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Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
ultimate bodhichittaletztendliches BodhichittaSee: deepest bodhichitta
ultimate levelletztendliche Ebene / höchste EbeneThe final, most profound level of something. Sometimes also translated as "deepest level" or "ultimate deepest level."Tib: mthar-thug
ultimate phenomenon, denumerableletztendliches Phänomen, mit Worten fassbaresSee: denumerable ultimate phenomenon
ultimate phenomenon, nondenumerableletztendliches Phänomen, nicht mit Worten fassbaresSee: nondenumerable ultimate phenomenon
ultimate source of safe directionletztendliche Quelle der sicheren AusrichtungThe Buddhas, as the only ones with full sets of true stoppings and true pathway minds on their mental continuums.Tib: mthar-thug-gi skyabs-gnas
ultimate truthletztendliche WahrheitSee: deepest truth
ultimate vehicles of mindletztendliches Fahrzeug des GeistesAccording to the tenets of the Chittamatra Followers of Scripture, three vehicles of mind that lead to three different final goals -- shravaka arhatship, pratyekabuddha arhatship, and Buddhahood -- which, once one has been attained, do not allow for the person who has attained it to achieve one of the other two goals. Thus, shravaka arhats and pratyekabuddha arhats cannot attain enlightenment.Tib: mthar-thug theg-pa
unaffectedvon nichts beeinflusstSee: unaffected phenomenon
unaffected phenomenonnichtbeinflusstes PhänomenA phenomenon that is not affected by causes or conditions. A synonym for static phenomenon. Often rendered by other translators as "unconditioned phenomenon."Tib: 'dus ma-byas
Skt: asamskrtadharma
unartificialnichtkünstlichSee: uncontrived
unassociated with confusiongetrennt von VerwirrungSee: untainted
unawarenessUnwissenheit(1) According to Vasubandhu and Asanga, not knowing. (2) According to Dharmakirti, knowing in an inverted (incorrect) manner. In both cases, unawareness is of either behavioral cause and effect, or of the lack of an impossible "soul" or voidness. Translators often render the term as "ignorance."Tib: ma-rig-pa
Skt: avidya
unawareness, automatically arisingUnwissenheit, automatisch erscheinendeSee: automatically arising unawareness
unawareness, doctrinally basedUnwissenheit, doktrinär bedingteSee: doctrinally based unawareness
uncommendable actionnicht lobenswerte HandlungAn action that ripens into the experience of suffering by the person who commits it or into a hindrance to his or her spiritual practice. An action that cannot be spoken about with praise.Tib: kha-na ma-tho-ba
Skt: avadya
uncommendable action, prohibitedunlöbliche Handlungen, die der Buddha bestimmten Individuen untersagt hatSee: prohibited uncommendable action
unconditioned phenomenonunbedingtes PhänomenSee: unaffected phenomenon
uncontrivednichtkünstlichA state of mind not mentally constructed by conceptual thought. Also translated as "unartificial."Tib: bcos-med
uncontrollably recurring existenceunkontrollierbare sich wiederholende ExistenzSee: samsara
uncontrollably recurring samsaraunkontrollierbar sich wiederholendes SamsaraSee: samsara
unhappinessUnglücklichseinThat feeling which, when it arises, one wants to be parted from it.Tib: mi-bde-ba
Skt: du:kha (duhkha)
unified pairvereintes PaarA pair of items, joined inseparably, in which the initial attainment of both items occurs simultaneously. Sometimes used as a general term whether the initial attainment of both items occurs simultaneously or sequentially.Tib: zung-'jug
Skt: yuganaddha
unimputednichtzugeschriebenSee: true unimputed existence
universalAllgemeine(s)See: conceptual category
universal, audioAllgemeines, Hör-See: audio category
universal, collectionAlllgemeines, Sammlungs-See: collection mental synthesis
universal, kindAllgemeines, Arten-See: kind mental synthesis
universal, meaningAllgemeines, bedeutungsbezogenesSee: mental category
universal, objectAllgemeines, objektbezogenesSee: object mental synthesis
universal, soundAllgemeines, Klang-See: audio category
unlaboredmühelosA state of mind, such as bodhichitta, generated instantly without needing to work oneself up to it, with deliberate effort, through a series of steps, each of which entails a line of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-med
unlabored bodhichittamüheloses BodhichittaA bodhichitta aim that arises automatically and effortlessly, without need to build up to it through steps or by relying on lines of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-med byang-sems
unmixed with confusionnicht vermischt mit VerwirrungSee: untainted
untaintedunbeflecktSomething that does not derive from a disturbing emotion or attitude, or is not related in any way with a disturbing emotion or attitude. Also translated as "unmixed with confusion" or "dissociated from confusion." Many translators render this term as "uncontaminated."Tib: zag-med
Skt: anashrava
untainted aggregatesunbefleckte AggregateAggregate factors of someone's experience that do not include the causes that will obtain for that being any further samsaric rebirths.Tib: zag-med-kyi phung-po
upsettingaufregendA way of being aware of something that shares five congruent features with craving for one's own tainted, obtainer aggregate factors of experience.Tib: zang-zing
urgeDrangSee: mental urge

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles