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Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Englischer Fachbegriffe

Englisches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles

EnglischDeutschDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
VaibhashikaVaibhashikaA Hinayana school of Indian Buddhism that does not assert reflexive awareness and does assert external phenomena; a subdivision of the Sarvastivada school of Hinayana. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.Tib: Bye-brag smra-ba
Vajra BodyVajra-KörperSee: Vajra Corpus
Vajra Body, ImmutableVajra-Körper, unveränderlicherSee: Immutable Vajra Corpus
Vajra CorpusVajra-KörperIn some dzogchen systems, the voidness factor of the deep awareness of a Buddha's pure awareness (rigpa); the unchanging nature of the other corpuses of a Buddha. Also called Vajra Body.Tib: rdo-rje-i sku
Skt: vajrakaya
Vajra Corpus, ImmutableVajra-Körper, unveränderlicherSee: Immutable Vajra Corpus
VajrayanaVajrayanaThe Diamond-strong Vehicle of Mind, within Mahayana, that makes use of the tantra methods. Synonymous with "Mantrayana" and "Tantrayana."Tib: rdo-rje theg-pa
Skt: vajrayana
valid bare cognitiongültige bloße WahrnehmungBare cognition that is fresh and nonfallacious. See: bare cognition.Tib: mngon-sum tshad-ma
Skt: pratyakshapramana
valid cognitiongültige Wahnehmung(1) According to Gelug Sautrantika, Gelug Chittamatra, and Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a fresh, nonfallacious cognition. (2) According to Gelug Prasangika and all tenet systems according to non-Gelug, a nonfallacious cognition.Tib: tshad-ma
Skt: pramana
validly knowable phenomenagültig erkennbare PhänomenePhenomena that can be the objects of valid cognition. Synonymous with "existents."Tib: shes-bya
valid straightforward cognitiongültige einfache WahrnehmungStraightforward cognition that is nonfallacious. See: straightforward cognition.Tib: mngon-sum tshad-ma
Skt: pratyakshapramana
Vanquishing MasterSiegreicher MeisterSee: Vanquishing Master Surpassing All
Vanquishing Master Surpassing AllAlles Übertreffender Siegreicher MeisterAn epithet of a Buddha - one who has conquered (vanquished) all obstacles, attained (mastered) all good qualities, and gone beyond (surpassed) any of the Hindu gods for whom the epithet Bhagavan has also been applied. Some translators render the term as "Blessed One."Tib: bcom-ldan-'das
Skt: bhagavan
vast-mindedgeistig weitreichend, weitreichend-gesonnenAn adjective used to describe a Mahayana practice, practitioner, person, aim, or motivation. It implies something that involves a mind that is aimed at the vastest goal (enlightenment) for the vastest number of beings (everyone).
Vast Vehicleumfassendes FahrzeugSee: Vast Vehicle of Mind
Vast Vehicle of Mindumfassendes Fahrzeug des GeistesSee: Mahayana
vehicleFahrzeugSee: vehicle of mind
vehicle of mindFahrzeug des GeistesA level of state of mind that acts as either (1) a vehicle for bringing one to the spiritual goal of either liberation or enlightenment, or (2) the resultant goal of liberation or enlightenment to which one is brought.Tib: theg-pa
Skt: yana
verses, melodicVerse, wohlklingendeSee: melodic verses
verses, meteredVerse, metrischeSee: metered verses
verses, specialVerse, besondereSee: special verses
vertical mental synthesisvertikale geistige SyntheseA collection or mental synthesis that extends over time, such as a human body over a lifetime.Tib: gong-ma'i spyi
very nature of realityeigentliche Natur der RealitätA synonym for voidness (emptiness). Some translators render the term as "thusness."Tib: de-kho-na-nyid
Skt: tattvam
Victorious OneSiegreicher, der SiegreicheSee: Triumphant One
viewAnsicht / Auffassung / SichtIn the description of a Buddhist system in terms of the view of reality, a way of meditating, and way of behaving that it espouses, the main way for regarding and understanding reality. See also: outlook.Tib: lta-ba
view, distortedAnsicht, verzerrteSee: distorted outlook
view of reality, way of meditating, and way of behavingSicht der Wirklichkeit, eine Meditations- und VerhaltensweiseA way to describe a Buddhist system that specifies it in terms of its main way for regarding and understanding reality, its main topic of meditation, and its main manner of acting in the world.Tib: lta-sgom-spyod gsum
vinayaVinayaSee: rules of discipline
vipassanaVipassanaVipassana (Pali for vipashyana) is a state of mind that cognizes clearly, distinctly and directly the true nature of the breath, thoughts, and all other affecting variables -- namely their being nonstatic (impermanent), suffering, and, in relation to them, the lack of an impossible soul. Also, the Theravada practices leading to this state of mind. See also: exceptionally perceptive state of mind.
viraVira (spirituelle Helden)(spiritual hero)Tib: dpa'-bo
viriniVirini (spirituelle Heldinnen)(spiritual heroine)Tib: dpa'-mo
virtuoustugendhaft / ehrenhaft / rechtschaffenSee: constructive
void formLeerheit-FormSee: devoid form
voidnessLeerheitEine Abwesenheit einer unmöglichen Art zu existieren. Die unmögliche Art zu existieren hat es zu keiner Zeit jemals [überhaupt nie] gegeben. Dieser Begriff wird von Übersetzern häufig mit dem Begriff "Leere" übertragen. [ausgedrückt]Tib: stong-pa-nyid
Skt: shunyata
voidness, otherLeerheit, anderesSee: other-voidness
voidness, realizeLeerheit verwirklichen / Leerheit erkennenSee: realize voidness
voidness, selfLeerheit, selbstSee: self-voidness
vowGelübde(1) In the Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Madhyamaka schools other than Gelug Prasangika, the subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to restrain from a certain type of detrimental behavior, which, during a specific ceremony, one has formally promised to restrain from. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug-Prasangika systems, a non-revealing form on a person's mental continuum that performs the same function as in (1) by shaping one's behavior.Tib: sdom-pa
Skt: samvara
vowed restraintgelobte Enthaltung / Einschränkung / ZurückhaltungSee: vow
vow preceptorGelübde-Präzeptor / die Gelübde abnehmender PräzeptorA spiritual mentor who has kept one or more of the sets of pratimoksha vows purely for a certain number of years and who confers on disciples one of the sets of pratimoksha vows that he or she has kept purely.
vows, bodhisattvaGelübde, Bodhisattva-See: bodhisattva vows
vows, tantricGelübde, tantrischeSee: tantric vows
vows for individual liberationGelübde der individuellen Befreiung / Gelübde für die individuelle BefreiungSee: pratimoksha vows

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z alles