangha Gemnominelles SanghajuwelFour or more people from any of the four groups of the monastic sangha (full or novice monks or nuns), representing the Sangha that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to the actual Sangha Gem. Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i dge-'dun dkon-mchog
nonabiding nirvananichtverweilendes Nirvana(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the static unchanging state of full enlightenment attained by a Buddha and lasting only so long as he is alive. In this state, a Buddha does not abide in either the extreme of continued samsaric suffering or in the extreme of the passivity of a Hinayana arhat's nirvana without residue. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems, including Gelug Prasangika, the static unchanging state of full enlightenment attained by a Buddha and lasting forever, in which a Buddha does not abide in either the extreme of continued samsaric suffering or in the extreme of the passivity of a Hinayana arhat's nirvana without residue.Tib: mi-gnas-pa'i mya-ngan 'das
Skt: apratisthita-nirvana
nonaffirming negationnichtbestätigende NegierungSee: nonimplicative negation phenomenon
non-angerNicht-ÄrgerSee: imperturbability
nonattachmentNicht-AnhaftungSee: detachment
non-Buddhist extremistnicht-budhhistischer ExtremistA follower of a non-Buddhist Indian school of philosophy that asserts either an eternalist position of an unchanging static soul (atman) of a person or a nihilist position that denies the continuity of a person after death and/or the workings of karmic cause and effect.Tib: mu-stegs-pa
Skt: tirthika
nonconceptuailtyNichtkonzeptualitätA state of mind that cognizes an object without the filter of a concept, idea, category, or universal.
nonconceptual cognitionnichtkonzeptuelle WahrnehmungCognition of an object, without that cognition being through the medium of a universal, a category, or a mental label.Tib: rtog-med shes-pa
noncongruentnichtkongruentDer Begriff "nichtkongruent" beschreibt die Beziehung zwischen nichtstatischen Komponenten [Bestandteile] einer Wahrnehmung, in der zwei oder mehr dieser Komponenten fünf Dinge nicht gemeinsam haben. Tib: mtshungs-ldan med-pa
noncongruent affecting variablenichtkongruente beeinflussende VariableDer Begriff "nichkongruente beeinflussende Variable" bezeichnet eine von drei Arten nichtstatischer Phänomene - und zwar jener nichtstatischer Phänomene die mit dem Hauptbewusstsein und den Arten von Nebengewahrsein der Wahrnehmung, der sie erscheinen, keine fünf Dinge gemeinsam haben und die weder Formen physischer Phänomene sind noch Weisen, in denen man sich etwas gewahr ist [sich einer Sache gewahr zu sein]. Für eine ausführliche Erklärung vergleichen Sie bitte den Artikel: Kongruente und nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variablen.Tib: ldan-min 'du-byed
nondenumerable ultimate phenomenonNicht (mit Worten) fassbares letztendliches PhänomenVoidnesses that are validly cognized nonconceptually. They are "nondenumerable" in the sense that they cannot be counted among what appears to minds validly cognizing phenomena through mentally labeling them with words and concepts, thus they are voidnesses that are "beyond words and beyond concepts."Tib: rnam-grangs ma-yin-pa'I don-dam
nondetermining cognitionunentschiedene WahrnehmungA cognition of an object, in which (a) the involved object is an objective entity, (b) a mental aspect (mental hologram) of the involved object arises, but (c) there is no ascertainment (certainty, decisiveness) of what the involved object is or that the cognition of it has occurred. Also called: inattentive cognition.Tib: snang-la ma-nges-pa
nondualnichtdual(1) In Gelug Prasangika, the absence (the voidness) of a manner of existence that does not correspond to the actual manner in which everything exists. (2) In non-Gelug Madhyamaka, within a cognition, the absence (the voidness) of a consciousness and its object as each having truly established existence, independently of each other. (3) In Chittamatra, within a cognition, the absence (the voidness) of a consciousness and its object as deriving from different natal sources.Tib: gnyis-med
nondual tantranichtduales TantraA division of anuttarayoga tantra, specified only in the non-Gelug schools, in which there is equal emphasis on practices for generating the physical bodies of a Buddha and practices for generating the mind of a Buddha.Tib: gnyis-med rgyud
nonexistent phenomenonnicht existierendes PhänomenSee: nonexistents
nonexistentsNichtexistierendeThings that cannot be validly known.Tib: med-pa
nonfallaciousnichttrügerisch / untrügerischNot incorrect.Tib: mi-bslu-ba
nonfunctional phenomenonnichtwirksames Phänomen / unwirksames Phänomen(1) An validly knowable, existent object that does not perform a function -- in other words, it does not produce a result -- namely, a static phenomenon. (2) A nonexistent object, such as an impossible way of existing.Tib: dngos-med
nonimplicative negation phenomenonnichtimplizierendes Negierungs-PhänomenAn exclusion of something else in which, after the sounds of the words that exclude the object to be negated have negated that object, they do not leave behind in their wake, explicitly or implicitly, something else. Some translators render the term as a "nonaffirming negation." Tib: med-dgag
nonrevealing formnichtoffenbarende FormA subtle form of physical phenomenon, asserted only by the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika schools, that is caused by a strong constructive or destructive motivation, but which does not show ("reveal") that motivation. Such a phenomenon is part of a mental continuum, but is not felt on that continuum; it does not degenerate from moment to moment; it can only be an object of mental cognition; and it must be either constructive or destructive. Examples are vows and one aspect of karmic impulses.Tib: rnam-par rig-byed ma-yin-pa'i gzugs
Skt: avijnaptirupa
nonstaticnichtstatischSee: nonstatic phenomenon
nonstatic abstractionnichtstatische AbstraktionSee: noncongruent affecting variable
nonstaticnessNichtstatischseinNichtstatischsein bezeichnet die nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variable, die sich unter dem Einfluss von Ursachen und Umständen von Augenblick zu Augenblick verändert. Manchmal wird der Begriff als "Unbeständigkeit" oder "Vergänglichkeit" übersetzt. Tib: mi-rtag-pa
Skt: anitya
nonstatic phenomenonnichtstatisches PhänomenNichtstatische Phänomene sind Phänomene, die von Uraschen und Bedingungen beeinflusst und getragen werden und die sich folglich von Augenblick zu Augenblick verändern. Zudem erzeugen nichtstatische Phänomene Wirkungen. Ihre Kontinuitätsströme haben möglicherweise einen Anfang, aber kein Ende, oder sie haben einen Anfang und kein Ende, oder sie haben keinen Anfang, aber ein Ende, oder sie haben kein Anfang und kein Ende. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "vergängliche Phänomene" oder "unbeständige Phänomene".Tib: mi-rtag-pa
Skt: anitya
nonupsettingnichtaufregendA way of being aware of something that shares five congruent features with an arya's total absorption on voidness.Tib: zang-zing med-pa
nonvirtuousnichttugendhaftSee: destructive
normal awarenessnormales GewahrseinIn the Karma Kagyu system, a synonym for clear light mind, which is "normal" in the sense that it is the primordial, natural state that has always been the case.Tib: tha-mal-gyi shes-pa
no sense of moral self-dignitymoralische Selbstwürde, kein Gefühl vonSee: no moral self-dignityTib: ngo-tsha med-pa
not-yet-happeningNoch-nicht-StattfindenThe future occurrence of something. According to Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a static nonimplicative negation phenomenon; according to Gelug Prasangika, a nonstatic implicative negation phenomenon.Tib: ma-'ong-pa
nullificationNegierungSee: negation phenomenon
NyingmaNyingmaThe Old Translation Period tradition of Tibetan Buddhism deriving from Guru Rinpoche, Padmasambhava.Tib: rNying-ma

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles