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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
object, appearingObjekt, erscheinendesSee: appearing object
object, conceptualizedObjekt, konzeptionell erfasstesSee: conceptualized object
object, focalObjekt der AusrichtungSee: focal object
object, involvedObjekt, beteiligtesSee: involved object
object, specificObjekt, spezifischesSee: specific object
object categoryObjekt-KategorieThe conceptual category into which fit all items to which an audio category refer.Tib: don-spyi
object clear lightobjekthaftes klares LichtVoidness as the object cognized by clear light awareness.Tib: yul-gyi 'od-gsal
objective conditionobjektive BedingungSee: focal condition
objective entitiesobjektive EntitätIn the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, those phenomena, the existence of which is established by their not being merely imputed by conceptual cognition. They include all nonstatic phenomena. According to Sautrantika, they include all nonstatic phenomena and are deepest true phenomena; according to Chittamatra, they include not only all nonstatic superficial true phenomena, but also the static deepest true phenomena of voidnesses, true stoppings, and nirvanas. (1) In the Gelug tradition, the appearing objects of only valid nonconceptual cognitions, although they are what actually appears and can be validly cognized in both valid nonconceptual and conceptual cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug systems, they can only be validly cognized by valid nonconceptual cognition. Also translated as "individually characterized phenomena."Tib: rang-mtshan
Skt: svalakshana
object mental synthesisgeistige Objektsynthese(1) The conceptual category of a commonsense object, such as a table, used when thinking of, verbalizing, imagining (visualizing), or remembering a commonsense object. (2) A specific commonsense object as a conceptual category into which fit all moments of anyone's mental or sensory cognition of any amount of parts of any of its sensibilia. Tib: don-spyi
objects taken and minds that take themGeist, der sie aufnimmt / der sie im Geist hältSee: consciousness that takes objects and objects taken by consciousness
objects that indicate a safe directionObjekte, die eine sichere Richtung weisenA general term for the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha.Tib: skyabs-yul
object synthesisObjektsyntheseSee: object mental synthesis
object universalObjekt-AllgemeinesSee: object mental synthesis
obscurationSchleierA fleeting stain that temporarily "covers" or accompanies mental activity (more precisely, clear light mental activity), thereby preventing the mental activity from cognizing objects without suffering or other limitations. Some translators render the term as "obstacle."Tib: sgrib
Skt: avarana
obscurations, emotionalSchleier, emotionaleSee: emotional obscurations
obscurations, fiveSchleier, fünfSee: five obscurations
obscurations about all knowablesSchleier über alles, was man kennen kannSee: cognitive obscurations
obscurations of not knowingSchleier des Nicht-WissensMental blocks that come from not knowing the Dharma in general or specifically not knowing about the emotional and cognitive obscurations. These mental blocks prevent the attainment of liberation and enlightenment.Tib: mi-shes sgrib
obscurations preventing liberationSchleier, die die Befreiung verhindernSee: emotional obscurations
obscurations preventing omniscienceSchleier, die die Allwissenheit verhindernSee: cognitive obscurations
obscurations that are the disturbing emotions and attitudesSchleier in Form von störenden Emotionen und GeisteshaltungenSee: emotional obscurations
obscure phenomenonverschleiertes PhänomenA validly knowable phenomenon that cannot be apprehended through the force of personal experience, but can be apprehended through the force of a line of reasoning.Tib: lkog-gyur
obstacles, fiveHindernisse, fünfSee: five obscurations
obtainerHerbeiführerA set of four disturbing emotions and disturbing attitudes: (1) obtainer desire, (2) an obtainer deluded outlook, (3) holding deluded morality or conduct as supreme, and (4) asserting one's identity, and which, when occurring at the time of death, constitute the ninth link of dependent arising.Tib: len-pa
Skt: upadana
obtainer attitudeherbeiführende GeisteshaltungA general term coined to refer to the last three "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising: (1) an obtainer deluded outlook, (2) holding deluded morality or conduct as supreme, and (3) asserting one's identity.
obtainer deluded outlookherbeiführende verblendete AuffassungA set of three disturbing deluded outlooks on life that constitute the second of the four "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising: (1) a distorted outlook, (2) an extreme outlook, (3) holding a deluded outlook as supreme.Tib: lta-ba nye-bar len-pa
obtainer desireherbeiführendes BegehrenThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of longing desire specifically for some desirable sensory object on the plane of sensory desires. See: longing desire. Equivalent to the obtainer emotion, it is the first of the four "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising.Tib: 'dod-pa nye-bar len-pa
obtainer emotionherbeiführende EmotionEquivalent to obtainer desire.
obtaining aggregatesherbeiführende AggregateAggregate factors of a limited being that include the causes that will obtain for that being further samsaric rebirth.Tib: nyer-len-gyi phung-po
obtaining causeherbeiführende UrsacheThe cause from which a result is obtained and which transforms into the result. For example, a seed is the obtaining cause for a sprout, and a network of positive force (a collection of merit) is the obtaining cause for a Corpus of Forms (Form Body) of a Buddha. Some translators render the term as "material cause," but this term does not refer to the physical elements that make up something.Tib: nyer-len-gyi rgyu
Skt: upadanahetu
obvious phenomenonoffensichtliches PhänomenA validly knowable phenomenon that can be cognized by valid nonconceptual straightforward cognition. Also defined as a validly knowable phenomenon that be apprehended through the force of personal experience.Tib: mngon-gyur
offeringGabe / OpfergabeSomething presented, with respect and the intention to bring happiness and benefit, to someone else.Tib: mchod-pa
offering, innerGabe / Opfergabe, innereSee: inner offering
offering, outerGabe / Opfergabe, äußereSee: outer offerings
offering of the very nature of realityGabe / Opfer der ureigensten Natur der RealitätOffering of a nonconceptual cognition of voidness with a blissful awareness or of one's nonconceptual blissful cognition of voidness together with one's appearance as an illusory body.Tib: de-kho-na-nyid mchod-pa
offering ritualOpferritual / Ritual zum Darbringen von GabenEine tantrische Zeremonie, in der speziell gesegnete Gaben dargebracht werden, um seinen tantrischen Meister zu ehren, den man als untrennbar von der Buddhagestalt betrachtet. Tib: mchod-pa
Skt: puja
offerings of absorbed concentrationGabe / Opfergaben der tiefen KonzentrationOfferings made of various aspects of one's Dharma practice, visualized in the form of the outer offerings. Also called: offerings of samadhi.Tib: ting-nge-'dzin-gyi mchod-pa
offerings of samadhiGabe / Opfergabe des SamadhiSee: offerings of absorbed concentration
offspring, spiritualNachkomme, spirituellerSee: spiritual offspring
omniscienceAllwissenheitSee: omniscient awareness
omniscient awarenessAllwissendes Gewahrsein eines BuddhaA Buddha's unceasing nonconceptual cognition simultaneously of all validly knowable phenomena and their voidnesses -- in other words, of the two truths about all knowable phenomena.Tib: kun-mkhyen
open spaceoffener RaumSee: cognitive open space
oral transmissionmündliche ÜbertragungA ceremony during which a spiritual teacher reads aloud or recites from memory, without any mistakes, a Buddhist text or mantra to disciples who listen attentively. The teacher needs to have heard, himself or herself, the words of the text or mantra recited faultlessly by his or her own teacher, who likewise heard it in this manner in an unbroken lineage tracing back to Buddha or to the author of the text. The ceremony insures the accurate transmission of the words, although neither the teacher reciting them nor the disciple hearing them need to understand their meaning.Tib: lung
ordinary beinggewöhnliches WesenA limited being who has not yet attained the state of an arya. In other words, someone who has not yet attained nonconceptual cognition of the four noble truths.Tib: so-so'i skye-bo
ordinary commotiongewöhnliche AufregungThe emotional ups and downs of overexcitement and depression in response to the eight transitory things in life: praise or criticism, good or bad news, gains or losses, things going well or poorly.Tib: tha-mal 'du-'dzi
other-powered phenomenavon anderem beeinflusstes PhänomenSee: dependent phenomenon
other-voidnessAnderesleerheitThe natural, beginningless absence from the clear light level of mental activity of "other" levels of mental activity, which are all limited by fleeting stains.Tib: gzhan-stong
outer mandalaäußeres MandalaA round, flat-bottomed bowl, held bottom side up, with three mounds of grain, placed one atop the other on its surface and contained within progressively smaller concentric metal rings, and crowned with an ornamental diadem. It is used as an offering to a spiritual master in request for a teaching, the conferring of a set of vows, and for the conferring of a tantric empowerment. It is also used as an offering of appreciation at the conclusion of these three occasions. It is also offered 100,000 times as a preliminary practice for building up positive force for success in the practice of tantra.Tib: phyi'i dkyil-'khor
outer offeringsäußere Gabe / OpfergabenOfferings of specially consecrated external objects such as water, flowers, incense, and so on.Tib: phyi'i mchod-pa
outlookAuffassungA way of regarding and understanding objects, for instance as "me" and "mine."Tib: lta-ba
outlook, extremeAuffassung, extremeSee: extreme outlook
overlord resultbeherrschende WirkungSee: dominating result
overriding resultvorrangige WirkungSee: dominating result
own faceeigenes Angesicht/AnlitzThe manner of existence and good qualities of pure awareness (rig-pa) as can be cognized by reflexive deep awareness.Tib: rang-ngo

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