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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
pair, joinedPaar, verbundenesSee: joined pair
pair, unifiedPaar, vereintesSee: unified pair
paramitaParamita, dieSee: far-reaching attitude
parted from mental fabricationgetrennt von geistiger FabrikationSee: state parted from mental fabrication
parted from taking to mindgetrennt vom sich zu Geiste nehmenSee: state parted from taking to mind
partingTrennen / TrennungAlso translated as: separationTib: bral-ba
Skt: visamyoga
partner, pure awarenessPartner des reinen GewahrseinsSee: pure awareness partner
partner, sealingSiegelpartnerSee: sealing partner
passed-happeningvergangenes StattfindenSee: no-longer-happening
past life accountsBerichte von früheren LebenAccounts of the difficult ascetic practices that Buddha performed in his previous lives while engaging in the conduct of the bodhisattvas. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: skyes-pa'i rabs
Skt: jataka
pathPfadSee: pathway mind
path of accumulationPfad der AnsammlungSee: building-up pathway mind
path of accustomingPfad des Sich-GewöhnensSee: accustoming pathway mind
path of applicationPfad der AnwendungSee: applying pathway mind
path of building upPfad des AufbauensSee: building-up pathway mind
path of meditationPfad der MeditationSee: accustoming pathway mind
path of no further trainingPfad des keinen weiteren TrainingsSee: pathway mind needing no further training
path of preparationPfad der VorbereitungSee: applying pathway mind
path of seeingPfad des SehensSee: seeing pathway mind
pathway levelEbene des PfadesIn the context of basis, pathway, and resultant levels of something being specified, the level of it in the context of someone engaged in the practices for attaining enlightenment. In some usages, the level of a Mahayana arya with a seeing or accustoming pathway mind.Tib: lam
Skt: marga
pathway mindPfadgeistA level or state of mind that acts or functions as a pathway toward liberation or enlightenment. Some translators render this term as "path," but it refers to mental states, not to a series of spiritual practices. Also called: pathway of mind.Tib: lam
Skt: marga
pathway mind, accustomingPfadgeist des Sich-GewöhnensSee: accustoming pathway mind
pathway mind, applyingPfadgeist der AnwendungSee: applying pathway mind
pathway mind, building upPfadgeist des AufbauensSee: building-up pathway mind
pathway mind, seeingPfadgeist des SehensSee: seeing pathway mind
pathway mind, truePfadgeist, wahrerSee: true pathway mind
pathway mind needing no further trainingPfadgeist, der keines weiteren Trainings mehr bedarfThe level of mind of shravaka arhats, pratyekabuddha arhats, and Buddhas, with which they have attained their respective purified states (bodhi) of liberation or enlightenment, and which require no further training in order to attain that purified state. Other translators sometimes render this term as "path of no learning."Tib: mi-slob lam
Skt: ashaiksha-marga
pathway of mindPfadgeistSee: pathway mind
patienceGeduld(1) In Theravada, the mental factor of not becoming angry at others' shortcomings, mistakes, or cruel deeds. (2) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to be unperturbed by those who do harm and by suffering, so that one never becomes angry. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, patience becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: bzod-pa
Skt: kshanti
paying attentionaufmerksam seinSee: attention
perceptionWahrnehmungA general, nontechnical term used for valid sensory cognition.
perfectionVollkommenheitSee: far-reaching attitude
perfection of wisdomVollkommenheit der WeisheitSee: far-reaching discriminating awareness
permanenceBeständigkeitSee: staticness
permanent phenomenabeständige PhänomeneSee: static phenomenon
permission, subsequentErlaubnis, anschließendeSee: subsequent attainment
perseverance, joyfulAusdauer, freudigeSee: joyful perseverance
personPersonAn individual being, including those from any of the six realms of samsaric existence, as well as arhats and Buddhas. A noncongruent affecting variable, synonymous with a conventional "me."Tib: gang-zag
Skt: pudgala
personal instructionspersönliche AnleitungenAdvice on how to practice meditation, emphasizing the quintessential points.Tib: zhal-lung
pervasionautomatisch / gleichzeitigThe intersection of two sets of phenomena.Tib: khyab-pa
pervasiveumfassend"x" is pervasive with "y" if, whenever "x" is the case, so is "y". Used in such formulations as "If "x" is the case, then it is pervasive that "y" is the case."Tib: khyab
phenomenonPhänomenA validly knowable object that holds its own individual self-nature.Tib: chos
Skt: dharma
phenomenon, affectedPhänomen, beinflusstesSee: affected phenomenon
phenomenon, affirmationPhänomen, bestätigtesSee: affirmation phenomenon
phenomenon, dependentPhänomen, abhängigesSee: dependent phenomenon
phenomenon, extremely obscurePhänomen, extrem verschleiertesSee: extremely obscure phenomenon
phenomenon, functionalPhänomen, wirksamesSee: functional phenomenon
phenomenon, negationPhänomen, Negierungs-See: negation phenomenon
phenomenon, nonfunctionalPhänomen, nichtwirksamesSee: nonfunctional phenomenon
phenomenon, obscurePhänomen, verschleiertesSee: obscure phenomenon
phenomenon, obviousPhänomen, offensichtlichesSee: obvious phenomenon
phenomenon, other-poweredPhänomen, von anderem beinflusstesSee: dependent phenomenon
phenomenon, thoroughly establishedPhänomene, vollkommen begründeteSee: thoroughly established phenomena
phenomenon, totally conceptionalPhänomene, vollkommen konzeptionelleSee: totally conceptional phenomena
phenomenon, unaffectedPhänomen, nichtbeeinflusstesSee: unaffected phenomenon
phowaPhowaAlso called: transference of consciousness.Tib: pho-ba
physical cognitive sensorskörperliche Sensoren der WahrnehmungOut of the six cognitive sensors, the five that are forms of physical phenomena -- namely, (1) the photosensitive cells of the eyes, (2) the sound-sensitive cells of the ears, (3) the smell-sensitive cells of the nose, (4) the taste-sensitive cells of the tongue, and (5) the physical sensation-sensitive cells of the body.
placement, mentalPlatzierung des GeistesSee: mental abiding
planeEbene / SphäreSee: three planes of samsaric existenceTib: khams
plane of ethereal formsEbene der ätherischen FormenSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings have desire for subtle forms of physical phenomena. Usually translated by others as "form realm."Tib: gzugs-khams
Skt: rupadhatu
plane of formless beingsEbene der formlosen WesenSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings lack any gross body. Usually translated by others as "formless realm."Tib: gzugs-med khams
Skt: arupadhatu
plane of sensory desiresEbene des SinnesbegehrensSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings have desire for sensory objects. Usually translated by others as "desire realm."Tib: 'dod-khams
Skt: kamadhatu
pledged aspiring bodhichittaversprochenes anstrebendes Bodhichitta / anstrebendes Bodhichitta, das man gelobt hatSee: pledged state of aspiring bodhichitta
pledged state of aspiring bodhichittaStufe des Versprechens des anstrebenden BodhicittaThe advanced level of aspiring bodhichitta, with which one focuses on one's own not-yet-happening enlightenment, imputable on the bais of the Buddha-nature factors oon one's mental continuum, with the intention to attain that enlightenment and to benefit all beings by means of it, and then pledges never to give up this bodhichitta aim until one reaches that enlightenment. Abbreviated as: pledged aspiring bodhichitta.Tib: smon-sems dam-bca'-can
positive forcepositive KraftSee: positive karmic force
positive karmic forcepositive karmische KraftThe type of karmic force associated with a constructive action and which ripens intermittently into transitory happiness. Some translators render it as "merit." See: karmic force.Tib: bsod-nams
Skt: punya
positive potentialpositive PotenzialeSee: positive karmic force
post-meditation periodPeriode der NachmeditationSee: subsequent attainment
potential, karmicPotenzial, karmischesSee: karmic potential
powdered sand mandalaMandala aus gestreutem SandA two-dimensional representation, made of powdered colored minerals, which is like an architectural blueprint of the three-dimensional palace, environment, and Buddha-figures of a symbolic world system, and used for conferring a tantric empowerment.Tib: rdul-phran-gyi dkyil-'khor
powers, extraphysicalKräfte, außerphysischeSee: extraphysical emanations
powers, extrasensoryKräfte, außersinnlicheSee: advanced awareness
practice, preliminaryPraxis, vorbereitende / Übung, vorbereitendeSee: preliminary practices
practitioner, highly realizedPraktizierender, hoch verwirklichterSee: arya
pratimoksha vowsPratimoksha-GelübdeThe vows of either a layman or laywoman, a novice or full monk, or a provisional, novice, or full nun. The ethical self-discipline of keeping them purely provides the basis for the individual being keeping them to attain liberation from samsara.Tib: so-thar sdom-pa
Skt: pratimokshasamvara
pratyekabuddhaPratyekabuddhaLiterally, "self-realizers" or "self-evolvers" - practitioners of the Hinayana vehicle who, motivated by renunciation, strive to attain liberation from uncontrollably recurring rebirth (samsara) and to become an arhat (liberated being). They live during dark ages when the teachings of a Buddha are no longer available. They do not study with Buddhist spiritual teachers, because there are none at such times, and they teach others only subtly, through gestures, since people are not receptive. Living either singly ("like a rhinoceros") or in small groups, they must rely on their instincts from previous lives to recall and master the Dharma. Some translators render the term as "solitary Buddhas."Tib: rang-rgyal
Skt: pratyekabuddha
pratyekabuddha arhatPratyekabuddha-ArhatA pratyekabuddha that has attained liberation. See also: pratyekabuddha.Tib: rang-rgyal dgra-bcom
Skt: pratyekabuddha arhat
precludeabgrenzenTo cut off, dismiss, or reject something. To logically cut off or eliminate the possibility that something is something elseTib: bcad-pa
preclude, explicitlyAbgrenzen, explizitSee: explicitly preclude
preclusionAbgrenzenThe conceptual process through which sets and countersets are formulated. It implies previous apprehension of an object to be negated, in which the apprehension itself logically and automatically excludes the object to be negated from the set of either all validly knowable phenomena other than itself or all validly knowable phenomena in total. It is not a deliberate, conscious mental act.Tib: bcad-pa
predeath existenceExistenz vor dem TodeThe period of time in the mental continuum of an individual limited being starting from the moment immediately after conception until the moment immediately before death.Tib: sngon-dus-kyi srid-pa
preliminariesVorbereitende ÜbungenSee: preliminary practices
preliminary practicesvorbereitende Übungen / vorbereitende PraxisPractices, such as prostration, usually repeated 100,000 times, done as a method to build up positive force and cleanse negative force so as to have more success in tantra practice. Also called "ngondro."Tib: sngon-'gro
presentations, epicDarstellungen, epischeSee: epic presentations
presumptionVermutungSee: presumptive cognition
primally pureursprünglich reinSee: primal purity
primally pure awarenessursprünglich reines GewahrseinsSee: primal purity
primal purityursprüngliche ReinheitThe essential nature of rigpa (pure awareness), which refers to its being pure of all stains, without a beginning.Tib: ka-dag
primary consciousnessPrimärbewusstseinDas Primärbewusstsein ist, innerhalb (des Vorgangs) der Wahrnehmung eines Objektes, das Gewahrsein, das sich lediglich auf die essentielle Natur eines Objektes ausrichtet [konzentriert]. Das Primärbewusstsein hat die Identitäts-Natur eines individualisierenden Gewahrsein. Tib: rnam-shes
Skt: vijnana
primordial deepest alayaursprüngliches tiefstes AlayaIn the dzogchen system, a synonym for basis rigpa. The source of all appearances of samsara and nirvana.Tib: ye-don kun-gzhi
primordial mindursprünglicher GeistAwareness that, with no beginning, has been untainted by the fleeting stains of either the emotional or cognitive obscurations. A synonym for "clear light mind."Tib: gnyug-sems
primordial stateursprünglicher ZustandThe state of having, with no beginning, been untainted by the fleeting stains of either the emotional or cognitive obscurations. Descriptive of the clear light mind.Tib: gnyug-ma
principal awarenessHauptgewahrseinWithin a cognition, an awareness that consists of the composite of a primary consciousness and its accompanying set of subsidiary awarenesses (mental factors). The principal awareness is the way of being aware of the object of the cognition that is prominent and which characterizes the type of cognition that it is occurring -- for example, relative bodhichitta and the deep awareness of total absorption on voidness.Tib: gtso-sems
prohibited uncommendable actionverbotene nicht lobenswerte HandlungenEthically neutral (unspecified) actions that Buddha prohibited for certain types of practitioners, for instance monks or nuns, as detrimental to their spiritual practice.Tib: bcas-pa'i kha-na ma-tho-ba
property-possessorMerkmalsbesitzerA member of the set of phenomena possessing a certain property, such as voidness as its actual nature.Tib: chos-can
protector, DharmaDharma-SchützerSee: Dharma-protector
provisional source of safe directionvorläufige Quelle einer sicheren AusrichtungThe aryas with incomplete sets of true stoppings and true pathway minds on their mental continuums.Tib: gnas-skabs-kyi skyabs-gnas
pujaPujaSee: offering ritual
pure, primallyrein, ursprünglichSee: primal purity
pure appearancereine ErscheinungAn appearance of something as an enlightened mind makes it appear, namely in the form of a Buddha-figure or mandala and devoid of any of the four extremes of impossible existence.Tib: dag-pa'i snang-ba
pure awarenessreines GewahrseinIn the dozgchen system, the subtlest level of awareness, which is totally untainted by any of the fleeting stains of mental obscurations. It is devoid of all grosser levels of awareness and yet permeates all of them, and it spontaneously establishes pure appearances. Often left untranslated as "rigpa."Tib: rig-pa
purified stategereinigter ZustandThe state of a shravaka arhat, pratyekabuddha arhat, or a Buddha, in which the mental continuum of the person attaining this state has been purified of either the emotional obscurations or both the emotional and the cognitive obscurations.Tib: byang-chub
Skt: bodhi
purity, primalReinheit, ursprünglicheSee: primal purity

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles