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Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
sadhanaSadhanaLiterally, a method of actualization, namely a meditation method for actualizing oneself as a Buddha-figure for which one has received empowerment. Performing a sadhana entails recitation of a ritual meditation text describing the self-visualization process and a complex series of further practices based on that self-generation, such as reciting mantras and making offerings. Synonymous with "self-generation" and "antecedent practice for realization."Tib: sgrub-thabs
Skt: sadhana
safe directionsichere Richtung / sichere AusrichtungA direction that one puts in one's life that will protect one from true suffering and its true causes, and, when one reaches the goal of this direction, allows one to avoid true suffering and its true causes forever. Some translators render this as "refuge."Tib: skyabs
Skt: sharana
safe direction, provisional source ofsichere Ausrichtung, vorläufige Quelle derSee: provisional source of safe direction
safe direction, takesichere Richtung nehmen / sichere Richtung einschlagen / sichere Ausrichtung nehmenSee: take safe direction
safe direction, ultimate source ofsichere Ausrichtung, letztendliche Quelle derSee: ultimate source of safe direction
samadhiSamadhiSee: absorbed concentration
SambhogakayaSambhogakayaSee: Corpus of Full Use
same essential naturegleiche essentielle NaturThe relationship between two facts about the same attribute of a phenomenon. In a sense, the two facts are referring to the same phenomenon from two points of view. The two facts may be naturally inseparable, such as the two truths about the phenomenon, or they may constitute a joined inseparability arising from the power of meditation, such as a blissful awareness and an awareness of voidness. Some translators render the term as "one by nature."Tib: ngo-bo gcig
samsaraSamsaraUncontrollably recurring rebirth under the power of disturbing emotions and attitudes and of karma. Some translators render it as "cyclic existence."Tib: 'khor-ba
Skt: samsara
SanghaSanghaThe literal meaning of the Sanskrit term is a "community"; the literal meaning of the Tibetan translation is "those intent on a constructive goal." Four or more people from any of the four groups of the monastic community: full or novice monks or nuns - the four need not necessarily be all from one group or one from each group - and who have unlabored renunciation and are intent on ridding themselves of disturbing emotions and attitudes and thus attaining liberation.Tib: dge-'dun
Skt: sangha
Sangha Gem, apparentSanghajuwel, offensichtlichesSee: apparent Sangha Gem
Sangha Gem, deepestSanghajuwel, tiefstesSee: deepest Sangha Gem
Sangha Gem, nominalSanghajuwel, nominellesSee: nominal Sangha Gem
SarmaSarma-SchulenSee: New TranslationTib: gSar-ma
SautrantikaSautrantikaA Hinayana school of Indian Buddhism that asserts the true existence of both reflexive awareness and external phenomena; a subdivision of the Sarvastivada school of Hinayana. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.Tib: mDo-sde-pa
scrutinygenaue PrüfungSee: subtle discernment
secondary bodhisattva vowsNebengelübde des BodhisattvasSee: faulty actions
secondary tantric vowstantrische NebengelübdeSee: thick actions
secret mandalageheimes MandalaThe offering of a blissful awareness, or of a nonconceptual blissful awareness of voidness with a clear-light mind. Also called: hidden mandala.Tib: gsang-ba'i dkyil-'khor
secret offeringgeheimes OpferSee: hidden offering
seeing pathway mindPfadgeist des SehensThe level of mind of arya sharavakas, arya pratyekabuddhas, and arya bodhisattvas with which they first attain a joined pair of shamatha and vipashyana focused nonconceptually on voidness -- or, in general, on the sixteen aspects of the four noble truths -- and with which they rid themselves of one or both sets of doctrinally based obscurations. Often translated as "path of seeing."Tib: mthong-lam
self-arising deep awarenessselbstentstehendes tiefes GewahrseinIn Nyingma, the aspect of pure awareness (rigpa) that automatically arises with awareness of its own two truths or its own threefold nature. Synonymous with reflexive deep awareness.Tib: rang-byung ye-shes
self-cherishingSelbstbezogenheit / sich nur um das eigene Wohl kümmernThe attitude with which one considers oneself as the most important being and has affection for and takes care of only oneself.Tib: rang bces-par 'dzin-pa
self-consciousübermäßig unserer selbst bewusst / übermäßig unserer selbst bewusst (und damit befangen)Being so concerned about oneself and what others think of oneself and that one doesn't make any mistakes, that one becomes awkward and cannot act naturally. Often teenagers are like this. They have pimples on their faces and are so self-conscious about them that they think everyone is looking at them.
self-disciplineSelbstdisziplinSee: ethical self-discipline
self-discipline, ethicalSelbstdisziplin, ethischeSee: ethical self-discipline
self-established existenceselbst-begründete ExistenzSee: existence established by self-nature
self-establishing natureselbst-begründendSee: self-nature
self-evolverAlleinentwickelerSee: pratyekabuddha
self-generationSelbst-ErzeugungSynonymous with "sadhana." A meditation method in which one visualizes and imagines oneself to be a Buddha-figure for which one has received empowerment. See: sadhana.Tib: bdag-bskyed
self-initiationSelbst-InitiationA tantric meditation practice in which one visualizes receiving the entire empowerment (initiation) ritual for a Buddha-figure, performed in order to renew one's tantric vows. It may only be performed if one has done the serviceability retreat of that particular Buddha-figure and the fire-puja afterwards.Tib: bdag-'jug
selflessnessFreiheit von SelbstSee: lack of an impossible "soul"
self-natureSelbstnaturSomething on the side of an object or phenomenon that (1) establishes the existence, in general, of the object or phenomenon and (2) establishes, as well, what the object or phenomenon is. A self-nature may do this either by its own power alone, or by its own power in conjunction with mental labeling. The term may also be translated as "self-establishing nature."Tib: rang-bzhin
self-preoccupationBeschäftigung mit dem "Ich"An attitude of thinking only about oneself, as if one were the only one in the world, and not thinking about anyone else; narcissism.Tib: ngar-'dzin
self-realizerAlleinverwirklicherSee: pratyekabuddha
self-sufficiently knowableeigenständig erkennbarA validly knowable phenomenon that, when actually cognized, does not rely on actual cognition of or by something else, for instance actual cognition of the object's basis for labeling.Tib: rang-rkya thub-pa'i rdzas-yod
self-voidnessSelbstleerheitThe absence of any phenomenon existing, by "self"-nature, in an impossible manner.Tib: rang-stong
semSemAll levels of awareness (levels of mind) that are tainted with the fleeting stains of the emotional and cognitive obscurations. All levels of awareness other than rigpa. Translated as "limited awareness."Tib: sems
semblance, mentalAnschein / AbbildSee: mental aspect
semdeySemdeSee: mind divisionTib: sems-sde
sense of fitnessGefühl der LeistungsfähigkeitThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of feeling totally fit to do something, and which is both exhilarating and blissful, physically and mentally, but in a nondisturbing way.Tib: shin-sbyangs
sense of physical and mental fitnessGefühl der körperlichen und geistigen LeistungsfähigkeitSee: sense of fitness
sensibiliaSinnesdatenDatenmaterial aus Sinnesempfindungen bzw. Sinnesdaten sind Formen physischer Phänomene die sich in einem Augenblick (der Wahrnehmung) über eine ausgedehnten Bereich erstrecken und die von einem der fünf Arten von Sinnesbewusstsein wahrgenommen werden. Das Datenmaterial oder die Daten beziehen sich auf einen Augenblick des Anblicks, des Klangs, des Geruchs, des Geschmacks oder der körperlichen Empfindung wie sie bei der Wahrnehmung eines Objekts mit physischen Qualitäten auftreten.
sensorSensorSee: cognitive sensor
sentient beingfühlendes WesenSee: limited being
serenely stilled and settled state of mindgelassen beruhigter und zur Ruhe gekommener GeistSee: stilled and settled state of mind
serviceability retreatTauglichkeits-RetreatAn intensive tantric meditation practice, done over many meditation sessions, during which one performs the sadhana and recites the mantra of a Buddha-figure ten thousand, one hundred thousand, or many hundreds of thousands of times, depending on the number of syllables in the mantra. When completed and finished off with the appropriate fire puja, this intensive practice makes the mind fit to be used (fit to be put into service) for more advanced tantric practices with that Buddha-figure.Tib: las-rung
set theoryMengenlehreSet theory has to do with the logical pervasions between two or more sets -- mutually exclusive, totally congruent, overlapping, etc. A set is a collection or a group of many items, like the set of all nonstatic phenomena.Tib: bsdus-grva
Skt: dura
seven-part cause and effect methodsiebenteilige Anweisung über Ursachen und WirkungenSee: seven-part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta
ShakyamuniShakyamuniThe Able One of the Shakya Clan, the Sage of the Shakya Clan, an epithet of BuddhaTib: shakya'i thub-pa
Skt: Shakyamuni
shamathaShamathaSee: stilled and settled state of mind
shared meaning, teaching ofgemeinsame Bedeutung, Lehren mit einerSee: teaching of shared meaning
sharing five congruent factorskongruente beinflussende Variablen teilen*****Def****Für eine ausführliche Erklärung vergleichen Sie bitte den Artikel: Kongruente und nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variablen.Tib: mtshungs-ldan lnga
short-lived all-excited renunciationkurzlebige, hocherregte EntsagungThe enthusiastic and fanatic giving up of everything worldly, often based on blind faith that an external source will save us.Tib: sna-thung spu-sud-kyi nges-'byung
shravakaShravakaLiterally, "listeners" to Buddha's teachings - practitioners of the Hinayana vehicle who, motivated by renunciation, strive to attain liberation from uncontrollably recurring rebirth (samsara) and to become an arhat (liberated being) of either the shravaka or pratyekabuddha class. They practice, based on having listened to Buddha's teachings. Some translators render the term as "hearer."Tib: nyan-thos
Skt: shravaka
shravaka arhatShravaka-ArhatA shravaka that has attained liberation. See also: shravaka.Tib: nyan-thos dgra-bcom
Skt: shravaka arhat
sightsAnsichten, AnblickeNonstatic phenomena that can be explicitly cognized by eye consciousness -- namely, colors and shapes. Equivalent to "forms of physical phenomena that can become objects of experience of the eyes." One of the eleven types of forms of physical phenomena.Tib: gzugs
Skt: rupa
similar family causeUrsache der gleichen ArtDie Ursache gleicher Art ist eine Ursache, die zur selben Familie oder Kategorie von Phänomen gehört wie die Wirkung. Zum Beispiel ist die Vorlage zur Herstellung einer Vase die Ursache gleicher Art für die Vase, die man gerade herstellt. Tib: rigs-'dra'I rgyu
Skt: sajatiyakaranam
simultaneously acting conditiongleichzeitig wirkende BedingungAn item that must exist prior to the arising of something and which assists in making the arising happen, but which does not transform into what arises, for instance water for a sprout.Tib: lhan-cig byed-pa'i rkyen
Skt: sahakaripratyaya
simultaneously arisinggleichzeitig auftretenTwo items simultaneously arise if, when one of them arises or happens, the other does also, at the same time. The two items may arise simultaneously either naturally or through the power of meditation. Also called: innate.Tib: lhan-skyes
Skt: sahaja
sinSündeSee: negative karmic force
sincerityEhrlichkeitSincerity has two factors included in it: (1) lack of hypocrisy (g.yo-med) – not hiding our own faults, (2) lack of pretension (sgyu-med) – not pretending to have qualities that we do not have.Tib: bsam-pa
single-pointedeinspitzigConcentration settled on an object or settled in a state of mind (such as compassion) and free of all flightiness of mind an mental dullness.
singular sufficient white panaceaalleinig ausreichendes weißes AllheilmittelAlso called: all-curing single white epanacea, single white remedy, self-sufficient white remedyTib: dkar-po chig-thub
six realms of existencesechs ExistenzbereicheLiterally, the six families of wandering beings. The six types of samsaric rebirth: (1) hell-beings (trapped beings in the joyless realms), (2) clutching ghosts (hungry ghosts), (3) animals (creeping creatures), (4) humans, (5) would-be divine beings (anti-gods), and (6) divine beings (gods).Tib: 'gro-ba rigs-drug
Six-Session YogaYoga in sechs SitzungenIn Gelug, a practice, recited six times daily, required of those who have received an anuttarayoga empowerment, through which they keep the nineteen closely bonding practices for the five Buddha-families.Tib: Thun-drug rnal-'byor
sixty-two wrong viewszweiundsechzig falsche AnsichtenA set of sixty-two incorrect positions regarding the past, present and future of the self, the universe, and so on, propounded by the eighteen non-Buddhist extremeists and refuted in Buddhism. Sometimes translated by others as the sixty-two bad views.Tib: lta-ba ngan-pa drug-cu re-gnyis
skillful meansgeschickte MittelSee: skill in means
skill in meansGeschick bezüglich der MittelThe special discriminating awareness concerning the most effective and appropriate internal methods for actualizing the Buddha's teachings and the most effective and appropriate external methods for making limited beings ripe for attaining liberation and enlightenment. In Mahayana, when conjoined with a bodhichitta, the seventh of the ten far-reaching attitudes. Tib: thabs-mkhas
Skt: upayakaushalya
solid "me"solides "Ich"A "me" that exists as a concrete, autonomous entity, as if it had a line around it or were encapsulated in plastic. A general, nontechnical term for the false "me" (the "me" to be refuted), which has never existed at all.
solidly existing "me"solides "Ich"See: solid "me"
solitary BuddhaAlleinverwirklicher-BuddhaSee: pratyekabuddha
something possessing the actual natureetwas, das die wirkliche Natur besitztSee: property-possessor
soulSeeleAccording to non-Buddhist Indian tenet systems, something findable, either with or without being a conscious phenomenon, inside the body of a person, and which is static, a partless monad, separable from the body, and self-sufficiently knowable.Tib: bdag
Skt: atman
soundGeräusch / KlangAn object explicitly cognized by ear consciousness.Tib: sgra
Skt: shabda
sound universalKlang-AllgemeinesSee: audio category
source, natalUrsprungsquelle / GeburtsquelleSee: natal source
source of safe direction, provisionalQuelle der sicheren Ausrichtung, provisorischeSee: provisional source of safe direction
source of safe direction, ultimateQuelle der sicheren Ausrichtung, letztendlicheSee: ultimate source of safe direction
special insightbesondere EinsichtSee: exceptionally perceptive state of mind
special taking of safe directionbesonderes Einschlagen der sicheren RichtungSynonym for "resultant taking of safe direction."Tib: skyabs-'gro khyad-par-ba
special versesbesondere VersePraises that Buddha uttered with joy for the sake of the long life of his teachings, and not for the sake of specific individuals. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: ched-du brjod-pa
Skt: udana
specific awarenessspezifisches GewahrseinIn the Karma Kagyu system, the aspect of mental activity that is aware of the specific type of awareness of an object that has arisen and the specific object that it is aware of. In a looser sense, awareness of the details that have arisen and one is aware of in a cognition.Tib: rnam-shes
Skt: vijnana
specific-awareness alayaspezifische Alaya des GewahrseinsIn the Karma Kagyu system, a synonym for alayavijnana. See: all-encompassing foundation for all.Tib: kun-shes rnam-shes
specific consciousnessspezifisches BewusstseinSee: specific awareness
speech, enlighteningRede, Buddhas erleuchtendeSee: Buddha's enlightening speech
sphere, openRaum, offenerSee: open sphere
spiritual mentorspiritueller MentorA Buddhist teacher who has had stable realizations, who embodies the teachings in the sense of having integrated them into his or her life, and who confers vows on disciples.Tib: dge-ba'i bshes-gnyen
Skt: kalyanamitra
spiritual teacherspiritueller LehrerA general term for the four levels of Buddhist teachers: a Buddhism professor, a Dharma instructor, a meditation trainer or ritual trainer, and a spiritual mentor.
spontaneously establishing appearancesspontan Erscheinungen hervorbringenThe functional nature of rigpa (pure awareness), which is that it automatically, without any effort, gives rise to pure appearances.Tib: lhun-grub
stability, mentalStabilität, geistigeSee: mental stability
stabilizing meditationstabilisierende Meditation / verankernde MeditationA method for habituating oneself to an insight, understanding, or state of mind in which one focuses on an object with that desired insight, understanding, or state of mind and with full conviction in its validity, but without the mental factors of gross detection (investigation) or subtle discernment (scrutiny). Also translated sometimes as "fixating meditation."Tib: 'jog-sgom
stable realizationstabile VerwirklichungIn mahamudra meditation, the state of mind in which the meditator has nonconceptual bare cognition of there being no dualism of meditator and meditation.Tib: rtogs-pa
stainFleck / MakelSomething that obscures the Buddha-nature factors, preventing them from being fully realized.Tib: dri-ma
stain, fleetingMakel, flüchtigerSee: fleeting stain
starknessBlöße / "Nacktheit oder Blöße"The quality of something standing out sharply and dramatically in its appearance, without anything adorning it (like a rock mountain in a desert, totally devoid of any vegetation); the quality of being barren.Tib: stong-pa
state, primordialZustand, ursprünglicherSee: primordial state
state parted from mental fabricationZustand getrennt von geistiger FabrikationThe state of mind that is parted from conceptual constructs.Tib: spros-bral
state parted from taking to mindZustand getrennt vom geistigen AufnehmenThe state of mind that is parted from conceptual constructs -- in other words, equivalent to the state parted from mental fabrication.Tib: yid-byed bral-ba
staticstatischSee: static phenomenon
static abstractionstatische AbstraktionSee: static phenomenon
staticnessStatischseinThe noncongruent affecting variable of not changing from moment to moment. Sometimes translated as "permanence."Tib: rtag-pa
Skt: nitya
static phenomenonstatisches PhänomenPhenomena that are unaffected by causes and circumstances and, consequently, do not change from moment to moment and do not produce any effects. Somewhat similar to unchanging facts, they are imputed about some validly knowable phenomenon and only exist and can be validly known so long as the basis for their imputation lasts. Sometimes translated as "static abstractions." Some translators render the term as "permanent phenomena."Tib: rtag-pa
Skt: nitya
sticky attachmentklebrige AnhaftungThe disturbing emotion that exaggerates the good qualities of an object that one possesses, that clings to it like glue, and does not wish to let go.Tib: chags-pa
Skt: sneha
stilled and settled state of mindstill gewordener und zur Ruhe gekommener GeisteszustandA state of mind, attained through meditation, in which the mind is stilled of all mental flightiness and mental dullness, is settled down on an object and remains there, and is accompanied by an exhilarating sense of fitness. Also called a "serenely stilled and settled state of mind," "shamatha." Some translators render the term as "calm abiding" or "mental quiescence."Tib: zhi-gnas
Skt: shamatha
stimulating others' good qualitiesdie guten Eigenschaften anderer anregen (Wachstum)Also translated as "increase."Tib: rgyas-pa
stimulators of cognitionAnreger der WahrnehmungThe focal conditions and dominating conditions that give rise to the six types of cognition -- namely, the cognitive objects and cognitive sensors of each of the six cognitive faculties. In the case of the five sensory faculties, the objects and sensors are forms of physical phenomena, such as sights and photosensitive cells. In the case of the mental faculty, the objects may be any validly knowable phenomenon, while the sensors are the immediately preceding moments of mental cognition. Usually counted as the twelve stimulators of cognition, but in the list of the twelve links of dependent arising, referred to as the six stimulators of cognition, in which case the two cognitive stimulators of each cognitive faculty are counted as one.Tib: skye-mched
Skt: ayatana
stimulators of cognition, link ofdas Glied der WahrnehmungsanregerSee: link of stimulators of cognition
stimulators of cognition, twelveAnreger, zwölfSee: twelve stimulators of cognition
stoppingBeendigungThe total elimination of something such that it never recurs.Tib: 'gog-pa
Skt: nirodha
stopping, trueBeendigung, wahreSee: true stopping
storehouse consciousnessSpeicherbewusstseinSee: all-encompassing foundation consciousness
straightforward cognitioneinfache WahrnehmungNach Gelug Prasangika, die Wahrnehmung eines Objektes, die, ohne dass man sich auf eine schlussfolgernde Argumentationskette verlassen muss, im ihr unmittelbar vorhergehenden Augenblick entsteht. Die einfache (nackte / bloße) Wahrnehmung kann entweder konzeptuell oder nichtkonzeptuell sein. Tib: mngon-sum
Skt: pratyaksha
stream of continuityStrom von KontinuitätEine Abfolge von Momenten von etwas. Tib: rgyun
strengtheningStärkenThe special discriminating awareness employed for expanding one's discriminating awareness and not letting it be crushed by countering factors, such as attachment to anything. One of the ten Mahayana far-reaching attitudes (ten perfections).Tib: stobs
Skt: bala
stupaStupaA monument within which are kept the relics of a great Buddhist master. Translated as a reliquary monument.Tib: mchod-rten
Skt: stupa
subliminal awarenessunterbewusstes GewahrseinSee: subliminal cognition
subliminal cognitionunterbewusste WahrnehmungA cognition in which the consciousness gives rise to a mental hologram of a cognitive object and, in which, the cognitive object appears, through that hologram, only to the consciousness of the subliminal cognition and only that consciousness cognizes it. The cognitive object of the subliminal cognition does not appear to the person and is not cognized by the person. Nor does it appear to or is it cognized by the consciousness of the manifest cognition that is simultaneously occurring and overpowering the subliminal cognition. Tib: bag-la nyal-gyi shes-pa
subsequent attainmentnachfolgende ErlangungA state of mind having the joined pair of shamatha and vipashyana, and in which absorbed concentration is focused single-pointedly on a voidness that is like an illusion. It is attained only upon rising from total absorption on space-like voidness and may occur either while still in meditation or after arising from meditation. It may be either conceptual or nonconceptual. Sometimes translated as "subsequent realization." Other translators often render the term as "post-meditation."Tib: rjes-thob
subsequent cognitionnachfolgende WahrnehmungOne of the seven ways of knowing something: a nonfraudulent, but not fresh, cognition of an object. It is the second phase of a valid bare cognition or inferential cognition, and is asserted only by the Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika tenet systems.Tib: bcad-shes
subsequent permissionanschließende ErlaubnisA tantric ritual for a specific Buddha-figure, received in order to strengthen further the Buddha-nature factors that were previously activated with a full empowerment. Usually called by its Tibetan name, "jenang." Tib: rjes-snang
subsequent realizationnachfolgende VerwirklichungSee: subsequent attainment
subsidiary awarenessNebengewahrseinBei einem Nebengewahrsein handelt es sich um eine Art des Wahrnehmens eines Objektes, welche ein Primärbewusstsein begleitet [die gleichzeitig stattfindet, wenn auch das Primärbewusstsein aktiv ist]. Das Nebengewahrsein hat mit dem Primärbewusstsein fünf Dinge gemeinsam. Zudem befähigt das Nebengewahrsein zur Wahrnehmung des Objektes oder hilft bei der Wahrnehmung des Objektes. Das Nebengewahrsein wird auch als "Geistesfaktor" bezeichnet. Tib: sems-byung
Skt: caitika
subtle bodysubtiler KörperWithin the gross body of humans, the invisible system of energy-winds, energy-channels, energy-nodes (chakras), and creative energy-drops.Tib: lus phra-mo
subtle creative energy-dropssubtile kreative TropfenSee: creative energy-drops
subtle discernmentsubtile UnterscheidungsfähigkeitA subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that actively understands the fine details of the nature of something, having scrutinized them thoroughly. It does not imply verbal thinking, although it may be induced by verbally thinking. According to Asanga, one of the four changeable subsidiary awarenesses. Also translated as "scrutiny," "analysis." and "discerning analysis."Tib: dpyod-pa
subtle energy-windssubtiler EnergiewindSubtle forms of energy that move within the subtle energy-channels of the subtle body and which are the "mount" (the physical basis) for consciousness, either in nonconceptual or conceptual cognition, transporting it through the subtle body. Through anuttarayoga complete stage practices, one can cause them to enter, abide, and dissolve in the central energy-channel and thereby make manifest the subtlest clear light mind.Tib: rlung phra-mo
subtle impermanencesubtile UnbeständigkeitA nonstatic phenomenon's drawing closer each moment to its ultimate end, like a time bomb, based on the fact that the cause for the phenomenon's final disintegration or end is its coming into being, its arising. Tib: mi-rtag-pa phra-mo
subtle mindsubtile geistige AktivitätMental consciousness, both conceptual and nonconceptual.Tib: sems phra-mo
subtlest bodysubtilster KörperThe subtlest life-supporting energy-wind that accompanies each moment of subtlest mind.Tib: lus shin-tu phra-mo
subtlest mindsubtilste geistige Aktivität / subtilster GeistSee: clear light awarenessTib: sems shin-tu phra-mo
subtle windsfeinstoffliche WindeSee: subtle energy-winds
suffering, all-pervasiveLeiden, alles umfassendesSee: all-pervasively affecting suffering
suffering, all-pervasively affectingLeiden, alles umfassendesSee: all-pervasively affecting suffering
suffering of changeLeiden der VeränderungThe suffering of ordinary happiness, which never lasts, never satisfies, and which eventually turns into the suffering of suffering.Tib: 'gyur-ba'i sdug-bsngal
suffering of sufferingLeiden des LeidensThe suffering of gross pain or unhappiness.Tib: sdug-bsngal-gyi sdug bsnal
SugataSugataSee: Blissfully Gone One
superficial true phenomenonoberflächliches wahres PhänomIn den Lehrsystemen der Hinayana-Schulen bezeichnet der Begriff "oberflächliches wahres Phänomen" ein wahres Phänomen, das ein tiefer liegendes wahres Phänomen verschleiert oder verbirgt. Das oberflächliche wahre Phänomen wird auch als relativ wahres Phänomen, konventionell wahres Phänomen oder offensichtlich wahres Phänomen bezeichnet. Tib: kun-rdzob bden-pa
Skt: samvrtisatya
superficial truthoberflächliche WahrheitIn the Mahayana tenet systems, a true fact about a phenomenon that veils or conceals a deeper true fact about the same phenomenon. Also called: relative truth, conventional truth, apparent truth, surface truth.Tib: kun-rdzob bden-pa
Skt: samvrtisatya
superimposeüberlagernSee: interpolation
supported mandalaunterstütztes MandalaThe set of Buddha-figures residing inside the immeasurably magnificent palace of a symbolic world system visualized in tantra practice.Tib: brten-pa'i dkyil-'khor
supporting mandalaunterstützendes MandalaThe immeasurably magnificent palace of a symbolic world system, together with the environment around it, visualized in tantra practice.Tib: rten-pa'i dkyil-'khor
sutraSutra(1) Texts by Shakyamuni Buddha, both Hinayana and Mahayana, that discuss themes of practice.(2) Within the context of the Three Baskets (Tripitaka), the texts of Buddha that especially concern the training in higher concentration. (3) Within the context of Buddha's teachings divided into sutra and tantra, the division that does not entail visualization of oneself as a Buddha-figure. (3) Within the context of the twelve scriptural categories, the texts that present what Buddha had to say in a brief and condensed format. Also called: expositions on themes of practice.Tib: mdo
Skt: sutra
sutra mahamudraSutra-MahamudraMeditations on the nature of the mind with regard to only gross and subtle minds -- in other words, sensory and mental consciousness -- and not with regard to the subtlest mind, clear light.Tib: mdo'i phyag-chen
SvabhavakayaSvabhavakayaSee: Corpus of Essential Nature
systems of tenetsLehrsystemeSee: tenet systemTib: grub-mtha’

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