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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
tactile sensationsTaktile Empfindungen und andere KörperempfindungenSee: physical sensations
taintedbeflecktSomething that derives from a disturbing emotion or attitude, or is related in some way with a disturbing emotion or attitude. According to Vasubandhu, they give rise to further tainted phenomena; while according to Asanga, only some do that. Also translated as "mixed with confusion. Some translators render this term as "contaminated."Tib: zag-bcas
Skt: sashrava
tainted aggregatesbefleckte AggregateThe five aggregate factors of experience that derive from a disturbing emotion or attitude, or are related in some with a disturbing emotion or attitude. Some translators render the term as "contaminated aggregates."Tib: zag-bcas kyi phung-po
take refugeZuflucht nehmenSee: take safe direction
take safe directionsichere Richtung einschlagen / in ihnen eine sichere Ausrichtung suchen / einen sicheren Weg in Richtung ...einschlagen / in eine sichere Richtung gehenTo put a direction in one's life, which, when one goes in it, protects one from true suffering and its true causes and which, when one reaches its endpoint, allows one to avoid true suffering and its true causes forever. Some translators render this as "take refuge," but it has no connotation of merely opening up and passively receiving protection.Tib: skyabs-'gro
take safe direction from the Three Gemssichere Richtung zu den Drei Juwelen einschlagenTo turn toward the direction indicated by the Three Rare and Supreme Gems (Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha) and to put that safe direction in one's life. Some translators render this as "go for refuge to the Three Gems."Tib: dkon-mchog-gsum-la skyabs-su-'gro
taking caresich kümmern (um)See: caring attitude
taking of safe direction, causalEinschlagen der sicheren Richtung, ursächlichesSee: causal taking of safe direction
taking of safe direction, mereEinschlagen der sicheren Richtung, bloßesSee: mere taking of safe direction
taking of safe direction, resultantEinschlagen der sicheren Richtung, resultierendesSee: resultant taking of safe direction
taking of safe direction, specialEinschlagen der sicheren Richtung, besonderesSee: special taking of safe direction
taking to mindgeistig AufnehmenSee: attentionTib: yid-la byed-pa
tamed behaviorgezügeltes VerhaltenEthical behavior with which one both restrains oneself from destructive actions and engages in constructive ones.Tib: brtul-zhugs
tantraTantra(1) An everlasting stream of continuity. On the causal level, the mental continuum, with its various aspects of Buddha-nature. On the pathway level, the continuity of practices involving Buddha-figures. On the resultant level, the continuity of the various corpuses or bodies of a Buddha. (2) The texts that discuss the above topics.Tib: rgyud
Skt: tantra
tantra, nondualTantra, nichtdualesSee: nondual tantra
tantra mahamudraTantra-MahamudraSee: mantra mahamudra
tantric mastertantrischer MeisterA spiritual mentor who confers on disciples tantric vows. According to some commentaries, a spiritual mentor who confers on disciples empowerments and subsequent permissions from any of the classes of tantra.Tib: rdo-rje slob-dpon
Skt: vajracarya
TathagataTathagataSee: Thusly Gone One
teacher, spiritualLehrer, spirituellerSee: spiritual teacher
teaching, definitiveLehre, eindeutige / Lehre, endgültigeSee: definitive teaching
teaching, interpretableLehre, auslegbareSee: interpretable teaching
tendency, karmicTendenz, karmischeSee: karmic tendency
tenet systemLehrsystemA set of principles or assertions of a particular traditional Indian school of philosophy or of astronomical calculations.Tib: grub-mtha'
Skt: siddhanta
ten levels of highly realized mindszehn Ebenen eines höchst verwirklichten Geistesalso translated as: ten bhumi mindsTib: sa-bcu
Skt: dasha-bhumi
termaTermaSee: treasure textTib: gter-ma
testTestTest für Christian
thick actionsschwerwiegende HandlungenA set of eight actions that, at either a yoga or anuttarayoga empowerment, one vows to avoid and which, if committed, weaken meditation practice and hamper progress along the tantra path. Also called: secondary tantric vows.Tib: sbom-po
thing, referentDing, auf die sich etwas beziehtSee: referent thing
thinking with a distorted antagonistic attitudemit einer verzerrten, feindseligen Geisteshaltung denkenSee: distorted antagonistic thinking
thinking with a distorted viewmit einer verzerrten Ansicht denkenSee: distorted antagonistic thinking
thirty-two excellent signsZweiunddreißig hervorragende ZeichenAuch übersetzt als "32 Hauptmerkmale".Tib: mtshan bzang-po gsum-cu rtsa-gnyis
thoroughly established phenomenavollkommen begründete Phänomene(1) In the context of the Mahayana tenet system, a synonym for deepest truths. Specifically, in the Chittamatra system, the various voidnesses, true stoppings, and nirvana. (2) In the Buddhist medical system, hereditary, congenital diseases; genetic disorders.Tib: yongs-grub
Skt: parinishpanna
Three Buddha-Bodiesdrei BuddhakörperSee: Three Corpuses of a Buddha
three circlesdrei KreiseThree aspects of an action that are all equally void of true existence: (1) the individual performing the action, (2) the object upon or toward which the action is committed, and (3) the action itself. Occasionally, as in the case of the action of giving, the object may refer to the object given. The existence of each of these is established dependently on the others. Sometimes translated as "the three spheres" of an action.Tib: 'khor-lo gsum
Three Corpuses of a Buddhadrei Körper des Buddha(1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), and (3) Corpus Encompassing Everything (Dharmakaya) of a Buddha.Tib: sku-gsum
Skt: trikaya
Three GemsDrei KleinodienSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
Three JewelsDrei JuwelenSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
Three Jewels of RefugeDrei Juwelen der Zuflucht / Drei ZufluchtsjuwelenSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
three planes of existencedrei Ebenen der ExistenzSee: three planes of samsaric existence
three planes of samsaric existencedrei Ebenen der samsarischen ExistenzA threefold division of samsaric rebirth states: the planes of (1) sensory desires, (2) ethereal forms, and (3) formless beings. Sometimes called "the three realms."Tib: khams-gsum
Skt: tridhatu
three purified statesdrei gereinigte ZuständeThe three states of bodhi; the three states of a shravaka arhat, a pratyekabuddha arhat, and a Buddha.
Three Rare and Supreme GemsDrei Seltene und Überragende KleinodienThe Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. Also called "The Three Gems," "The Triple Gem," "The Three Jewels," and "The Three Jewels of Refuge."Tib: dkon-mchog gsum
Skt: triratna
three realmsdrei BereicheSee: three planes of samsaric existence
thresholdSchwelleAuch übersetzt als: dem Erreichen nahe, schwarze ErscheinungTib: nyer-thob
Thusly Gone OneSo-GegangenerA epithet of a Buddha -- one who has gone to the goal of enlightenment through nonconceptual cognition of voidness, the very nature of reality (thusness).Tib: de-bzhin gshegs-pa
Skt: tathagata
thusnessSoheitSee: very nature of reality
thusness offeringOpfergabe der SoheitSee: offering of the very nature of reality
timeZeitAn interval imputed or measured in the continuum of the occurrence of a sequence of cause and effect. Since time is conceptually imputable, time is a function of and therefore relative to the mind that conceptually imputes it.Tib: dus
Skt: kala
tonglenTonglenSee: giving and taking
total absorptionvöllige VertiefungA state of mind having the joined pair of shamatha and vipashyana, and in which absorbed concentration is focused single-pointedly on a voidness that is like space. It may be either conceptual or nonconceptual. Sometimes translated as "meditative equipoise."Tib: mnyam-bzhag
Skt: samahita
totally conceptional phenomenavöllig konzeptionelle Phänomene(1) In the context of the Chittamatra tenet-system, all static phenomena other than the various types of voidness, true stoppings, and nirvana, plus all non-existent phenomena. (2) In the context of the Madhyamaka tenet-system, all non-existent phenomena, especially true existence.Tib: kun-btags
Skt: parikalpita
totally imaginary forms of physical phenomenavollkommen imaginäre Formen physischer PhänomeneForms of physical phenomena included only among cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which appear in certain mental states, such as the sensory objects appearing in dreams and the conceptually implied objects in visualizations and imaginings.Tib: kun-btags-pa'i gzugs
trainer, meditationTrainer, Meditations-See: meditation trainer
trainer, ritualRitualtrainerSee: ritual trainer
traits, abidingEigenschaften, andauerndeSee: naturally abiding family-traits
traits, evolvingEigenschaften, sich entwickelndeSee: evolving family-traits
transference of consciousnessÜbertragung des BewusstseinsSee: phowa
transmission, oralÜbertragung, mündlicheSee: oral transmission
treasure textSchatztextTexts planted by Indian or Tibetan masters, either in a physical location, such as inside a pillar of a temple, or in the minds of disciples and hidden there for safekeeping during times that were not conducive for their practice. Often referred to by the transliterated Tibetan term "terma."Tib: gter-ma
Triple GemDreifaches KleinodSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
Triumphant OneGlorreiche, derAn epithet of a Buddha - one who has triumphed over the emotional and cognitive obscurations. Some translators render the term as "Victorious One."Tib: rgyal-ba
Skt: jina
true cessationwahre BeendigungSee: true stopping
true existencewahre Existenz(1) An impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Existence established or proven (a) merely by the power of something on the side of an object and not in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis, according to Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, or (b) by the power of something on the side of an object, either by itself or in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis, according to Gelug Prasangika-Madhyamaka. (2) A mode of existence that is true. Existence established or proven by (a) arising from causes and conditions, according to Jetsunpa and Kunkhyen Gelug Sautrantika, or (b) the power of something on the side of an object, according to Panchen Gelug Sautrantika and Gelug Chittamatra. Also translated as "truly established existence."Tib: bden-par grub-pa
true findable existencewahrhaft auffindbare ExistenzExistence established or proven by the power of something findable on the side of an object, either by itself or in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis. According to Gelug Prasangika-Madhyamaka, an impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Also called "truly and findably established existence."Tib: bden-par grub-pa
true identity, lack ofwahre Identität, Mangel anSee: lack of true identities
true originwahrer UrsprungAlso translated as: true causesTib: kun-'byung bden-pa
Skt: samudaya-satya
true pathway mindwahrer PfadgeistAlso called: true pathTib: lam-bden
Skt: marga-satya
true realitywahre RealitätA nontechnical term used for what actually exists.
true stoppingwahre BeendigungThe elimination, forever, of some degree of either an emotional or a cognitive obscuration from a mental continuum. They occur only on the mental continuum of aryas -- those with nonconceptual cognition of voidness. Often translated as "true cessation."Tib: 'gog-pa'i bden-pa
Skt: nirodha-satya
true unimputed existencewahre nichtzugeschriebene ExistenzExistence established or proven merely by the power of something on the side of an object and not in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis. According to Madhyamaka, an impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Also called "truly and unimputedly established existence."Tib: bden-par grub-pa
truly and findably established existencewahrhaft und auffindbar begründete ExistenzSee: true findable existence
truly and unimputedly established existencewahrhaft und nichtzugeschrieben begründete ExistenzSee: true unimputed existence
truly established existencewahrhaft begründete ExistenzSee: true existence
truth, deepesttiefste WahrheitSee: deepest truth
truth, superficialWahrheit, oberflächlicheSee: superficial truth
truths, twoWahrheiten, zweiSee: two truths
twelve links of dependent arisingzwölf Glieder des abhängigen EntstehensThe twelve-part mechanism whereby the existence of all samsaric phenomena, especially those of future rebirth, are established by reliance on unawareness: (1) unawareness, (2) affecting impulses, (3) loaded consciousness, (4) nameable mental faculties with or without gross form, (5) stimulators of cognition, (6) contacting awareness, (7) feeling a level of happiness, (8) craving, (9) an obtainer, (10) further existence, (11) conception, and (12) aging and dying.Tib: rten-'brel yan-lag bcu-gnyis
twelve stimulators of cognitionzwölf AnregerThe twelve classes of nonstatic phenomena that serve as focal and dominating conditions for the six types of cognition -- namely, (1) sights, (2) eye sensors, (3) sounds, (4) ear sensors, (5) smells, (6) nose sensors, (7) tastes, (8) tongue sensors, (9) physical sensations, (10) body sensors, (11) (all) phenomena, and (12) mnd sensors.Tib: skye-mched bcu-gnyis
Skt: dvadasha ayatana
Two Buddha-Bodieszwei BuddhakörperSee: Two Corpuses of a Buddha
Two Corpuses of a Buddhazwei Körper eines Buddha(1) A Corpus of Forms (Rupakaya) and (2) Corpus Encompassing Everything (Dharmakaya) of a Buddha.Tib: sku-gnyis
two truthszwei Wahrheiten(1) In Hinayana, two types of validly knowable phenomena into which all existent phenomena can be divided: superficially true and deepest true phenomena. (2) In Gelug Mahayana, two true facts that can be validly known about any existent phenomenon. (3) In non-Gelug Mahayana, all existent phenomena cognized with dualistic appearance-making and cognized without dualistic appearance-making.Tib: bden-pa gnyis

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles