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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
realwirklichA nontechnical term for what actually exists.
realityRealitätA nontechnical term for what actually exists.
reality, trueRealität, wahreSee: true reality
realizationVerwirklichungA stable, correct understanding of some point in the Dharma, such as voidness, which brings about a lasting attainment and change in the person who has it. Compare: "attainment".Tib: rtogs-pa
realization, subsequentVerwirklichung, nachfolgendeSee: subsequent attainment
realization and liberation, simultaneousVerwirklichung und Befreiung, gleichzeitigeSee: simultaneous realization and liberation
realizeverwirklichen / erkennenTo understand correctly, in a stable manner, some point in the Dharma, such as voidness, such that it brings about a lasting attainment and change in the person who has gained it.
realize voidnessLeerheit verwirklichen / Leerheit erkennenTo gain a stable, correct understanding of voidness, either conceptually or nonconceptually, such that it brings about a lasting attainment and change in the person who has it.Tib: stong-nyid rtogs-pa
realms of existence, sixExistenzbereiche, sechsSee: six realms of existence
rebirth states, worseWiedergeburtszustände, schlechteSee: worse rebirth states
recitation practiceRezitationspraxisIn tantra, the meditation practice with which one recites a ritual meditation text describing the self-visualization process and a complex series of further practices based on that self-generation, such as reciting mantras and making offerings.Tib: kha-'don
recognitionErkenntnisThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of distinguishing an object as being something specific, such as when studying the Dharma, oneself as being a sick person, one's spiritual teacher as being a doctor, and the Dharma as being medicine.Tib: 'du-shes
Skt: samjna
recognitions, threeErkentnisse, dreiSee: three recognitions
recurring existencewiederkehrende ExistenzSee: samsara
recurring samsarasich wiederholendes SamsaraSee: samsara
referent aim, without aAusrichtung auf ein Bezugsobjekt, ohneSee: without a referent aim
referent objectBezugsobjekt der BezeichnungThe validly knowable phenomena that the names and concepts for them, imputed on a basis for labeling, refer to.Tib: btags-chos
referent thingDinge, auf die sich etwas bezieht / Bezugs-DingThe actual "thing" referred to by a name or concept, corresponding to the names or concepts for something, and which is findable, establishing its own existence by its own power, on the side of the referent object of the name or concept. In Gelug, according to Prasangika it is nonexistent and according to lower tenet systems it is existent.Tib: btags-don
reflectionSpiegelungSee: mental derivative
reflection, mentalSpiegelung, geistige / Wiederspiegelung, geistigeSee: mental derivative
reflexivereflexivTurned in on itself.
reflexive appearancereflexive ErscheinungAn appearance of a cognitive object that arises automatically from a person's clear light mind itself. Such an appearance may be either impure (with an appearance of truly established existence) or pure (without such an appearance).Tib: rang-snang
reflexive awarenessreflexives Gewahrsein(1) The cognitive faculty within a cognition, asserted in the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, that takes as its cognitive object the consciousness within the cognition that it is part of. It also cognizes the validity or invalidity of the cognition that it is part of, and accounts for the ability to recall the cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug schools, this cognitive faculty becomes reflexive deep awareness -- that part of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness that cognizes the two truths of that nonconceptual cognition.Tib: rang-rig
reflexive deep awarenessreflexives tiefes Gewahrsein(1) In Kagyu and Sakya, that aspect of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness that cognizes its own two-truth nature. (2) In Nyingma, that aspect of pure awareness (rigpa) that cognizes its own two truths or its own threefold nature. Synonymous with self-arising deep awareness.Tib: rang-rig ye-shes
refugeZuflucht/ ZufluchtnahmeSee: safe direction
refuge, takeZuflucht nehmenSee: take safe direction
refuge preceptorZufluchts-Präzeptor / die Zufluchten gebende PräzeptorA spiritual mentor who has kept one of the sets of pratimoksha vows purely for a certain number of years and in whose presence spiritual seekers formally take refuge (put a safe direction in their lives), thus committing themselves to the Buddhist path.
refutationWiderlegungSee: negation phenomenon
regardBeachtungSee: firm conviction
regretReue / BedauernThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of not wishing to repeat doing something, either proper or improper, that one did or that someone else made one do. Tib: 'gyod-pa
relating to a spiritual mentor in a healthy mannerzu einem spirituellen Mentor eine gesunde Beziehung aufbauenEntrusting oneself, through mind and actions, to a fully qualified spiritual mentor. Also called: relying on a spiritual mentor, entrusting oneself to a spiritual mentor, whole-hearted commitment to a spiritual mentor. Often translated as: guru-devotion.Tib: bshes-gnyen bsten-pa
relative bodhichittarelatives BodhichittaSee: conventional bodhichitta
relative true phenomenonrelativ wahres PhänomenSee: superficial true phenomenon
relative truthrelative WahrheitSee: superficial truth
release itself in its own placein seinen eigenen Ort hinein auflösenSee: automatically releases itself in its own place
relianceStützeSee: something that supports something else
reliquary monumentReliquien-MonumentSee: stupa
remembering kindnessGüte erinnernRemembering the kindness of motherly love, remembering all the beneficial things that all beings have shown us when they were our mothers. The second of the six part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta.Tib: drin-dran
renunciationEntsagung(1) The definite determination to be free of samsara and to gain liberation, and with which one is willing to give up true suffering and true causes. Also translated as "determination to be free." (2) In Theravada, the mental factor to give up all attachment to worldly possessions, social status, and even one's body. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: nges-'byung
Skt: naishkramya
renunciation, short-lived all-excitedEntsagung, kurzlebige, hocherregteSee: short-lived all-excited renunciation
repaying kindnessGüte zurückgebenAppreciating the beneficial things that all beings have shown us when they were our mothers and wishing to benefit them in return. The third of the seven part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta.Tib: drin-gso
representation, mentalDarstellung, geistige / Repräsentation, geistigeSee: mental representation
repudiationZurückweisung / NichtanerkennenA conceptual denial of something that is true or is present.Tib: skur-'debs
resolutionEntschlossenheit / EntschlusskraftOne of the ten far-reaching attitudes in the Theravada tradition. An attitude of determination with which a bodhisattva never abandons what he or she needs to do in order to benefit others.Tib: byin-rlabs
Skt: adhisthana
resolve, exceptionalEntschluss, außergewöhnlicherSee: exceptional resolve
respectRespektSee: appreciation
respiteRuhepauseEin vorübergehende Pause oder Unterbrechung von einem Zustand, in dem man keine Muße für Dharmapraxis hat, wie beispielsweise in den üblen Wiedergeburtszuständen. Einige Übersetzer geben den Begriff als "Freiheit" wieder. Tib: dal-ba
responsive awarenessreagierendes GewahrseinSee: responsiveness
responsivenessFähigkeit, auf andere einzugehenThe influencing nature of pure awareness (rigpa) - namely, that it responds to others effortlessly and spontaneously with compassionate communication. See: responsive awareness.Tib: thugs-rje
result, commandingbeherrschende WirkungSee: dominating result
result, comprehensiveumfassende WirkungSee: dominating result
result, dominatingbeherrschende WirkungSee: dominating result
result, man-madeWirkung, die durch Menschenhand hervorgebracht worden istSee: man-made result
result, overlordbeherrschende WirkungSee: dominating result
result, overriding.beherrschende WirkungSee: dominating result
result, ripenedWirkung, gereiftesSee: ripened result
resultant levelWirkungsebeneIn the context of basis, pathway, and resultant levels of something being specified, the level of something, for instance Buddha-nature, in the state of a Buddha when it is fully purified.Tib: 'bras-bu
resultant links of what has been thrownaus dem Geworfenen entstandene GliederIn the twelve links of dependent arising, the three and a half links of resultant loaded consciousness, nameable mental faculties with or without gross form, stimulators of cognition, and contacting awareness, which occur during the development of an embryo in the womb in the life that is thrown by the activated karmic aftermath of throwing karma.Tib: 'phangs-pa'i 'bras-bu'i yan-lag
resultant links of what is actualizedGlieder, die sich aus dem Realisierten ergebenIn the twelve links of dependent arising, the two links of conception and aging and dying in a future rebirth thrown by the activated karmic aftermath of throwing karma.Tib: mngon-par grub-pa'i 'bras-bu'i yan-lag
resultant taking of safe directionresultierendes Einschlagen der sicheren RichtungA taking of safe direction (refuge) that takes as its sources of safe direction the Triple Gem that one will attain oneself in the future, based on actualizing one's own Buddha-nature. Synonymous with "special taking of safe direction." Tib: 'bras-bu'i skyabs-'gro
result that corresponds to its causeWirkung, die der Ursache entsprichtA result that in some way resembles its cause, either in the wish to repeat its causal action or in the experience of something happening back to one that resembles what one did.Tib: rgyu-mthun-gyi 'bras-bu
Skt: nishyandaphalam
result that corresponds to its cause in one's behaviorWirkung, die der Ursache im eigenen Verhalten ähneltThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of liking or wishing to do an action, in a particular moment, similar to what one has done in the past. Also translated as "result that is similar to its cause in one's behavior" and "result that is similar to its cause in one's instinctive behavior."Tib: byed-pa rgyu-mthun-gyi 'bras-bu
result that corresponds to its cause in one's experienceWirkung, die der Ursache in der eigenen Erfahrung ähneltThe experience of a situation in which something similar to one's previous action happens back to oneself. Also translated as "result that is similar to its cause on one's experience."Tib: myong-ba rgyu-mthun-gyi 'bras-bu
result that is similar to its cause on one's behaviorWirkung, die der Ursache im eigenen Verhalten gleichtSee: result that corresponds to its cause in one's behavior
result that is similar to its cause on one's instinctive behaviorWirkungen, die ihren Ursachen im eigenen instinktivem Verhalten ähnelnSee: result that corresponds to its cause in one's behavior
retreat, serviceabilityTauglichkeits-RetreatSee: serviceability retreat
revealing formoffenbarende FormA form of physical phenomenon, asserted in the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika schools, that shows (reveals) the motivation behind it, and which may be a constructive, destructive or unspecified phenomenon. Examples are the shape of one's body when performing an action, the sound of the words when one speaks, the expression on someone's face, and so on. In general, such a phenomenon may be either one of the five sensory objects or one of the five sensory cognitive sensors.Tib: rnam-par rig-byed-kyi gzugs
Skt: vijnaptirupa
revelatory accountsenthüllende BerichteOne of the twelve scriptural categories. (1) Buddha's revelations of what has happened in the past or prophesies of what will occur in the future. (2) According to some explanations, scriptures of definitive meaning.Tib: lung-bstan-pa
Skt: vyakarana
riddanceAufgebenA static state in which an emotional obscuration or a cognitive obscuration has been removed forever from a mental continuum. Equivalent to a true stopping (true cessation). Translated by others as "abandonment."Tib: spong-ba
Skt: hani
rigpaRigpaSee: pure awareness
rigpa, appearance-making basis rigpaErscheinungs-hervorbringendes grundlegendes RigpaSee: appearance-making basis rigpa
rigpa, basisRigpa, grundlegendesSee: basis rigpa
rigpa, effulgentRigpa, strahlendesSee: effulgent rigpa
rigpa, essenceRigpa, Essenz-See: essence rigpa
rigpa of all-embracing spontaneous presenceRigpa der all-umfassenden spontanen PräsenzPure awareness (rigpa) from the point of view of its resultant level as the Dharmakaya of a Buddha.Tib: lhun-grub sbubs-kyi rig-pa
ripenreifen / heranreifen(1) A karmic cause developing or growing to the point at which it can bear fruit, which means produce its result. This is ripening in its definitional sense. (2) A karmic causal factor on a mental continuum exhausting and finishing its presence there as it produces its fruit.Tib: smin-pa
Skt: vipaka
ripened resultgereifte WirkungA nonobstructive unspecified item conjoined with the mental continuum of a limited being, such as the body, consciousness, and feelings of happiness and unhappiness, and which comes from a ripening cause that was also conjoined with his or her mental continuum.Tib: rnam-smin-gyi 'bras-bu
Skt: vipakaphalam
ripeningdas HeranreifenThe process whereby a karmic cause gives rise to its result. See: ripen.Tib: smin-pa
Skt: vipaka
ripening causereifende UrsacheA destructive or tainted constructive phenomenon that, unless one has rid one's mental continuum forever of craving, has the power to produce the nonobstructive unspecified items contained in the five aggregate factors of future rebirth states, such as the body, the types of consciousness, and the feelings.Tib: rnam-smin-gyi rgyu
Skt: vipakahetu
ritual, expiationRitual, Sühne-See: expiation ritual
ritual bountiful feastrituelles freigebiges FestmahlA specially consecrated torma offered to one's tantric master, inseparable from the Buddha-figure, during a tantra ceremonial round of offering.Tib: tshogs
ritual ceremonyRitualzeremonieAlso called puja. See: offering ritual.
ritual trainerRitualtrainerA teacher who instructs one in how to perform Buddhist rituals.
root bodhisattva vowsWurzelgelübde des BodhisattvaThe eighteen primary bodhisattva vows which, if kept purely, act as a root for attaining enlightenment, and which, if fully transgressed, act as a root for rebirth in one of the worse rebirth states.
root downfallÜbertretung der WurzelgelübdeA transgression of a root bodhisattva or root tantric vow, which, if it is a full transgression, acts as a root for falling to rebirth in one of the worse rebirth states.Tib: rtsa-ltung
root downfall, Kalachakra tantraÜbertretung der tantrischen Wurzelgelübde des KalachakraSee: Kalachakra tantra root downfall
root guruWurzelguruThe spiritual teacher that inspires one the most, such that his or her inspiration serves as the root giving sustenance to one's spiritual growth.Tib: rtsa-ba'i bla-ma
roots of constructive forceWurzeln konstruktiver KraftSee: roots of positive forceTib: dge-rtsa
roots of positive forceWurzel positiver KräfteThe network of positive force (collection of merit), described from the point of view of it serving as the "root" for one to grow into a Buddha.Tib: dge-ba'i rtsa-ba
roots of virtueWurzeln der TugendSee: roots of positive force
root tantric vowsWurzelgelübde des TantraThe fourteen primary tantric vows which, if kept purely, act as a root for attaining enlightenment, and which, if fully transgressed, act as a root for rebirth in one of the worse rebirth states.
RupakayaRupakayaSee: Corpus of Forms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles