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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Deutscher Fachbegriffe

Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
abgrenzenprecludeTo cut off, dismiss, or reject something. To logically cut off or eliminate the possibility that something is something elseTib: bcad-pa
AbgrenzenpreclusionThe conceptual process through which sets and countersets are formulated. It implies previous apprehension of an object to be negated, in which the apprehension itself logically and automatically excludes the object to be negated from the set of either all validly knowable phenomena other than itself or all validly knowable phenomena in total. It is not a deliberate, conscious mental act.Tib: bcad-pa
Abgrenzen, explizitpreclude, explicitlySee: explicitly preclude
Abgründe, gefährlichegorges, dangerousSee: dangerous gorges
abhängiges Phänomendependent phenomenonA validly knowable object that arises dependently on causes and conditions. All nonstatic phenomena. Often translated literally as "other-powered phenomenon."Tib: gzhan-dbang
Skt: paratantra
AbhisambodhikayaAbhisambodhikayaSee: Corpus of Manifest Enlightenment
Ableitung, geistigederivative, mentalSee: mental derivative
AbneigungaversionSee: anger
AbscheudreadThe strong wish not to experience something or for something not to happen. If overlaid with grasping for truly established existence, it becomes fear. Sometimes translated as "fear."Tib: 'jigs-pa
Abschweifung, geistigewandering, mentalSee: mental wandering
Absicht / IntentionintentionThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to obtain any object, to achieve any goal, or to do something with the object or goal once obtained or achieved.Tib: 'dun-pa
absolute Abwesenheitabsolute absenceDie Abwesenheit von etwas Unmöglichem; die Abwesenheit von etwas, das nie existiert hat und das niemals existieren kann.
absolute Negierungabsolute nullificationDie Widerlegung der Möglichkeit, dass etwas existieren könnte.
Abstraktion, nichtstatischeabstraction, nonstaticSee: noncongruent affecting variable
Abstraktion, statischeabstraction, staticSee: static phenomenon
Abwesenheit, absoluteabsence, absoluteSee: absolute absence
Abwesenheit, bloßeabsence, bareSee: bare absence
Abwesenheit wahrer Identitätlack of true identitySee: lack of an impossible "soul"
acht Gruppen von Verwirklichungeneight sets of realizationsalso translated as: eight phenomena.Tib: dngos-po brgyad
acht vergängliche Angelegenheiten des Lebenseight transitory things in lifePraise or criticism, good or bad news, gains or losses, things going well or poorly -- or, more specifically, the emotional ups and downs of overexcitement and depression in response to these eight. Also called the "eight worldly dharmas."Tib: 'jig-rten-pa'i chos-brgyad
acht weltliche Dharmaseight worldly dharmasSee: eight transitory things in life
Aggregat der anderen beeinflussenden Variablenaggregate of other affecting variablesEiner der fünf Aggregat-Faktoren der Erfahrung. Das Netzwerk aller Vorgänge des Nebengewahrseins (Geistesfaktoren), die nicht ein Empfinden von Graden von Glücklichsein oder Unterscheiden sind, und auch alle Vorgänge nichtkongruenter beeinflussender Variablen, die Teil jeden Augenblick des Erlebens im Geisteskontinuum eines Lebewesens sein könnten. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Aggregat der Willensregungen oder Willenskräfte", "Aggregat karmischer Formationen", "Aggregat der Karmagestaltungen", "Anhäufung geistiger Bildekräfte" oder "Ansammlung von Impulsen oder Tatabsichten".Tib: 'du-byed-kyi phung-po
Skt: samskara-skandha
Aggregat der Empfindungenaggregate of feelingsSee: aggregate of feelings of levels of happiness
Aggregat der Empfindungen eines Grades an Glücklichseinaggregate of feelings of levels of happinessEiner der fünf Aggregat-Faktoren der Erfahrung. Das Netzwerk aller Vorgänge des Nebengewahrseins (Geistesfaktoren) der Empfindung eines Grades an Glücklichsein, das Teil jeden Augenblick des Erlebens im Geisteskontinuum eines Lebewesens sein könnte. Dieser Aggregat-Faktor wird auch als "Aggregat der Empfindung" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Ansammlung der Gefühle" oder "Anhäufung der Gefühlsempfindungen". Siehe: Empfindung eines Grades an Glücklichsein Tib: tshor-ba'i phung-po
Skt: vedana-skandha
Aggregat der Formenaggregate of formsSee: aggregate of forms of physical phenomena
Aggregat der Formenform aggregateSee: aggregate of forms of physical phenomena
Aggregat der Formen physischer Phänomeneaggregate of forms of physical phenomenaEiner von fünf Aggregat-Faktoren der Erfahrung. Das Netzwerk aller Vorgänge aller Arten von Anblicken, Klängen, Gerüchen, Geschmäcken, körperlichen Sinnesempfindungen, physischen Sensoren, und Formen physischer Phänomene, die Anreger von lediglich geistiger Wahrnehmung sind. Dieser Aggregat-Faktor wird auch als "Aggregat der Formen" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Ansammlung des Körpers" oder "Anhäufung der Leiblichkeit".Tib: gzugs-kyi phung-po
Skt: rupa-skandha
Aggregat der karmischen Formationenaggregate of karmic formationsSee: aggregate of other affecting variables
Aggregat der Willensregungenaggregate of volitionsSee: aggregate of other affecting variables
Aggregat des Erkennensaggregate of recognitionSee: aggregate of distinguishing
Aggregat des Primärbewusstseinsaggregate of primary consciousnessesEiner der fünf Aggregat-Faktoren der Erfahrung. Das Netzwerk aller Vorgänge des geistigen Bewusstseins oder irgendeiner der fünf Arten sinnlichen Bewusstseins, die Teil jeden Augenblick des Erlebens im Geisteskontinuum eines Lebewesens sein könnten. Dieser Aggregat-Faktor umfasst auch alle Vorgänge verblendeten Gewahrseins und alle Vorgänge des alles umfassenden grundlegenden Bewusstseins innerhalb der philosophischen Systeme, die diese beiden bestätigen. Das Aggregat des Primärbewusstseins für auch als "Aggregat des Bewusstseins" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Aggregat des Hauptbewusstseins". Tib: rnam-shes-kyi phung-po
Skt: vijnana-skandha
Aggregat des Unterscheidensaggregate of distinguishingEiner von fünf Aggregat-Faktoren der Erfahrung. Das Netzwerk aller Vorgänge des Nebengewahrseins (Geistesfaktoren) des Unterscheidens, das Teil jeden Augenblick des Erlebens im Geisteskontinuum eines Lebewesens sein könnte. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Aggregat des Erkennens" oder "Anhäufung der Wahrnehmung". Siehe: Unterscheiden.Tib: 'du-shes-kyi phung-po
Skt: samjna-skandha
AggregateaggregateEin Netzwerk aus vielen Elementen, die allesamt nichtstatische Phänomene sind. Siehe auch: Aggregat-Faktoren der Erfahrung. Tib: phung-po
Skt: skandha
Aggregate, befleckteaggregates, taintedSee: tainted aggregates
Aggregate, herbeiführendeaggregates, obtainingSee: obtaining aggregates
Aggregate, unbefleckteaggregates, untaintedSee: untainted aggregates
Aggregat-Faktoren der Erfahrungaggregate factors of experienceDie fünf Netzwerke (fünf Aggregate), die alle jene nichtstatischen Phänomene bilden [***ausmachen, begründen, festlegen, erzeugen] , die jeden Augenblick eines Geisteskontinuums eines jeden begrenzten Wesens ausmachen.Tib: phung-po
Skt: skandha
aktivierenactivateVerursachen, dass eine karmische Tendenz zu einem manifesten karmischen Impuls wird, der seine Wirkung im nächsten Augenblick hervorbringt. Tib: gsos-'debs
AlayaalayaSee: basis for all
Alaya, ursprüngliches tiefstesalaya, primordial deepestSee: primordial deepest alaya
Alaya des spezifischen Gewahrseinsalaya, specific-awarenessSee: specific-awareness alaya
Alaya des tiefen Gewahrseinsalaya, deep-awarenessSee: deep awareness alaya
Alaya des tiefen Gewahrseinsdeep awareness alayaIn the Karma Kagyu system, a synonym for "mind-itself": the pure aspect of mind that is an aspect of Buddha-nature.Tib: kun-gzhi ye-shes
Alaya für Gewohnheitenalaya for habitsDer Alaya für Gewohnheiten bezeichnet im Dzogchen-System das grundlegende Gewahrsein für die Gewohnheiten des Greifens nach wahrer Existenz, nach Karma und nach Erinnerungen. Der Alaya der Gewohnheiten bezeichnet die Art des begrenzten Gewahrseins, als die das Basis-Rigpa fungiert, wenn es mit Benommenheit vermischt ist. Tib: bag-chags-kyi kun-gzhi
AlayavijnanaalayavijnanaSee: all-encompassing foundation consciousness
Alleinentwickelerself-evolverSee: pratyekabuddha
alleinig ausreichendes weißes Allheilmittelsingular sufficient white panaceaAlso called: all-curing single white epanacea, single white remedy, self-sufficient white remedyTib: dkar-po chig-thub
Alleinverwirklicherself-realizerSee: pratyekabuddha
Alleinverwirklicher-Buddhasolitary BuddhaSee: pratyekabuddha
alles durchdringendall-permeatingAlles durchdringend bezieht sich auf die Qualität von Rigpa (reines Gewahrsein), das alle Vorgänge begrenzter Wesen (sem) ohne Behinderungen wechselseitig und völlig durchdringt. Das geschieht in gleicher Weise wie Öl einen Sesamsamen durchdringt. Tib: zang-thal
Alles Übertreffender Siegreicher MeisterVanquishing Master Surpassing AllAn epithet of a Buddha - one who has conquered (vanquished) all obstacles, attained (mastered) all good qualities, and gone beyond (surpassed) any of the Hindu gods for whom the epithet Bhagavan has also been applied. Some translators render the term as "Blessed One."Tib: bcom-ldan-'das
Skt: bhagavan
alles umfassendall-encompassingIncluding everything within its domain.
alles umfassendall-pervasivePertaining to everything.
Alles umfassender KörperBody Encompassing EverythingSee: Corpus Encompassing Everything
Alles umfassender KörperCorpus Encompassing EverythingDer allwissende Geist eines BuddhaTib: chos-sku
Skt: dharmakaya
alles umfassendes beeinflussendes Leidenall-pervasively affecting sufferingDas Leiden, das einfach dadurch entsteht, dass man befleckte Aggregate besitzt, die als Grundlage dafür dienen, das man das Leiden des Leidens erlebt und das Leiden des Wandels. Solch ein Leiden ist alles durchdringend, da es jeden Augenblick samsarischer Erfahrung beeinflusst. Tib: khyab-par 'du-byed-kyi sdug-bsngal
alles umfassendes grundlegendes Bewusstseinall-encompassing foundation consciousnessEine unspezifisches, nichthinderliches, individuelles Bewusstsein, das aller Wahrnehmung zugrunde liegt, und das dieselben Objekte wahrnimmt, die den Wahrnehmungen zugrunde liegen, das aber eine nichtbestimmende Wahrnehmung dessen ist, was ihm erscheint, und dem es an Klarheit in Bezug auf seine Objekte mangelt. Dieses Bewusstsein trägt die karmischen Vermächtnisse des Karmas und die geistigen Eindrücke seiner Erinnerungen, und zwar in dem Sinne, das sie dem Bewusstsein zugeschrieben sind. Der Begriff wird auch als "grundlegendes Bewusstsein" übersetzt und von einigen Übersetzern als "Speicher-Bewusstsein" wiedergegeben. Der Gelug-Schule zufolge wird es nur von der Chittamatra-Schule angeführt, den Nicht-Gelug-Schulen zufolge wird es sowohl von der Chittamatra-Schule als auch vom Madhyamaka-Lehrsystem behauptet. Tib: kun-gzhi rnam-shes
Skt: alayavijnana
alles umfassendes Leidenall-pervasive sufferingSee: all-pervasively affecting suffering
Allgemeine(s)universalSee: conceptual category
Allgemeines, Arten-universal, kindSee: kind mental synthesis
Allgemeines, bedeutungsbezogenesuniversal, meaningSee: mental category
Allgemeines, Hör-universal, audioSee: audio category
Allgemeines, Klang-universal, soundSee: audio category
Allgemeines, objektbezogenesuniversal, objectSee: object mental synthesis
allgemeines Gewahrseingeneral awarenessIn the Karma Kagyu system, the aspect of mental activity that gives rise to and is aware of the appearing (the arising in general) of an awareness of an object and an object that one is aware of. In a looser sense, awareness of the general features of an entire sensory or mental field that one cognizes, so that one gets an overview.Tib: yid
AllgemeinheitgeneralitySee: conceptual category
allgemein verständliches Objektcommonsense objectEin allgemein verständliches Objekt (ein Objekt, das mit dem gesunden Menschenverstand erfasst werden kann) ist ein äußeres sinnliches Objekt, dass durch Sinneseindrücke (Sinnesdaten) mehrerer Sinne über längere Zeit hinweg erfasst wird. Ein allgemein verständliches Objekt oder Objekt des gesunden Menschenverstandes ist folglich das, was ein normaler Mensch in einem Augenblick des Empfangens von Sinneseindrücken eines Sinnesorgans wahrnimmt und dieses mit seinem gesunden Menschenverstand als ein Objekt ansieht. Tib: 'jig-rten-la grags-pa
Alllgemeines, Sammlungs-universal, collectionSee: collection mental synthesis
Allwissendes Gewahrsein eines Buddhaomniscient awarenessA Buddha's unceasing nonconceptual cognition simultaneously of all validly knowable phenomena and their voidnesses -- in other words, of the two truths about all knowable phenomena.Tib: kun-mkhyen
AllwissenheitomniscienceSee: omniscient awareness
als wahr begründete Existenzexistence established as trueSee: true existence
Altern und Sterbenaging and dyingIn a particular rebirth, the period starting immediately after the moment of conception and ending with the moment of death.Tib: rga-shi
AnalyseanalysisSee: subtle discernment
Analyse, klar erkennendeanalysis, discerningSee: subtle discernment
analytische Meditationanalytical meditationSee: discerning meditation
andauernde Eigenschaftenabiding traitsSee: naturally abiding family-traits
andauernde Naturabiding natureDie dauerhafte und beständige Natur aller Phänomene; die Leerheit aller Phänomene.Tib: gnas-lugs
Anderesleerheitother-voidnessThe natural, beginningless absence from the clear light level of mental activity of "other" levels of mental activity, which are all limited by fleeting stains.Tib: gzhan-stong
andere wertschätzen / sich um das Wohl der anderen kümmern / das Wohl der anderen liegt uns am Herzencherishing othersAndere Wertschätzen ist die Geisteshaltung mit der man andere Wesen als die wertvollsten und wichtigsten Wesen betrachtet (das Wohl anderer liegt einem am Herzen); man empfindet das Gefühl von Zuneigung hauptsächlich für andere und kümmert sich vornehmlich um andere Wesen.Tib: gzhan gces-par 'dzin-pa
Aneigung / ErrungenschaftacquirementDas Erlangen oder Erhalten von etwas, wie beispielsweise eines Gelübdes oder einer spirituellen Errungenschaft, die dem geistigen Kontinuum der Person zugeschrieben wird, die das Gelübde erhalten hat oder die Errungenschaft erlangt hat. Eine Aneignung oder Errungenschaft ist eine nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variable - ein nicht-statisches Phänomen, das weder eine Form materieller Phänomene, noch eine Art des Gewahrseins von etwas ist. Tib: thob-pa
AnhaftungattachmentAnhaftung ist die störende Emotion, die die guten Qualitäten eines Objekts, das man besitzt, übertreibt und die sich nicht wünscht, das Objekt loszulassen. Tib: chags-pa
Skt: sanga
Anhaftung, klebrigeattachment, stickySee: sticky attachment
Anleitungen, persönlicheinstructions, personalSee: personal instructions
Anleitungen, richtungsweisendeinstructions, guidelineSee: guideline instructions
Annäherungs-Retreat, großesapproximation retreat, greatSee: great approximation retreat
Anreger, zwölfstimulators of cognition, twelveSee: twelve stimulators of cognition
Anreger der Wahrnehmungcognitive stimulatorSee: stimulators of cognition
Anreger der Wahrnehmungstimulators of cognitionThe focal conditions and dominating conditions that give rise to the six types of cognition -- namely, the cognitive objects and cognitive sensors of each of the six cognitive faculties. In the case of the five sensory faculties, the objects and sensors are forms of physical phenomena, such as sights and photosensitive cells. In the case of the mental faculty, the objects may be any validly knowable phenomenon, while the sensors are the immediately preceding moments of mental cognition. Usually counted as the twelve stimulators of cognition, but in the list of the twelve links of dependent arising, referred to as the six stimulators of cognition, in which case the two cognitive stimulators of each cognitive faculty are counted as one.Tib: skye-mched
Skt: ayatana
Ansammlung von Weisheitcollection of wisdomSee: network of deep awareness
Anschein / Abbildsemblance, mentalSee: mental aspect
anschließende Erlaubnissubsequent permissionA tantric ritual for a specific Buddha-figure, received in order to strengthen further the Buddha-nature factors that were previously activated with a full empowerment. Usually called by its Tibetan name, "jenang." Tib: rjes-snang
Ansicht, verzerrteview, distortedSee: distorted outlook
Ansicht / Auffassung / SichtviewIn the description of a Buddhist system in terms of the view of reality, a way of meditating, and way of behaving that it espouses, the main way for regarding and understanding reality. See also: outlook.Tib: lta-ba
Ansichten, AnblickesightsNonstatic phenomena that can be explicitly cognized by eye consciousness -- namely, colors and shapes. Equivalent to "forms of physical phenomena that can become objects of experience of the eyes." One of the eleven types of forms of physical phenomena.Tib: gzugs
Skt: rupa
anstrebender Zustand des anstrebenden Bodhichittaaspiring state of aspiring bodhichittaSee: merely aspiring state of aspiring bodhichitta
anstrebendes Bodhichittaaspiring bodhichittaEin Bodhichitta-Geist (ein vom Erleuchtungsgeist erfülltes Bewusstsein oder Herz), der, wenn man sich auf seine eigene individuelle Befreiung hin ausrichtet, einhergeht mit dem Anstreben, der Aspiration oder dem Wunsch eben diese Erleuchtung zu erlangen. Tib: smon-sems
Anuttarayoga-Tantraanuttarayoga tantraAnuttarayoga-Tantra bezeichnet in der Sarma-Schule des tibetischen Buddhismus (aus der neuen Übersetzungsperiode) die vierte oder höchste Klasse an Tantra-Praktiken, die bestimmte innere Methoden betont, um sich selbst als Buddhagestalt zu realisieren. Tib: bla-med rnal-'byor
Skt: anuttarayoga tantra
Anuyogaanuyoga tantraIm Nyingma-System die zweite von drei inneren Tantra-Klassen, die Praktiken betont, die mit den subtilen Energiensystemen der Winde, Kanäle und kreativen Energie-Tropfen befasst sind. Tib: a-nu yo-ga
Ärger / Wut / FeindseligkeitangerEine störende Wurzelemotion, die auf ein anderes begrenztes Wesen ausgerichtet ist oder auf das eigene Leiden oder auf Situationen die Leiden nach sich ziehen. Die störende Wurzelemotion des Ärgers reagiert ungeduldig auf diese Lebewesen, Leiden oder Situationen und wünscht sich, diese loszuwerden, indem sie diese schädigt, verletzt oder nach ihnen schlägt. Der Ärger basiert darauf, das er die Objekte, auf die er ausgerichtet ist, ihrer Natur nach als unattraktiv und abstoßen betrachtet. Tib: khong-khro
Skt: kroddha
ArhatarhatEin Arhat ist ein Praktizierender der zur Klasse der Shravakas, Pratyekabuddhas und Bodhisattvas gehört, und der eine wahre Beendigung der emotionalen Schleier erreicht hat und auf diese Weise die Befreiung (Nirwana) erlangt hat. Ein Arhat wird auch als "befreites Wesen" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Feindzerstörer". Tib: dgra-bcom-pa
Skt: arhat
ArhatschaftarhatshipDer Zustand den ein Arhat erlangt hat.
Art, ein Objekt kognitiv aufzunehmenway of cognitively taking an objectAlso called: way of taking an objectTib: 'dzin-stangs
Artenallgemeineskind universalSee: kind mental synthesis
Artsynthesekind synthesisSee: kind mental synthesis
AryaaryaEin Arya ist eine Praktizierender, der eine nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung der vier Edlen Wahrheiten gehabt hat und so den Pfadgeist des Sehens (Pfad des Sehens) eines Shravakas, Pratyekabuddha oder Bodhisattvas erlangt hat. Der Arya wird auch als "hoch verwirklichter Praktizierender" oder als ein "hoch verwirklichtes Wesen" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Edler". Tib: 'phags-pa
Skt: arya
Arya-Bodhisattvaarya bodhisattvaEin Bodhisattva der eine nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung von Leerheit erlangt hat. Siehe auch: Bodhisattva.Tib: byang-sems 'phags-pa
Skt: arya bodhisattva
Arya-Pfadgeistarya pathway mindDie drei Arten von Pfadgeist der Shravaka-Aryas, Pratyekabuddha-Aryas und Bodhisattva-Aryas (also die drei Arten von Pfadgeist jener Wesen, die eine nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung der vier edlen Wahrheiten besitzen) - und zwar der Pfadgeist des Sehens, der Pfadgeist des Gewöhnens und der Pfadgeist, der keines weiteren Trainings mehr bedarf.Tib: 'phags-lam
Skt: aryamarga
Arya-Pratyekabuddhaarya pratyekabuddhaA pratyekabuddha that has attained nonconceptual cognition of the four noble truths. See also: pratyekabuddha.Tib: rang-rgyal 'phags-pa
Skt: arya prtatyekabuddha
Arya-Shravakaarya shravakaEin Arya-Shravaka ist ein Pratyekabuddha der eine nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung der vier edlen Wahrheiten erlangt hat. Siehe auch: Shravaka. Tib: nyan-thos 'phags-pa
Skt: arya shravaka
Aspekte, natürlicherweise untrennbareaspects, naturally inseparableSee: natural inseparability
AsuraasuraSee: would-be divine
AtiyogaatiyogaAtiyoga ist im Lehrsystem der Nyingma-Schule die zweite von drei Klassen der inneren Tantras, in der Tib: a-ti-yo-ga
AuffassungoutlookA way of regarding and understanding objects, for instance as "me" and "mine."Tib: lta-ba
Auffassung, extremeoutlook, extremeSee: extreme outlook
Auffinden, grobesdetection, grossSee: gross detection
AufgebenriddanceA static state in which an emotional obscuration or a cognitive obscuration has been removed forever from a mental continuum. Equivalent to a true stopping (true cessation). Translated by others as "abandonment."Tib: spong-ba
Skt: hani
aufgeladenes Bewusstseinloaded consciousnessSee: link of loaded consciousness
aufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt der Ursachelink of loaded consciousness at the time of the causeThe first phase of the third of the twelve links of dependent arising, the link of loaded consciousness. A mental continuum containing the karmic aftermath of throwing karma during the lifetime in which the karmic action producing it has occurred. The first part of the third link of dependent arising, the link of loaded consciousness.Tib: rgyu-dus-kyi rnam-shes-kyi yan-lag
aufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt der Ursacheloaded consciousness at the time of the cause, link ofSee: link of loaded consciousness at the time of the cause
aufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt des Ergebnisseslink of loaded consciousness at the time of the resultThe second phase of the third of the twelve links of dependent arising, the link of loaded consciousness. A mental continuum containing the karmic aftermath of throwing karma during the future lifetime produced as a result of that throwing karma.Tib: 'bras-dus-kyi rnam-shes-kyi yan-lag
aufgeladenes Bewusstsein zum Zeitpunkt des Ergebnissesloaded consciousness at the time of the result, link ofSee: link of loaded consciousness at the time of the result
AufmerksamkeitattentionImmer arbeitender geistiger Faktor der die geistige Aktivität mit einem spezifischen kognitiven Objekt in Anspruch nimmt. Die kognitive (d.h. das Wahrnehmen, Denken und Erkennen betreffende) Beschäftigung mit dem Objekt besteht möglicherweise lediglich darin, dem Objekt einen Grad an Aufmerksamkeit zu geben (stark oder schwach), oder sich in bestimmter Weise auf das Objekt auszurichten (sorgfältig, mühelos etc.), oder das Objekt in bestimmter Weise zu betrachten (übereinstimmend oder nicht übereinstimmend). Wird auch bezeichnet als: aufmerksam sein, Beachtung. Tib: yid-la byed-pa
Skt: manasi
Aufmerksamkeit, wiederherstellendeattention, restoringSee: restoring attention
aufmerksam seinpaying attentionSee: attention
aufregendupsettingA way of being aware of something that shares five congruent features with craving for one's own tainted, obtainer aggregate factors of experience.Tib: zang-zing
Aufregung, gewöhnlichecommotion, ordinarySee: ordinary commotion
auftauchen / auftreten / entstehen / in Erscheinung treten / an die Oberfläche tretenariseSee: dawn
auftreten, gleichzeitigarising, simultaneouslySee: simultaneously arising
Auge des Dharma, außersinnlicheseye of the Dharma, extrasensorySee: extrasensory eye of the Dharma
Auge des tiefen Gewahrseins, außersinnlicheseye of deep awareness, extrasensorySee: extrasensory eye of deep awareness
Auge des unterscheidenden Gewahrseins, außersinnlicheseye of discriminating awareness, extrasensorySee: extrasensory eye of discriminating awareness
Ausbilder, Dharma-instructor, DharmaSee: Dharma instructor
auschließenexcludeto eliminateTib: sel-ba
Ausdauer, freudigeperseverance, joyfulSee: joyful perseverance
aus dem Geworfenen entstandene Gliederresultant links of what has been thrownIn the twelve links of dependent arising, the three and a half links of resultant loaded consciousness, nameable mental faculties with or without gross form, stimulators of cognition, and contacting awareness, which occur during the development of an embryo in the womb in the life that is thrown by the activated karmic aftermath of throwing karma.Tib: 'phangs-pa'i 'bras-bu'i yan-lag
ausführliche ErklärungdiscourseAn oral teaching on a spiritual topic, often concerning tantra.Tib: khrid
ausgeglichen / ausgeglichener Geisteven-temperedThe mental factor of not becoming either too involved or indifferent toward others, even when helping them.
ausgewogen / ausgewogener Geisteven-mindedA tranquil state of mind that stays in the middle with regard to being either happy or unhappy, in all circumstances, such as when meeting with or parting from friends. Literally, "a state of standing in the middle."Tib: dbus-gnas-nyid
Skt: madhyasthata
ausgewogene Sensibilitätbalanced sensitivityAusgewogene Sensibilität bezeichnet einen Geisteszustand, in dem man weder übermäßig, noch zu wenig aufmerksam ist, und in dem man in Bezug auf Gefühle und Handlungen weder übermäßig, noch zu wenig, noch unangemessen auf die Lage anderer oder die eigene Situation reagiert, oder indem man ausgewogen auf die Auswirkungen des eigenen Verhaltens auf andere oder einen selbst reagiert.
Ausgewogenheit, meditativeequipoise, meditativeSee: total absorption
auslegbare Lehre / interpretierbare Lehreinterpretable teachingA passage in a sutra text that discusses any topic other than the most profound view of voidness, and which leads one on or points the way to the most profound view of voidness. Such passages require explanation, so that one does not confuse them as indicating the most profound view.Tib: drang-don
Skt: neyartha
Ausrichtung auf ein Bezugsobjekt, ohnereferent aim, without aSee: without a referent aim
Aussage / Behauptung / ErklärungassertionEin Standpunkt, der von einem buddhistischen oder nicht-buddhistischen Lehrsystem in Bezug auf eine philosophische Aussage akzeptiert wird.
äußere Gabe / Opfergabenouter offeringsOfferings of specially consecrated external objects such as water, flowers, incense, and so on.Tib: phyi'i mchod-pa
äußeres Mandalaouter mandalaA round, flat-bottomed bowl, held bottom side up, with three mounds of grain, placed one atop the other on its surface and contained within progressively smaller concentric metal rings, and crowned with an ornamental diadem. It is used as an offering to a spiritual master in request for a teaching, the conferring of a set of vows, and for the conferring of a tantric empowerment. It is also used as an offering of appreciation at the conclusion of these three occasions. It is also offered 100,000 times as a preliminary practice for building up positive force for success in the practice of tantra.Tib: phyi'i dkyil-'khor
äußeres Objektexternal objectSee: external phenomenon
äußeres Phänomenexternal phenomenonA nonstatic phenomenon that arises from a natal source different from the natal source of the consciousness that cognizes it -- namely, from a natal source that is not connected with the mental continuum of the individual who cognizes it.Tib: phyi-don
Skt: bahyartha
außergewöhnlicher Entschlussexceptional resolveThe full determination with which one takes the responsibility to lead all limited beings to liberation and enlightenment. Sometimes translated as "pure wish."Tib: lhag-bsam
Skt: adhyashaya
außerordentliche Ehrlichkeitexceptional sincerityExceptional sincerity has, in addition to the factors comprising sincerity, two more factors: 3) nonattachment (ma-chags-pa), 4) going forward in a special way (khyad-par-du 'gro-ba).Tib: lhag-bsam
außerphysische Emanationextraphysical emanationsPhysical bodies having abilities that are beyond the usual capacity of the body -- such as the ability to run great distances at an incredible speed, to fly, to increase or decrease in size, to multiply, to walk on water, to pass beneath the earth, and so on -- which are produced (emanated) from karma, recitation of mantra, the power of specially consecrated substances, or the power of an actual state of the first level of mental stability (the first dhyana).Tib: rdzu-'phrul
Skt: rddhi
außerphysische Kräfteextraphysical powersSee: extraphysical emanations
außersinnliches Auge des Dharmaextrasensory eye of the DharmaOne of the five extrasensory eyes gained as a byproduct of the attainment of an actual state of the first level of mental stability (the first dhyana). (1) According to the Gelug explanation, cognition that is able to understand the mental capacities of others, in order to be able to teach them appropriately. (2) According to the Karma Kagyu explanation, a Buddha's omniscient awareness that possesses the ten forces that enable a Buddha to lead all beings to enlightenment.Tib: chos-kyi spyan
außersinnliches Auge des tiefen Gewahrseinsextrasensory eye of deep awarenessA Buddha's omniscient awareness that is able to "see" the two truths about all phenomena. One of the five types of extrasensory eyes, possessed only by Buddhas.Tib: ye-shes-kyi spyan
außersinnliches Auge des unterscheidenden Gewahrseinsextrasensory eye of discriminating awarenessCognition that is able to "see" voidness nonconceptually. One of the five extrasensory eyes gained as a byproduct of the attainment of an actual state of the first level of mental stability (the first dhyana)..Tib: shes-rab-kyi spyan
außersinnliches fleischliches Augeextrasensory flesh eyeCognition that is able to see great distances without obstruction, to see through solid objects such as walls, to see in all directions at the same time, and so on. One of the five extrasensory eyes gained as a byproduct of the attainment of an actual state of the first level of mental stability (the first dhyana).Tib: sha'i spyan
außersinnliches göttliches Augeextrasensory divine eyeCognition that is able to "see" in the sense of know, future rebirths. One of the five extrasensory eyes gained as a byproduct of the attainment of an actual state of the first level of mental stability (the first dhyana).Tib: lha'i spyan
außersinnliche Wahrnehmungextrasensory perceptionSee: advanced awareness
AusstrahlungskörperCorpus of EmanationsThe network of grosser forms, which are emanations of a Buddha's Corpus of Full Use, and in which a Buddha appears in order to teach ordinary beings with the karma to be able to meet with them. Also translated sometimes as "Emanation Body."Tib: sprul-sku
Skt: nirmanakaya
Austritt, endgültigeremergence, definiteSee: definite emergence
ausübendes Bodhichittaengaged bodhichittaA mind of bodhichitta which, when focused on one's own individual not-yet-happening enlightenment, imputable on the basis of the Buddha-nature factors of one's mental continuum, is committed to attaining that enlightenment by having taken bodhisattva vows and which then enters into the type of behavior that will bring one to enlightenment.Tib: 'jug-sems
ausübendes Bodhichittainvolved bodhichittaSee: engaged bodhichitta
automatisch / gleichzeitigpervasionThe intersection of two sets of phenomena.Tib: khyab-pa
automatisch auftretend, automatisch erscheinendautomatically arisingNaturally arising or occurring on a mental continuum from time to time, without being based on previously having been taught an incorrect tenet system. When something, such as a constructive or a disturbing emotion automatically arises, it does so from a tendency for that emotion, built up from previous occurrences of the same emotion, and does not entail the occurrence or production of an emotion that has never occurred before.Tib: lhan-skyes
Skt: sahaja
automatisch erscheinende Ignoranzautomatically arising ignoranceSee: automatically arising unawareness
automatisch erscheinende störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungenautomatically arising disturbing emotions and attitudesAutomatisch erscheinende störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungen sind störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungen, die im geistigen Kontinuum einer Person entstehen, ohne dass der Person ein fehlerhaftes Lehrsystem beigebracht worden ist. Tib: nyon-mongs lhan-skyes
automatisch erscheinende Unwissenheitautomatically arising unawarenessDie automatisch erscheinende Unwissenheit ist ein Geistesfaktor mit dem man entweder die verhaltensbedingte Ursache und Wirkung oder die Art und Weise in der das Selbst und alle Phänomene existieren nicht erkennt oder verkehrt erkennt, und der in dem geistigen Kontinuum einer Person entsteht, ohne dass der Person ein fehlerhaftes Lehrsystem beigebracht worden ist. Dieser Geistesfaktor wird auch als automatisch erscheinende Ignoranz bezeichnet. Tib: ma-rigs lhan-skyes
Axiome, vieraxioms, fourSee: four axioms
BardobardoDie Existenzform zwischen dem Augenblick unmittelbar nach dem Tod bis zu dem Augenblick unmittelbar vor der Empfängnis. Der Bardo wird mit dem Begriff "Zwischenzustand" übersetzt. Tib: bar-do
Skt: antarabhava
Bardo-Existenzbardo existenceDie Zeitspanne im geistigen Kontinuum eines individuellen begrenzten Wesens beginnend im ersten Moment unmittelbar nach dem Tod bis zum Augenblick unmittelbar vor der Empfängnis. Tib: bar-do'i srid-pa
Basis für allesbasis for allEin Synonym für Rigpa (reines Gewahrsein), das hauptsächlich in Schatztexten der Kategorie des Geistes verwendet wird. Tib: kun-gzhi
Skt: alaya
beabsichtigte BedeutungintentThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to obtain any object, to achieve any goal, or to do something with the object or goal once obtained or achieved, but based on prior deliberation and thus a stronger mental factor than intention .
BeachtungregardSee: firm conviction
Bedeutung, explizit hinweisendemeaning, explicit suggestiveSee: explicit suggestive meaning
Bedeutung, implizit hingewiesenemeaning, implicit suggestedSee: implicit suggested meaning
bedeutungsbezogene Kategoriemeaning categoryThe conceptual category into which fit all significances (meanings) of an audio category.Tib: don-spyi
bedeutungsbezogenes Allgemeinesmeaning universalSee: meaning category
Bedeutungs-Kategorie /Objekt-Kategoriemeaning/object categoryThe conceptual category into which fit all items to which an audio category refers. These items are also what the audio category signifies (means).Tib: don-spyi
bedingtes Entstehendependent arisingThe reliance of something on something other than itself for establishing its existence. (1) The reliance of all samsaric phenomena on unawareness for establishing their existence; (2) the reliance of all functional, nonstatic phenomena on causes and conditions for establishing their existence; (3) the reliance of both static and nonstatic phenomena on their parts for establishing their existence; (4) the reliance of all phenomena on mental labeling for establishing their existence. Also translated as "dependent origination."Tib: rten-cing 'brel-bar 'byung-ba
Skt: pratityasamutpada
bedingtes Phänomenconditioned phenomenonSee: affected phenomenon
BedingungconditionA nonstatic phenomenon that helps shape the conventional identity of something that is produced or arises from causes.Tib: rkyen
Skt: pratyaya
Bedingung, fokalecondition, focalSee: focal condition
Bedingung, objektivecondition, objectiveSee: focal condition
Bedingung, unmittelbar vorausgehendecondition, immediately precedingSee: immediately preceding condition
Bedingung, ursächlichecondition, causalSee: causal conditions
beeinflussendaffectingAndere Dinge beeinflussen oder bedingen, so dass ein Phänomen verursacht, dass die Wirkungen sich ereignen.
beeinflussende Impulseaffecting impulsesSee: link of affecting impulses
beeinflussende Impulselink of affecting impulsesDas zweite Glied der zwölf Glieder abhängigen Entstehens. Es handelt sich um karmische Impulse, die zukünftige Leben beeinflussen werden; synonym mit "werfendem Karma". Einige Übersetzer geben diesen Fachbegriff mit dem Ausdruck "karmische Formationen" oder "karmische Gestaltungen" wieder. Tib: 'du-byed-kyi yan-lag
Skt: samskara-anga
beeinflussende Naturinfluencing natureOne of the threefold natures of pure awareness (rigpa), referring to the enlightening influence it has on others.Tib: 'phrin-las
beeinflussende Variable / Einflussvariableaffecting variableEin Phänomen, das sich fortwährend verändert (ein nichtstatisches Phänomen) und welches andere nichtstatische Phänomene dahingehend beeinflusst, dass sie entstehen, und zwar in dem Sinne, dass es dazu beiträgt, das ihr Entstehen verursacht wird. Tib: 'du-byed
Skt: samskara
beeinflusstaffectedBeeinflusst oder bedingt durch Ursachen und Bedingungen.
beeinflusstes Phänomenaffected phenomenonEin Phänomen, das durch die Einwirkung von Ursachen und Bedingungen entsteht, und das sich verändert, weil es ständig durch Ursachen und Bedingungen beeinflusst wird. Dies bezieht sich auf alle nichtstatischen (unbeständigen) Phänomene. Übersetzer geben diesen Fachbegriff häufig mit dem Ausdruck "bedingtes Phänomen" wieder. Tib: 'dus-byas-kyi chos
Skt: samskrtadharma
BeendigungstoppingThe total elimination of something such that it never recurs.Tib: 'gog-pa
Skt: nirodha
Beendigung, wahrestopping, trueSee: true stopping
befleckttaintedSomething that derives from a disturbing emotion or attitude, or is related in some way with a disturbing emotion or attitude. According to Vasubandhu, they give rise to further tainted phenomena; while according to Asanga, only some do that. Also translated as "mixed with confusion. Some translators render this term as "contaminated."Tib: zag-bcas
Skt: sashrava
befleckte Aggregatetainted aggregatesThe five aggregate factors of experience that derive from a disturbing emotion or attitude, or are related in some with a disturbing emotion or attitude. Some translators render the term as "contaminated aggregates."Tib: zag-bcas kyi phung-po
befreites Wesenliberated beingSee: arhat
BefreiungliberationThe state of an arhat; the state in which one has attained a true stopping of true suffering and the true origins of suffering, and thus a true stopping of samsara; the state in which one has attained a true stopping of the emotional obscurations.Tib: thar-pa
Skt: moksha
begehrenswerte Sinnesobjekte, fünf Artendesirable sensory objects, five types ofSee: five types of desirable sensory objects
BegierdecravingThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of a strong longing desire to experience something in the future that one may or may not be experiencing at present. The Sanskrit term means, literally, "thirst."Tib: sred-pa
Skt: trshna
Begierde aufgrund von Angstcraving because of fearOne of the three types of craving specified particularly in terms of the time of death. Also called: craving to be separated from what is fearful. (1) A strong longing desire to be parted from pain and unhappiness. (2) Holding on to objects of the past.Tib: 'jigs-sred
Begierde in Bezug auf Begehrenswertescraving in relation to what is desirableOne of the three types of craving specified particularly in terms of the time of death. (1) A strong longing desire not to be parted from the ordinary forms of happiness that one is currently experiencing. (2) Holding on to objects of the present, which one is attached to keeping.Tib: 'dod-sred
Begierde in Bezug auf Weiterexistenzcraving in relation to further existenceOne of the three types of craving specified particularly in terms of the time of death. (1) A strong longing desire for a neutral feeling, which one is experiencing, to continue surviving and not degenerate. (2) A strong longing desire for one's own body composed of five aggregates to continue surviving as a basis for craving in relation to what is desirable and craving because of fear. (3) Holding on to objects of the future.Tib: srid-sred
begreifenapprehendEin Objekt sowohl korrekt als auch entschlussfreudig [***bestimmt] kognitiv annehmen. Tib: rtogs-pa
BegreifenapprehensionSee: apprehend
Begreifen, explizitesapprehension, explicitSee: explicit apprehension
Begreifen, implizitesapprehension, implicitSee: implicit apprehension
begrenztes Gewahrseinlimited awarenessSee: sem
begrenztes Wesenlimited beingA being still having limited awareness. Any being other than a Buddha. Often rendered as "sentient being."Tib: sems-can
Skt: sattva
beherrschende Wirkungcommanding resultsSynonymous with dominating results.Tib: dbang-gi 'bras-bu
beherrschende Wirkungdominating result(1) The type of environment or society in which one is born or enters and the way it treats one, or (2) objects, such as one's possessions, and what happens to them. Such results may ripen from destructive, tainted constructive, or unspecified actions and are called "dominating results" because they extend over and dominate everything that one experiences in a particular rebirth. Also translated as "comprehensive result," "overriding result" or "overlord result," it is synonymous with "commanding result."Tib: bdag-'bras 
bdag-po’i ‘bras-bu
Skt: adhipatiphalam
beherrschende Wirkungoverlord resultSee: dominating result
beherrschende Wirkungresult, commandingSee: dominating result
beherrschende Wirkungresult, dominatingSee: dominating result
beherrschende Wirkungresult, overlordSee: dominating result
beherrschende Wirkungresult, overriding.See: dominating result
benennbare Geisteskräfte mit oder ohne feste Formlink of nameable mental faculties with or without gross formThe fourth of the twelve links of dependent arising. The four mental aggregates -- consciousness, feeling a level of happiness, distinguishing, and other affecting variables -- some of which are merely potentials -- together with the aggregate of forms of physical phenomena during a rebirth on the plane of sensory desires or the plane of ethereal forms, or without this aggregate during a rebirth on the plane of formless beings, during the period of time in the development of a foetus from the moment of conception up until the moment just before the cognitive faculties of seeing, hearing, and so on are differentiated.Tib: ming-dang gzugs-kyi yan-lag
Skt: namarupa-anga
benennbare Geisteskräfte mit oder ohne feste Formnameable mental faculties with or without gross form, link ofSee: nameable mental faculties with or without gross form
BenommenheitdumbfoundednessIn the dzogchen system, a nominal disturbing attitude, equivalent to automatically arising unawareness regarding phenomena, which obscures rigpa's (pure awareness's) knowing its own nature. Some translators render it as "bedazzlement" or "stupidity," but it has nothing to do with intelligence.Tib: rmongs-cha
Bereich der Formform realmSee: plane of ethereal forms
Bereich des Begehrensdesire realmSee: plane of sensory desires
Berichte, enthüllendeaccounts, revelatorySee: revelatory accounts
Berichte, erläuterndeaccounts, illustrativeSee: illustrative accounts
Berichte, fabelhafteaccounts, fabulousSee: fabulous accounts
Berichte von früheren Lebenaccounts, past lifeSee: past life accounts
Berichte von früheren Lebenpast life accountsAccounts of the difficult ascetic practices that Buddha performed in his previous lives while engaging in the conduct of the bodhisattvas. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: skyes-pa'i rabs
Skt: jataka
Beschäftigung mit dem "Ich"self-preoccupationAn attitude of thinking only about oneself, as if one were the only one in the world, and not thinking about anyone else; narcissism.Tib: ngar-'dzin
bescheidenes FahrzeugModest VehicleSee: Hinayana
bescheidenes Fahrzeug des GeistesModest Vehicle of MindSee: Hinayana
besondere Einsichtspecial insightSee: exceptionally perceptive state of mind
besonderes Einschlagen der sicheren Richtungspecial taking of safe directionSynonym for "resultant taking of safe direction."Tib: skyabs-'gro khyad-par-ba
besondere Versespecial versesPraises that Buddha uttered with joy for the sake of the long life of his teachings, and not for the sake of specific individuals. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: ched-du brjod-pa
Skt: udana
beständige Phänomenepermanent phenomenaSee: static phenomenon
BeständigkeitpermanenceSee: staticness
bestätigend erkanntes Phänomenaffirmingly known phenomenonSee: affirmation phenomenon
Bestätigung / AffirmationaffirmationSee: affirmation phenomenon
Bestätigungs-Phänomenaffirmation phenomenonEin Element oder eine Wahrheit über ein Element, das in Bezug auf seine Begründung von etwas definiert wird, ohne dass ein Objekt negiert wird, das explizit durch den Klang ausgedrückt wird. Tib: sgrub-pa
beteiligtes Objektinvolved objectThe main object with which a particular cognition involves itself or engages. Equivalent to the object existing as cognitively taklen.Tib: 'jug-yul
Betrachtung, fehlerhafteconsideration, incorrectSee: paying attention in a discordant manner
BewusstseinconsciousnessEine Gruppe der Weise, etwas gewahr zu sein, die lediglich die essentielle Natur seines Objektes wahrnimmt, wie beispielsweise eine Ansicht, ein Klang oder ein Geistesobjekt etc. Das Bewusstsein kann dabei entweder sinnlich oder geistig sein Tib: rnam-shes
Skt: vijnana
Bewusstsein, alles umfassendes grundlegendesconsciousness, all-encompassing foundationSee: all-encompassing foundation consciousness
Bewusstsein, geistigesconsciousness, mentalSee: mental consciousness
Bewusstsein, grundlegendesconsciousness, foundationSee: all-encompassing foundation consciousness
Bewusstsein, Primär-consciousness, primarySee: primary consciousness
Bewusstsein, spezifischesconsciousness, specificSee: specific awareness
Bewusstseinsaggregataggregate of consciousnessSee: aggregate of primary consciousnesses
Bezeichnen, geistiges / Zuschreiben, geistiges/ Zuschreibunglabeling, mentalSee: mental labeling
Bezugsobjekt der Bezeichnungreferent objectThe validly knowable phenomena that the names and concepts for them, imputed on a basis for labeling, refer to.Tib: btags-chos
Bhagavan. DerBhagavanSee: Vanquishing Master Surpassing All
Bhumi-Geistbhumi-mindEine Ebene des Geistes eines Arya-Bodhisattvas. Tib: sa
Skt: bhumi
bindende Faktoren, vierbinding factors, fourSee: four binding factors
bindende Praktikbonding practiceEine bindende Praktik bezeichnet eine Verhaltensweise oder ein Geisteszustand, mit der man, wenn man sich in dieser Verhaltensweise übt oder sich an diesen Geisteszustand gewöhnt, eine enge Bindung zu einem bestimmten Tantra oder einem bestimmten spirituellen Meister aufrechterhält. Die bindende Praktik wird auch als eng bindende Praktik oder enge Bindung bezeichnet. Tib: dam-tshig
Skt: samaya
bindende Substanzenbonding substancesSubstanzen wie beispielsweise Alkohol und Fleisch, die während eines tantrischen Rituals gereinigt, umgewandelt und gesegnet werden und dann einer Buddha-Gestalt dargebracht werden, um eine enge Bindung (nahe Beziehung) mit dieser Gestalt beizubehalten, so wie man es versprochen hat. Tib: dam-rdzas
bloß / lediglichmereOnly this, without anything more.Tib: tsam
BlößebarenessSee: bare absence
Blöße / "Nacktheit oder Blöße"starknessThe quality of something standing out sharply and dramatically in its appearance, without anything adorning it (like a rock mountain in a desert, totally devoid of any vegetation); the quality of being barren.Tib: stong-pa
bloße Abwesenheitbare absenceBloße Abwesenheit bezeichnet den natürlichen Zustand ohne Konzepte oder konzeptuelle Wahrnehmung, was der natürliche Zustand ist oder die Natur des Gewahrseins (Geist). Tib: stong-sang
bloßer Gleichmutmere equanimityAn equal attitude toward everyone that is devoid of attachment to loved ones, repulsion from enemies, and indifference toward strangers, developed in common in both Hinayana and Mahayana.Tib: btang-snyoms tsam
bloßes Einschlagen der sicheren Richtungmere taking of safe directionSynonymous with "causal taking of safe direction."Tib: skyab-'gro tsam-pa-ba
bloße Wahrnehmungbare cognitionBloße Wahrnehmung bezeichnet die Wahrnehmung eines kognitiven Objekts, ohne das die Wahrnehmung durch ein Medium, ein Allgemeinbild oder eine Kategorie stattfindet. Tib: mngon-sum
Skt: pratyaksha
BodhibodhiSee: purified state
BodhichittabodhichittaGewöhnlicherweise wird der Begriff mit der Bedeutung von relativem Bodhichitta verwendet: Ein Geist oder Herz, dass sich zuerst auf das Wohl aller begrenzten Wesen ausrichtet und dann auf die eigene individuelle zukünftige Erleuchtung, mit der Absicht, Tib: byang-chub-gyi sems
Skt: bodhicitta
Bodhichitta, anstrebendesbodhichitta, aspiringSee: aspiring bodhichitta
Bodhichitta, ausübendesbodhichitta, engagedSee: engaged bodhichitta
Bodhichitta, höchstesbodhichitta, ultimateSee: deepest bodhichitta
Bodhichitta, konventionellesbodhichitta, conventionalSee: conventional bodhichitta
Bodhichitta, mühelosesbodhichitta, unlaboredSee: unlabored bodhichitta
Bodhichitta, relativesbodhichitta, relativeSee: conventional bodhichitta
Bodhichitta, tiefstesbodhichitta, deepestSee: deepest bodhichitta
Bodhichitta, versprochenes, anstrebendesbodhichitta, pledged aspiringSee: pledged state of aspiring bodhichitta
Bodhichitta-Motivationbodhichitta aimDie Art von Absicht, Ziel oder (geistiger) Ausrichtung, die ein Bodhichitta-Bewusstsein besitzt. Der Begriff wird synonym mit Bodhichitta verwendet.
Bodhichitta-Motivationbodhichitta motivationDie Bodhichitta-Motivation ist die Art von Motivation, auf die sich Bodhichitta bezieht. Bodhichitta-Motivation wird synonym mit Bodhichitta verwendet.
BodhisattvabodhisattvaJemand der müheloses Bodhichitta entwickelt hatTib: byang-chub sems-dpa'
Skt: bodhisattva
Bodhisattva- Arhats eindeutiger Linie / Bodhisattva-Arhats der bestimmten Liniebodhisattva arhats of definite lineageBodhisattvas who have been definite about their lineage as bodhisattvas from before attaining arhatship and thus who have attained arhatship as bodhisattvas and not as shravakas or pratyekabuddhas before developing bodhichitta.Tib: rigs-nges-pa'i byang-sems
Bodhisattva-Bhumisbodhisattva bhumisSee: bhumi-mind
Bodhisattva-Gelübdebodhisattva vowsThe set of restraints from committing certain actions (eighteen root downfalls and forty-six faulty actions) that, if committed, would be detrimental to achieving enlightenment and benefiting all others.Tib: byang-sems sdom-pa
BönBonThe pre-Buddhist spiritual tradition of Tibet.Tib: bon
BönpoBonpoEin Anhänger der Bön-TraditionTib: bon-po
BuddhaBuddhaEin vollkommen erleuchtetes Wesen; ein Wesen, das in seinem geistigen Kontinuum die emotionalen und kognitiven Schleier vollständig und ein für allemal beseitigt hat. Tib: sangs-rgyas
Skt: buddha
BuddhafeldBuddha-fieldDas Buddhafeld ist ein nicht-samsarische Bereich, in dem die Umstände für eine ununterbrochene intensive spirituelle Praxis am förderlichsten sind, um die Buddhaschaft zu erlangen. Das Buddhafeld ist in dem Sinne ein Feld, das es sich dabei um einen Ort handelt, an dem man eine unglaublich große Menge positiver Kraft (Verdienst) anbauen und entwickeln kann. Tib: sangs-rgyas-kyi zhing
Skt: Buddhakshetra
Buddhagestalt / BuddhaformBuddha-figureEine Buddhagestalt oder Buddhaform ist eine von einem Buddha ausstrahlende oder hervorgehende Gestalt mit mannigfaltigen Gesichtern, Armen und Beinen, als die sich ein Tantra-Praktizierender selbst visualisiert. Die Visualisation wird durchgeführt, um eine enge Bindung zu der Gestalt zu entwickeln, und so mittels dieser Praxis, die Erleuchtung in Form dieser Gestalt zu erlangen zu können. Tib: yi-dam
Skt: ishtadevata
Buddhajuwel, nominellesBuddha Gem, nominalSee: nominal Buddha Gem
Buddhajuwel, offensichtlichesBuddha Gem, apparentSee: apparent Buddha Gem
Buddhajuwel, tiefstesBuddha Gem, deepestSee: deepest Buddha Gem
BuddhakörperBuddha-BodySee: Corpus of a Buddha
Buddhakörper, dreiBuddha-Bodies, ThreeSee: Three Corpuses of a Buddha
Buddhakörper, fünfBuddha-Bodies, FiveSee: Five Corpuses of a Buddha
Buddhakörper, vierBuddha-Bodies, FourSee: Four Corpuses of a Buddha
Buddhakörper, zweiBuddha-Bodies, TwoSee: Two Corpuses of a Buddha
BuddhanaturBuddha-natureLiterally: Buddha caste-trait, Buddha family-trait. A factor imputable on the stained mind of a limited being (sentient being) that transforms into or allows for the attainment of enlightenment.Tib: sangs-rgyas-kyi rigs
Buddhismus-ProfessorBuddhism professorA teacher, either lay or monastic, Western or Asian, who imparts information about Buddhism gained from scriptural knowledge and/or scholarly research.
Charakteristika, inhärentecharacteristics, inherentSee: inherent characteristics
ChittamatraChittamatraA Mahayana school of Indian Buddhism that does not assert external phenomena, but which does assert the true existence of dependent phenomena. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism; the Mind-Only School.Tib: Sems-tsam-pa
dämonische Kraftdemonic forceSomething that harms limited beings or causes interference and obstacles to constructive actions.Tib: bdud
Skt: mara
Darstellung, geistige / Repräsentation, geistigerepresentation, mentalSee: mental representation
Darstellungen, epischepresentations, epicSee: epic presentations
Darstellungen der praxisbezogenen Themenexpositions on themes of practiceSee: sutra
das Glied der Wahrnehmungsanregerlink of stimulators of cognitionThe fifth of the twelve links of dependent arising. The stimulators of cognition during the period of time in the development of a fetus from when the six different stimulators of cognition are differentiated up until but just before the aggregate of distinguishing is differentiated.Tib: skye-mched-kyi yan-lag
Skt: ayatana-anga
das Glied der Wahrnehmungsanregerstimulators of cognition, link ofSee: link of stimulators of cognition
das HeranreifenripeningThe process whereby a karmic cause gives rise to its result. See: ripen.Tib: smin-pa
Skt: vipaka
Deckenfriesmoldings(on walls or ceilings)
definierende Charakteristikadefining characteristicsSee: defining characteristic mark
der tatsächliche Zustand der ersten Ebene geistiger Stabilitätactual state of the first level of mental stabilityA state of mind attained on the basis of the attainment of a stilled and settled state of shamatha and which temporarily blocks all disturbing emotions and attitudes directed at phenomena on the plane of sensory desires (the "desire realm"). The various types of advanced awareness arise as a byproduct of the attainment of this state of mind. Also called: "actual state of the first dhyana."Tib: bsam-gtan dang-po'i dngos-gzhi
Dharmadharma(1) Preventive measures which, if one puts into practice or achieves, prevent the experience of future suffering. (2) Buddha's teachings. (3) Any phenomenon or "thing."Tib: chos
Skt: dharma
Dharma, der echteDharma, "real thing"See: real-thing Dharma
Dharma-AusbilderDharma instructorA teacher, either lay or monastic, Western or Asian, who explains the Buddhist teachings from his or her own experiential insight and understanding.
Dharmajuwel, nominellesDharma Gem, nominalSee: nominal Dharma Gem
Dharmajuwel, offensichtlichesDharma Gem, apparentSee: apparent Dharma Gem
Dharmajuwel, tiefstesDharma Gem, deepestSee: deepest Dharma Gem
DharmakayaDharmakayaSee: Corpus Encompassing Everything
Dharmakaya des tiefen Gewahrseinsdeep awareness DharmakayaSee: Corpus of Deep Awareness' Encompassing Everything
Dharma lightDharma-liteA version of the Buddhist teachings without the presentation of past and futures lives and in which the motivating aim is usually just to improve one's samsaric existence of this life.
Dharma-SchützerDharma-protectorA class of forceful beings, tamed by Buddha or a spiritual lineage master such as Guru Rinpoche, and made to take an oath to protect the Dharma and its practitioners. They may be either ordinary worldly beings (non-aryas) or highly realized aryas. In some cases, they are emanations of a Buddha, appearing in the form of a Dharma-protector.Tib: chos-skyong
Skt: dharmapala
Dharma-Schützerprotector, DharmaSee: Dharma-protector
DichotomiedichotomyTwo mutually exclusive sets form a dichotomy if all existent phenomena must be a member of either one or the other mutually exclusive set.Tib: dngos-'gal
die guten Eigenschaften anderer anregen (Wachstum)stimulating others' good qualitiesAlso translated as "increase."Tib: rgyas-pa
die Kategorie der Herzessenzheart essence divisionAnother name for the quintessence teachings division of treasure texts, and for the texts contained in this division.Tib: snying-thig
Ding, auf die sich etwas beziehtthing, referentSee: referent thing
Dinge, auf die sich etwas bezieht / Bezugs-Dingreferent thingThe actual "thing" referred to by a name or concept, corresponding to the names or concepts for something, and which is findable, establishing its own existence by its own power, on the side of the referent object of the name or concept. In Gelug, according to Prasangika it is nonexistent and according to lower tenet systems it is existent.Tib: btags-don
direkte Ursachedirect causeThe phenomenon that actually produces its result, without need for any intermediary -- for example, a visible object is the direct cause for the seeing of it.Tib: dngos-rgyu
direkte Wahrnehmungdirect cognitionAccording to the non-Gelug presentation, the type of cognition that a present moment of sensory consciousness has of the present moment of a mental aspect (mental hologram) of the immediately preceding moment of an external sense object. Compare: indirect cognition.Tib: dngos-su shes-pa
doktrinär bedingte störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungendoctrinally based disturbed emotions and attitudesDisturbing emotions and attitudes that arise based on having been taught and having accepted a non-Buddhist Indian tenet system or a less sophisticated Indian Buddhist tenet system.Tib: nyon-mongs kun-brtags
doktrinär bedingte Unwissenheitdoctrinally based unawarenessThe mental factor of either not knowing or knowing invertedly either behavioral cause and effect or the manner in which the self and all phenomena exist, and which arises on a person's mental continuum based on that person having been taught an incorrect tenet system. Also called: doctrinally based ignorance.Tib: ma-rig kun-brtags
dominante Bedingung / vorherrschende Bedingungdominating conditionThe nonstatic phenomena that produce the essential nature of something, such as the eye sensors for the visual consciousness and congruent mental factors of a visual cognition. This condition is called "dominating" – literally, the "overlord condition" – because it rules what the essential nature of its result will be.Tib: bdag-rkyen
Skt: adhipatipratyaya
DrangurgeSee: mental urge
drei Bereichethree realmsSee: three planes of samsaric existence
drei BuddhakörperThree Buddha-BodiesSee: Three Corpuses of a Buddha
drei Ebenen der Existenzthree planes of existenceSee: three planes of samsaric existence
drei Ebenen der samsarischen Existenzthree planes of samsaric existenceA threefold division of samsaric rebirth states: the planes of (1) sensory desires, (2) ethereal forms, and (3) formless beings. Sometimes called "the three realms."Tib: khams-gsum
Skt: tridhatu
Dreifaches KleinodTriple GemSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
drei gereinigte Zuständethree purified statesThe three states of bodhi; the three states of a shravaka arhat, a pratyekabuddha arhat, and a Buddha.
Drei JuwelenThree JewelsSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
Drei Juwelen der Zuflucht / Drei ZufluchtsjuwelenThree Jewels of RefugeSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
Drei KleinodienThree GemsSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
drei Körper des BuddhaThree Corpuses of a Buddha(1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), and (3) Corpus Encompassing Everything (Dharmakaya) of a Buddha.Tib: sku-gsum
Skt: trikaya
drei Kreisethree circlesThree aspects of an action that are all equally void of true existence: (1) the individual performing the action, (2) the object upon or toward which the action is committed, and (3) the action itself. Occasionally, as in the case of the action of giving, the object may refer to the object given. The existence of each of these is established dependently on the others. Sometimes translated as "the three spheres" of an action.Tib: 'khor-lo gsum
Drei Seltene und Überragende KleinodienThree Rare and Supreme GemsThe Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. Also called "The Three Gems," "The Triple Gem," "The Three Jewels," and "The Three Jewels of Refuge."Tib: dkon-mchog gsum
Skt: triratna
duales Erscheinungs-Hervorbringendual appearance-makingSee: dualistic appearance-making
Durchbruchbreak-throughMit Durchbruch wir im Dzogchen-System die Praxis und Ergebnisstufe bezeichnet, in der man die Ebene des begrenzten (gewöhnlichen) Geistes "durchbricht" und sowohl das Essenz-Rigpa erkennt, als auch Zugang zum Essenz-Rigpa erhält, dadurch den Pfadgeist des Sehens (Pfad des Sehens) erlangt und ein Arya wird. Tib: thregs-chod
durch Menschenhand geschaffene Folgenman-made resultA result that arises as the direct result of the effort of a limited being, but which does not ripen from karma.Tib: skyes-bu byed-pa'i 'bras-bu
Skt: purushakaraphalam
DzogchendzogchenDas Dzogchen bezeichnet ein Mahayana-System oder eine Mahayana-Praxis in den Nyingma-, Bön-, Karma-Kagyü-, Drugpa-Kagyü- und Drigung-Kagyü-Traditionen. Die Praktiken befassen sich damit einen Zugang zu Rigpa zu erlangen, d.h. zu seinem eigenen reinen Gewahrsein, und zu erkennen, dass dieses bereits vollständig alle guten Qualitäten besitzt. Dzogchen wird als "die große Vollendung" übersetzt. Tib: rdzogs-chen
Ebene / SphäreplaneSee: three planes of samsaric existenceTib: khams
Ebene der ätherischen Formenplane of ethereal formsSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings have desire for subtle forms of physical phenomena. Usually translated by others as "form realm."Tib: gzugs-khams
Skt: rupadhatu
Ebene der Basisbasis levelDie Ebene der Basis ist die Ebene von etwas, wie beispielsweise der Buddhanatur, die ganz im Allgemeinen auftritt, unabhängig davon, ob man eine Errungenschaft auf dem buddhistischen spirituellen Weg erreicht hat oder nicht. Tib: gzhi
Ebene der Basislevel, basisSee: basis level
Ebene der formlosen Wesenplane of formless beingsSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings lack any gross body. Usually translated by others as "formless realm."Tib: gzugs-med khams
Skt: arupadhatu
Ebene des Pfadeslevel, pathwaySee: pathway level
Ebene des Pfadespathway levelIn the context of basis, pathway, and resultant levels of something being specified, the level of it in the context of someone engaged in the practices for attaining enlightenment. In some usages, the level of a Mahayana arya with a seeing or accustoming pathway mind.Tib: lam
Skt: marga
Ebene des Sinnesbegehrensplane of sensory desiresSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings have desire for sensory objects. Usually translated by others as "desire realm."Tib: 'dod-khams
Skt: kamadhatu
Edle, dernoble oneSee: arya
EhrlichkeitsinceritySincerity has two factors included in it: (1) lack of hypocrisy (g.yo-med) – not hiding our own faults, (2) lack of pretension (sgyu-med) – not pretending to have qualities that we do not have.Tib: bsam-pa
EifersuchtjealousyA disturbing emotion that focuses on other peoples' accomplishments – such as their good qualities, possessions, or success – and is the inability to bear their accomplishments, due to excessive attachment to one's own gain or to the respect one receives. Also translated as "envy."Tib: phrag-dog
Skt: irshya
eigene Identitäten behauptenasserting one's identityThe fourth of the four "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising. Equivalent to a deluded outlook toward a transitory network.Tib: bdag-tu smra-ba
eigenes Angesicht/Anlitzown faceThe manner of existence and good qualities of pure awareness (rig-pa) as can be cognized by reflexive deep awareness.Tib: rang-ngo
Eigenschaften, andauerndetraits, abidingSee: naturally abiding family-traits
Eigenschaften, gutequalities, goodSee: good qualities
Eigenschaften, sich entwickelndetraits, evolvingSee: evolving family-traits
eigenständig erkennbarself-sufficiently knowableA validly knowable phenomenon that, when actually cognized, does not rely on actual cognition of or by something else, for instance actual cognition of the object's basis for labeling.Tib: rang-rkya thub-pa'i rdzas-yod
eigentliche Natur der Realitätvery nature of realityA synonym for voidness (emptiness). Some translators render the term as "thusness."Tib: de-kho-na-nyid
Skt: tattvam
einfache Wahrnehmungstraightforward cognitionNach Gelug Prasangika, die Wahrnehmung eines Objektes, die, ohne dass man sich auf eine schlussfolgernde Argumentationskette verlassen muss, im ihr unmittelbar vorhergehenden Augenblick entsteht. Die einfache (nackte / bloße) Wahrnehmung kann entweder konzeptuell oder nichtkonzeptuell sein. Tib: mngon-sum
Skt: pratyaksha
Einfluss, erleuchtenderinfluence, enlighteningSee: enlightening influence
Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung, besonderestaking of safe direction, specialSee: special taking of safe direction
Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung, bloßestaking of safe direction, mereSee: mere taking of safe direction
Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung, resultierendestaking of safe direction, resultantSee: resultant taking of safe direction
Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung, ursächlichestaking of safe direction, causalSee: causal taking of safe direction
EinsichtinsightA nontechnical term for an understanding of a deeper level of meaning of something that one did not understand so deeply before or not at all before.
einspitzigsingle-pointedConcentration settled on an object or settled in a state of mind (such as compassion) and free of all flightiness of mind an mental dullness.
Einstellung, nominell störendeattitude, nominal disturbingSee: nominal disturbing attitude
Emanation, wundersameemanation, miraculousSee: miraculous emanations
Emotion, störendeemotion, disturbingSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
emotionale Schleieremotional obscurationsFleeting stains that temporarily "cover" or accompany mental activity (more precisely, clear light mental activity), thereby preventing the mental activity from cognizing phenomena without accompanying disturbing emotions or attitudes. They include the disturbing emotions and attitudes, as well as their tendencies (seeds), and prevent the attainment of liberation from samsara, Also translated as "obscurations that are the disturbing emotions and attitudes"and "obscurations preventing liberation."Tib: nyon-sgrib
Skt: kleshavarana
Empfängnis-Existenzconception existenceThe period of time in the mental continuum of an individual limited being during which they experience conception. It lasts only one moment. Some translators render the term as "birth existence."Tib: skye-srid
Empfinden verschiedener Grade von Glücklichseinfeeling a level of happinessOne of the five ever-functioning subsidiary awarenesses (mental factors). The subsidiary awareness that accompanies each moment of sensory or mental cognition of a limited being before attaining liberation and with which that being experiences the ripenings of its own karma in the form of something within the spectrum of extreme unhappiness, through neutral, to extreme happiness. Also called "feeling."Tib: tshor-ba
Skt: vedana
Empfindung / GefühlfeelingSee: feeling a level of happiness
endgültige Lehre / eindeutige Lehredefinitive teachingA passage in a sutra text that discusses the most profound view of voidness, and to which all other passages in all other sutra texts eventually lead or point. Such passages do not need to be explained as indicating anything more profound.Tib: nges-don
Skt: nitartha
Energie, karmischeenergy, karmicSee: karmic energy
Energiekanal, linkerenergy-channel, leftSee: left energy-channel
Energiekanal, rechterenergy-channel, rightSee: right energy-channel
Energiekanal, zentralerenergy-channel, centralSee: central energy-channel
Energiewindenergy-windAlso called: energy-wind breathsTib: rlung
Skt: prana
Energiewind, subtilerenergy-wind, subtleSee: subtle energy-winds
Energiewind-Atemzügeenergy-wind breathsSee: energy-wind
eng bindende Praktik / enge Bindungclosely bonding practiceSee: bonding practice
enge Bindungclose bondSee: bonding practice
Engstirnigkeitclosed-mindednessSiehe: Naivität
entfernte Liniedistant lineageThe lineage of a teaching that began with Buddha himself.Tib: ring-brgyud
enthüllende Berichterevelatory accountsOne of the twelve scriptural categories. (1) Buddha's revelations of what has happened in the past or prophesies of what will occur in the future. (2) According to some explanations, scriptures of definitive meaning.Tib: lung-bstan-pa
Skt: vyakarana
EntitätentityA truly existent "thing," either objective or metaphysical, that exists as a findable "thing" on its own, established as that "thing" by its own power from its own side.
Entität, metaphysischeentity, metaphysicalSee: metaphysical entities
Entität, objektiveentity, objectiveSee: objective entities
Entsagungrenunciation(1) The definite determination to be free of samsara and to gain liberation, and with which one is willing to give up true suffering and true causes. Also translated as "determination to be free." (2) In Theravada, the mental factor to give up all attachment to worldly possessions, social status, and even one's body. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: nges-'byung
Skt: naishkramya
Entsagung, kurzlebige, hocherregterenunciation, short-lived all-excitedSee: short-lived all-excited renunciation
entscheidende Erklärungendecisive explicationsPrecise indications of the meaning of the works in The Basket of Sutras by specifying the individual and general definitions of things. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: gtan-la phab-pa
Skt: upadesha
entscheidendes Gewahrseindecisive awarenessSee: ascertainment
entscheidende Wahrnehmungdecisive cognitionSee: ascertainment
Entschlossenheit / EntschlusskraftresolutionOne of the ten far-reaching attitudes in the Theravada tradition. An attitude of determination with which a bodhisattva never abandons what he or she needs to do in order to benefit others.Tib: byin-rlabs
Skt: adhisthana
Entschluss, außergewöhnlicherresolve, exceptionalSee: exceptional resolve
Entstehen, kognitivesarising, cognitiveSee: cognitive arising
Entstehenlassenarise, makingSee: making arise
Entstehenlassengiving rise toSee: making arise
Entstehenlassenmaking ariseThe mental activity of appearance-making, which causes a cognitive appearance (mental hologram) to occur as an object of cognition in a moment of a mental continuum. Also translated as: "giving rise to."
epische Darstellungenepic presentationsPresentations of the vast and profound aspects of such topics as the six far-reaching attitudes (six perfections) and ten arya bodhisattva levels of bhumi-mind (ten bhumis) of The Basket of the Mahayana or Bodhisattva Sutras. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: shin-tu rgyas-pa
Skt: vaipulya
erarbeitetlaboredA state of mind, such as bodhichitta, generated by working oneself up to it, with deliberate effort, through a series of steps, each of which entails a line of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-bcas
erhöhtes Gewahrseinheightened awarenessSee: advanced awareness
ErhöhungelevationSee: inspiration
ErkenntnisrecognitionThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of distinguishing an object as being something specific, such as when studying the Dharma, oneself as being a sick person, one's spiritual teacher as being a doctor, and the Dharma as being medicine.Tib: 'du-shes
Skt: samjna
Erkentnisse, dreirecognitions, threeSee: three recognitions
Erklärungen, entscheidendeexplications, decisiveSee: decisive explications
erlangen / erreichenattainSee: actualize
erlangtes Nirvana / errungenes Nirvanaacquired nirvanaErloschene Zustände der Erlösung aus allen samsarischen Leiden und ihren wahren Ursachen, die durch die Kraft der Meditation erlangt werden. Tib: thob-pa'i mya-ngan 'das
Erlaubnis, anschließendepermission, subsequentSee: subsequent attainment
erläuternde Berichteillustrative accountsTeachings of Buddha given with examples for ease of comprehension by the listener. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: rtogs-par brjod-pa
Skt: avadana
erleuchtender Einflussenlightening influenceThe unceasing, unending, effortless activity of a Buddha, which helps bring all limited beings to higher rebirth, liberation, and enlightenment. Such activity does not require a Buddha actually doing anything: a Buddha's attainment itself exerts a positive influence on others to pacify disturbance, stimulate the growth of good qualities, bring disorder under control, and forcefully end any harm. Also translated as: "Buddha-activity."Tib: 'phrin-las
Skt: samudacara
erleuchtende Tatenenlightening deedsAccording to Mahayana, a set of twelve actions or deeds in the life of a Buddha, with which a Buddha demonstrates to all limited beings the way to achieve enlightenment.Tib: mdzad-pa
ErmächtigungempowermentA tantric ritual that activates and empowers Buddha-nature factors to grow so that, through repeated, sustained tantric practice, they will eventually transform into the Three Corpuses (Bodies) of a Buddha. An empowerment also plants new seeds, or potentials, that will likewise grow in the same manner. The term is often translated as "initiation."Tib: dbang
Skt: abhishekha
Ermächtigung, geheimeempowerment, secretSee: secret empowerment
Ermächtigung, vierteempowerment, fourthSee: fourth empowerment
Ermächtigung des tiefen unterscheidenden tiefen Gewahrseinsempowerment, discriminating deep awarenessSee: discriminating deep awareness empowerment
Ermächtigung des Vajra-tiefen Gewahrseinsempowerment, vajra deep awarenessSee: vajra deep awareness empowerment
Ermächtigung des Wortesempowerment, wordSee: word empowerment
Errungenschaft, verwirklichte / Erlangung, verwirklichteattainment, actualSee: actual attainment
erscheinendawnA verb used for the arising of a cognitive appearance on a mental continuum, in analogy with the sun rising at dawn, except that the cognitive appearance is not already existing somewhere hidden in the mind in some unconscious manner and then comes up to consciousness when it dawns. Also translated as "to arise."Tib: shar-ba
erscheinendes Objektappearing objectDas erscheinende Objekt ist ein geistiges Hologramm (geistige Darstellung) eines sich im Äußeren oder Inneren befindenden Objektes der Wahrnehmung, das durch die Wahrnehmung hervorgebracht wird. Das erscheinende Objekt ist gleichbedeutend mit dem kognitiv aufgenommenen Objekt. Manchmal wir dieser Fachbegriff synonym mit dem Begriff "geistiges Erscheinungsbild" verwendet, und zwar in dem Sinne, dass eine Wahrnehmung das "geistige Erscheinungsbild" seines ihm erscheinenden Objektes annimmt. Tib: snang-yul
Erscheinenlassenappearance, giving rise toSee: appearance-making
Erscheinenlassengiving rise to appearancesSee: appearance-making
ErscheinungappearanceDas geistige Hologramm (geistige Darstellung) eines sich im Äußeren oder Inneren befindenden Objektes der Wahrnehmung, das im Geist entsteht. Tib: snang-ba
Erscheinung, kognitiveappearance, cognitiveSee: appearance
Erscheinung, reflexiveappearance, reflexiveSee: reflexive appearance
Erscheinung, reineappearance, pureSee: pure appearance
Erscheinung, trügerischeappearance, deceptiveSee: deceptive appearance
Erscheinung, unreineappearance, impureSee: impure appearance
Erscheinungen hervorbringendes grundlegendes Rigpaappearance-making basis rigpaReines Gewahrsein (rigpa) aus dem Blickwinkel seines Aspektes spontan Erscheinungen hervorzubringen. Synonym mit dem Fachbegriff: strahlendes Rigpa. Tib: gzhi-snang-gi rig-pa
Erscheinungen von nichtwahrer Existenzappearances of non-true existenceErscheinungen von nicht wahrer Existenz sind im Nyingma-System geistige Hologramme von Objekten der Wahrnehmung, die Objekte nicht so erscheinen lassen als seien sie wahrhaft als "dies" oder "das" existierende Dinge. Die Erscheinungen von nichtwahrer Existenz entstehen lediglich bei der sinnlichen und nichtkonzeptuellen geistigen Wahrnehmung auf. Tib: med-snang
Erscheinungsbild, geistigesaspect, mentalSee: mental aspect
Erscheinungs-Hervorbringen, dualesappearance-making, dualSee: dualistic appearance-making
Erscheinungs-hervorbringendes grundlegendes Rigparigpa, appearance-making basis rigpaSee: appearance-making basis rigpa
Erstarren der Erscheinungappearance congealmentAuch übersetzt als: Erscheinung, weiße ErscheinungTib: snang
Erzählungen, ethischenarratives, ethicalSee: ethical narratives
Erzählungen aus alter Zeitancient narrativesStories from ancient times that Buddha told. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: de-lta-bu byung-ba
Skt: itivrttika
Erzählungen aus alter Zeitnarratives, ancientSee: ancient narratives
Erzeugungsstufegeneration stageThe first stage of anuttarayoga practice, during which one uses the powers of imagination to generate oneself in the form of a Buddha-figure and performs a sadhana.Tib: bskyed-rim
Erzeugung vor einemfront-generationThe part of a self-initiation in which one generates in front of oneself the supported and supporting mandalas from which one will receive the full empowerment.Tib: mdun-bskyed
essentielle Naturessential natureDie allgemeine Art von Phänomen, die eine Sache ist - beispielsweise ein Anblick, ein Klang und so weiter. [So ist beispielsweise die essentielle Natur des schönen Anblicks eines Sonnenuntergangs, der Anblick] Tib: ngo-bo
essentielle Natur, gleicheessential nature, sameSee: same essential nature
Essenz-Mahamudraessence mahamudraA pathway of mahamudra practice concerning the nature of the mind in which specially qualified disciples receive the inspiration of the realizations all the lineage masters through receiving a vajra deep awareness empowerment and thereby achieve realization of mind-itself, equivalent to a seeing pathway mind. As "those for whom it happens all at once," they achieve enlightenment simultaneously with this realization. Also known as "the singular sufficient white panacea."Tib: snying-po'i phyag-chen
Essenz-Rigpaessence rigpaEssenz-Ripga ist das reine Gewahrsein vom Standpunkt her, dass es ursprünglich rein ist und als offener Raum dient, in dem das strahlende Rigpa fungiert. Tib: ngo-bo'i rig-pa
ethische Erzählungenethical narrativesRules, codified by Buddha for those who are ordained, concerning which actions constitute a breach of their vows. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: gleng-bzhi
Skt: nidana
ethische Selbstdisziplinethical self-discipline(1) In Theravada, the subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to avoid doing any harm to others, by keeping one's vows, free from anger or ill-will even if others harm one. (2) In Mahayana, the mental urge to safeguard the actions of one's body, speech, and mind, which comes from having turned one's mind away from any wish to cause harm to others and from the disturbing and destructive mental factors that had motivated one to harm others. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: tshul-khrims
Skt: shila
ethisch neutralethically neutralSee: unspecified phenomenon
ethisch nicht näher bezeichnetethically unspecifiedSee: unspecified phenomenon
etwas, das die wirkliche Natur besitztsomething possessing the actual natureSee: property-possessor
Existenz, die durch Selbstnatur begründet istexistence established by self-natureExistence of something established or proven by the fact that the referent object of the imputation of it can be found upon searching for it. For example, the existence of a table established or proven by the fact that when one searches for the object that the mental label "table" refers to, one can find the object, a "table." Also translated as "self-established existence," it is often translated by others as "inherent existence."Tib: rang-bzhin-gyis grub-pa
Existenz, inhärenteexistence, inherentSee: existence established by self-nature
Existenz, wahreexistence, trueSee: true existence
Existenzbereiche, sechsrealms of existence, sixSee: six realms of existence
Existenz vor dem Todepredeath existenceThe period of time in the mental continuum of an individual limited being starting from the moment immediately after conception until the moment immediately before death.Tib: sngon-dus-kyi srid-pa
ExistierendeexistentsValidly knowable phenomena.Tib: yod-pa
existierendes Phänomenexistent phenomenonSee: existents
explizites Begreifenexplicit apprehensionIn the Gelug system, apprehension of a cognitive object in which a cognitive appearance (mental hologram) of the involved object of the cognition arises. Compare: implicit apprehension.Tib: dngos-su rtogs-pa
explizite Wahrnehmungexplicit cognitionSee: explicit apprehension
explizit hinweisende Bedeutungexplicit suggestive meaningOne of the six alternative meanings. When an expression in a root tantra text has two dissimilar meanings, the literal, evident, or face value meaning of the expression. It suggests or leads one on to the second meaning (the implicit suggested meaning), which is dissimilar to what is actually said on face value.Tib: drang-don
Skt: neyartha
extreme Auffassungextreme outlookThe disturbing attitude that regards one's five samsara-perpetuating aggregates in either an eternalist or nihilistic way. (1) According to Vasubandhu, an extreme outlook that views the samsara-producing aggregate factors themselves as either lasting eternally or ending totally at death, with no continuity in future lives. (2) According to Tsongkhapa, a disturbing, deluded discriminating awareness that focuses on the conventional "me" and considers it either as having a truly existent identity permanently or as not having continuity in future lives.Tib: mthar-'dzin-pa'i lta-ba
Skt: antagrahadrshti
extrem kraftvollforcefulUsing extremely strong actions or methods, such as yelling at someone or hitting someone, in order to make the person stop doing something harmful. Forceful methods are used only when all other methods to make the person stop have failed or are impossible in the situation. Some translators render the term as "wrathful," but this has an inappropriate connotation, since "wrathful," in English, is used for the Old Testament God, who, when people disobey Him, gets angry and punishes them.Tib: drag-po
extrem verschleiertes Phänomenextremely obscure phenomenonA validly knowable phenomenon that can be apprehended through authoritative texts or speech, such as the enlightening words of the Buddha, or that can be apprehended through the words of persons who are valid sources of information.Tib: shin-tu lkog-gyur
fabelhafte Berichtefabulous accountsDescriptions of such marvelous, wondrous things as the wisdom, extra-physical powers and saintly deeds of the Buddhas, pratyekabuddhas (self-realizers), and shravakas (listeners). One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: rmad-du byung-ba
Skt: adbhutadharma
Fabrikation, getrennt von geistigerfabrication, parted from mentalSee: state parted from mental fabrication
fade und wirkungslosflatOne's Dharma practice is flat when it is going nowhere, when it is not taking one anywhere. There is nothing lively in it anymore. "Flat" is usually used for sparkling water (soda water) or beer, when there are no more bubbles.
Fähige, derAble OneEin Beiname des Buddha - jemand der imstande war, das Ziel der Erleuchtung zu erreichen und der in der Lage ist, allen Lebewesen soviel wie möglich zu nutzen. Tib: thub-pa
Skt: muni
fähige Weise, derAble SageSee: Able One
Fähigkeit, auf andere einzugehenresponsivenessThe influencing nature of pure awareness (rigpa) - namely, that it responds to others effortlessly and spontaneously with compassionate communication. See: responsive awareness.Tib: thugs-rje
FahrzeugvehicleSee: vehicle of mind
Fahrzeug des Geistesvehicle of mindA level of state of mind that acts as either (1) a vehicle for bringing one to the spiritual goal of either liberation or enlightenment, or (2) the resultant goal of liberation or enlightenment to which one is brought.Tib: theg-pa
Skt: yana
falsche Ansichtfalse viewSee: deluded outlook
falsche Ansichtwrong viewSee: distorted outlook
falsche Ansichtwrong views, sixty-twoSee: sixty-two wrong views
falscher Lebenserwerb / falsche Methode des Lebenserwerbswrong livelihoodA dishonest means of earning a livelihood or procuring offerings.Tib: log-'tsho
Fehlen der Einflussvariabeln einer Handlunglack of an action’s affecting variablesThe voidness or total lack of true existence of the three affecting variables (three circles) involved with any action: an act to be done, an agent and an action that occurs.Tib: mngon-par ‘du-byed med-pa
Fehlen von Anzeichenlack of a signThe voidness or total lack of truly existent causes for any phenomenon; literally, the lack of any sign of truly existent causes from which a phenomenon arose.Tib: mtshan-ma med-pa
Fehlen von Hoffnunglack of a hopeDie Abwesenheit oder das vollständige Fehlen von wahrhaft existenten Wirkungen irgendeines Phänomens; wörtlich: das Fehlen von wahrhaft existenten Wirkungen, die man sich von einem Phänomen erhoffen könnte.Tib: smon-pa med-pa
fehlerhafte Betrachtungincorrect considerationSee: paying attention in a discordant manner
fehlerhafte Handlungfaulty actionsA set of forty-six actions that one vows to avoid and which, if committed, would be detrimental to one's practice of either one of the six far-reaching attitudes or to one's benefiting others. Also called: secondary bodhisattva vows.Tib: nyes-byas
FeindseligkeithostilityA subcategory of anger: anger directed primarily, although not exclusively, at limited beings. One of the three poisonous emotions and attitudes. See: anger.Tib: zhe-sdang
Skt: dvesha
Feind-Zerstörerfoe-destroyerSee: arhat
feinstoffliche Windesubtle windsSee: subtle energy-winds
festconcreteSolid, like cement -- a nontechnical term used to describe something with truly established findable existence.
feste Ausrichtungen der Vergegenwärtigung, vierclose placements of mindfulness, fourSee: four close placements of mindfulness
festes „Selbst" / festes "Ich“concrete "me"Ein nichttechnischer Begriff für wahrhaft existentes "Ich", der das zu widerlegende "Ich" darstellt. Siehe auch: solides "Ich"
feste Überzeugungfirm conviction(1) According to Asanga, the mental factor (subsidiary awareness) that focuses on a fact that one has validly ascertained to be like this and not like that, and which makes one's belief that a fact is true so firm that others' arguments or opinions will not dissuade one. (2) According to Vasubandhu, the term means "regard": the mental factor that takes its object to have some level of good qualities – on the spectrum from no good qualities to all good qualities – and may be either accurate or distorted.Tib: mos-pa
Festhalten, geistigeshold, mentalSee: mental hold
feststellend / feststellenascertainSee: decisively determine
Feststellung / VergewisserungascertainmentEine maßgebliche [***bestimmend, entscheidend, ausschlaggebend] Wahrnehmung eines kognitiven Objekts; mit Bestimmtheit wissen, was ein Objekt der Wahrnehmung ist oder wie es existiert. Tib: gtan-la dbab-pa
Feuerpujafire-pujaA tantric ritual, performed mostly upon completion of a mantra-recitation retreat of a Buddha-figure for which one has received an empowerment, during which one tosses into a fire a large number of specific substances, accompanied by elaborate visualizations. It is mostly performed in order to purify any mistakes one has made during the retreat.Tib: sbyin-sreg
FiligranschmuckfiligreeA piece of jewelry made of fine, intricately intertwined wires. A word used in the titles of many Buddhist texts to indicate that the subject matter is presented in a manner resembling a filigree, in which the various topics are intricately intertwined, resulting in a beautiful, elegant presentation of the material. Usually translated by others as "ornament."Tib: rgyan
Skt: alamkara
fixierende Meditationfixating meditationSee: stabilizing meditation
Flatterhaftigkeit, geistigeflightiness, mentalSee: flightiness of mind
Flatterhaftigkeit des Geistes / geistige Flatterhaftigkeitflightiness of mindThe mental factor with which the mind wanders to an object of attraction, due to desire for it or attachment, and which faults the mental abiding of mindfulness's mental hold on an object of focus. Sometimes translated as "mental agitation."Tib: rgod-pa
Fleck / MakelstainSomething that obscures the Buddha-nature factors, preventing them from being fully realized.Tib: dri-ma
fleischliches Auge, außersinnlichesflesh eye, extrasensorySee: extrasensory flesh eye
flüchtiger Makelfleeting stainAn emotional or cognitive obscuration that temporarily obscures the realization of Buddha-nature.Tib: glo-bur-gyi dri-ma
fokale Bedingungfocal conditionAn external phenomenon that presents an aspect of itself to be an object of cognition, and thus serves as a condition giving rise to a sensory cognition of it.Tib: dmigs-rkyen
Skt: alambanapratyaya
Fokus, deutlicherfocus, sharpSee: sharp focus
Formen physische Phänomeneforms of physical phenomenaNonstatic phenomena that can either (1) transform into another form of physical phenomenon when two or more of them come into contact with each other, such as water and earth which can transform into mud, or (2) be known as what they are by analyzing their directional parts, such as the sight of a vase seen in a dream. Forms of physical phenomena include the nonstatic phenomena of forms and eye sensors, sounds and ear sensors, smells and nose sensors, tastes and tongue sensors, phyiscal sensations and body sensors, and forms of physical phenomena included only among cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena. Equivalent to the aggregate of forms of physical phenomena.Tib: gzugs
Skt: rupa
Formen physischer Phänomene, die (ausschließlich) bei den kognitiven Anregern enthalten sind, die (alle) Phänomene sindforms of physical phenomena included (only) among the cognitive stimulators that are (all) phenomenaForms of physical phenomena that are not knowable by sensory consciousness, but are only knowable by mental consciousness. These include (1) those that make up other things by amassing together, (2) those existing in actual situations, (3) those arising from clearly taking them on, (4) totally imaginary forms, and (5) those arising from gaining control over the elements.Tib: chos-kyi skye-mched-pa'i gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, die andere Dinge bilden, indem sie sich ansammelnforms of physical phenomena that make up other things by amassing togetherForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are the invisible objects, such as atoms and subatomic particles, that make up visible objects.Tib: bsdud-pa-las gyur-pa'i gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, die dadurch entstehen, dass man Kontrolle über die Elemente erlangtforms of physical phenomena arising from gaining control over the elementsForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are actually emanated by the power of absorbed concentration.Tib: dbang-'byor-pa'i gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, die dadurch entstehen, dass man sie eindeutig übernimmtforms of physical phenomenon arising from clearly taking them onForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are acquired on a mental continuum, such as the nonrevealing forms of vows and of karmic actions.Tib: yang-dag-par blangs-pa-las byung-ba'i gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, die die funktionelle Natur des Geistes habenforms of physical phenomena having the functional nature of mindThe type of subtle phenomena that the body of an arhat in a pure land is: although still included among cognitive stimulators that are forms of physical phenomena, they are visible only to the eye consciousness of arhats in pure lands. Although they are not ways of being aware of anything, their functional nature is similar to that of forms of physical phenomena that can be known only by mental consciousness. Synonymous with "mental bodies."Tib: yid-kyi rang-bzhin gyi gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, vollkommen imaginäreforms of physical phenomena, totally imaginarySee: totally imaginary forms of physical phenomena
Formen physischer Phänomene die in wirklichen Situationen existierenforms of physical phenomena existing in actual situationsForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are spaces that are in between objects and either too large or too small to be seen, such as the space in between astronomical bodies or in between atoms.Tib: mngon-par skabs yod-pa'i gzugs
FormkörperBody of FormsSee: Corpus of Forms
formloser Bereichformless realmSee: plane of formless beings
Freiheit von SelbstselflessnessSee: lack of an impossible "soul"
frei von etwas/ ohne/ bar einer Sache/ leerdevoidTotally lacking something, in the sense that something never has in the past, never does in the present, and never will in the future possess a certain characteristic, whether that characteristic is a possibly existing one or an impossible one.Tib: stong
freudige Ausdauerjoyful perseverance(1) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to have zestful vigor for being constructive, without becoming lazy. With this mental factors, one takes joy in being constructive. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude. (2) For Theravada, see: "perseverance."Tib: brtson-'grus
Skt: virya
freudige Ausdauer, Rüstungs-gleichejoyful perseverance, armor-likeSee: armor-like joyful perseverance
frisch und reinfresh and cleanArising anew in each moment without being stained by any mental constructs -- descriptive of pure awareness (rig-pa) in the dzogchen systems.Tib: so-ma
fühlendes Wesensentient beingSee: limited being
fünf Aggregatefive aggregatesSee: five aggregate factors
fünf Aggregat-Faktorenfive aggregate factorsThe five networks that constitute all the nonstatic phenomena that could make up each moment of the mental continuum of each limited being: the aggregates of (1) forms of physical phenomena, (2) feelings of levels of happiness, (3) distinguishing, (4) other affecting variables, and (5) primary consciousnesses.Tib: phung-po lnga
Skt: pancaskandha
fünf Arten des tiefen Gewahrseinsfive types of deep awarenessFive types of principal awareness that all beings have as an aspect of Buddha-nature. The five are (1) mirror-like, (2) equalizing, (3) individualizing, and (4) accomplishing deep awareness, and (5) deep awareness of reality. Some translators render this term as "five Buddha-wisdoms." Compare: "deep awareness" (1).Tib: ye-shes lnga
fünf Arten von Bodhisattva-Pfadgeistfive bodhisattva pathway mindsAlso called: five pathsTib: lam-lnga
fünf BuddhakörperFive Buddha-BodiesSee: Five Corpuses of a Buddha
fünf Buddhaweisheitenfive Buddha-wisdomsSee: five types of deep awareness
fünf Hauptgebiete des Wissensfive major fields of knowledge**a) Kunst und Kunsthandwerk, b) Medizin, c) Sprachen und Grammatik, d) Logik und e) geheime oder außerordentliche SelbsterkenntnisTib: rig-gnas lnga
fünf Hindernissefive obstaclesSee: five obscurations
fünf Körper eines BuddhaFive Corpuses of a Buddha(I) In some presentations, (1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), (4) Corpus of Essential Nature of a Buddha (Svabhavakaya), and Vajra Corpus (Vajrakaya) of a Buddha. (II) In other presentations, (1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), (4) Corpus of Essential Nature (Svabhavakaya), and Corpus of Great Bliss (Mahasukhakaya) of a Buddha. (III) In other presentations, (1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), (4) Corpus of Essential Nature (Svabhavakaya), and (5) Corpus of Deep Awareness' Enlightening Influence of a Buddha. (IV) In yet other systems, (1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), (4) Vajra Corpus (Vajrakaya), and (5) Corpus of Manifest Enlightenment (Abhisambhodhikaya) of a Buddha.Tib: sku-lnga
fünf Schleierfive obscurationsA set of five mental factors that prevent the attainment of the three higher trainings, in ethical self-discipline, absorbed concentration, and discriminating awareness. According to Nagarjuna's Letter to a Friend, (1) flightiness of mind and regret, (2) foggy-mindedness, (3) indecisive wavering, (4) intentions toward sensory objects, and (5) malice. According to the Kalachakra Tantra, (1) regret, (2) foggy-mindedness, (3) sleepiness, (4) flightiness of mind, and (5) indecisive wavering. Also called: five obstacles.Tib: sgrib-pa lnga
funktionelle Naturfunctional natureThe nature of a phenomenon defined in terms of the function that the phenomenon performs.Tib: rang-bzhin
Gabe / Opfer der ureigensten Natur der Realitätoffering of the very nature of realityOffering of a nonconceptual cognition of voidness with a blissful awareness or of one's nonconceptual blissful cognition of voidness together with one's appearance as an illusory body.Tib: de-kho-na-nyid mchod-pa
Gabe / OpfergabeofferingSomething presented, with respect and the intention to bring happiness and benefit, to someone else.Tib: mchod-pa
Gabe / Opfergabe, äußereoffering, outerSee: outer offerings
Gabe / Opfergabe, innereoffering, innerSee: inner offering
Gabe / Opfergabe des Samadhiofferings of samadhiSee: offerings of absorbed concentration
Gabe / Opfergaben der tiefen Konzentrationofferings of absorbed concentrationOfferings made of various aspects of one's Dharma practice, visualized in the form of the outer offerings. Also called: offerings of samadhi.Tib: ting-nge-'dzin-gyi mchod-pa
Geben und Nehmengiving and takingWith love, giving one's happiness to others, and with compassion, taking on their suffering. Often practiced with visualizations and in coordination with the breath, this is a practice done in conjunction with exchanging one's attitudes about self with others. Often called by the Tibetan term "tonglen."
Gebet der Aspirationaspirational prayerEin Gebet zum Erlangen eines spirituellen Zieles oder für das Erlangen der Umstände, die förderlich sind, um das Ziel zu erreichen. Tib: smon-lam
Skt: pranidhana
Geduldpatience(1) In Theravada, the mental factor of not becoming angry at others' shortcomings, mistakes, or cruel deeds. (2) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to be unperturbed by those who do harm and by suffering, so that one never becomes angry. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, patience becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: bzod-pa
Skt: kshanti
Gefühl der körperlichen und geistigen Leistungsfähigkeitsense of physical and mental fitnessSee: sense of fitness
Gefühl der Leistungsfähigkeitsense of fitnessThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of feeling totally fit to do something, and which is both exhilarating and blissful, physically and mentally, but in a nondisturbing way.Tib: shin-sbyangs
GegengötterantigodsSee: would-be divine
geheimes Mandalasecret mandalaThe offering of a blissful awareness, or of a nonconceptual blissful awareness of voidness with a clear-light mind. Also called: hidden mandala.Tib: gsang-ba'i dkyil-'khor
geheimes Opfersecret offeringSee: hidden offering
GeistmindThe cognitive activity of merely giving rise to an appearance or mental hologram of something knowable and cognitively engaging with it.Tib: sems
Skt: chitta
Geist, der sie aufnimmt / der sie im Geist hältobjects taken and minds that take themSee: consciousness that takes objects and objects taken by consciousness
Geist, gelassen beruhigter und zur Ruhe gekommenermind, serenely stilled and settledSee: stilled and settled state of mind
Geist, nicht erfindendermind, noncontrivingSee: noncontriving mind
Geist, ursprünglichermind, primordialSee: primordial mind
Geist des Klaren Lichtsclear light mindSee: clear light awareness
Geist des klaren Lichts, tatsächlicherclear light mind, actualSee: actual clear light mind
Geistesfaktormental factorSee: subsidiary awareness
Geisteshaltung, störendeattitude, disturbingSee: disturbing attitude
Geisteshaltung, verzerrte, feindseligeattitude, distorted antagonisticSee: distorted antagonistic thinkingTib: log-lta
Geisteshaltung / geistige EinstellungattitudeEin Geistesfaktor, der ein kognitives Objekt erfasst, indem er es von einem bestimmten Standpunkt aus betrachtet. Tib: blo
Geisteshaltungen, weitreichendeattitude, far-reachingSee: far-reaching attitude
Geisteskräfte, benennbare, mit oder ohne feste Formmental faculties, nameable, with or without gross formSee: nameable mental faculties with or without gross form
Geistesstrommind-streamSee: mental continuum
Geistestrainingmind-trainingSee: attitude-training
Geisteszustand, still gewordener und zur Ruhe gekommenermind, stilled and settled state ofSee: stilled and settled state of mind
Geisteszustand von außergewöhnlicher Wahrnehmungsfähigkeitexceptionally perceptive state of mindA state of mind that, in addition to being stilled and settled (shamatha), is accompanied by an additional sense of fitness -- the subsidiary awareness of feeling totally fit to discern and understand fully the subtle details of anything. Vipashyana is not necessarily focused on voidness or on the four noble truths, although most commonly in sutra it is. Other translators render the term as "special insight." Tib: lhag-mthong
Skt: vipashyana
Geisteszustand von außergewöhnlicher Wahrnehmungsfähigkeitmind, exceptionally perceptive state ofSee: exceptionally perceptive state of mind
geistig Aufnehmentaking to mindSee: attentionTib: yid-la byed-pa
geistige Ableitungmental derivative(A) In Gelug, except in the case of Chittamatra and Yogachara Svatantrika: (1) In sensory nonconceptual cognition, a fully transparent appearing object, which is a mental aspect, similar to a mental hologram of an external objective entity, through which that external entity is directly cognized also as an appearing object of the cognition. (2) In conceptual cognition, a static conceptual category that is mentally constructed from all individual objective entities that fit into it and thus is a semitransparent, static, metaphysical entity. It is the appearing object through which a fully transparent mental representation of a specific objective entity is cognized. (B) In non-Gelug, except in the case of Chittamatra: (1) In sensory nonconceptual cognition, the opaque, directly cognized appearing object, which is a mental aspect similar to a mental hologram of an external objective entity that the cognition indirectly cognizes as its focal object, but not as an additional appearing object. (2) In conceptual cognition, a conceptually isolated item, an opaque metaphysical entity that stands for the mentally synthesized commonsense object and category in the cognition and which is the appearing object of the cognition.Tib: gzugs-bsnyan
Skt: pratibimba
geistige Abschweifung / Abschweifungmental wanderingA subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that causes the mind to lose concentration and to go on and on, uncontrollably from one object to another, due to any reason.Tib: rnam-g.yeng
geistige Aktivität, subtilstemind, subtlestSee: clear light awareness
Geistige Aktivität des klaren Lichtsclear light mental activitySee: clear light awareness
geistige Artsynthesekind mental synthesisThe type of phenomenon that a specific individual item is an instance of, such as "a table" imputed on a specific instance of something having legs and a flat surface. This is equivalent to the conventional identity of something.Tib: rigs-spyi
geistige Artsynthesemental synthesis, kindSee: kind mental synthesis
geistige Beständigkeitmental constancySee: mental stability
geistige Darstellung / geistige Repräsentationmental representationSomething that appears in a conceptual cognition. (1) In Gelug, a static, fully transparent conceptually isolated item through which the cognition cognizes the external object that the hologram resembles; equivalent to a mental aspect. (2) In non-Gelug, a static, partially transparent mentally synthesized commonsense object and category through which the cognition cognizes a conceptually isolated item (a mental aspect) that stands for a commonsense object.Tib: snang-ba
geistige Fabrikationmental fabricationAn appearance of truly established existence that mental activity in a conceptual cognition produces and projects due to the habits of grasping for truly established existence.Tib: spros-pa
Skt: prapanca
geistige Flatterhaftigkeitmental flightinessSee: flightiness of mind
geistige Konstruktemental constructSee: mental fabrication
geistige Objektsynthesemental synthesis, objectSee: object mental synthesis
geistige Objektsyntheseobject mental synthesis(1) The conceptual category of a commonsense object, such as a table, used when thinking of, verbalizing, imagining (visualizing), or remembering a commonsense object. (2) A specific commonsense object as a conceptual category into which fit all moments of anyone's mental or sensory cognition of any amount of parts of any of its sensibilia. Tib: don-spyi
geistiger Ausschluss von etwas anderemmental exclusions of something elseStatic implicative negation phenomena, including audio categories, meaning/object categories, and conceptually isolated items.Tib: blo'i gzhan-sel
geistiger Drang / geistiger Antriebmental urgeThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that causes the mental activity to face an object or to go in its direction. In general, it moves a mental continuum to cognitively take an object. It is equivalent to mental karma and, according to Sautrantika, Chittamatra, Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, and the non-Gelug Prasangika-Madhyamaka schools, it is equivalent to physical and verbal karmas as well.Tib: sems-pa
Skt: cetana
geistiger Impulsmental impulseSee: karma
geistiger Körpermental bodyThe type of body that arhats in pure lands have. See: forms of physical phenomena having the functional nature of mind.Tib: yid-lus
geistige Ruhemental quiescenceSee: stilled and settled state of mind
geistige Sammelsynthesecollection mental synthesisMit dem Begriff geistige Sammelsynthese wird ein Ganzes bezeichnet, das auf räumliche, sinnliche und/oder zeitliche Teile zugeschrieben wird. Tib: tshogs-spyi
geistige Sammelsynthesemental synthesis, collectionSee: collection mental synthesis
geistiges Ausschließenmental exclusionsSee: mental exclusions of something else
geistiges Bewusstseinmental consciousnessA primary consciousness that can take any existent phenomenon as its object and which relies on merely the previous moment of cognition as its dominating condition and not on any physical sensors.Tib: yid-kyi rnam-shes
Skt: manovijnana
geistiges Bezeichnen / geistiges Zuschreibenmental labeling"Geistige Bezeichnen" (Benennen) oder "geistiges Zuschreiben" bezeichnet den Vorgang, bei dem einer Grundlage (wie z.B.: vier Beinen und einem sich darauf befindlichem flachen Brett), mittels der konzeptuellen Wahrnehmung, eine Audiokategorie (wie z.B. das Wort oder der Name "Tisch") oder die Bedeutung / Objekt-Kategorie (wie z.B. "Tisch" als ein individuelles Objekt) zugeschrieben wird. Tib: ming 'dogs-pa
geistiges Erscheinungsbildmental aspectA nonstatic mental hologram, asserted by all Indian Buddhist tenet systems other than Vaibhashika, that is a likeness of an object of cognition, and which both conceptual and nonconceptual mental activity produces in order to cognize the object; the "mental shape" of the appearing object of a cognition. (1) According to Gelug, except in the case of Chittamatra and Yogachara Svatantrika, they are fully transparent so that through them, one directly cognizes external objects. (2) According to non-Gelug, they are opaque and thus allow only indirect cognition of external objects.Tib: rnam-pa
Skt: akara
geistiges Festhaltenmental holdThe aspect of a cognition that describes the level of strength of maintenance of attention on the focal object, without letting go of it. Also translated as "mental glue," it is established by the subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of mindfulness and has two aspects: mental abiding and appearance-making.Tib: 'dzin-cha
geistiges Fixierenmental fixationThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of maintaining mental placement on any object of cognition taken by any type of cognition, including sensory cognition. Also called "mentally fixating" and "concentration," it accompanies all cognitions and varies in intensity from very weak to very strong. When perfected, it becomes "absorbed concentration."Tib: ting-nge-'dzin
Skt: samadhi
geistiges Kontinuummental continuumThe stream of continuity of mental activity (mind, awareness) of an individual being, which has no beginning, which continues even into Buddhahood, and, according to Mahayana, has no end. According to the Hinayana tenets, it comes to an end when an arhat or Buddha dies at the end of the lifetime in which the person attains liberation or enlightenment. Also called a "mind-stream."Tib: sems-rgyud
Skt: santana
geistige Spiegelung / geistige Wiederspiegelungmental reflectionSee: mental derivative
geistige Stabilitätmental stabilitySingle-pointed placement of the mind on any constructive focal object, without any mental wandering -- a stable state of mind that is not only free of flightiness and dullness, but is also not distracted by any disturbing emotion of the plane of sensory desires. In Mahayana, when conjoined with bodhichitta, a far-reaching attitude. Some translators render the term as "concentration."Tib: bsam-gtan
Skt: dhyana
geistige Synthesemental synthesisThe imputation of a conceptual category in which the bases for imputation are the individual sensibilia of a commonsense object, the parts of any of the sensibilia of a commonsense object, the moments in the continuum of a commonsense object, or items sharing a common defining characteristic. Synonymous with "conceptual category" and "category."Tib: spyi
geistige Trägheitmental dullnessA mental factor (subsidiary awareness) faulting the appearance-making of mindfulness's mental hold on an object of focus. Some translators render the term as "sinking."Tib: bying-ba
geistige Umnebelungfoggy-mindednessThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of a heavy feeling of body and mind that makes the mind unclear, unserviceable, and incapable either of giving rise to a cognitive appearance of its object or of apprehending the object correctly.Tib: rmugs-pa
geistig Fixierenmentally fixatingSee: mental fixation
geistig konstruierte Synthesementally constructed synthesisSee: mental synthesis
geistig weitreichend, weitreichend-gesonnenvast-mindedAn adjective used to describe a Mahayana practice, practitioner, person, aim, or motivation. It implies something that involves a mind that is aimed at the vastest goal (enlightenment) for the vastest number of beings (everyone).
Geist selbst, dermind-itselfIn the Kagyu and Nyingma systems, the deepest nature of the mind.Tib: sems-nyid
gelassen beruhigter und zur Ruhe gekommener Geistserenely stilled and settled state of mindSee: stilled and settled state of mind
gelobte Enthaltung / Einschränkung / Zurückhaltungvowed restraintSee: vow
Gelübdevow(1) In the Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Madhyamaka schools other than Gelug Prasangika, the subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to restrain from a certain type of detrimental behavior, which, during a specific ceremony, one has formally promised to restrain from. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug-Prasangika systems, a non-revealing form on a person's mental continuum that performs the same function as in (1) by shaping one's behavior.Tib: sdom-pa
Skt: samvara
Gelübde, Bodhisattva-vows, bodhisattvaSee: bodhisattva vows
Gelübde, tantrischevows, tantricSee: tantric vows
Gelübde der individuellen Befreiung / Gelübde für die individuelle Befreiungvows for individual liberationSee: pratimoksha vows
Gelübde-Präzeptor / die Gelübde abnehmender Präzeptorvow preceptorA spiritual mentor who has kept one or more of the sets of pratimoksha vows purely for a certain number of years and who confers on disciples one of the sets of pratimoksha vows that he or she has kept purely.
GelugGelugOne of the New Translation traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, deriving from the reforms made by Tsongkhapa.Tib: dGe-lugs
gemeinsame Bedeutung, Lehren mit einershared meaning, teaching ofSee: teaching of shared meaning
gemeinsame Grundlagecommon locusAuch übersetzt als: gemeinsamer NennerTib: gzhi-mthun
gemeinsam entstehend / mit entstehendco-arisingGemeinsam mit jedem Moment der Erfahrung entstehend, zum Beispiel ein glückseliges Gewahrsein selber oder ein glückseliges Gewahrsein der Leerheit, welches mit der Praxis der Vollendungsstufe des Annuttara-Yoga-Tantra erreicht wird.Tib: lhan-skyes
Skt: sahaja
genaue PrüfungscrutinySee: subtle discernment
Geräusch / KlangsoundAn object explicitly cognized by ear consciousness.Tib: sgra
Skt: shabda
gereifte Wirkungripened resultA nonobstructive unspecified item conjoined with the mental continuum of a limited being, such as the body, consciousness, and feelings of happiness and unhappiness, and which comes from a ripening cause that was also conjoined with his or her mental continuum.Tib: rnam-smin-gyi 'bras-bu
Skt: vipakaphalam
gereinigter Zustandpurified stateThe state of a shravaka arhat, pratyekabuddha arhat, or a Buddha, in which the mental continuum of the person attaining this state has been purified of either the emotional obscurations or both the emotional and the cognitive obscurations.Tib: byang-chub
Skt: bodhi
Geschick bezüglich der Mittelskill in meansThe special discriminating awareness concerning the most effective and appropriate internal methods for actualizing the Buddha's teachings and the most effective and appropriate external methods for making limited beings ripe for attaining liberation and enlightenment. In Mahayana, when conjoined with a bodhichitta, the seventh of the ten far-reaching attitudes. Tib: thabs-mkhas
Skt: upayakaushalya
geschickte Mittelskillful meansSee: skill in means
Geschmacksbewusstseinconsciousness, tongueSee: tongue consciousness
Gesegnete, der/ der HeiligeBlessed OneSee: Vanquishing Master Surpassing All
Geshegeshe(1) In the Kadam tradition, a title given to a spiritual mentor and friend, especially those that are masters of attitude-training (lojong). (2) In the Gelug tradition, a title given to those who have completed the monastic education system.Tib: dge-bshes
Skt: kalyanamitra
getrennt vom sich zu Geiste nehmenparted from taking to mindSee: state parted from taking to mind
getrennt von geistiger Fabrikationparted from mental fabricationSee: state parted from mental fabrication
getrennt von Verwirrungconfusion, dissociated fromSee: untainted
getrennt von Verwirrungdissociated from confusionSee: untainted
getrennt von Verwirrungunassociated with confusionSee: untainted
GewahrseinawarenessGewahrsein ist der allgemeine, alles umfassende Begriff für das Erkennen eines Objekts. Er wird sowohl in dem Sinne verwendet, dass man einer Sache gewahr ist, als auch, dass man etwas zu einem Objekt des Gewahrseins macht. Es muss sich dabei jedoch nicht um eine bewusste Willensakt oder einen Akt des Erkennens handeln, was das Objekt ist.
Gewahrsein, allgemeinesawareness, generalSee: general awareness
Gewahrsein, allwissendes verwirklichtesawareness, omniscient realizedSee: omniscient realized awareness
Gewahrsein, begrenztesawareness, limitedSee: sem
Gewahrsein, entscheidendesawareness, decisiveSee: ascertainment
Gewahrsein, erhöhtesawareness, advancedSee: advanced awareness
Gewahrsein, grundlegendes verwirklichtesawareness, basis or fundamental realizedSee: basis or fundamental realized awareness
Gewahrsein, Haupt-awareness, principalSee: principal awareness
Gewahrsein, Neben-awareness, subsidiarySee: subsidiary awareness
Gewahrsein, normalesawareness, normalSee: normal awareness
Gewahrsein, reflexivesawareness, reflexiveSee: reflexive awareness
Gewahrsein, reinesawareness, pureSee: pure awareness
Gewahrsein, spezifischesawareness, specificSee: specific awareness
Gewahrsein, tiefesawareness, deepSee: deep awareness
Gewahrsein, tiefes reflexivesawareness, reflexive deepSee: reflexive deep awareness
Gewahrsein, unterscheidendesawareness, discriminatingSee: discriminating awareness
Gewahrsein, ursprünglich reinesawareness, primally pureSee: primal purity
Gewahrsein, vollbringendesawareness, accomplishingSee: accomplishing deep awarenessTib: bya-grub ye-shes
Gewahrsein des klaren Lichtsclear light awarenessDas Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts ist die subtilste Ebene geistiger Aktivität (Geist), die sich, ohne einen Anfang und ohne ein Ende zu besitzen, selbst nach dem Tod und in der Buddhaschaft weiter fortsetzt [fortdauert]. Das Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts ist individuell und macht das geistige Kontinuum eines jeden Wesens aus [bildet das geistige Kontinuum jedes einzelnen Wesens]. Es ist frei von konzeptueller Wahrnehmung, dem Hervorbringen von Erscheinungen wahrer Existenz und frei vom Greifen nach wahrer Existenz, da es subtiler ist als die gröberen Ebenen geistiger Aktivität, mit denen das Gewahrsein auftritt. Das Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts hat nichts mit "Licht" zu tun.Tib: 'od-gsal
Gewahrsein des Pfades, verwirklichtesawareness, pathway realizedSee: pathway realized awareness
Gewahrsein seines eigenen Angesichtsawareness of its own faceDas Gewahrsein seines eigenen Angesichts bezeichnet bei einem reinen Gewahrsein (Rigpa) die nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung von seiner eigenen Natur. Tib: rang-ngo shes-pa
Gewohnheit, karmische ständigehabit, karmic constantSee: karmic constant habit
gewöhnliche Aufregungordinary commotionThe emotional ups and downs of overexcitement and depression in response to the eight transitory things in life: praise or criticism, good or bad news, gains or losses, things going well or poorly.Tib: tha-mal 'du-'dzi
gewöhnliches Wesenordinary beingA limited being who has not yet attained the state of an arya. In other words, someone who has not yet attained nonconceptual cognition of the four noble truths.Tib: so-so'i skye-bo
gezügeltes Verhaltentamed behaviorEthical behavior with which one both restrains oneself from destructive actions and engages in constructive ones.Tib: brtul-zhugs
Glaube an eine Tatsache auf der Grundlage der Vernunft /aus Vernunftsgründenbelief in a fact based on reasonEine konstruktive Emotion, die eine Tatsache über etwas als wahr betrachtet, wobei sie sich auf die Gründe stützt, die die Tatsache durch logisches Denken untermauern. Tib: yid-ches-kyi dad-pa
Glaube an eine Tatsache mit einem klaren Verstandbelief in a fact, clearheadedSee: clearheaded belief in a fact
Glaube an Tasachenbelief in factsSee: believing a fact to be true
Glaube an Tatsachen mit einem klaren Verstandclearheaded belief in a factEine konstruktive Emotion, die sich über eine Tatsache im Klaren ist und wie ein Wasserreiniger den Geist von störenden Emotionen und Geisteshaltungen reinigt, die er in Bezug auf ein Objekt besitzt.Tib: dvang-ba'i dad-pa
Glauben, dass eine Tatsache wahr istbelieving a fact to be trueA constructive emotion that focuses on something existent and validly knowable, something with good qualities, or an actual potential, and considers it either existent or true, or considers a fact about it as true. Some translators render the term as "faith."Tib: dad-pa
Skt: shraddha
Glauben, dass eine Tatsache wahr ist, auf Grundlage der Vernunftbelieving a fact to be true based on reasonSee: belief in a fact based on reasonTib: yid-ches-kyi dad-pa
Glauben an eine Tatsache mit einem Streben in diese Richtung / wobei man sie anstrebtbelief in a fact with an aspirationEine konstruktive Emotion, die sowohl eine Tatsache über etwas als wahr betrachtet, wie auch den Wunsch, den man in Bezug auf ein bestimmtes Objekt hegt, wie beispielsweise, dass man ein lebensbejahendes Ziel erreichen kann und dass man es erreichen wird. Tib: mngon-'dod-kyi dad-pa
gleiche essentielle Natursame essential natureThe relationship between two facts about the same attribute of a phenomenon. In a sense, the two facts are referring to the same phenomenon from two points of view. The two facts may be naturally inseparable, such as the two truths about the phenomenon, or they may constitute a joined inseparability arising from the power of meditation, such as a blissful awareness and an awareness of voidness. Some translators render the term as "one by nature."Tib: ngo-bo gcig
Gleichmutequanimity(1) The mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of having an equal attitude toward everyone. (2) In Theravada, when conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, the tenth of the ten far-reaching attitudes -- the attitude with which one does not expect anything in return for one's help, being indifferent to pleasure and pain, and to any benefit or harm one might receive.Tib: btang-snyoms
Skt: upeksha
Gleichmut, bloßerequanimity, mereSee: mere equanimity
gleichsetzendes tiefes Gewahrseinequalizing deep awarenessOne of the five types of deep awareness that all beings have as an aspect of Buddha-nature. The deep awareness that is aware of several items as belonging equally to the same category, or as fitting into the same pattern. Also called: deep awareness of the equality of things.Tib: mnyam-nyid ye-shes
gleichzeitig(e) (stattfindende) Motivationcontemporaneous motivating aimDie Motivation oder Absicht, die den Impuls begleitet, eine Handlung zu beginnen oder fortzusetzen.Tib: dus-kyi kun-slong
gleichzeitig auftretensimultaneously arisingTwo items simultaneously arise if, when one of them arises or happens, the other does also, at the same time. The two items may arise simultaneously either naturally or through the power of meditation. Also called: innate.Tib: lhan-skyes
Skt: sahaja
gleichzeitig wirkende Bedingungsimultaneously acting conditionAn item that must exist prior to the arising of something and which assists in making the arising happen, but which does not transform into what arises, for instance water for a sprout.Tib: lhan-cig byed-pa'i rkyen
Skt: sahakaripratyaya
Glieder, die sich aus dem Realisierten ergebenresultant links of what is actualizedIn the twelve links of dependent arising, the two links of conception and aging and dying in a future rebirth thrown by the activated karmic aftermath of throwing karma.Tib: mngon-par grub-pa'i 'bras-bu'i yan-lag
Glorreiche, derTriumphant OneAn epithet of a Buddha - one who has triumphed over the emotional and cognitive obscurations. Some translators render the term as "Victorious One."Tib: rgyal-ba
Skt: jina
Glück, geistigeshappiness, mentalSee: mental happiness
GlücklichseinhappinessThat feeling which, when it stops, we wish to meet with it again.Tib: bde-ba
Skt: sukha
glückseliges Gewahrseinblissful awarenessGlückseliges Gewahrsein ist ein Geisteszustand der entweder befleckt oder unbefleckt ist, und der durch unterschiedliche Intensitätsgrade von Glück gekennzeichnet ist. Einige der unbefleckten Grade von glückseligem Gewahrsein können in Praktiken des Anuttara-Yoga-Tantra als die Art von Gewahrsein verwendet werden, mit dem man sich auf Leerheit ausrichtet und mit dessen Hilfe man die Energiewinde im Zentralkanal auflöst, um Zugang zum Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts zu erlangen. Tib: bde-ba
Skt: sukha
Glückselig GegangenerBlissfully Gone OneEin Beiname des Buddha - jemand der das glückselige Ziel der Erleuchtung durch Methoden erreicht hat, die auf dem Weg zum Ziel Glück erzeugen.Tib: bde-bar gshegs-pa
Skt: sugata
GlückseligkeitblissSee: blissful awareness
goldenes Trankopfergolden libation(1) An offering of a liquid, most commonly alcohol, made usually to a Dharma protector and ideally offered in a golden bowl. (2) The ritual that accompanies this offering.Tib: gser-skyems
Götterwesenbeing, divineSee: divine being
Götterwesendivine beingA limited (sentient) being in the rebirth state that, out of the six states of rebirth, has the least amount of suffering. This class of being includes some that are on the plane of sensory desires, and all beings on the plane of ethereal forms and the plane of formless beings. Also called a "god."Tib: lha
Skt: deva
Gottheit, kraftvolledeity, forcefulSee: forceful deity
göttliches Auge, außersinnlichesdivine eye, extrasensorySee: extrasensory divine eye
göttliches Ohr, außersinnlichesdivine ear, extrasensorySee: extrasensory divine ear
Greifen nach wahrer Existenzgrasping for truly established existence(1) Both to cognize (literally, take as a cognitive object) the appearance of the world as having truly established existence, which the habits of this grasping cause the mind to fabricate and project, as well as believing this deceptive appearance to correspond to how things actually exist, (2) simply cognizing the appearance of the world as having truly established existence, without actually believing this deceptive appearance to correspond to how things actually exist. Gelug asserts both definitions, while non-Gelug asserts only the first. Abbreviated as "grasping for true existence."Tib: bden-'dzin
Skt: satyagraha
grobes Feststellengross detectionThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that investigates something roughly, such as detecting if there are mistakes on a page. According to Asanga, one of the four changeable subsidiary awarenesses. Also translated as "investigation."Tib: rtog-pa
grobe Unbeständigkeitgross impermanenceThe final destruction or disintegration of a nonstatic phenomenon.Tib: mi-rtag-pa rags-pa
große Liebegreat loveThe wish for everyone to be happy and to have the causes for happiness.Tib: byams-pa chen-po
Skt: mahamaitri
großes Annäherungsretreatgreat approximation retreatA three-year, three-month retreat focusing exclusively on one Buddha-figure (deity) system, in which one recites tens of millions of mantras and makes millions of offerings in fire pujas.Tib: bsnyen-chen
großes FahrzeugGreater VehicleSee: Mahayana
großes Mitgefühlgreat compassionGroßes Mitgefühl bezeichnet den Wunsch, das jedes Wesen frei sein möge vom Leiden und den Ursachen des Leidens. Tib: snying-rje chen-po
Skt: mahakaruna
großes Siegelgreat sealSee: mahamudra
große Vollendunggreat completenessSee: dzogchen
Großzügigkeitgenerosity(1) In Theravada, the mental factor of wishing to give material things to all beings, so that they may be happy, without investigating whether or not they are worthy to receive them. (2) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to wish to give to others all that is one's own – one's body, material wealth, and the roots of one's constructive actions. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude. Also translated as "giving."Tib: sbyin-pa
Skt: dana
Grundlage der Zuschreibungbasis for imputationSee: basis for labeling
grundlegendes Bewusstseinfoundation consciousnessSee: all-encompassing foundation consciousness
grundlegendes Rigpabasis rigpaDas grundlegende Rigpa ist ein reines Gewahrsein (Rigpa) aus dem Blickwinkel, dass das reine Gewahrsein eine Form von Buddhanatur oder Arbeitsgrundlage zum Erlangen der Erleuchtung ist. Tib: gzhi'i rig-pa
gültige bloße Wahrnehmungvalid bare cognitionBare cognition that is fresh and nonfallacious. See: bare cognition.Tib: mngon-sum tshad-ma
Skt: pratyakshapramana
gültige einfache Wahrnehmungvalid straightforward cognitionStraightforward cognition that is nonfallacious. See: straightforward cognition.Tib: mngon-sum tshad-ma
Skt: pratyakshapramana
gültig erkennbare Phänomenevalidly knowable phenomenaPhenomena that can be the objects of valid cognition. Synonymous with "existents."Tib: shes-bya
gültige Wahnehmungvalid cognition(1) According to Gelug Sautrantika, Gelug Chittamatra, and Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a fresh, nonfallacious cognition. (2) According to Gelug Prasangika and all tenet systems according to non-Gelug, a nonfallacious cognition.Tib: tshad-ma
Skt: pramana
Guru, Hingabe zumdevotion, guruSee: guru devotion
Güte / gütige HandlungkindnessA beneficial action that is of help to others.Tib: drin
gute Eigenschaftengood qualitiesHelpful aspects or beneficial talents of a person that are corrections of inadequacies.Tib: yon-tan
Skt: guna
Güte erinnernkindness, rememberingSee: remembering kindness
Güte erinnernremembering kindnessRemembering the kindness of motherly love, remembering all the beneficial things that all beings have shown us when they were our mothers. The second of the six part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta.Tib: drin-dran
Güte zurückgebenkindness, repayingSee: repaying kindness
Güte zurückgebenrepaying kindnessAppreciating the beneficial things that all beings have shown us when they were our mothers and wishing to benefit them in return. The third of the seven part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta.Tib: drin-gso
Handlung, fehlerhafteaction, faultySee: faulty actions
Handlung, karmischeaction, karmicSee: karmic action
Handlung, natürlicherweise destruktive nicht lobenswerteaction, naturally destructive uncommendableSee: naturally uncommendable action
Handlung, nicht lobenswerteaction, uncommendableSee: uncommendable action
Handlung, schwerwiegendeaction, thickSee: thick actions
Handlung, verbotene nicht lobenswerteaction, prohibited uncommendableSee: prohibited uncommendable action
Hauptgewahrseinprincipal awarenessWithin a cognition, an awareness that consists of the composite of a primary consciousness and its accompanying set of subsidiary awarenesses (mental factors). The principal awareness is the way of being aware of the object of the cognition that is prominent and which characterizes the type of cognition that it is occurring -- for example, relative bodhichitta and the deep awareness of total absorption on voidness.Tib: gtso-sems
heilighallowedPure and worthy of the highest respect; sacred.Tib: dam-pa
herbeiführende Aggregateobtaining aggregatesAggregate factors of a limited being that include the causes that will obtain for that being further samsaric rebirth.Tib: nyer-len-gyi phung-po
herbeiführende Emotionobtainer emotionEquivalent to obtainer desire.
herbeiführende Geisteshaltungobtainer attitudeA general term coined to refer to the last three "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising: (1) an obtainer deluded outlook, (2) holding deluded morality or conduct as supreme, and (3) asserting one's identity.
herbeiführendes Begehrenobtainer desireThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of longing desire specifically for some desirable sensory object on the plane of sensory desires. See: longing desire. Equivalent to the obtainer emotion, it is the first of the four "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising.Tib: 'dod-pa nye-bar len-pa
herbeiführende Ursacheobtaining causeThe cause from which a result is obtained and which transforms into the result. For example, a seed is the obtaining cause for a sprout, and a network of positive force (a collection of merit) is the obtaining cause for a Corpus of Forms (Form Body) of a Buddha. Some translators render the term as "material cause," but this term does not refer to the physical elements that make up something.Tib: nyer-len-gyi rgyu
Skt: upadanahetu
herbeiführende verblendete Auffassungobtainer deluded outlookA set of three disturbing deluded outlooks on life that constitute the second of the four "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising: (1) a distorted outlook, (2) an extreme outlook, (3) holding a deluded outlook as supreme.Tib: lta-ba nye-bar len-pa
HerbeiführerobtainerA set of four disturbing emotions and disturbing attitudes: (1) obtainer desire, (2) an obtainer deluded outlook, (3) holding deluded morality or conduct as supreme, and (4) asserting one's identity, and which, when occurring at the time of death, constitute the ninth link of dependent arising.Tib: len-pa
Skt: upadana
Hervorbringen von Erscheinungen / Erscheinungs-Hervorbringenappearance-makingDer Aspekt der geistigen Aktivität der ein geistiges Hologramm eines Objektes der Wahrnehmung entstehen lässt (erzeugt). Tib: snang-ba
Hervorbringen von Erscheinungen nichtwahrer Existenzappearance-making of non-true existenceGemäß der Nyingma-Schule ist das Hervorbringen von Erscheinungen nichtwahrer Existenz der Aspekt der sinnlichen oder nichtkonzeptuellen geistigen Aktivität eines begrenzten Wesens das ein Objekt der Wahrnehmung erscheinen lässt (erzeugt), ohne die Objekte zu wahrhaft als "dieses" oder "das" Existierendes erscheinen zu lassen, in dem Sinne, wie die Madhyamaka-Schule wahre Existenz definiert. Tib: med-snang
Hervorbringen von Erscheinungen wahrer Existenzappearance-making of true existenceDer Aspekt der geistigen Aktivität eines begrenzten Wesens der ein geistiges Hologramm wahrer Existenz entstehen lässt (erzeugt). Das Hervorbringen von Erscheinungen wahrer Existenz lässt die geistigen Hologramme der Objekte der Wahrnehmung als wahrhaft existent erscheinen, in dem Sinne, wie die Madhyamaka-Schule wahre Existenz definiert. In den Nicht-Gelug-Systemen erscheint sie lediglich mit konzeptueller Wahrnehmung und macht Erscheinungen von Objekten der Wahrnehmung zu wahrhaften als "dieses" oder "das" existierenden Dingen. Tib: bden-snang
hervorragender Gleichmutdistinguished equanimitySee: uncommon Mahayana equanimity
hervorragende Zeichenexcellent signsSee: thirty-two excellent signs
herzerwärmende Liebeheartwarming loveThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) with which one has a feeling of closeness and warmth toward anyone one meets.Tib: yid-'ong byams-pa
himmlische Musikerheavenly musicianSee: those who sustain themselves on fragrances
HinayanaHinayanaLiterally, a "Modest Vehicle of Mind" -- levels and states of mind with a modest motivation - renunciation - and, with modest methods, lead to the modest goal of liberation. Some translators render the term as "Lesser Vehicle."Tib: theg-dman
Skt: hinayana
Hindernisse, fünfobstacles, fiveSee: five obscurations
Hingabe zum Guruguru-devotionSee: relating to a spiritual mentor in a healthy manner
hingebungsvolles Herzdedicated heartSee: bodhichitta
HinterlassenschaftaftermathSee: karmic aftermath
Hinterlassenschaft, karmischeaftermath, karmicSee: karmic aftermath
hochverwirklichter Praktizierenderhighly realized practitionerSee: arya
hochverwirklichtes Wesenhighly realized beingSee: arya
höher entwickeltes Gewahrsein, den Geist anderer zu erkennenadvanced awareness of knowing other's mindsWahrnehmung der Gedanken und Geisteszustände anderer. Eine der sechs Arten höher entwickelten Gewahrseins, das man als Nebenprodukt des Erlangens eines verwirklichten Zustandes der ersten Ebene geistiger Beständigkeit (dem ersten Dhyana) erlangt.Tib: gzhan-sems shes-pa'i mngon-shes
höher entwickeltes Gewahrsein / erhöhtes Gewahrseinadvanced awarenessNichtkonzeptuelle einfache (nackte / bloße) Wahrnehmung von Orten, Zeiten und Entfernungen die verborgene Phänomene sind und von Situationen, die äußerst verborgene Phänomene sind. Ein allgemeiner Begriff, der sich sowohl auf die fünf Arten höher entwickelten Gewahrseins bezieht, wie auch auf die sechs außersinnlichen Augen, die man beide als Nebenprodukt des Erlangens eines verwirklichten Zustandes der ersten Ebene geistiger Beständigkeit (dem ersten Dhyana) erlangt. Manchmal wird der Begriff auch mit "erhöhtem Gewahrsein" oder "außersinnlicher Wahrnehmung" übersetzt. Tib: mngon-shes
Skt: abhijna
höher entwickeltes Gewahrsein außerphysischer Emanationadvanced awareness for extraphysical emanationEine Wahrnehmung, die in der Lage ist, viele verschiedene simultane Emanationen zu erzeugen, die irgendeinen der folgenden drei Arten ist: (1) körperliche Emanationen, die aus den Elementen Erde, Wasser, Feuer, Wind und Raum zusammengesetzt sind, (2) sprachliche Emanationen - in der Weise sprechen, dass verschiedene Menschen die Worte in ihrer eigenen Sprache und auf ihrem Verständnisniveau verstehen können, oder (3) geistige Emanationen von Gedanken und Ebenen des Geistes, wie zum Beispiel das Gewahrsein vieler Bedeutungsebenen eines Absatzes in einem Dharma-Text. Hierbei handelt es sich um eine von sechs Arten höher entwickelten Gewahrseins, die als ein Nebenprodukt des Erlangens eines verwirklichten Zustandes der ersten Ebenen geistiger Stabilität (dem ersten Dhyana) . Tib: rdzu-'phrul-gyi mngon-shes
höher entwickeltes Gewahrsein darüber, dass die befleckten Faktoren erschöpft sindadvanced awareness of the depletion of tainted factorsEine von sechs Arten höher entwickelten Gewahrseins, das [oder die - für die Art] man als Nebenprodukt des Erlangens eines verwirklichten Zustandes der ersten Ebene geistiger Beständigkeit (dem ersten Dhyana) erlangt. Wahrnehmung des eigenen Zustandes, dass man die emotionalen Verdunkelungen, die die Befreiung aus Samsara verhindern, für immer losgeworden ist. Tib: zag-pa zad-pa'i mngon-shes
höher entwickeltes Gewahrsein der Erinnerung an vergangene Situationenadvanced awareness of recollection of past situationsWahrnehmung vergangener Leben. Eine von sechs Arten höher entwickelten Gewahrseins, das man als Nebenprodukt des Erlangens eines verwirklichten Zustandes der ersten Ebene geistiger Beständigkeit (dem ersten Dhyana) erlangt. Tib: sngon-gnas rjes-dran-gyi mngon-shes
höher entwickeltes Gewahrsein des göttlichen Augesadvanced awareness of the divine eyeEine von sechs Arten höher entwickelten Gewahrseins, das man als Nebenprodukt des Erlangens eines verwirklichten Zustandes der ersten Ebene geistiger Beständigkeit (dem ersten Dhyana) erlangt. (1) Erläuterungen der Karma-Kagyü-Schule zufolge handelt es sich um eine Wahrnehmung der unterschiedlichen Wirkungen von Karma auf verschiedene Wesen, wie beispielsweise ihre zukünftigen Wiedergeburten. (2) Der Gelug-Schule zufolge handelt es sich um die Wahrnehmung grober (offensichtlicher) Formen und subtiler Formen, einschließlich jener, die sich in großer Entfernung in Raum und Zeit befinden. Tib: lha'i mig-gi mngon-shes
höher entwickeltes Gewahrsein des göttlichen Ohrsadvanced awareness of the divine earWahrnehmung, die in der Lage ist Klänge über jede Distanz hinweg zu hören und zu verstehen, unabhängig von der Sprache, in der sie gesprochen werden. Eine von sechs Arten höher entwickelten Gewahrseins, das man als Nebenprodukt des Erlangens eines verwirklichten Zustandes der ersten Ebene geistiger Beständigkeit (dem ersten Dhyana) erlangt. Tib: lha'i rna-ba'i mngon-shes
Hörallgemeinesaudio universalSee: audio category
Hörbewusstseinauditory consciousnessSee: ear consciousness
Hörbewusstseinconsciousness, earSee: ear consciousness
HörerhearerSee: shravaka
HörerlistenerSee: shravaka
horizontale geistige Synthesehorizontal mental synthesisA kind mental synthesis that extends over many instances of the same type of phenomenon, such as many tables.Tib: thad-ka'i spyi
Hörkategorieaudio categoryDie konzeptuelle Kategorie des Klanges eines Wortes oder Namens, in die der Klang aller Arten, ein Wort oder Namen auszusprechen, hineinpasst, unabhängig von Stimme, Lautstärke oder Art der Aussprache mit der das Wort oder der Name gesprochen wird. Tib: sgra-spyi
Ich, solidesme, solidSee: solid "me"
IdentitätslosigkeitidentitylessnessSee: lack of an impossible "soul"
IgnoranzignoranceSee: unawareness
immer arbeitender geistiger Faktorever-functioning mental factorSee: ever-functioning subsidiary awareness
immer arbeitendes Nebengewahrseinever-functioning subsidiary awarenessAccording to Asanga, a set of five subsidiary awarenesses that accompany every moment of cognition: feeling a level of happiness, distinguishing, an urge, contacting awareness, and paying attention or taking to mind.Tib: kun-'gro
implizierendes Negierungs-Phänomenimplicative negation phenomenonAn exclusion of something else in which, after the sounds of the words that exclude the object to be negated have negated that object, they leave behind in their wake, explicitly or implicitly, something else. Some translators render the term as "affirming negation." Tib: ma-yin dgag
implizierte Objekte / angedeutete Objekteimplied objectSee: conceptualized object
implizites Begreifenimplicit apprehensionIn the Gelug system, apprehension of a cognitive object in which a cognitive appearance (mental hologram) of the involved object itself does not arise; only a cognitive appearance of the basis for imputation of the involved object arises. Compare: explicit apprehension.Tib: shugs-la rtogs-pa
implizit hingewiesene Bedeutungimplicit suggested meaningOne of the six alternative meanings. When an expression in a root tantra text has two dissimilar meanings, the meaning that is dissimilar to the literal, evident, or face value meaning of the expression. It is the meaning suggested by the literal (explicit suggestive) meaning and to which one is led by that literal meaning.Tib: nges-don
Skt: nitartha
Impuls, geistigerimpulse, mentalSee: karma
Impuls, karmischerimpulse, karmicSee: karma
Impuls, weiter zu existierenfurther existence impulseSee: karmic impulse that actualizes a further existence
Impulse, beeinflussendeimpulses, affectingSee: link of affecting impulses
indirekte Wahrnehmungindirect cognitionAccording to the non-Gelug presentation, the type of cognition that a present moment of sensory consciousness has of the immediately preceding moment of an external sense object, which no longer exists. Compare: direct cognition.Tib: shugs-la shes-pa
individualisierendes tiefes Gewahrseinindividualizing deep awarenessDas individualisierende tiefe Gewahrsein ist eine von fünf Arten des tiefen Gewahrseins, die alle Wesen als einen Aspekt ihrer Buddhanatur besitzen. Das individualisierende tiefe Gewahrsein ist das tiefe Gewahrsein, welches ein Objekt auswählt und seiner einzigartigen und individuellen Qualitäten gewahr ist. Es wird auch als tiefes Gewahrsein der Individualität der Dinge bezeichnet. Tib: sor-rtog ye-shes
individuelle definierendes charakteristisches Merkmalindividual defining characteristic markSomething findable on the side of an object that establishes the identity or features of that object and which serves as the basis for that object being labeled by the names, words, and concepts for it, as well as for its qualities.Tib: rang-gi mtshan-nyid
Skt: svalakshana
inhärentinherentThe English word "inherent" means something inside an object that is there by means of the nature of that object, It is used in Buddhism to mean something inside an object, by nature of that object, which, by its own power, establishes that the object exists in general and exists specifically as "this" or "that."
inhärente Existenzinherent existenceSee: existence established by self-natureTib: bden-grub
InitiationinitiationSee: empowerment
inneres Mandalainner mandalaA world-system represented by parts of the human body and used as an object of offering.Tib: nang-gi dkyil-'khor
inneres Opferinner offeringAn offering made of the flesh of various animals and various bodily fluids and wastes, representing either the five tainted aggregates and five bodily elements or the ten energy-winds, and which are specially "elevated" and transformed into pure nectar.Tib: nang-mchod
innewohnendinnateSee: simultaneously arising
in seinen eigenen Ort hinein auflösendissolves into its own placeSee: releases into its own place
in seinen eigenen Ort hinein auflösenrelease itself in its own placeSee: automatically releases itself in its own place
Inspirationinspiration(1) A transformation that someone or something confers, literally by means of a "brightening," into a state of heightened power and ability resembling the position or status of the person or thing that confers it. (2) In the meaning of "elevation," transformation of one's body, speech, and mind, or offering substances, into pure aspects, done during a tantric ritual. Some translators render the term as "blessing."Tib: byin-gyis rlabs
Skt: adhishthana
IntellektintellectThe mental activity that gives rise to conceptual cognition -- most commonly, to verbal conceptual thought.Tib: blo
IntelligenzintelligenceThe ability to discriminate between what is correct and what is incorrect, and between what is helpful and what is harmful.Tib: blo-gros
Interesse / Besorgnis / FürsorgeconcernSee: caring attitude
JenangjenangSee: subsequent permission
Jnana-DharmakayaJnana-dharmakayaSee: deep awareness Dharmakaya
JnanamudrajnanamudraSee: sealing partner for deep awareness
Kadam-SchuleKadamOne of the New Translation Period traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, deriving from Atisha's visit to Tibet. After its branches were merged and reformed, it continued as the Gelug tradition.Tib: bKa'-gdams
KagyüKagyuOne of the New Translation Period traditions of Tibetan Buddhism. It has two branches, Shangpa Kagyu deriving from Kyungpo Neljor and Dagpo Kagyu deriving from the line Naropa, Marpa, Milarepa, and Gampopa.Tib: bKa'-brgyud
KamaKamaThe god of desire in Hindu mythology.Tib: 'dod-pa'i lha
KangyurKangyurThe collection of the Tibetan translations of the enlightening words of the Buddha.Tib: bKa'-'gyur
KanjurKanjurSee: Kangyur
Karmakarma(1) In all Tibetan Buddhist systems except Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika, equivalent to a subcategory of the mental factor (subsidiary awareness), an urge. It is the mental factor that brings the mind in the direction of a specific physical, verbal, or mental action. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika, with respect to mental karmic actions, it is the mental factor of the urge that brings the mind in the direction of that action. With respect to physical or verbal karmic actions, it is (a) the revealing form of the physical impulse of the physical action or the sound of the words of the verbal action, plus (b) the nonrevealing form of the subtle invisible "vibration" of the action, which continues during and after the action. Some translators render the term "karma" as "action." (3) A general term used loosely for behavioral cause and effect. Also called: karmic impulse.Tib: las
Skt: karma
karmische Energiekarmic energyA general term for both positive and negative karmic energy. A constructive or destructive phenomenon that is the first phase of the karmic force of a karmic action.(1) In all Tibetan Buddhist systems except Vaibhashika and the Gelug Prasangika presentation, it is equivalent to the karmic action itself, from the point of view of what will ripen into a result intermittently. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika systems, this is the case only regarding mental karmic actions. With regard to physical and verbal karmic actions, it is equivalent to the karma of the action -- both its revealing and nonrevealing forms.
karmische Gewohnheitkarmic habitA synonym for "karmic latency."Tib: bag-chags
Skt: vasana
karmische Handlungkarmic actionA physical, verbal, or mental action brought on by and sustained by a karmic impulse.
karmische Hinterlassenschaftkarmic aftermathA general, nontechnical term for everything left over on someone's mental continuum as a consequence of having committed a karmic action. It includes karmic potentials, a network of karmic force, karmic tendencies, and karmic constant habits. According to the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika tenet systems, also included, for physical and verbal actions, is a second phase of subtle karmic energy.
karmische Kraftkarmic forceA general term for both positive and negative karmic force -- the type of karmic aftermath that is either a constructive or destructive phenomenon and which will ripen into a result intermittently. (1) In all Tibetan Buddhist systems except Vaibhashika and the Gelug Prasangika presentation, it has two phases (a) the karmic energy, referring to the karmic action itself, and (b) the karmic potential, which is the karmic force that has taken on the essential nature of a karmic tendency (karmic seed). (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika system, this is the case only regarding mental karmic actions. With regard to physical and verbal karmic actions, the karma of the action -- both its revealing and nonrevealing forms, as well as the karmic force that has taken on the essential nature of a karmic tendency.
karmische Kraft, die die essentielle Natur angenommen hat, eine karmischen Tendenz zu seinkarmic force that has taken on the essential nature of a karmic tendencyA synonym for "karmic potential."Tib: sa-bon-gyi ngo-bor gyur-ba
karmische Kraft, negativekarmic force, negativeSee: negative karmic force
karmische Kraft, positivekarmic force, positiveSee: positive karmic force
karmische Latenzkarmic latencyA general term for all karmic aftermath -- namely, karmic potentials, karmic tendencies, and karmic constant habits.Tib: bag-chags
Skt: vasana
karmischer Impulskarmic impulseSee: karma
karmischer Impuls, der eine weitere Existenz realisiertkarmic impulse for further existenceA karmic impulse that activates the karmic aftermath of throwing karma just before one dies, thus enabling the aftermath to ripen into a next rebirth. Abbreviated as "further existence."Tib: yang-srid sgrub-pa'i las
karmisches Potenzialkarmic potentialA general term for either positive or negative karmic potential. The phase of a karmic force that is a type of either constructive or destructive karmic aftermath, imputable as a noncongruent affecting variable on one's mental continuum after having committed a karmic action and which ripens into a result intermittently. (1) In all Tibetan Buddhist systems except Vaibhashika and the Gelug Prasangika presentation, it follows immediately after the karmic action ceases. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika systems, this is the case only with mental karmic actions. In the case of physical and verbal karmic actions, it is the phase of karmic force that follows immediately after the nonrevealing form of the action ceases.
karmische ständige Gewohnheitkarmic constant habitA type of karmic aftermath, imputable on one's mental continuum as an unspecified (ethically neutral) noncongruent affecting variable after having committed a karmic action, and which ripens into a result every moment until a true stopping of it has been achieved. Some translators render it as "habit" or "instinct."Tib: bag-chags
Skt: vasana
karmisches Vermächtniskarmic legacyA general term for all karmic aftermath that ripen into a result intermittently -- namely, karmic potentials and karmic tendencies.Tib: sa-bon
Skt: bija
karmische Tendenzkarmic tendencyA type of karmic aftermath that is ethically neutral (unspecified as being either constructive or destructive), which is imputable on one's mental continuum after having committed a karmic action, and which ripens into a result only intermittently. Literally, a "karmic seed."Tib: sa-bon
Skt: bija
karmische Windewinds of karmaIn the Kalachakra system, the subtle energy-winds that carry the impulses of karma -- either the karmic impulses that draw one into actions or the karmic impulses with which one carries out physical or verbal actions.Tib: las-kyi rlung
Kategorie / Klasse / Gruppe / GattungcategoryEine Kategorie, Gruppe oder Gattung ist ein Phänomen, dass den Einzelwesen zugeschrieben wird, die der Kategorie, Gruppe oder Gattung zugeschrieben wird. Einige Übersetzter geben den Begriff mit "Allgemeines" oder "Allgemeinheit" wieder. Tib: spyi
kausale Glieder, die realisierencausal links that actualizeIn the twelve links of dependent arising, the three links of craving, an obtainer, and further existence, which activate the karmic aftermath of throwing karma in the moments preceding death so that the karmic results will actualize. Thus, they serve as the simultaneously acting conditions for the aggregates of a next rebirth.Tib: bsgrub-byed-kyi yan-lag
kausale Glieder, die werfencausal links that throwIn the twelve links of dependent arising, the two and a half links of unawareness, affecting impulses, and causal loaded consciousness, which describe the process through which throwing karma is built up and its karmic aftermath is "planted" on a mental continuum as the cause for a next rebirth.Tib: 'phen-byed-kyi yan-lag
KayakayaSee: Corpus of a Buddha
kein Gefühl von moralischer Selbstwürdemoral self-dignity, no sense ofSee: no moral self-dignity
Klammergeist [Hungergeist]clutching ghostOne of the three worse rebirth states, characterized by the suffering of being unable to satisfy basic needs, such as hunger and thirst, and caused primarily by miserliness. Translated by most others as "hungry ghost," which is a literal rendering of the Chinese translation for the term, adopted by the Chinese in reference to the spirits of departed ancestors that suffered when not presented with regular offerings of food.Tib: yi-dags
Skt: preta
Klang-Allgemeinessound universalSee: audio category
klaren Lichts, Gewahrsein desawareness, clear lightSee: clear light awareness
klar erkennende Analysediscerning analysisSee: subtle discernment
klar erkennende Meditationdiscerning meditationA method for habituating oneself to an insight, understanding, or state of mind, with which one focuses on an object and generates the desired insight, understanding, or state of mind about it, through using the mental factors of gross detection (investigation) and subtle discernment (scrutiny). The method may also entail applying a line reasoning that one has already understood and become convinced of its validity. Many translators render the term as "analytical meditation."Tib: dpyad-sgom
klares Licht, objekthaftesclear light, objectSee: object clear light
KlarheitclarityAls eine definierende Eigenschaft des Geistes bezeichnet Klarheit entweder die Fähigkeit oder die geistige Aktivität oder das geistige Ereignis, das kognitive Objekte hervorbringt - bzw. die kognitiven Objekte erscheinen lässt, so dass sie wahrgenommen werden können. Ein geistiges Hologramm des kognitiven Objekts muss noch nicht einmal in der Wahrnehmung erscheinen, da das Objekt möglicherweise implizit wahrgenommen wird. Klarheit bezeichnet nicht eine Art Licht im Kopf, das verschiedene Grade von Intensität besitzt, und das die bereits vorhandenen Objekte beleuchtet. Auch hat Klarheit nichts mit einem Wahrnehmungsobjekt zu tun, das sich im Zentrum der Aufmerksamkeit befindet oder verstanden wird. Darüberhinaus impliziert das Erscheinenlassen eines kognitiven Objekts einerseits keine Passivität oder einen Mangel an Verantwortlichkeit, andererseits keinen bewussten Willen. Als ein Ereignis ereignet sich die Klarheit einfach ganz natürlich in jedem Augenblick in jedem geistigen Kontinuum. Tib: gsal
klar und scharfin focusThe appearance of something as being sharp and clear, not blurry.Tib: gsal-ba
klebrige Anhaftungsticky attachmentThe disturbing emotion that exaggerates the good qualities of an object that one possesses, that clings to it like glue, and does not wish to let go.Tib: chags-pa
Skt: sneha
Kleines FahrzeugLesser VehicleSee: Hinayana
KleshakleshaSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
kognitiv aufnehmen (eines Objektes)cognitively taking an objectMit dem "kognitiven Aufnehmen eines Objektes" wird das Wahrnehmen eines Objektes bezeichnet. "Wahrnehmen eines Objektes heißt", dass man ein gültig erkennbares Phänomen zu einem Objekt der Wahrnehmung macht, und zwar in dem Sinne, dass man es durch eine gültige oder ungültige Art des Wissens wahrnimmt. Tib: 'dzin-pa
Skt: graha
kognitiv aufzunehmen, Art ein Objektcognitively taking an object, way ofSee: way of cognitively taking an object
kognitive Anreger, die Anblicke sindcognitive stimulators that are sightsForms of physical phenomena that may be cognized by either visual or mental consciousness.Tib: gzugs-kyi skye-mched
kognitive Erscheinungcognitive appearanceSee: appearance
kognitiver offener Raumcognitive open spaceEin kognitiver offener Raum ist Rigpa (d.h. reines Gewahrsein) vom Blickwinkel seiner essentiellen Natur aus. Die essentielle Natur des reinen Gewahrsein liegt dem Hervorbringen der Erscheinungen zu Grunde und gestattet ihr die Erscheinungen wahrzunehmen, wobei das Wahrnehmen der Erscheinungen mehr im Vordergrund steht. Der Begriff "kognitiver offener Raum" ist gleichbedeutend mit "Essenz-Rigpa" und "kognitiver Sphäre". Tib: klong
kognitiver Raumcognitive spaceSee: cognitive open space
kognitive Schleiercognitive obscurationsKognitive Schleier sind flüchtige Befleckungen, welche die geistige Aktivität (oder genauer gesagt: die geistige Aktivität des klaren Lichtes) "verdecken" oder begleiten, wobei sie verhindern, dass die geistige Aktivität die beiden Wahrheiten gleichzeitig wahrnehmen kann. Der Begriff "kognitive Schleier" wird auch als "Schleier in Bezug auf alles Wissbare" und "Hindernisse, die die Allwissenheit verhindern" und "Hindernisse vor der Allwissenheit" übersetzt. Tib: shes-sgrib
Skt: jneyavarana
kognitives Entstehencognitive arisingEine kognitive Erscheinung, die in einem geistigen Kontinuum erschienen ist. Tib: snang-ba
kognitive Sphärecognitive sphereRigpa (reines Gewahrsein) aus dem Blickwinkel seiner essentiellen Natur. Die essentielle Natur liegt dem Entstehen von Erscheinungen und dem Wahrnehmen der Erscheinungen zugrunde und gestattet, dass diese Erscheinungen entstehen und wahrgenommen werden, wobei das Entstehen der Erscheinungen mehr im Vordergrund steht. Der Begriff und "kognitiver Sphäre" ist gleichbedeutend mit "Essenz-Rigpa" und "kognitiver offener Raum" Tib: dbyings
Skt: dhatu
kognitives Sichbefassencognitive engagementA manner of cognizing an object.Tib: 'jug-pa
kongruentcongruentDer Begriff "kongruent" bezieht darauf, welche Beziehung die verschiedenen Weisen, in denen man sich einer Sache gewahr ist, die in derselben Wahrnehmung auftreten, untereinander haben. [die einem in der selben Wahrnehmung erscheinen]. In demselben Moment der Wahrnehmung haben zwei oder mehr der Gewahrseinsarten insgesamt fünf Dinge gemeinsam. Bitte vergleichen Sie auch: Kongruente beeinflussende Variablen.Tib: mtshungs-ldan
kongruente beinflussende Variablen teilensharing five congruent factors*****Def****Für eine ausführliche Erklärung vergleichen Sie bitte den Artikel: Kongruente und nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variablen.Tib: mtshungs-ldan lnga
konstruktivconstructiveAls konstruktiv wird ein Geisteszustand beschrieben, bzw. werden körperliche, sprachliche oder geistige Handlungen bezeichnet, die von einer solchen konstruktiven Geisteshaltung motiviert sind, die in Form von Glück im geistigen Kontinuum der Person heranreifen, in der sie auftreten. Der der Begriff keinen Beiklang von moralischer Wertung besitzt, ist die Übersetzung des Begriffes mit dem Wort "tugendhaft" oder "tugendsam" irreführend. Tib: dge-ba
Skt: kushala
Kontaktbewusstseincontacting awarenessThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that differentiates that the object of a cognition is pleasant, unpleasant, or neutral, and thus serves as the foundation for experiencing it with a feeling of happiness, unhappiness, or a neutral feeling.Tib: reg-pa
Skt: sparsha
Kontinuum, geistigescontinuum, mentalSee: mental continuum
KonventionconventionEin Wort oder ein Satz, der innerhalb der Gesellschaft oder von einem anderen Menschen in der Sprache oder in Gedanken übereinstimmend verwendet wird, um sich auf etwas zu beziehen. Tib: tha-snyad
Skt: vyavahara
konventionelles allgemein verständliches Objektconventional commonsense objectBei dem Begriff "konventionelles allgemein verständliches Objekt" handelt es sich wörtlich um: Konventionelle Objekte, die wir tatsächlich erfahren, wenn wir sie wahrnehmen. Es handelt sich also um ein Objekt der gewöhnlichen Erfahrung, auf die ein Wort oder Konzept hinweist, und das sich über die Sinnesdaten von einem oder mehrerer Sinne erstreckt. Tib: tha-snyad spyod-yul
konventionelles Bodhichittaconventional bodhichittaSiehe: relatives BodhichittaTib: kun-rdzob-gyi byang-chub-gyi sems
konventionelles Objekt der Erfahrungconventional object of experienceSee: conventional commonsense object
konventionelles wahres Phänomenconventional true phenomenonSee: superficial true phenomenon
konventionelle Wahrheitconventional truthSee: superficial truth
KonzentrationconcentrationSee: mental fixation
Konzentration, tiefeconcentration, absorbedSee: absorbed concentration
KonzeptconceptA general term for a universal, a category, or a mental label. A concept of something need not be verbal. For example, one has a concept of what a pretty face looks like, what one's mother looks like, what a good soup tastes like, what a properly tuned guitar sounds like, what a valid line of reasoning is, what one plus one equals, and so on.Tib: rtog-pa
konzeptuellconceptualTogether with a concept.Tib: rtog-bcas
konzeptuell anklammernconceptually clingIm Kontext konzeptueller Wahrnehmung bezeichnet "konzeptuell anklammern" das Implizieren eines tatsächlichen Objektes einer Kategorie, das mit der Kategorie übereinstimmt, so als ob die Kategorie an das "konzeptuell implizierte Objekt" angehängt wäre.Tib: zhen-pa
konzeptuell darauf schließen lassen / konzeptuell implizierenconceptually implySee: conceptually cling
konzeptuelle Isolateconceptual isolatesSee: conceptually isolated item
konzeptuelle Kategorieconceptual categoryEine konzeptuelle Kategorie ist eine Gruppe von individuellen Elementen, die eine gemeinsam definierende Eigenschaft gemeinsam haben [***teilen]. Die konzeptuelle Kategorie wird durch eine geistige Synthese individueller Elemente [+++Gegenstände], die Beispiele der konzeptuellen Kategorie sind, geistig konstruiert (geistig fabriziert). Oder die konzeptuelle Kategorie wird durch eine geistige Synthese räumlicher, sensorischer oder zeitlicher Teile, die auf sie zugeschrieben (mit denen sie bezeichnet sind), geistig konstruiert. Einige Übersetzer geben den Begriff mit "Allgemeines" oder "Allgemeinheit" wieder.Tib: spyi
konzeptuell Erfassenconceptualization"Konzeptuelles Erfassen bezeichnet den Prozess, in dem man Objekte konzeptuell wahrnimmt.
konzeptuell erfasstes Objektconceptualized objectDas "konzeptuell erfasste Objekt" bezeichnet das Objekt in Bezug auf das eine konzeptuelle Wahrnehmung ein Allgemeines (Allgemeinbild), eine Kategorie oder eine geistige Bezeichnung hervorbringt, mit deren Hilfe man denkt. Wörtlich bedeutet der Begriff: Das Objekt an dem sich ein Konzept anklammert. Das "konzeptuell erfasste Objekt" wird auch als "impliziertes Objekt" oder "konzeptuell impliziertes Objekt" bezeichnet.Tib: zhen-yul
konzeptueller Gedankeconceptual thoughtSee: conceptual cognition
konzeptuelle Wahrnehmungconceptual cognitionDie Wahrnehmung eines Objekts durch das Medium einer metaphysischen Einheit, und zwar durch ein Allgemeines, eine Kategorie oder eine geistige Bezeichnung. Die konzeptuelle Wahrnehmung schreibt dem Objekt eine metaphysischen Einheit zu, die den geistigen Aspekt, den sie annimmt ähnelt, und sie vermischt und verwechselt die beiden.Tib: rtog-pa
konzeptuell implizieren / konzeptuell darauf schließen lassenimply, conceptuallySee: conceptually cling
konzeptuell impliziertes Objektconceptually implied objectSee: conceptualized object
konzeptuell isoliertes Elementconceptually isolated itemWerden auch als Unterscheider oder Isolate bezeichnet.Tib: ldog-pa
Körper, Regenbogen-body, rainbowSee: rainbow body
Körper, subtilerbody, subtleSee: subtle body
Körper, subtilsterbody, subtlestSee: subtlest body
Körper, Vajra-body, vajraSee: vajra-body
Körperbewusstseinconsciousness, bodySee: body consciousness
Körper der erleuchtenden FormenCorpus of Enlightening FormsSee: Corpus of Forms
Körper der essentiellen NaturBody of Essential NatureSee: Corpus of Essential Nature
Körper der essentiellen NaturCorpus of Essential Nature(1) In the Gelug non-Kalachakra system, the voidness of a Buddha's omniscient mind and its state of being parted from the two sets of obscurations. (2) In the Gelug Kalachakra system, the blissful awareness aspect of a Buddha's omniscient mind. (3) In the Non-Gelug systems, the inseparability of all the Corpuses of a Buddha - equivalent to the inseparability of the two truths. Also called: Body of Essential Nature, Nature Body.Tib: ngo-bo-nyid sku
Skt: svabhavakaya
Körper der FormenCorpus of FormsA network of forms in which a Buddha appears in order to benefit others. It includes both the subtle forms of a Corpus of Full Use and the grosser forms of a Corpus of Emanations, Also called: Corpus of Enlightening Forms, Form Body, Body of Forms.Tib: gzugs-sku
Skt: rupakaya
Körper der großen GlückseligkeitBody of Great BlissSee: Corpus of Great Bliss
Körper des tiefen allumfassenden GewahrseinsBody of Deep Awareness Encompassing EverythingSee: Corpus of Deep Awareness' Encompassing Everything
Körper des tiefen allumfassenden GewahrseinsCorpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing EverythingMit dem Begriff "Körper des tiefen allumfassenden Gewahrseins" wird der Aspekt des tiefen Gewahrseins des Geistes eines Buddha bezeichnet, der zeitgleich und ohne Unterbrechung der zwei Wahrheiten gleichermaßen gewahr ist. Er wird auch als Körper des Tib: ye-shes chos-sku
Skt: jnana-dharmakaya
Körper des tiefen Gewahrseins erleuchtenden EinflussesBody of Deep Awareness' Enlightening InfluenceSee: Corpus of Deep Awareness' Enlightening Influence
Körper eines BuddhaCorpus of a BuddhaEin Netzwerk erleuchtender Merkmale oder Aspekte eines Buddha, wie beispielsweise die des Körpers, der Sprache oder des Geistes eines Buddha, die er beim Erreichen der Erleuchtung erlangt und die anderen Wesen dabei helfen, die Erleuchtung ebenfalls zu erlangen. Tib: sku
Skt: kaya
Körper eines Buddha, dreiCorpuses of a Buddha, ThreeSee: Three Corpuses of a Buddha
Körper eines Buddha, fünfCorpuses of a Buddha, FiveSee: Five Corpuses of a Buddha
Körper eines Buddha, vierCorpuses of a Buddha, FourSee: Four Corpuses of a Buddha
Körper eines Buddha, zweiCorpuses of a Buddha, TwoSee: Two Corpuses of a Buddha
Körper großer GlückseligkeitCorpus of Great BlissIn the dzogchen system, the blissful awareness aspect of a Buddha's omniscient mind.Tib: bde-ba chen-po'i sku
Skt: mahasukhakaya
körperliche Sensoren der Wahrnehmungphysical cognitive sensorsOut of the six cognitive sensors, the five that are forms of physical phenomena -- namely, (1) the photosensitive cells of the eyes, (2) the sound-sensitive cells of the ears, (3) the smell-sensitive cells of the nose, (4) the taste-sensitive cells of the tongue, and (5) the physical sensation-sensitive cells of the body.
körperliches Wesenembodied beingA being with a limited body. Any being other than a Buddha. Synonymous with "limited being," "sentient being."Tib: lus-can
Skt: dehin
Körpermandalabody mandalaEin Netzwerk von Buddhagestalten, die innerhalb des Körpers einer Buddhagestalt angeordnet sind. Tib: lus-dkyil
Körper manifester ErleuchtungBody of Manifest EnlightenmentSee: Corpus of Manifest Enlightenment
Körper manifester ErleuchtungCorpus of Manifest EnlightenmentAccording to some dzogchen systems, the appearance-making aspect of the deep awareness of a Buddha's pure appearance. In other words, the appearance-making aspect of a Buddha's omniscient mind.Tib: mngon-byang-gi sku
Skt: abhisambhodhikaya
Körper tiefen Gewahrseins erleuchtenden EinflussesCorpus of Deep Awareness' Enlightening InfluenceIn some dzogchen systems, the spontaneous, effortless positive influence that a Buddha's omniscient mind exerts on others. Also called: Body of Deep Awareness' Enlightening Influence. Some translators render the term as "Wisdom Activity Body."Tib: ye-shes 'phrin-las sku
Körper vollen GebrauchsBody of Full UseSee: Corpus of Full Use
Körper vollen GebrauchsCorpus of Full Use(1) According to sutra, the network of subtle forms, which make full use of the Mahayana teachings, and in which a Buddha appears in order to teach arya bodhisattvas. (2) According to non-Kalachakra anuttarayoga tantra, the network of all the speech of a Buddha. (3) According to Kalachakra, the network of both the subtle forms and the speech of a Buddha. Also called Body of Full Use. Some translators render this term as "Enjoyment Body."Tib: longs-spyod rdzogs-pa'i sku
Skt: sambhogakaya
Kraft, karmischeforce, karmicSee: karmic force
Kraft, positiveforce, positiveSee: positive karmic force
Kräfte, außerphysischepowers, extraphysicalSee: extraphysical emanations
Kräfte, außersinnlichepowers, extrasensorySee: advanced awareness
kraftvolle Gottheitforceful deityAn emanation of a Buddha in a form of great strength, usually surrounded by flames representing deep awareness, and terrifying, so as to chase away disturbing emotions, interferences, and other harm. Often translated by others as "wrathful deity," although there is no connotation here of "wrath" as in "the wrath of God." Although the Sanskrit and Tibetan terms, here, mean literally "angry," this does not refer to anger as a disturbing emotion, but rather to the strong force of anger to get rid of something detrimental to spiritual well-being and progress.Tib: khro-bo
Skt: kroddha
kreative Energietropfencreative energy-dropsSubtle forms of pure essence, found in the subtle energy-channels of the subtle body and which, through anuttarayoga complete stage practice, can function as the seed for generating of a blissful awareness.Tib: thig-le
Skt: bindu
kreative Tropfen, subtilecreative drops, subtleSee: creative energy-drops
künstlichartificialSee: contrived
künstlich / gekünsteltcontrivedAls "künstlich" wird ein Geisteszustand bezeichnet, der geistig durch konzeptuelle Gedanken zusammengebaut oder konstruiert wird, wie beispielsweise durch eine Argumentationskette. Tib: bcos-ma
kurzlebige, hocherregte Entsagungshort-lived all-excited renunciationThe enthusiastic and fanatic giving up of everything worldly, often based on blind faith that an external source will save us.Tib: sna-thung spu-sud-kyi nges-'byung
LamrimlamrimSee: lam-rim
Lam-rimlam-rimGraded path; graded stages of the path; graded stage of motivation; graded stages of pathway minds. A course of training in the Mahayana sutra teachings through which one makes progress by developing graded stages of motivation, which act as pathway minds leading to enlightenment.Tib: lam-rim
LatenzlatencySee: karmic latency
Latenz, karmischelatency, karmicSee: karmic latency
Lebewesenbeing, individualSee: person
Lebewesenindividual beingSee: person
lediglich anstrebender Zustand des anstrebenden Bodhichittamerely aspiring state of aspiring bodhichittaThe initial state of aspiring bodhichitta, with which one focuses on one's own future enlightenment and merely has the intention to attain it and to benefit all beings by means of it. Also called: the mere state of aspiring bodhichitta.Tib: smon-sems smon-pa-tsam
lediglich anstrebendes Bodhichittamerely aspiring bodhichittaSee: merely aspiring state of aspiring bodhichitta
LeereemptinessSee: voidness
LeerheitvoidnessEine Abwesenheit einer unmöglichen Art zu existieren. Die unmögliche Art zu existieren hat es zu keiner Zeit jemals [überhaupt nie] gegeben. Dieser Begriff wird von Übersetzern häufig mit dem Begriff "Leere" übertragen. [ausgedrückt]Tib: stong-pa-nyid
Skt: shunyata
Leerheit, anderesvoidness, otherSee: other-voidness
Leerheit, selbstvoidness, selfSee: self-voidness
Leerheit-Formvoid formSee: devoid form
Leerheit verwirklichen / Leerheit erkennenrealize voidnessTo gain a stable, correct understanding of voidness, either conceptually or nonconceptually, such that it brings about a lasting attainment and change in the person who has it.Tib: stong-nyid rtogs-pa
Leerheit verwirklichen / Leerheit erkennenvoidness, realizeSee: realize voidness
Lehre, auslegbareteaching, interpretableSee: interpretable teaching
Lehre, eindeutige / Lehre, endgültigeteaching, definitiveSee: definitive teaching
Lehrer, spirituellerteacher, spiritualSee: spiritual teacher
Lehrsystemtenet systemA set of principles or assertions of a particular traditional Indian school of philosophy or of astronomical calculations.Tib: grub-mtha'
Skt: siddhanta
Lehrsystemesystems of tenetsSee: tenet systemTib: grub-mtha’
Leiden, alles umfassendessuffering, all-pervasiveSee: all-pervasively affecting suffering
Leiden, alles umfassendessuffering, all-pervasively affectingSee: all-pervasively affecting suffering
Leiden der Veränderungsuffering of changeThe suffering of ordinary happiness, which never lasts, never satisfies, and which eventually turns into the suffering of suffering.Tib: 'gyur-ba'i sdug-bsngal
Leiden des Leidenssuffering of sufferingThe suffering of gross pain or unhappiness.Tib: sdug-bsngal-gyi sdug bsnal
Leidenschaftemotional afflictionSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
leidvolle Phänomenemiserable phenomenaOne of the four aspects of true sufferings. The five aggregate factors from the point of view of their being under the control of the true origins (true causes) of suffering and thus are subject to one or more of the three types of suffering without any break.Tib: sdug-bsngal-ba
Skt: du:kha (duhkha)
Leistungsfähigkeit, Gefühl derfitness, sense ofSee: sense of fitness
letztendliche Ebene / höchste Ebeneultimate levelThe final, most profound level of something. Sometimes also translated as "deepest level" or "ultimate deepest level."Tib: mthar-thug
letztendliche Quelle der sicheren Ausrichtungultimate source of safe directionThe Buddhas, as the only ones with full sets of true stoppings and true pathway minds on their mental continuums.Tib: mthar-thug-gi skyabs-gnas
letztendliches Bodhichittaultimate bodhichittaSee: deepest bodhichitta
letztendliches Fahrzeug des Geistesultimate vehicles of mindAccording to the tenets of the Chittamatra Followers of Scripture, three vehicles of mind that lead to three different final goals -- shravaka arhatship, pratyekabuddha arhatship, and Buddhahood -- which, once one has been attained, do not allow for the person who has attained it to achieve one of the other two goals. Thus, shravaka arhats and pratyekabuddha arhats cannot attain enlightenment.Tib: mthar-thug theg-pa
letztendliches Phänomen, mit Worten fassbaresultimate phenomenon, denumerableSee: denumerable ultimate phenomenon
letztendliches Phänomen, nicht mit Worten fassbaresultimate phenomenon, nondenumerableSee: nondenumerable ultimate phenomenon
letztendliche Wahrheitultimate truthSee: deepest truth
LichtheitlucidityA quality of a well-concentrated mind with which the mind remains fresh in each moment.Tib: dvangs
Licht-Streuunglight diffusionAuch übersetzt als: heller werdend, rote ErscheinungTib: mched
Liebelove(1) The wish for someone to be happy and to have the causes for happiness. (2) In Theravada, when conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, the ninth of the ten far-reaching attitudes -- the attitude to work to bring about the welfare and happiness of others, even when doing so requires self-sacrifice.Tib: byams-pa
Skt: maitri
Liebe, fürsorglichelove, caringSee: love
Liebe, großelove, greatSee: great love
Liebe, herzerwärmendelove, heartwarmingSee: heartwarming love
Liebe, sich liebevoll kümmerndelove, cherishing concernedSee: cherishing concerned love
Liebevolle Güteloving-kindnessThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) with which one not only wishes others to be happy and to have the causes for happiness, but with which one also acts towards others in a helpful manner.Tib: brtse-ba
Linie, entferntelineage, distantSee: distant lineage
Linie, nahelineage, nearSee: near lineage
LojonglojongSee: attitude-trainingTib: blo-sbyong
LongdelongdeySee: open space divisionTib: klong-sde
LoslösungdetachmentThe constructive mental factor of bored disgust with and thus lack of longing desire for compulsive existence and objects of compulsive existence. Also translated as "nonattachment."Tib: chags-pa med-pa
Skt: asanga
MadhyamakaMadhyamakaA Mahayana school of Indian Buddhism that does not assert the true existence of anything. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.Tib: dbu-ma
Skt: madhyamaka
MahamudramahamudraLiterally, "the great seal," a Mahayana meditation practice that focuses on the nature of the mind.Tib: phyag-rgya chen-po
Skt: mahamudra
Mahamudra, Essenz-mahamudra, essenceSee: essence mahamudra
Mahamudra, Mantra-mahamudra, mantraSee: mantra mahamudra
Mahamudra, Pfad-mahamudra, pathwaySee: pathway mahamudra
Mahamudra, Sutra-mahamudra, sutraSee: sutra mahamudra
MahayanaMahayanaLiterally, a "Vast Vehicle of Mind" - levels or states of mind that, with a vast motivation of bodhichitta, employ vast methods for reach the vast goal of enlightenment. Some translators render the term as "Greater Vehicle."Tib: theg-chen
Skt: mahayana
Mahayana-MeisterMahayana masterA spiritual mentor in whose presence disciples take bodhisattva vows. In a broader sense, a spiritual mentor whose teachings on compassion and bodhichitta lead disciples to develop aspiring and engaged bodhichittas, and then to take bodhisattva vows.
MahayogamahayogaWithin the Nyingma classification scheme of nine vehicles of mind, the class of tantra leading to dzogchen practice but with the main emphasis and detail on generation stage practice.Tib: ma-ha yo-ga
Makel, flüchtigerstain, fleetingSee: fleeting stain
MandalamandalaIn general, a round symbol used to represent a meaning. Most often used to represent a world system.Tib: dkyil- 'khor
Skt: mandala
Mandala, äußeresmandala, outerSee: outer mandala
Mandala, dreidimensionalesmandala, three-dimensionalSee: three-dimensional mandala
Mandala, inneresmandala, innerSee: inner mandala
Mandala, Körper-mandala, bodySee: body mandala
Mandala, Stoff-mandala, clothSee: cloth mandala
Mandala, unterstützendesmandala, supportingSee: supporting mandala
Mandala, unterstützesmandala, supportedSee: supported mandala
Mandala aus gestreutem Sandmandala, powdered sandSee: powdered sand mandala
Mandala aus gestreutem Sandpowdered sand mandalaA two-dimensional representation, made of powdered colored minerals, which is like an architectural blueprint of the three-dimensional palace, environment, and Buddha-figures of a symbolic world system, and used for conferring a tantric empowerment.Tib: rdul-phran-gyi dkyil-'khor
Mandala der Redemandala, speechSee: speech mandala
manifeste Wahrnehmungmanifest cognitionA cognition in which the consciousness gives rise to a mental hologram of a cognitive object and, in which, the cognitive object appears, through that hologram, both to the person and to the consciousness of the manifest cognition. Both the person and the manifest consciousness cognitively take it _ both cognize or "know" it. See also: subliminal cognition.Tib: shes-pa mngon-gyur-ba
MantramantraSets of syllables and, often, additional Sanskrit words and phrases, all of which represent enlightening speech and which, when repeated, protect the mind from destructive states. While repeating the mantras of a Buddha-figure, one imagines having the abilities to communicate perfectly to everyone the complete means for eliminating suffering and reaching enlightenment. Mantras shape the breath, and consequently the subtle energy-winds, enabling one to bring the winds under control for use in meditation practice. Tib: sngags
Skt: mantra
Mantra-Ansammlung, Mantra-Sammlungmantra-gatheringA tantric ritual for giving disciples confidence in the accuracy of a mantra, in which the vowels and consonants of the Sanskrit alphabet are written with colored powder in a grid on the surface of a metal mirror and the tantric master reads out, one by one, the grid location of the consonant and vowel for each syllable of the main mantra. After each specification of the consonant and vowel of a syllable, an assistant takes some colored powder from the mirror and uses it to write the syllable on the surface of another metal mirror.Tib: sngags-btus
Mantra-Mahamudramantra mahamudraMeditations on the nature of the mind with regard to the subtlest mind, clear light.Tib: sngags-kyi phyag-chen
MeditationmeditationThe repeated practice of generating and focusing on a beneficial state of mind in order to build it up as a habit.Tib: sgom
Skt: bhavana
Meditation, klar erkennendemeditation, discerningSee: discerning meditation
Meditation, stabilisierende oder verankerndemeditation, stabilizingSee: stabilizing meditation
Meditationstrainermeditation trainerA teacher who instructs one in the mechanics of meditation, such as the correct posture.
meditative Ausgewogenheitmeditative equipoiseSee: total absorption
Mengenlehreset theorySet theory has to do with the logical pervasions between two or more sets -- mutually exclusive, totally congruent, overlapping, etc. A set is a collection or a group of many items, like the set of all nonstatic phenomena.Tib: bsdus-grva
Skt: dura
Mentor, spirituellermentor, spiritualSee: spiritual mentor
Merkmal, unterscheidendesfeature, distinguishingSee: feature, distinguishing
Merkmalsbesitzerproperty-possessorA member of the set of phenomena possessing a certain property, such as voidness as its actual nature.Tib: chos-can
metaphysische Entitätenmetaphysical entitiesIn the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, those phenomena, the existence of which is established by their being merely imputed by conceptual cognition and which are superficial (relative, conventional) true phenomena. According to Sautrantika, they include all static phenomena; according to Chittamatra, they include all static phenomena other than voidnesses, true stoppings, and nirvanas. (1) In the Gelug system, they are the appearing objects of only conceptual cognitions, although they are not the actual cognitive appearances in those cognitions. They may be validly cognized not only by valid conceptual cognition, but also implicitly by valid nonconceptual cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug systems, they can only be validly cognized by valid conceptual cognition. Also translated as "generally characterized phenomena."Tib: spyi-mtshan
Skt: samanyalakshana
Methode der Realisierungmethod of actualizationSee: sadhana
metrische Versemetered versesTwo-to-six-lined verses composed by Buddha. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: tshigs-su bcad-pa
Skt: gatha
mit einer verzerrten, feindseligen Geisteshaltung denkenthinking with a distorted antagonistic attitudeSee: distorted antagonistic thinking
mit einer verzerrten Ansicht denkenthinking with a distorted viewSee: distorted antagonistic thinking
MitgefühlcompassionMitgefühl ist der Wunsch, dass jemand frei sein möge vom Leiden und den Ursachen des Leidens. Tib: snying-rje
Skt: karuna
Mitgefühlcompassionate sympathySee: compassion
Mitgefühl, großescompassion, greatSee: great compassion
mit klarem Kopf daran glauben, dass eine Tatsache wahr istclearheadedly believing a fact to be trueSee: clearheaded belief in a factTib: dangs-ba'i dad-pa
Mittel, angebrachtesmeans, appropriateSee: appropriate means
mit Verwirrung verbundenconfusion, associated withSee: tainted
mit Verwirrung verbundenmixed with confusionSee: tainted
mit Worten fassbare letzendliche Phänomenedenumerable ultimate phenomenonVoidnesses that are validly cognized conceptually. They are "denumerable" in the sense that they can be counted among what appears to minds validly cognizing phenomena through mentally labeling them with words and concepts.Tib: rnam-grangs-pa'I don-dam
Möchtegern-Gottwould-be divineAlso called: anti-godsTib: lha ma-yin
Skt: asura
MomentmomentThe smallest unit of time.Tib: skad-cig
Skt: kshana
MonademonadAn undifferentiated, partless whole, either the size of an atom or the size of the universe, asserted by non-Buddhist schools of Indian philosophy as descriptive of the atman, the "soul" of a person.Tib: gcig
monastischer Sangha / Sangha der Mönchemonastic sanghaSee: Sangha
Mönchsgemeinschaftmonastic communitySee: Sangha
moralische Selbstwürdemoral self-dignityAs defined by Asanga, the sense to refrain from negative behavior because of caring how one's actions reflect on oneself.Tib: ngo-tsha shes-pa
Skt: hri
moralische Selbstwürde, kein Gefühl vonno sense of moral self-dignitySee: no moral self-dignityTib: ngo-tsha med-pa
Motivationmotivating aimSynonymous with intention. See: intention.Tib: kun-slong
MotivationmotivationWhen used in Western languages, a state of mind that entails two mental factors (subsidiary awarenesses): a motivating aim and a motivating emotion. A motivating aim is the mental factor of an intention – the intention to reach a certain goal for a certain purpose. A motivating emotion is the mental factor of the positive or negative emotion, such as love and compassion, or jealousy and greed, which accompanies the intention and moves one to attain that goal.
Motivation, ursächlichemotivating aim, causalSee: causal motivating aim
motivierender geistiger Rahmenmotivating mental frameworkA state of mind that accompanies a karmic urge or impulse and which is a cluster of three mental factors (subsidiary awarenesses): distinguishing an object on which to focus the action, the motivating aim of what one intends to do with or to that object, and a motivating emotion or attitude. Tib: bsam-pa
mühelosunlaboredA state of mind, such as bodhichitta, generated instantly without needing to work oneself up to it, with deliberate effort, through a series of steps, each of which entails a line of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-med
müheloses Bodhichittaunlabored bodhichittaA bodhichitta aim that arises automatically and effortlessly, without need to build up to it through steps or by relying on lines of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-med byang-sems
mündliche Übertragungoral transmissionA ceremony during which a spiritual teacher reads aloud or recites from memory, without any mistakes, a Buddhist text or mantra to disciples who listen attentively. The teacher needs to have heard, himself or herself, the words of the text or mantra recited faultlessly by his or her own teacher, who likewise heard it in this manner in an unbroken lineage tracing back to Buddha or to the author of the text. The ceremony insures the accurate transmission of the words, although neither the teacher reciting them nor the disciple hearing them need to understand their meaning.Tib: lung
Musiker, himmlischemusician, heavenlySee: those who sustain themselves on fragrances
Muttermother-awarenessThe recognition of all beings as having at some time been one's mother. The first of the seven-part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta.Tib: mar-shes
nachfolgende Erlangungattainment, subsequentSee: subsequent attainment
nachfolgende Erlangungsubsequent attainmentA state of mind having the joined pair of shamatha and vipashyana, and in which absorbed concentration is focused single-pointedly on a voidness that is like an illusion. It is attained only upon rising from total absorption on space-like voidness and may occur either while still in meditation or after arising from meditation. It may be either conceptual or nonconceptual. Sometimes translated as "subsequent realization." Other translators often render the term as "post-meditation."Tib: rjes-thob
nachfolgende Verwirklichungsubsequent realizationSee: subsequent attainment
nachfolgende Wahrnehmungsubsequent cognitionOne of the seven ways of knowing something: a nonfraudulent, but not fresh, cognition of an object. It is the second phase of a valid bare cognition or inferential cognition, and is asserted only by the Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika tenet systems.Tib: bcad-shes
Nachkomme, spirituelleroffspring, spiritualSee: spiritual offspring
nahe Linienear lineageThe lineage of a teaching that did not begin with Buddha himself, but began with an Indian or Tibetan master, usually through a pure vision.Tib: nye-brgyud
NaivitätnaivetyEine Unterkategorie des Gewahrseins. Das Gewahrsein von verhaltensbedingter Ursache und Wirkung oder das Gewahrsein der Realität, das lediglich destruktive Geisteszustände oder Verhaltensweisen begleitet. Eine der drei giftigen Emotionen. Tib: gti-mug
Skt: moha
Natur, essentiellenature, essentialSee: essential nature
Natur, funktionellenature, functionalSee: functional nature
Natur, tatsächlichenature, actualSee: actual nature
Natur-KörperNature BodySee: Corpus of Essential Nature
natürlich andauernde Familieneigenschaftennaturally abiding family-traits(1) In the Chittamatra system, the seeds that, without beginning, are imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being and which serve as factors allowing that being to attain one of the three purified states. (2) In the Madhyamaka systems, the voidnesses imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being.Tib: rang-bzhin gnas-rigs
natürlicherweise destruktive nicht lobenswerte Handlungnaturally destructive uncommendable actionSee: naturally uncommendable action
natürlicherweise nicht lobenswerte Handlungennaturally uncommendable actionA negative action which, because it is destructive by nature, ripens into the experience of suffering by anyone who commits it.Tib: rang-bzhin-gyi kha-na ma-tho-ba
natürliches Nirvananatural nirvanaEquivalent to voidness (emptiness), the natural state of all phenomena being released from impossible ways of existing. Asserted only by the Mahayana tenet systems.Tib: rang-bzhin-gyi mya-ngan 'das
natürliche Untrennbarkeitnatural inseparabilityThe relationship between two items, in which when one is the case or is occurring, then automatically so is the other.Tib: rang-bzhin dbyer-med
natürlich untrennbare Aspektenaturally inseparable aspectsSee: natural inseparability
Nebengelübde des Bodhisattvassecondary bodhisattva vowsSee: faulty actions
Nebengewahrseinsubsidiary awarenessBei einem Nebengewahrsein handelt es sich um eine Art des Wahrnehmens eines Objektes, welche ein Primärbewusstsein begleitet [die gleichzeitig stattfindet, wenn auch das Primärbewusstsein aktiv ist]. Das Nebengewahrsein hat mit dem Primärbewusstsein fünf Dinge gemeinsam. Zudem befähigt das Nebengewahrsein zur Wahrnehmung des Objektes oder hilft bei der Wahrnehmung des Objektes. Das Nebengewahrsein wird auch als "Geistesfaktor" bezeichnet. Tib: sems-byung
Skt: caitika
negative karmische Kraftnegative karmic forceDie Art von karmischer Kraft die mit einer destruktiven Handlung verbunden ist und mit kurzen Unterbrechungen als Unzufriedenheit und als Leiden unter Problemen und Schmerz heranreift. Die negative karmische Kraft wird auch als "negatives karmisches Potenzial" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff als "Sünde". Siehe: karmische Kraft. Tib: sdig-pa
Skt: papa
negative Kraftnegative forceSee: negative karmic force
negatives Potenzialnegative potentialSee: negative karmic force
negierend erkanntes Phänomen / durch Negierung erkanntes Phänomennegatingly known phenomenonSee: negation phenomenon
NegierungnegationSee: negation phenomenon
NegierungnullificationSee: negation phenomenon
Negierungs-Phänomennegation phenomenonAn item, or a truth about an item, defined in terms of the exclusion of something else, in which an object to be negated is explicitly precluded by the conceptual cognition that cognizes the phenomenon. Also translated as: "negation," "nullification," "refutation."Tib: dgag-pa
Negierungs-Phänomen, implizierendesnegation phenomenon, implicativeSee: implicative negation phenomenon
Negierungs-Phänomen, nichtimplizierendesnegation phenomenon, nonimplicativeSee: nonimplicative negation phenomenon
Netzwerk des tiefen Gewahrseinsnetwork of deep awarenessA constructive noncongruent affecting variable imputable on the moments of conceptual or nonconceptual cognition of the four noble truths or of voidness, on the mental continuum of a limited being, when followed by a bodhichitta dedication, and which functions as the obtaining cause for the Dharmakaya of a Buddha. Also called: "bountiful store of deep awareness." Some translators render the term as "collection of wisdom" or "collection of insight."Tib: ye-shes-kyi tshogs
Skt: jnanasambhara
Netzwerk positiver Kraftnetwork of positive forceA constructive noncongruent affecting variable imputable on the positive force on the mental continuum of a limited being, when dedicated with bodhichitta, and which functions as the obtaining cause for the Form Corpus of a Buddha. Also called: "bountiful store of positive force." Some translators render the term as "collection of merit."Tib: bsod-nams-kyi tshogs
Skt: punyasambhara
neutrales Gefühl / neutrale Empfindungneutral feelingThat feeling which, when it arises, one neither wants to be parted from it, nor, when it stops, one wishes to meet it again.Tib: btang-snyoms
Skt: upeksha
NgöndrongondroSee: preliminary practices
Nicht (mit Worten) fassbares letztendliches Phänomennondenumerable ultimate phenomenonVoidnesses that are validly cognized nonconceptually. They are "nondenumerable" in the sense that they cannot be counted among what appears to minds validly cognizing phenomena through mentally labeling them with words and concepts, thus they are voidnesses that are "beyond words and beyond concepts."Tib: rnam-grangs ma-yin-pa'I don-dam
Nicht-AnhaftungnonattachmentSee: detachment
Nicht-Ärgernon-angerSee: imperturbability
nichtaufregendnonupsettingA way of being aware of something that shares five congruent features with an arya's total absorption on voidness.Tib: zang-zing med-pa
nichtbeinflusstes Phänomenunaffected phenomenonA phenomenon that is not affected by causes or conditions. A synonym for static phenomenon. Often rendered by other translators as "unconditioned phenomenon."Tib: 'dus ma-byas
Skt: asamskrtadharma
nichtbestätigende Negierungnonaffirming negationSee: nonimplicative negation phenomenon
nicht-budhhistischer Extremistnon-Buddhist extremistA follower of a non-Buddhist Indian school of philosophy that asserts either an eternalist position of an unchanging static soul (atman) of a person or a nihilist position that denies the continuity of a person after death and/or the workings of karmic cause and effect.Tib: mu-stegs-pa
Skt: tirthika
nichtdualnondual(1) In Gelug Prasangika, the absence (the voidness) of a manner of existence that does not correspond to the actual manner in which everything exists. (2) In non-Gelug Madhyamaka, within a cognition, the absence (the voidness) of a consciousness and its object as each having truly established existence, independently of each other. (3) In Chittamatra, within a cognition, the absence (the voidness) of a consciousness and its object as deriving from different natal sources.Tib: gnyis-med
nichtduales Tantranondual tantraA division of anuttarayoga tantra, specified only in the non-Gelug schools, in which there is equal emphasis on practices for generating the physical bodies of a Buddha and practices for generating the mind of a Buddha.Tib: gnyis-med rgyud
NichtexistierendenonexistentsThings that cannot be validly known.Tib: med-pa
nicht existierendes Phänomennonexistent phenomenonSee: nonexistents
nichtimplizierendes Negierungs-Phänomennonimplicative negation phenomenonAn exclusion of something else in which, after the sounds of the words that exclude the object to be negated have negated that object, they do not leave behind in their wake, explicitly or implicitly, something else. Some translators render the term as a "nonaffirming negation." Tib: med-dgag
nichtkongruentnoncongruentDer Begriff "nichtkongruent" beschreibt die Beziehung zwischen nichtstatischen Komponenten [Bestandteile] einer Wahrnehmung, in der zwei oder mehr dieser Komponenten fünf Dinge nicht gemeinsam haben. Tib: mtshungs-ldan med-pa
nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variablenoncongruent affecting variableDer Begriff "nichkongruente beeinflussende Variable" bezeichnet eine von drei Arten nichtstatischer Phänomene - und zwar jener nichtstatischer Phänomene die mit dem Hauptbewusstsein und den Arten von Nebengewahrsein der Wahrnehmung, der sie erscheinen, keine fünf Dinge gemeinsam haben und die weder Formen physischer Phänomene sind noch Weisen, in denen man sich etwas gewahr ist [sich einer Sache gewahr zu sein]. Für eine ausführliche Erklärung vergleichen Sie bitte den Artikel: Kongruente und nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variablen.Tib: ldan-min 'du-byed
NichtkonzeptualitätnonconceptuailtyA state of mind that cognizes an object without the filter of a concept, idea, category, or universal.
nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmungnonconceptual cognitionCognition of an object, without that cognition being through the medium of a universal, a category, or a mental label.Tib: rtog-med shes-pa
nichtkünstlichunartificialSee: uncontrived
nichtkünstlichuncontrivedA state of mind not mentally constructed by conceptual thought. Also translated as "unartificial."Tib: bcos-med
Nicht-Länger-Stattfindenno-longer-happeningThe past occurrence of something. According to Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a static nonimplicative negation phenomenon; according to Gelug Prasangika, a nonstatic implicative negation phenomenon. Also translated as "passed-happening."Tib: 'das-pa
nicht lobenswerte Handlunguncommendable actionAn action that ripens into the experience of suffering by the person who commits it or into a hindrance to his or her spiritual practice. An action that cannot be spoken about with praise.Tib: kha-na ma-tho-ba
Skt: avadya
nichtoffenbarende Formnonrevealing formA subtle form of physical phenomenon, asserted only by the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika schools, that is caused by a strong constructive or destructive motivation, but which does not show ("reveal") that motivation. Such a phenomenon is part of a mental continuum, but is not felt on that continuum; it does not degenerate from moment to moment; it can only be an object of mental cognition; and it must be either constructive or destructive. Examples are vows and one aspect of karmic impulses.Tib: rnam-par rig-byed ma-yin-pa'i gzugs
Skt: avijnaptirupa
nichtstatischnonstaticSee: nonstatic phenomenon
nichtstatische Abstraktionnonstatic abstractionSee: noncongruent affecting variable
nichtstatisches Phänomennonstatic phenomenonNichtstatische Phänomene sind Phänomene, die von Uraschen und Bedingungen beeinflusst und getragen werden und die sich folglich von Augenblick zu Augenblick verändern. Zudem erzeugen nichtstatische Phänomene Wirkungen. Ihre Kontinuitätsströme haben möglicherweise einen Anfang, aber kein Ende, oder sie haben einen Anfang und kein Ende, oder sie haben keinen Anfang, aber ein Ende, oder sie haben kein Anfang und kein Ende. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "vergängliche Phänomene" oder "unbeständige Phänomene".Tib: mi-rtag-pa
Skt: anitya
NichtstatischseinnonstaticnessNichtstatischsein bezeichnet die nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variable, die sich unter dem Einfluss von Ursachen und Umständen von Augenblick zu Augenblick verändert. Manchmal wird der Begriff als "Unbeständigkeit" oder "Vergänglichkeit" übersetzt. Tib: mi-rtag-pa
Skt: anitya
nichttrügerisch / untrügerischnonfallaciousNot incorrect.Tib: mi-bslu-ba
nichttugendhaftnonvirtuousSee: destructive
nicht vermischt mit Verwirrungunmixed with confusionSee: untainted
nichtverweilendes Nirvananirvana, nonabidingSee: nonabiding nirvana
nichtverweilendes Nirvananonabiding nirvana(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the static unchanging state of full enlightenment attained by a Buddha and lasting only so long as he is alive. In this state, a Buddha does not abide in either the extreme of continued samsaric suffering or in the extreme of the passivity of a Hinayana arhat's nirvana without residue. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems, including Gelug Prasangika, the static unchanging state of full enlightenment attained by a Buddha and lasting forever, in which a Buddha does not abide in either the extreme of continued samsaric suffering or in the extreme of the passivity of a Hinayana arhat's nirvana without residue.Tib: mi-gnas-pa'i mya-ngan 'das
Skt: apratisthita-nirvana
Nichtvorhandensein einer "Seele" einer Personlack of an impossible soul of a personThe total absence (voidness) of something findable inside the five aggregate factors of an individual being that is static, a partless monad, separable from the body and mind, and self-sufficiently knowable. Often translated by others as "selflessness of a person" or "identitylessness of a person."Tib: gang-zag-kyi bdag-med
Skt: pudgala-anatman
Nichtvorhander einer "Seele" aller Phänomenelack of an impossible "soul" of all phenomenaThe total absence (voidness) of an impossible mode of existence that establishes the existence of a phenomenon by the power of something findable inside that phenomenon. Often translated by others as "selflessness of all phenomena" or "identitylessness of all phenomena."Tib: chos-kyi bdag-med
Skt: dharma-anatman
nichtwirksames Phänomen / unwirksames Phänomennonfunctional phenomenon(1) An validly knowable, existent object that does not perform a function -- in other words, it does not produce a result -- namely, a static phenomenon. (2) A nonexistent object, such as an impossible way of existing.Tib: dngos-med
nichtzugeschriebenunimputedSee: true unimputed existence
NirmanakayaNirmanakayaSee: Corpus of Emanations
NirvananirvanaAn extinguished state of release -- either an acquired one, in which all samsaric sufferings and their causes have been removed, or a naturally occurring one, in which all stains of impossible existence have always been removed. The Tibetan term means, literally, "a state beyond sorrow."Tib: mya-ngan-'das
Skt: nirvana
Nirvana, erlangtesnirvana, acquiredSee: acquired nirvana
Nirvana, natürlichesnirvana, naturalSee: natural nirvana
Nirvana mit Überrestnirvana with residue(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the state of nirvana that a shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhat, or a Buddha, attains during his lifetime and which lasts only so long as the person is alive. This is so called because the person still has left a residue of tainted aggregates. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems other than Gelug Prasangika, the same as asserted by the Hinayana systems, but in reference only to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats. (3) According to Gelug Prasangika, in reference to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats, their state either during subsequent attainment (post-meditation) periods, when meditating on something other than voidness, or when not meditating at all. In reference to Buddhas, their Corpuses of Form.Tib: lhag-bcas-kyi mya-ngan 'das
Skt: sopadhishesha-nirvana
Nirvana ohne Überrestnirvana without residue(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the state of nirvana that shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhats, or a Buddha, attains immediately upon their death from the lifetime in which they attain nirvana with residue. No longer having a residue of tainted aggregates left, their mental continuum extinguishes, like a spent candle. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems other than Gelug Prasangika, the state that shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhats attain immediately upon their death from the lifetime in which they attain nirvana with residue. Although they no longer have a residue of tainted aggregates left, their mental continuums now go on in a purified form. (3) According to Gelug Prasangika, in reference to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats, their state during total absorption on voidness, when there is no appearance-making of truly established existence. In reference to Buddhas, their Deep Awareness Dharmakayas.Tib: lhag-med mya-ngan 'das
Skt: nirupadhishesha-nirvana
Noch-nicht-Stattfindennot-yet-happeningThe future occurrence of something. According to Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a static nonimplicative negation phenomenon; according to Gelug Prasangika, a nonstatic implicative negation phenomenon.Tib: ma-'ong-pa
nominelles Buddhajuwel / Buddhajuwel dem Namen nachnominal Buddha GemA painting or statue of a Buddha, representing a Buddha that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to an actual Buddha Gem.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i sangs-rgyas dkon-mchog
nominelles Darmajuwel / Dharmajuwel dem Namen nachnominal Dharma GemPrinted Dharma texts, representing the Dharma that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to the actual Dharma Gem.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i chos dkon-mchog
nominelles Juwel / Juwel dem Namen nachnominal gemRepresentations of the Three Rare and Supreme Gems, which themselves are not actual sources of safe direction, but which serve as a basis for showing respect to them.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i dkon-mchog
nominelles Sanghajuwelnominal Sangha GemFour or more people from any of the four groups of the monastic sangha (full or novice monks or nuns), representing the Sangha that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to the actual Sangha Gem. Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i dge-'dun dkon-mchog
normales Gewahrseinnormal awarenessIn the Karma Kagyu system, a synonym for clear light mind, which is "normal" in the sense that it is the primordial, natural state that has always been the case.Tib: tha-mal-gyi shes-pa
NyingmaNyingmaThe Old Translation Period tradition of Tibetan Buddhism deriving from Guru Rinpoche, Padmasambhava.Tib: rNying-ma
oberflächliches wahres Phänomsuperficial true phenomenonIn den Lehrsystemen der Hinayana-Schulen bezeichnet der Begriff "oberflächliches wahres Phänomen" ein wahres Phänomen, das ein tiefer liegendes wahres Phänomen verschleiert oder verbirgt. Das oberflächliche wahre Phänomen wird auch als relativ wahres Phänomen, konventionell wahres Phänomen oder offensichtlich wahres Phänomen bezeichnet. Tib: kun-rdzob bden-pa
Skt: samvrtisatya
oberflächliche Wahrheitsuperficial truthIn the Mahayana tenet systems, a true fact about a phenomenon that veils or conceals a deeper true fact about the same phenomenon. Also called: relative truth, conventional truth, apparent truth, surface truth.Tib: kun-rdzob bden-pa
Skt: samvrtisatya
Objekt, beteiligtesobject, involvedSee: involved object
Objekt, erscheinendesobject, appearingSee: appearing object
Objekt, konzeptionell erfasstesobject, conceptualizedSee: conceptualized object
Objekt, spezifischesobject, specificSee: specific object
Objekt-Allgemeinesobject universalSee: object mental synthesis
Objekt der Ausrichtungobject, focalSee: focal object
Objekt der Ausrichtung / Ausrichtungsobjektfocal objectAn external object on which a cognition focuses and which serves as the focal condition of the cognition. Focal objects exist prior to the cognitions of them and have their own continuums different from those of the cognitions of them.Tib: dmigs-yul
Objekte, die eine sichere Richtung weisenobjects that indicate a safe directionA general term for the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha.Tib: skyabs-yul
objekthaftes klares Lichtobject clear lightVoidness as the object cognized by clear light awareness.Tib: yul-gyi 'od-gsal
objektive Bedingungobjective conditionSee: focal condition
objektive Entitätobjective entitiesIn the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, those phenomena, the existence of which is established by their not being merely imputed by conceptual cognition. They include all nonstatic phenomena. According to Sautrantika, they include all nonstatic phenomena and are deepest true phenomena; according to Chittamatra, they include not only all nonstatic superficial true phenomena, but also the static deepest true phenomena of voidnesses, true stoppings, and nirvanas. (1) In the Gelug tradition, the appearing objects of only valid nonconceptual cognitions, although they are what actually appears and can be validly cognized in both valid nonconceptual and conceptual cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug systems, they can only be validly cognized by valid nonconceptual cognition. Also translated as "individually characterized phenomena."Tib: rang-mtshan
Skt: svalakshana
Objekt-Kategorieobject categoryThe conceptual category into which fit all items to which an audio category refer.Tib: don-spyi
Objektsyntheseobject synthesisSee: object mental synthesis
offenbarende Formrevealing formA form of physical phenomenon, asserted in the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika schools, that shows (reveals) the motivation behind it, and which may be a constructive, destructive or unspecified phenomenon. Examples are the shape of one's body when performing an action, the sound of the words when one speaks, the expression on someone's face, and so on. In general, such a phenomenon may be either one of the five sensory objects or one of the five sensory cognitive sensors.Tib: rnam-par rig-byed-kyi gzugs
Skt: vijnaptirupa
offener Raumopen spaceSee: cognitive open space
offensichtliche Ebeneapparent level Precious GemsDie Ebene der drei kostbaren und höchsten Juwelen, die für die begrenzten Wesen offensichtlich sind und die eine tiefere Juwelen-Ebene verbergen.Tib: kun-rdzob-pa'i dkon-mchog
offensichtliches Buddha-Juwelapparent Buddha GemDer Korpus an Formen eines Buddha als eine Quelle sicherer Ausrichtung. Tib: kun-rdzob-pa'i sangs-rgyas dkon-mchog
offensichtliches Dharma-Juwelapparent Dharma GemDie zwölf Text-Kategorien von Unterweisungen, die von der erleuchtenden Sprache eines Buddha als eine Quelle sicherer Ausrichtung verkündet wurden.Tib: kun-rdzob-pa'i chos dkon-mchog
offensichtliches Phänomenobvious phenomenonA validly knowable phenomenon that can be cognized by valid nonconceptual straightforward cognition. Also defined as a validly knowable phenomenon that be apprehended through the force of personal experience.Tib: mngon-gyur
offensichtliches Sangha-Juwelapparent Sangha GemDie individuelle Person irgendeines Aryas, die als eine Quelle sicherer Ausrichtung fungiert, unabhängig davon, ob sie Laie, Mönch oder Nonne ist. Tib: kun-rdzob-pa'i dge-'dun dkon-mchog
offensichtliches wahres Phänomenapparent true phenomenonSee: superficial true phenomenon
offensichtliche Wahrheitapparent truthSee: superficial truth
ohne Ausrichtung auf ein Bezugsobjektwithout a referent aimA state of mind, such as immeasurable compassion, that lacks focus on the three circles ('khor-gsum) involved -- the action itself (in the case of compassion, wishing all beings to be free from suffering), the object, and the agent -- existing in an impossible way. Also translated as: unaimed.Tib: dmigs-med
Opfergabe der Soheitthusness offeringSee: offering of the very nature of reality
Opferritual / Ritual zum Darbringen von Gabenoffering ritualEine tantrische Zeremonie, in der speziell gesegnete Gaben dargebracht werden, um seinen tantrischen Meister zu ehren, den man als untrennbar von der Buddhagestalt betrachtet. Tib: mchod-pa
Skt: puja
Paar, verbundenespair, joinedSee: joined pair
Paar, vereintespair, unifiedSee: unified pair
Paramita, dieparamitaSee: far-reaching attitude
Partner des reinen Gewahrseinspartner, pure awarenessSee: pure awareness partner
Periode der Nachmeditationpost-meditation periodSee: subsequent attainment
PersonpersonAn individual being, including those from any of the six realms of samsaric existence, as well as arhats and Buddhas. A noncongruent affecting variable, synonymous with a conventional "me."Tib: gang-zag
Skt: pudgala
persönliche Anleitungenpersonal instructionsAdvice on how to practice meditation, emphasizing the quintessential points.Tib: zhal-lung
PfadpathSee: pathway mind
Pfad der Ansammlungpath of accumulationSee: building-up pathway mind
Pfad der Anwendungpath of applicationSee: applying pathway mind
Pfad der Meditationpath of meditationSee: accustoming pathway mind
Pfad der Vorbereitungpath of preparationSee: applying pathway mind
Pfad des Aufbauenspath of building upSee: building-up pathway mind
Pfad des keinen weiteren Trainingspath of no further trainingSee: pathway mind needing no further training
Pfad des Sehenspath of seeingSee: seeing pathway mind
Pfad des Sich-Gewöhnenspath of accustomingSee: accustoming pathway mind
Pfadgeistpathway mindA level or state of mind that acts or functions as a pathway toward liberation or enlightenment. Some translators render this term as "path," but it refers to mental states, not to a series of spiritual practices. Also called: pathway of mind.Tib: lam
Skt: marga
Pfadgeistpathway of mindSee: pathway mind
Pfadgeist, der keines weiteren Trainings mehr bedarfpathway mind needing no further trainingThe level of mind of shravaka arhats, pratyekabuddha arhats, and Buddhas, with which they have attained their respective purified states (bodhi) of liberation or enlightenment, and which require no further training in order to attain that purified state. Other translators sometimes render this term as "path of no learning."Tib: mi-slob lam
Skt: ashaiksha-marga
Pfadgeist, wahrerpathway mind, trueSee: true pathway mind
Pfadgeist der Anwendungapplying pathway mindDie Ebene des Geistes von Shravakas, Pratyekabuddhas und Bodhisattvas mit der sie das vereinigte Paar von Shamatha und Vipashyana anwenden, wobei Vipashyana dabei nicht-konzeptuell auf Leerheit ausgerichtet ist - oder, ganz allgemein, auf die sechzehn Aspekte der vier Edlen Wahrheiten. Den Pfadgeist der Anwendung haben sie durch den Pfadgeist des Aufbauens erlangt, um eine nichtkonzeptuelle Ausrichtung auf Leerheit zu erlangen. Andere Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Pfad der Vorbereitung".Tib: sbyor-lam
Skt: prayogamarga
Pfadgeist der Anwendungpathway mind, applyingSee: applying pathway mind
Pfadgeist des Aufbauensbuilding-up pathway mindDer Pfadgeist des Aufbauens ist eine Ebene des Geistes eines Shravakas, Pratyekabuddhas oder Bodhisattvas, mit der sie, neben anderen guten Qualitäten, das vereinigte Paar eines still gewordenen und zur Ruhe gekommenen Geisteszustand (Shamatha) und eines Geisteszustandes von außergewöhnlicher Wahrnehmungsfähigkeit (Vipashyana), der konzeptuell auf Leerheit ausgerichtet ist - oder sich ganz allgemein auf die sechzehn Aspekte der vier edlen Wahrheiten ausrichtet, aufbauen. Der Pfadgeist des Aufbauens trifft nur auf Shravakas und Pratyekabuddhas zu, sobald diese eine mühelose Entschlossenheit frei zu sein entwickelt haben, bzw. trifft er auf Bodhisattvas zu, sobald sie müheloses Bodhichitta erlangt haben. Andere Übersetzer geben den Begriff mit "Pfad der Ansammlung" wieder.Tib: tshogs-lam
Skt: sambharamarga
Pfadgeist des Aufbauenspathway mind, building upSee: building-up pathway mind
Pfadgeist des Sehenspathway mind, seeingSee: seeing pathway mind
Pfadgeist des Sehensseeing pathway mindThe level of mind of arya sharavakas, arya pratyekabuddhas, and arya bodhisattvas with which they first attain a joined pair of shamatha and vipashyana focused nonconceptually on voidness -- or, in general, on the sixteen aspects of the four noble truths -- and with which they rid themselves of one or both sets of doctrinally based obscurations. Often translated as "path of seeing."Tib: mthong-lam
Pfadgeist des Sich-Gewöhnensaccustoming pathway mindDie Ebene des Geistes von Arya-Shravakas, Arya-Pratyekabuddhas und Arya-Bodhisattvas mit der sie sich selbst an das vereinigte Paar von Shamatha und Vipashyana gewöhnen. Vipashyana richtet sich dabei nicht-konzeptuell auf Leerheit aus - oder, ganz allgemein, auf die sechzehn Aspekte der vier Edlen Wahrheiten. Dadurch befreien sie sich automatisch selbst von einer Gruppe oder von beiden Gruppen.Tib: sgom-lam
Skt: bhavanamarga
Pfadgeist des Sich-Gewöhnenspathway mind, accustomingSee: accustoming pathway mind
PhänomenphenomenonA validly knowable object that holds its own individual self-nature.Tib: chos
Skt: dharma
Phänomen, abhängigesphenomenon, dependentSee: dependent phenomenon
Phänomen, beinflusstesphenomenon, affectedSee: affected phenomenon
Phänomen, bestätigtesphenomenon, affirmationSee: affirmation phenomenon
Phänomen, extrem verschleiertesphenomenon, extremely obscureSee: extremely obscure phenomenon
Phänomen, Negierungs-phenomenon, negationSee: negation phenomenon
Phänomen, nichtbeeinflusstesphenomenon, unaffectedSee: unaffected phenomenon
Phänomen, nichtwirksamesphenomenon, nonfunctionalSee: nonfunctional phenomenon
Phänomen, offensichtlichesphenomenon, obviousSee: obvious phenomenon
Phänomen, verschleiertesphenomenon, obscureSee: obscure phenomenon
Phänomen, von anderem beinflusstesphenomenon, other-poweredSee: dependent phenomenon
Phänomen, wirksamesphenomenon, functionalSee: functional phenomenon
Phänomene, vollkommen begründetephenomenon, thoroughly establishedSee: thoroughly established phenomena
Phänomene, vollkommen konzeptionellephenomenon, totally conceptionalSee: totally conceptional phenomena
PhowaphowaAlso called: transference of consciousness.Tib: pho-ba
Plage, Leidenschaftaffliction, emotionalSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
Platzierung des Geistesmental placementSee: mental abiding
Platzierung des Geistesplacement, mentalSee: mental abiding
positive karmische Kraftpositive karmic forceThe type of karmic force associated with a constructive action and which ripens intermittently into transitory happiness. Some translators render it as "merit." See: karmic force.Tib: bsod-nams
Skt: punya
positive Kraftpositive forceSee: positive karmic force
positive Potenzialepositive potentialSee: positive karmic force
Potenzial, karmischespotential, karmicSee: karmic potential
Praktizierender, hoch verwirklichterpractitioner, highly realizedSee: arya
Pratimoksha-Gelübdepratimoksha vowsThe vows of either a layman or laywoman, a novice or full monk, or a provisional, novice, or full nun. The ethical self-discipline of keeping them purely provides the basis for the individual being keeping them to attain liberation from samsara.Tib: so-thar sdom-pa
Skt: pratimokshasamvara
PratyekabuddhapratyekabuddhaLiterally, "self-realizers" or "self-evolvers" - practitioners of the Hinayana vehicle who, motivated by renunciation, strive to attain liberation from uncontrollably recurring rebirth (samsara) and to become an arhat (liberated being). They live during dark ages when the teachings of a Buddha are no longer available. They do not study with Buddhist spiritual teachers, because there are none at such times, and they teach others only subtly, through gestures, since people are not receptive. Living either singly ("like a rhinoceros") or in small groups, they must rely on their instincts from previous lives to recall and master the Dharma. Some translators render the term as "solitary Buddhas."Tib: rang-rgyal
Skt: pratyekabuddha
Pratyekabuddha-Arhatpratyekabuddha arhatA pratyekabuddha that has attained liberation. See also: pratyekabuddha.Tib: rang-rgyal dgra-bcom
Skt: pratyekabuddha arhat
Praxis, vorbereitende / Übung, vorbereitendepractice, preliminarySee: preliminary practices
Primärbewusstseinprimary consciousnessDas Primärbewusstsein ist, innerhalb (des Vorgangs) der Wahrnehmung eines Objektes, das Gewahrsein, das sich lediglich auf die essentielle Natur eines Objektes ausrichtet [konzentriert]. Das Primärbewusstsein hat die Identitäts-Natur eines individualisierenden Gewahrsein. Tib: rnam-shes
Skt: vijnana
PujapujaSee: offering ritual
Quelle der sicheren Ausrichtung, letztendlichesource of safe direction, ultimateSee: ultimate source of safe direction
Quelle der sicheren Ausrichtung, provisorischesource of safe direction, provisionalSee: provisional source of safe direction
Quintessenz-Lehrenquintessence teachingsTeachings, either oral or written, that present the essential, most profound points of a more extensive topic.Tib: man-ngag
Skt: upadesha
rätselhaftenigmaticAlso translated as: secret, hiddenTib: gsang-ba
Skt: guhya
Raum, offenersphere, openSee: open sphere
reagierendes Gewahrseinresponsive awarenessSee: responsiveness
realisierenactualizeEin spirituelles Ziel erlangen. Die Verwirklichung eines spirituellen Zieles wirklich (tatsächlich) geschehen lassen. Wird auch mit den Begriffen "erlangen", "Erlangung", "Erreichung", "Errungenschaft" und "Verwirklichung" übersetzt.Tib: sgrub-pa
RealisierungactualizationSee: actualize
RealitätrealityA nontechnical term for what actually exists.
Realität, wahrereality, trueSee: true reality
Rede, Buddhas erleuchtendespeech, enlighteningSee: Buddha's enlightening speech
reflexivreflexiveTurned in on itself.
reflexive Erscheinungreflexive appearanceAn appearance of a cognitive object that arises automatically from a person's clear light mind itself. Such an appearance may be either impure (with an appearance of truly established existence) or pure (without such an appearance).Tib: rang-snang
reflexives Gewahrseinreflexive awareness(1) The cognitive faculty within a cognition, asserted in the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, that takes as its cognitive object the consciousness within the cognition that it is part of. It also cognizes the validity or invalidity of the cognition that it is part of, and accounts for the ability to recall the cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug schools, this cognitive faculty becomes reflexive deep awareness -- that part of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness that cognizes the two truths of that nonconceptual cognition.Tib: rang-rig
reflexives tiefes Gewahrseinreflexive deep awareness(1) In Kagyu and Sakya, that aspect of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness that cognizes its own two-truth nature. (2) In Nyingma, that aspect of pure awareness (rigpa) that cognizes its own two truths or its own threefold nature. Synonymous with self-arising deep awareness.Tib: rang-rig ye-shes
reichhaltiger Vorrat an positiver Kraftbountiful store of positive forceSee: network of positive force
reichhaltiges Feldbountiful fieldA bountiful field for growing positive force, and that is shortened to bountiful field. It is usually translated as merit-field by others. Bountiful here means that it gives abundant crop.Tib: tshogs-shing
reifen / heranreifenripen(1) A karmic cause developing or growing to the point at which it can bear fruit, which means produce its result. This is ripening in its definitional sense. (2) A karmic causal factor on a mental continuum exhausting and finishing its presence there as it produces its fruit.Tib: smin-pa
Skt: vipaka
reifende Ursacheripening causeA destructive or tainted constructive phenomenon that, unless one has rid one's mental continuum forever of craving, has the power to produce the nonobstructive unspecified items contained in the five aggregate factors of future rebirth states, such as the body, the types of consciousness, and the feelings.Tib: rnam-smin-gyi rgyu
Skt: vipakahetu
rein, ursprünglichpure, primallySee: primal purity
reine Erscheinungpure appearanceAn appearance of something as an enlightened mind makes it appear, namely in the form of a Buddha-figure or mandala and devoid of any of the four extremes of impossible existence.Tib: dag-pa'i snang-ba
reines Gewahrseinpure awarenessIn the dozgchen system, the subtlest level of awareness, which is totally untainted by any of the fleeting stains of mental obscurations. It is devoid of all grosser levels of awareness and yet permeates all of them, and it spontaneously establishes pure appearances. Often left untranslated as "rigpa."Tib: rig-pa
Reinheit, ursprünglichepurity, primalSee: primal purity
Reinigen der Geisteshaltungencleansing of attitudesSee: attitude-training
relatives Bodhichittarelative bodhichittaSee: conventional bodhichitta
relative Wahrheitrelative truthSee: superficial truth
relativ wahres Phänomenrelative true phenomenonSee: superficial true phenomenon
Reliquien-Monumentreliquary monumentSee: stupa
RespektrespectSee: appreciation
resultierendes Einschlagen der sicheren Richtungresultant taking of safe directionA taking of safe direction (refuge) that takes as its sources of safe direction the Triple Gem that one will attain oneself in the future, based on actualizing one's own Buddha-nature. Synonymous with "special taking of safe direction." Tib: 'bras-bu'i skyabs-'gro
Reue / BedauernregretThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of not wishing to repeat doing something, either proper or improper, that one did or that someone else made one do. Tib: 'gyod-pa
Rezitationspraxisrecitation practiceIn tantra, the meditation practice with which one recites a ritual meditation text describing the self-visualization process and a complex series of further practices based on that self-generation, such as reciting mantras and making offerings.Tib: kha-'don
Richtung, sichere / Ausrichtung, sicheredirection, safeSee: safe direction
richtungsweisende Anleitungenguideline instructionsBeneficial practical advice concerning spiritual practice.Tib: gdams-ngag
Riechbewusstseinconsciousness, noseSee: nose consciousness
RigparigpaSee: pure awareness
Rigpa, Essenz-rigpa, essenceSee: essence rigpa
Rigpa, grundlegendesrigpa, basisSee: basis rigpa
Rigpa, strahlendesrigpa, effulgentSee: effulgent rigpa
Rigpa der all-umfassenden spontanen Präsenzrigpa of all-embracing spontaneous presencePure awareness (rigpa) from the point of view of its resultant level as the Dharmakaya of a Buddha.Tib: lhun-grub sbubs-kyi rig-pa
Ritual, Sühne-ritual, expiationSee: expiation ritual
Ritualtrainerritual trainerA teacher who instructs one in how to perform Buddhist rituals.
Ritualtrainertrainer, ritualSee: ritual trainer
Ritualzeremonieritual ceremonyAlso called puja. See: offering ritual.
rituelles freigebiges Festmahlritual bountiful feastA specially consecrated torma offered to one's tantric master, inseparable from the Buddha-figure, during a tantra ceremonial round of offering.Tib: tshogs
RuhepauserespiteEin vorübergehende Pause oder Unterbrechung von einem Zustand, in dem man keine Muße für Dharmapraxis hat, wie beispielsweise in den üblen Wiedergeburtszuständen. Einige Übersetzer geben den Begriff als "Freiheit" wieder. Tib: dal-ba
ruhiges Verweilencalm abidingSee: stilled and settled state of mind
RupakayaRupakayaSee: Corpus of Forms
SadhanasadhanaLiterally, a method of actualization, namely a meditation method for actualizing oneself as a Buddha-figure for which one has received empowerment. Performing a sadhana entails recitation of a ritual meditation text describing the self-visualization process and a complex series of further practices based on that self-generation, such as reciting mantras and making offerings. Synonymous with "self-generation" and "antecedent practice for realization."Tib: sgrub-thabs
Skt: sadhana
SamadhisamadhiSee: absorbed concentration
SambhogakayaSambhogakayaSee: Corpus of Full Use
Sammelsynthesecollection synthesisSee: collection mental synthesis
Sammlungsallgemeinescollection universalSee: collection mental synthesis
SamsarasamsaraUncontrollably recurring rebirth under the power of disturbing emotions and attitudes and of karma. Some translators render it as "cyclic existence."Tib: 'khor-ba
Skt: samsara
SanghaSanghaThe literal meaning of the Sanskrit term is a "community"; the literal meaning of the Tibetan translation is "those intent on a constructive goal." Four or more people from any of the four groups of the monastic community: full or novice monks or nuns - the four need not necessarily be all from one group or one from each group - and who have unlabored renunciation and are intent on ridding themselves of disturbing emotions and attitudes and thus attaining liberation.Tib: dge-'dun
Skt: sangha
Sanghajuwel, nominellesSangha Gem, nominalSee: nominal Sangha Gem
Sanghajuwel, offensichtlichesSangha Gem, apparentSee: apparent Sangha Gem
Sanghajuwel, tiefstesSangha Gem, deepestSee: deepest Sangha Gem
Sarma-SchulenSarmaSee: New TranslationTib: gSar-ma
SautrantikaSautrantikaA Hinayana school of Indian Buddhism that asserts the true existence of both reflexive awareness and external phenomena; a subdivision of the Sarvastivada school of Hinayana. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.Tib: mDo-sde-pa
schädlich / destruktivdestructiveStates of mind, or physical, verbal, or mental actions motivated by them, which ripen into unhappiness or the suffering of problems or pain, to be experienced by the person on whose mental continuum they occur. Since the term carries no connotation of moral judgment, the translation "nonvirtuous" is misleading for this term.Tib: mi-dge-ba
Skt: akushala
Schatztexttreasure textTexts planted by Indian or Tibetan masters, either in a physical location, such as inside a pillar of a temple, or in the minds of disciples and hidden there for safekeeping during times that were not conducive for their practice. Often referred to by the transliterated Tibetan term "terma."Tib: gter-ma
schlafende Faktorendormant factorLiterally, something that is "asleep to the taste of the mind." Affecting variables, associated with mental continuums, which are "lying down" and not rushing to manifest mind (consciousness). They include subliminal awareness, tendencies, and habits.Tib: bag-la nyal
SchleierobscurationA fleeting stain that temporarily "covers" or accompanies mental activity (more precisely, clear light mental activity), thereby preventing the mental activity from cognizing objects without suffering or other limitations. Some translators render the term as "obstacle."Tib: sgrib
Skt: avarana
Schleier, die die Allwissenheit verhindernobscurations preventing omniscienceSee: cognitive obscurations
Schleier, die die Befreiung verhindernobscurations preventing liberationSee: emotional obscurations
Schleier, emotionaleobscurations, emotionalSee: emotional obscurations
Schleier, fünfobscurations, fiveSee: five obscurations
Schleier des Nicht-Wissensobscurations of not knowingMental blocks that come from not knowing the Dharma in general or specifically not knowing about the emotional and cognitive obscurations. These mental blocks prevent the attainment of liberation and enlightenment.Tib: mi-shes sgrib
Schleier in Form von störenden Emotionen und Geisteshaltungenobscurations that are the disturbing emotions and attitudesSee: emotional obscurations
Schleier über alles, was man kennen kannobscurations about all knowablesSee: cognitive obscurations
Schlüsselpunktekey pointsThe most important main points of a topic.Tib: gnad
schlussfolgernde Wahrnehmunginferential cognitionA valid conceptual way of cognizing an obscure object through reliance on a correct line of reasoning as its basis.Tib: rjes-dpag
Skt: anumana
Schwanken, unentschlosseneswavering, indecisiveSee: indecisive wavering
SchwellethresholdAuch übersetzt als: dem Erreichen nahe, schwarze ErscheinungTib: nyer-thob
schwerwiegende Handlungenthick actionsA set of eight actions that, at either a yoga or anuttarayoga empowerment, one vows to avoid and which, if committed, weaken meditation practice and hamper progress along the tantra path. Also called: secondary tantric vows.Tib: sbom-po
sechs Existenzbereichesix realms of existenceLiterally, the six families of wandering beings. The six types of samsaric rebirth: (1) hell-beings (trapped beings in the joyless realms), (2) clutching ghosts (hungry ghosts), (3) animals (creeping creatures), (4) humans, (5) would-be divine beings (anti-gods), and (6) divine beings (gods).Tib: 'gro-ba rigs-drug
SeelesoulAccording to non-Buddhist Indian tenet systems, something findable, either with or without being a conscious phenomenon, inside the body of a person, and which is static, a partless monad, separable from the body, and self-sufficiently knowable.Tib: bdag
Skt: atman
SegenblessingsSee: inspiration
segensreiche Erfahrungboon experienceIn mahamudra meditation, an experience of bliss, clarity, nonconceptuality, and bareness that arises as a bonus result of the attainment of a stilled and settled state of shamatha. With this experience, the meditator still has a dualistic sense of there being the meditator on the one side and, on the other, these four as things to be meditated on or experienced.Tib: nyams
Sehbewusstseinconsciousness, eyeSee: eye consciousness
sehnsüchtiges Verlangenslonging desireThe disturbing emotion that exaggerates the good qualities of an object that one does not possess and wishes to obtain it.Tib: 'dod-chags
Skt: raga
selbst-begründendself-establishing natureSee: self-nature
selbst-begründete Existenzself-established existenceSee: existence established by self-nature
Selbstbezogenheit / sich nur um das eigene Wohl kümmernself-cherishingThe attitude with which one considers oneself as the most important being and has affection for and takes care of only oneself.Tib: rang bces-par 'dzin-pa
Selbstdisziplinself-disciplineSee: ethical self-discipline
Selbstdisziplin, ethischeself-discipline, ethicalSee: ethical self-discipline
selbstentstehendes tiefes Gewahrseinself-arising deep awarenessIn Nyingma, the aspect of pure awareness (rigpa) that automatically arises with awareness of its own two truths or its own threefold nature. Synonymous with reflexive deep awareness.Tib: rang-byung ye-shes
Selbst-Erzeugungself-generationSynonymous with "sadhana." A meditation method in which one visualizes and imagines oneself to be a Buddha-figure for which one has received empowerment. See: sadhana.Tib: bdag-bskyed
Selbst-Initiationself-initiationA tantric meditation practice in which one visualizes receiving the entire empowerment (initiation) ritual for a Buddha-figure, performed in order to renew one's tantric vows. It may only be performed if one has done the serviceability retreat of that particular Buddha-figure and the fire-puja afterwards.Tib: bdag-'jug
Selbstleerheitself-voidnessThe absence of any phenomenon existing, by "self"-nature, in an impossible manner.Tib: rang-stong
Selbstnaturself-natureSomething on the side of an object or phenomenon that (1) establishes the existence, in general, of the object or phenomenon and (2) establishes, as well, what the object or phenomenon is. A self-nature may do this either by its own power alone, or by its own power in conjunction with mental labeling. The term may also be translated as "self-establishing nature."Tib: rang-bzhin
SemsemAll levels of awareness (levels of mind) that are tainted with the fleeting stains of the emotional and cognitive obscurations. All levels of awareness other than rigpa. Translated as "limited awareness."Tib: sems
SemdesemdeySee: mind divisionTib: sems-sde
SensorsensorSee: cognitive sensor
Sensor der Wahrnehmungcognitive sensorDer Sensor der Wahrnehmung ist die dominierende Bedingung, die bestimmt, welcher Art der Wahrnehmung die Art und Weise des Gewahrseins von etwas ist. Im Falle der fünf Arten sinnlicher Wahrnehmung bezieht sich das auf die lichtempfindlichen Zellen in den Augen, die geräuschempfindlichen Zellen der Ohren, die geruchsempfindlichen Zellen der Nase, die geschmacksempfindlichen Zellen der Zunge und auf die für körperliche Empfindungen empfindlichen Zellen des Körpers. Im Falle der geistigen Wahrnehmung bezieht sich der Sensor der Wahrnehmung auf den unmittelbar vorhergehenden Augenblick der Wahrnehmung. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff Sensoren der Wahrnehmung mit "Sinnesorgane", "körperliche und geistige Fähigkeiten", "Sinneskräfte" oder "Sinnesausstattungen". Tib: dbang-po
Skt: indriya
ShakyamuniShakyamuniThe Able One of the Shakya Clan, the Sage of the Shakya Clan, an epithet of BuddhaTib: shakya'i thub-pa
Skt: Shakyamuni
ShamathashamathaSee: stilled and settled state of mind
ShinezhinaySee: stilled and settled state of mindTib: zhi-gnas
ShravakashravakaLiterally, "listeners" to Buddha's teachings - practitioners of the Hinayana vehicle who, motivated by renunciation, strive to attain liberation from uncontrollably recurring rebirth (samsara) and to become an arhat (liberated being) of either the shravaka or pratyekabuddha class. They practice, based on having listened to Buddha's teachings. Some translators render the term as "hearer."Tib: nyan-thos
Skt: shravaka
Shravaka-Arhatshravaka arhatA shravaka that has attained liberation. See also: shravaka.Tib: nyan-thos dgra-bcom
Skt: shravaka arhat
Sichbefassen, kognitivesengagement, cognitiveSee: cognitive engagement
sich einem spirituellen Lehrer von ganzem Herzen anvertrauenwholehearted commitment to a spiritual mentorSee: relating to a spiritual mentor in a healthy manner
sich entwickelnde Eigenschaftenevolving traitsSee: evolving family-traits
sich entwickelnde Familieneigenschaftenevolving family-traits(1) In the Chittamatra system, the tendencies (seeds) that, newly gained by listening, contemplating and meditating on Buddha's teachings, are imputable on the basis of the stained minds of each limited being and which serve as factors allowing that being to attain arya pathway minds. (2) In the Svatantrika-Madhyamaka system, the factors, imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being, that are fit to become the essential nature of a deep awareness Dharmakaya. (3) In the Prasangika-Madhyamaka system, the factors imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being that are fit to become the essential natures of a Corpus of Forms and a deep awareness Dharmakaya of a Buddha.Tib: rgyas-'gyur-gyi rigs
sichere Ausrichtung, letztendliche Quelle dersafe direction, ultimate source ofSee: ultimate source of safe direction
sichere Ausrichtung, vorläufige Quelle dersafe direction, provisional source ofSee: provisional source of safe direction
sichere Richtung / sichere Ausrichtungsafe directionA direction that one puts in one's life that will protect one from true suffering and its true causes, and, when one reaches the goal of this direction, allows one to avoid true suffering and its true causes forever. Some translators render this as "refuge."Tib: skyabs
Skt: sharana
sichere Richtung einschlagen / in ihnen eine sichere Ausrichtung suchen / einen sicheren Weg in Richtung ...einschlagen / in eine sichere Richtung gehentake safe directionTo put a direction in one's life, which, when one goes in it, protects one from true suffering and its true causes and which, when one reaches its endpoint, allows one to avoid true suffering and its true causes forever. Some translators render this as "take refuge," but it has no connotation of merely opening up and passively receiving protection.Tib: skyabs-'gro
sichere Richtung nehmen / sichere Richtung einschlagen / sichere Ausrichtung nehmensafe direction, takeSee: take safe direction
sichere Richtung zu den Drei Juwelen einschlagentake safe direction from the Three GemsTo turn toward the direction indicated by the Three Rare and Supreme Gems (Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha) and to put that safe direction in one's life. Some translators render this as "go for refuge to the Three Gems."Tib: dkon-mchog-gsum-la skyabs-su-'gro
sich gegenseitig ausschließendmutually exclusiveTwo sets are mutually exclusive if they do not share any common locus -- neither contains a member that also belongs to the other. Also translated as "contradictory."Tib: 'gal-ba
sich kümmern (um)taking careSee: caring attitude
sich kümmernde Geisteshaltungcaring attitudeEine sich kümmernde Geisteshaltung ist ein Nebengewahrsein, dass die Situation anderer, wie auch die eigene Situation ernst nimmt, und dass auch die Auswirkungen der Handlungen auf sich selbst und andere ernst nimmt, und somit zur Folge hat, dass man konstruktive Geisteshaltungen und Verhaltensweisen zu einer Gewohnheit ausbaut. Dieses Nebengewahrsein, die sich kümmernde Geisteshaltung (fürsorgliche Haltung), behütet einen auch davor, dass man zu befleckten oder destruktiven Geisteshaltungen neigt. Tib: bag-yod
Skt: apramada
sich kümmernde Liebecaring loveSee: love
sich kümmerndes Herzcaring heartSee: caring attitude
sich liebevoll kümmernde Liebecherishing concerned loveSich liebevoll kümmernde Liebe ist ein Nebengewahrsein (Geistesfaktor), mit dem man anderen nicht nur wünscht, dass sie glücklich sein mögen und ihnen die Ursachen für Glück widerfahren mögen, sondern mit dem man auch das Wohlergehen anderer im höchsten Maße würdigt und traurig sein würde, wenn ihnen Schlimmes widerfahren würde. Tib: gces-zhing pham-pa'i byams-pa
Sicht der Wirklichkeit, eine Meditations- und Verhaltensweiseview of reality, way of meditating, and way of behavingA way to describe a Buddhist system that specifies it in terms of its main way for regarding and understanding reality, its main topic of meditation, and its main manner of acting in the world.Tib: lta-sgom-spyod gsum
sich wiederholendes Samsararecurring samsaraSee: samsara
siebenteilige Anweisung über Ursachen und Wirkungenseven-part cause and effect methodSee: seven-part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta
Siegelpartnerpartner, sealingSee: sealing partner
Siegreicher, der SiegreicheVictorious OneSee: Triumphant One
Siegreicher MeisterVanquishing MasterSee: Vanquishing Master Surpassing All
SinnesdatensensibiliaDatenmaterial aus Sinnesempfindungen bzw. Sinnesdaten sind Formen physischer Phänomene die sich in einem Augenblick (der Wahrnehmung) über eine ausgedehnten Bereich erstrecken und die von einem der fünf Arten von Sinnesbewusstsein wahrgenommen werden. Das Datenmaterial oder die Daten beziehen sich auf einen Augenblick des Anblicks, des Klangs, des Geruchs, des Geschmacks oder der körperlichen Empfindung wie sie bei der Wahrnehmung eines Objekts mit physischen Qualitäten auftreten.
So-GegangenerThusly Gone OneA epithet of a Buddha -- one who has gone to the goal of enlightenment through nonconceptual cognition of voidness, the very nature of reality (thusness).Tib: de-bzhin gshegs-pa
Skt: tathagata
SoheitthusnessSee: very nature of reality
solides "Ich"solidly existing "me"See: solid "me"
solides "Ich"solid "me"A "me" that exists as a concrete, autonomous entity, as if it had a line around it or were encapsulated in plastic. A general, nontechnical term for the false "me" (the "me" to be refuted), which has never existed at all.
Speicherbewusstseinstorehouse consciousnessSee: all-encompassing foundation consciousness
spezifische Alaya des Gewahrseinsspecific-awareness alayaIn the Karma Kagyu system, a synonym for alayavijnana. See: all-encompassing foundation for all.Tib: kun-shes rnam-shes
spezifisches Bewusstseinspecific consciousnessSee: specific awareness
spezifisches Gewahrseinspecific awarenessIn the Karma Kagyu system, the aspect of mental activity that is aware of the specific type of awareness of an object that has arisen and the specific object that it is aware of. In a looser sense, awareness of the details that have arisen and one is aware of in a cognition.Tib: rnam-shes
Skt: vijnana
spiegelgleiches tiefes Gewahrseinmirror-like deep awarenessOne of the five types of deep awareness that all beings have as an aspect of Buddha-nature. The deep awareness that takes in all the information about an object of cognition. Also called: deep awareness that is like a mirror.Tib: me-long lta-bu'i ye-shes
SpiegelungreflectionSee: mental derivative
Spiegelung, geistige / Wiederspiegelung, geistigereflection, mentalSee: mental derivative
spiritueller Lehrerspiritual teacherA general term for the four levels of Buddhist teachers: a Buddhism professor, a Dharma instructor, a meditation trainer or ritual trainer, and a spiritual mentor.
spiritueller Mentorspiritual mentorA Buddhist teacher who has had stable realizations, who embodies the teachings in the sense of having integrated them into his or her life, and who confers vows on disciples.Tib: dge-ba'i bshes-gnyen
Skt: kalyanamitra
spontan Erscheinungen hervorbringenspontaneously establishing appearancesThe functional nature of rigpa (pure awareness), which is that it automatically, without any effort, gives rise to pure appearances.Tib: lhun-grub
stabile Verwirklichungstable realizationIn mahamudra meditation, the state of mind in which the meditator has nonconceptual bare cognition of there being no dualism of meditator and meditation.Tib: rtogs-pa
stabilisierende Meditation / verankernde Meditationstabilizing meditationA method for habituating oneself to an insight, understanding, or state of mind in which one focuses on an object with that desired insight, understanding, or state of mind and with full conviction in its validity, but without the mental factors of gross detection (investigation) or subtle discernment (scrutiny). Also translated sometimes as "fixating meditation."Tib: 'jog-sgom
Stabilität, geistigestability, mentalSee: mental stability
StärkenstrengtheningThe special discriminating awareness employed for expanding one's discriminating awareness and not letting it be crushed by countering factors, such as attachment to anything. One of the ten Mahayana far-reaching attitudes (ten perfections).Tib: stobs
Skt: bala
statischstaticSee: static phenomenon
statische Abstraktionstatic abstractionSee: static phenomenon
statisches Phänomenstatic phenomenonPhenomena that are unaffected by causes and circumstances and, consequently, do not change from moment to moment and do not produce any effects. Somewhat similar to unchanging facts, they are imputed about some validly knowable phenomenon and only exist and can be validly known so long as the basis for their imputation lasts. Sometimes translated as "static abstractions." Some translators render the term as "permanent phenomena."Tib: rtag-pa
Skt: nitya
StatischseinstaticnessThe noncongruent affecting variable of not changing from moment to moment. Sometimes translated as "permanence."Tib: rtag-pa
Skt: nitya
Stattfinden, nicht längerhappening, no-longerSee: no-longer-happening
Stattfinden, noch nichthappening, not-yetSee: not-yet-happening
Stattfinden, vergangeneshappening, passedSee: no-longer-happening
still gewordener und zur Ruhe gekommener Geisteszustandstilled and settled state of mindA state of mind, attained through meditation, in which the mind is stilled of all mental flightiness and mental dullness, is settled down on an object and remains there, and is accompanied by an exhilarating sense of fitness. Also called a "serenely stilled and settled state of mind," "shamatha." Some translators render the term as "calm abiding" or "mental quiescence."Tib: zhi-gnas
Skt: shamatha
Stoffmandalacloth mandalaEin Stoffmandala ist ein zwei-dimensionales Symbol, das auf ein Stück Stoff gemalt worden ist. Das Stoffmandala lässt sich mit einer architektonischen Blaupause eines dreidimensionalen Palastes, der Umgebung und den Buddhagestalten vergleichen, die sich in einem symbolischen Weltensystems befinden. Das Stoffmandala wird bei der Übertragung von tantrischen Ermächtigungen verwendet. Tib: ras-bris-kyi dkyil-'khor
störende Emotiondisturbing emotionSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungen, automatisch erscheinendedisturbing emotions and attitudes, automatically arisingSee: automatically arising disturbing emotions and attitudes
störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungen, doktrinär bedingtedisturbing emotions and attitudes, doctrinally basedSee: doctrinally based disturbed emotions and attitudes
störende Emotion oder Geisteshaltungdisturbing emotion or attitudeA subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that, when it arises, causes oneself to lose peace of mind and incapacitates oneself so that one loses self-control. An indication that one is experiencing a disturbing emotion or attitude is that it makes oneself and/or others feel uncomfortable. Some translators render this term as "afflictive emotions" or "emotional afflictions."Tib: nyon-mongs
Skt: klesha
störende Geisteshaltungdisturbing attitudeEquivalent to a deluded outlook.
strahlendes Rigpaeffulgent rigpaStrahlendes Rigpa bezeichnet das reine Gewahrsein (rigpa) aus dem Blickwinkel seines Aspektes spontan Erscheinungen hervorzubringen. Strahlendes Rigpa ist synonym mit dem Begriff "Erscheinungs-hervorbringendes grundlegendes Rigpa". Tib: rtsal-gyi rig-pa
Strom von Kontinuitätstream of continuityEine Abfolge von Momenten von etwas. Tib: rgyun
Stufe der Vollständigkeit / Vollständigkeitsstufecomplete stage(1) Die zweite Stufe von Praktiken des Anuttarayoga-Tantra, in der jetzt alles vollständig ist, um sich in Praktiken zu üben, die als unmittelbare Ursache für das Erlangen der Erleuchtung dienen [fungieren]. Diese Praktiken beinhalten das Arbeiten mit den Chakren, Kanälen und Winden des subtilen Körpers. (2) in einigen Nicht-Gelug-Texten bezeichnet die Stufe der Vollständigkeit die nichtkonzeptuelle Meditation über die Leerheit der zuvor, während der ersten Stufe des Anuttarayoga-Tantra, erzeugten Visualisationen. Diese Meditation über ein nicht abzählbares endgültiges Phänomen wird, auf der selben Stufe der Praxis, gleichzeitig mit der Visualisation durchgeführt, and vervollständigt die Visualisationspraxis auf diese Weise. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "Vollendungsstufe". Tib: rdzogs-rim
Skt: sampannakrama
Stufe des Versprechens des anstrebenden Bodhichittabodhichitta, pledged state of aspiringSee: pledged state of aspiring bodhichitta
Stufe des Versprechens des anstrebenden Bodhicittapledged state of aspiring bodhichittaThe advanced level of aspiring bodhichitta, with which one focuses on one's own not-yet-happening enlightenment, imputable on the bais of the Buddha-nature factors oon one's mental continuum, with the intention to attain that enlightenment and to benefit all beings by means of it, and then pledges never to give up this bodhichitta aim until one reaches that enlightenment. Abbreviated as: pledged aspiring bodhichitta.Tib: smon-sems dam-bca'-can
Stufe des Vorwärtssprungesleap-ahead stageSee: leap-ahead
StupastupaA monument within which are kept the relics of a great Buddhist master. Translated as a reliquary monument.Tib: mchod-rten
Skt: stupa
StützerelianceSee: something that supports something else
subtile geistige Aktivitätmind, subtleSee: subtle mind
subtile geistige Aktivitätsubtle mindMental consciousness, both conceptual and nonconceptual.Tib: sems phra-mo
subtile kreative Tropfensubtle creative energy-dropsSee: creative energy-drops
subtiler Energiewindsubtle energy-windsSubtle forms of energy that move within the subtle energy-channels of the subtle body and which are the "mount" (the physical basis) for consciousness, either in nonconceptual or conceptual cognition, transporting it through the subtle body. Through anuttarayoga complete stage practices, one can cause them to enter, abide, and dissolve in the central energy-channel and thereby make manifest the subtlest clear light mind.Tib: rlung phra-mo
subtiler Körpersubtle bodyWithin the gross body of humans, the invisible system of energy-winds, energy-channels, energy-nodes (chakras), and creative energy-drops.Tib: lus phra-mo
subtile Unbeständigkeitsubtle impermanenceA nonstatic phenomenon's drawing closer each moment to its ultimate end, like a time bomb, based on the fact that the cause for the phenomenon's final disintegration or end is its coming into being, its arising. Tib: mi-rtag-pa phra-mo
subtile Unterscheidungsfähigkeitsubtle discernmentA subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that actively understands the fine details of the nature of something, having scrutinized them thoroughly. It does not imply verbal thinking, although it may be induced by verbally thinking. According to Asanga, one of the four changeable subsidiary awarenesses. Also translated as "scrutiny," "analysis." and "discerning analysis."Tib: dpyod-pa
subtilste geistige Aktivität / subtilster Geistsubtlest mindSee: clear light awarenessTib: sems shin-tu phra-mo
subtilster Körpersubtlest bodyThe subtlest life-supporting energy-wind that accompanies each moment of subtlest mind.Tib: lus shin-tu phra-mo
SugataSugataSee: Blissfully Gone One
SündesinSee: negative karmic force
Sutrasutra(1) Texts by Shakyamuni Buddha, both Hinayana and Mahayana, that discuss themes of practice.(2) Within the context of the Three Baskets (Tripitaka), the texts of Buddha that especially concern the training in higher concentration. (3) Within the context of Buddha's teachings divided into sutra and tantra, the division that does not entail visualization of oneself as a Buddha-figure. (3) Within the context of the twelve scriptural categories, the texts that present what Buddha had to say in a brief and condensed format. Also called: expositions on themes of practice.Tib: mdo
Skt: sutra
Sutra-Mahamudrasutra mahamudraMeditations on the nature of the mind with regard to only gross and subtle minds -- in other words, sensory and mental consciousness -- and not with regard to the subtlest mind, clear light.Tib: mdo'i phyag-chen
SvabhavakayaSvabhavakayaSee: Corpus of Essential Nature
Taktile Empfindungen und andere Körperempfindungentactile sensationsSee: physical sensations
Tantratantra(1) An everlasting stream of continuity. On the causal level, the mental continuum, with its various aspects of Buddha-nature. On the pathway level, the continuity of practices involving Buddha-figures. On the resultant level, the continuity of the various corpuses or bodies of a Buddha. (2) The texts that discuss the above topics.Tib: rgyud
Skt: tantra
Tantra, nichtdualestantra, nondualSee: nondual tantra
Tantra-Mahamudratantra mahamudraSee: mantra mahamudra
tantrische Nebengelübdesecondary tantric vowsSee: thick actions
tantrischer Meistertantric masterA spiritual mentor who confers on disciples tantric vows. According to some commentaries, a spiritual mentor who confers on disciples empowerments and subsequent permissions from any of the classes of tantra.Tib: rdo-rje slob-dpon
Skt: vajracarya
TathagataTathagataSee: Thusly Gone One
tatsächliche Naturactual natureEin Synonym für Leerheit (Leere) oder, in einigen Mahamudra- und Dzogchen-Systemen, die Natur aller Dinge als Spiel des untrennbaren Paares von Gewahrsein und Leerheit. Tib: chos-nyid
Skt: dharmata
tatsächlicher Geist des klaren Lichtsactual clear light mindEine subtilste Ebene von Bewusstsein, die eine nicht-konzeptuelle, glückselige Wahrnehmung von Leerheit hat. Tib: don-gyi 'od-gsal
tatsächlicher ZustandactualitySee: actual nature
Tauglichkeits-Retreatretreat, serviceabilitySee: serviceability retreat
Tauglichkeits-Retreatserviceability retreatAn intensive tantric meditation practice, done over many meditation sessions, during which one performs the sadhana and recites the mantra of a Buddha-figure ten thousand, one hundred thousand, or many hundreds of thousands of times, depending on the number of syllables in the mantra. When completed and finished off with the appropriate fire puja, this intensive practice makes the mind fit to be used (fit to be put into service) for more advanced tantric practices with that Buddha-figure.Tib: las-rung
Tendenz, karmischetendency, karmicSee: karmic tendency
TermatermaSee: treasure textTib: gter-ma
TesttestTest für Christian
tiefes Gewahrseindeep awareness(1) In the context of the five types of deep awareness, a type of principal awareness that all beings have as an aspect of Buddha-nature. It is "deep" in the sense that it is a fundamental way in which the mind works and has always been there, primordially, with no beginning and no end. (2) When contrasted with "discriminating awareness" (Tib. shes-rab) in the non-Gelug usage of the term, the principal awareness that nonconceptually cognizes the deepest truth of something (its inseparable voidness and appearance), beyond all words and concepts. (3) In the context of the ten Mahayana far-reaching attitudes, when contrasted with "discriminating awareness," principal awareness that nonconceptually cognizes the two truths of something. (4) In the context of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness, in the Gelug usage, either the principal awareness that explicitly and nonconceptually cognizes voidness (deepest truth) during total absorption or the principal awareness that implicitly and nonconceptually cognizes voidness during subsequent attainment.Tib: ye-shes
Skt: jnana
tiefes Gewahrsein, das wie ein Spiegel istdeep awareness that is like a mirrorSee: mirror-like deep awareness
tiefes Gewahrsein, reflexivesdeep awareness, reflexiveSee: reflexive deep awareness
tiefes Gewahrsein, selbstentstehendesdeep awareness, self-arisingSee: self-arising deep awareness
tiefes Gewahrsein, vollbringendesdeep awareness, accomplishingSee: accomplishing deep awareness
tiefes Gewahrsein, wie man Werke vollbringtdeep awareness to accomplish thingsSee: accomplishing deep awareness
tiefes Gewahrsein der Gleichheit der Dingedeep awareness of the equality of thingsSee: equalizing deep awareness
tiefes Gewahrsein der Individualität der Dingedeep awareness of the individuality of thingsSee: individualizing deep awareness
tiefes Gewahrsein der Realitätdeep awareness of realityOne of the five types of deep awareness that all beings have as an aspect of Buddha-nature. The deep awareness of the superficial truth of something -- namely, awareness of what it is. When developed on the spiritual path, this deep awareness may also be of the deepest truth of something -- namely, its voidness. Also called: deep awareness of the sphere of reality.Tib: chos-dbyings ye-shes
Skt: dharmadhatu-jnana
tiefes Gewahrsein der Wirklichkeitssphäre / der Realitätssphäredeep awareness of the sphere of realitySee: deep awareness of reality
tiefste Ebenedeepest levelThe level of some phenomenon that is veiled or concealed by something more superficial about that phenomenon. Sometimes translated as "ultimate level" or "deepest ultimate level."Tib: don-dam-pa
tiefste Ebene der kostbaren Juwelendeepest level Precious GemsThe level of the Three Rare and Supreme Gems that are concealed by the apparent level gems.Tib: don-dam-pa'i dkon-mchog
tiefstes Bodhichittadeepest bodhichittaThe deep awareness that has nonconceptual cognition of voidness.Tib: don-dam-pa'i byang-chub-gyi sems
tiefstes Buddhajuweldeepest Buddha GemA Buddha's Dharmakaya as a source of safe direction (refuge).Tib: don-dam-pa'i sangs-rgyas dkon-mchog
tiefstes Dharmajuweldeepest Dharma GemThe true stoppings and true pathway minds on the mental continuum of an arya, whether a layperson or a monastic, as a source of safe direction (refuge). Tib: don-dam-pa'i chos dkon-mchog
tiefstes Sanghajuweldeepest Sangha GemThe true stoppings and true pathway minds on the mental continuum of an arya, whether a layperson or monastic, as a source of safe direction (refuge). Tib: don-dam-pa'i dge-'dun dkon-mchog
tiefste Wahrheitdeepest truthIn the Mahayana tenet systems, a true fact about a phenomenon that is veiled or concealed by a more superficial true fact about the same phenomenon. Some translators render this term as "ultimate truth."Tib: don-dam bden-pa
Skt: paramartha
tiefste Wahrheittruth, deepestSee: deepest truth
Todes-Existenzdeath existenceThe period of time in the mental continuum of an individual limited being during which they experience death. Unless one successfully does advanced anuttarayoga tantra meditations at this time, this period lasts only one moment.Tib: 'chi-srid
TonglentonglenSee: giving and taking
Tradition der Amulettdoseamulet box traditionEine Tradition der Mahamudra-Meditation, die von der Shangpa-Kagyü-Schule übermittelt wird. Tib: ga'u-ma
Trägheit, geistigedullness, mentalSee: mental dullness
Trainer, Meditations-trainer, meditationSee: meditation trainer
Training der Geisteshaltungenattitude-trainingEin spirituelles Training in der man sich von seinen störenden Geisteshaltungen in seinem Geist reinigt und sich darin übt, sie durch konstruktive Geisteshaltungen zu ersetzen. Wird auch bezeichnet als: Reinigen der Geisteshaltungen, Geistestraining, Lojong.Tib: blo-sbyong
Trankopfer, goldeneslibation, goldenSee: golden libation
treibende KraftagentDie Person, die eine Handlung vollführt. *** [D.h. die handelnde Person. Die treibende Kraft ist eine Person, die eine Tat ausführt. Das passt nicht so (Keine Vorschläge) Fragen]Tib: byed-pa-po
Trennen / TrennungpartingAlso translated as: separationTib: bral-ba
Skt: visamyoga
Tropfen der Jasminblütedrops, jasmine flowerSee: jasmine flower drops
Tropfen der Jasminblütejasmine flower dropsDrops of white bodhichitta; drops of subtle creative energy.Tib: kun-da
Skt: kunda
trügerischdeceptiveBeing mistaken or confusing with respect to the appearance of something.Tib: 'khrul-ba
trügerische Erscheinungdeceptive appearanceA cognitive object that appears to exist in a manner different from the way in which it actually exists.Tib: 'khrul-snang
trügerische Wahrnehmungdeceptive cognitionA cognition that takes a phenomenon's mode of existence that it makes appear -- namely, an appearance of its seemingly true existence -- to be the phenomenon's actual mode of existence. The deceptive cognition may be either accurate or distorted with respect to the appearance it makes of the superficial truth of what the phenomenon conventionally is.Tib: 'khrul-shes
tugendhaft / ehrenhaft / rechtschaffenvirtuousSee: constructive
übereinstimmende Naturaccordant natureEin Synonym für Leerheit. Einige Übersetzer geben den Begriff mit "Soheit" wieder. Tib: de-bzhin-nyid
Skt: tathata
überlagernsuperimposeSee: interpolation
übermäßig unserer selbst bewusst / übermäßig unserer selbst bewusst (und damit befangen)self-consciousBeing so concerned about oneself and what others think of oneself and that one doesn't make any mistakes, that one becomes awkward and cannot act naturally. Often teenagers are like this. They have pimples on their faces and are so self-conscious about them that they think everyone is looking at them.
Übertragung, mündlichetransmission, oralSee: oral transmission
Übertragung des Bewusstseinstransference of consciousnessSee: phowa
Übertretung der tantrischen Wurzelgelübde des KalachakraKalachakra tantra root downfallA transgression of one of the version of the root tantric vows that is specific to the practice of Kalachakra.
Übertretung der tantrischen Wurzelgelübde des Kalachakraroot downfall, Kalachakra tantraSee: Kalachakra tantra root downfall
Übertretung der Wurzelgelübderoot downfallA transgression of a root bodhisattva or root tantric vow, which, if it is a full transgression, acts as a root for falling to rebirth in one of the worse rebirth states.Tib: rtsa-ltung
Übertretung des Wurzelgelübdesdownfall, rootSee: root downfall
überzeugtes Glauben /überzeugter Glaubeconfident beliefSee: belief in a fact based on reason
Überzeugtsein, festes / Überzeugung, festeconviction, firmSee: firm conviction
umfassendpervasive"x" is pervasive with "y" if, whenever "x" is the case, so is "y". Used in such formulations as "If "x" is the case, then it is pervasive that "y" is the case."Tib: khyab
umfassendes FahrzeugVast VehicleSee: Vast Vehicle of Mind
umfassendes Fahrzeug des GeistesVast Vehicle of MindSee: Mahayana
umfassende Wirkungcomprehensive resultSee: dominating result
umfassende Wirkungresult, comprehensiveSee: dominating result
unbedingtes Phänomenunconditioned phenomenonSee: unaffected phenomenon
unbeflecktuntaintedSomething that does not derive from a disturbing emotion or attitude, or is not related in any way with a disturbing emotion or attitude. Also translated as "unmixed with confusion" or "dissociated from confusion." Many translators render this term as "uncontaminated."Tib: zag-med
Skt: anashrava
unbefleckte Aggregateuntainted aggregatesAggregate factors of someone's experience that do not include the causes that will obtain for that being any further samsaric rebirths.Tib: zag-med-kyi phung-po
unbeständiges Phänomenimpermanent phenomenonSee: nonstatic phenomenon
Unbeständigkeit / VeränderlichkeitimpermanenceSee: nonstaticness
Unbewegliche, dreiimmovables, threeSee: three immovables
unentschiedene Wahrnehmungnondetermining cognitionA cognition of an object, in which (a) the involved object is an objective entity, (b) a mental aspect (mental hologram) of the involved object arises, but (c) there is no ascertainment (certainty, decisiveness) of what the involved object is or that the cognition of it has occurred. Also called: inattentive cognition.Tib: snang-la ma-nges-pa
unentschlossenes Schwankenindecisive waveringThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) that entertains two opinions about what is true – in other words, wavering between accepting or rejecting what is true. One of the six root disturbing emotions and attitudes. Sometimes translated as "doubt."Tib: the-tshoms
unentschlossene Wahrnehmungindecisive cognitionSee: indecisive wavering
UnentschlossenheitindecisivenessSee: indecisive wavering
unermesslich herrlicher Palastimmeasurably magnificent palaceA palace visualized in tantra practice as part of the supporting mandala. Each architectural feature of the palace represents one or another realization gained along the tantra path, and inside the palace reside one or more Buddha-figures.Tib: gzhal-yas khang
UnglücklichseinunhappinessThat feeling which, when it arises, one wants to be parted from it.Tib: mi-bde-ba
Skt: du:kha (duhkha)
ungültige Wahrnehmunginvalid cognition(1) According to Gelug Sautrantika, Gelug Chittamatra, and Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a cognition that is not fresh, or one that is fallacious, or one that is both not fresh and fallacious. (2) According to Gelug Prasangika and all tenet systems according to non-Gelug, a fallacious cognition.Tib: tshad-min
unkontrollierbare sich wiederholende Existenzuncontrollably recurring existenceSee: samsara
unkontrollierbar sich wiederholendes Samsarauncontrollably recurring samsaraSee: samsara
unlöbliche Handlungen, die der Buddha bestimmten Individuen untersagt hatuncommendable action, prohibitedSee: prohibited uncommendable action
unmittelbare Ursachenimmediate causesThe causes that are very close in time to bringing about a result.Tib: nye-ba'i rgyu
unmittelbar vorausgehende Bedingungimmediately preceding conditionThe immediately preceding moment of awareness, which produces the appearance-making and cognizing (clarity and awareness) of the next moment of awareness as its result.Tib: de-ma-thag rkyen
Skt: samanantarapratyaya
unreine Erscheinungimpure appearanceAn appearance of something as a nonenlightened mind makes it appear, namely in only a mundane form and with true existence.Tib: ma-dag-pa'i snang-ba
uns der spezifischen Buddhagestalt anzunähern und uns selbst als sie zu realisierenapproximate and actualize oneself as a Buddha-figureIntensive tantrische Meditationspraxis, welche die Visualisation von einem selbst als Buddhagestalt, wie auch die Rezitation der dazugehörigen Mantras umfasst. Tib: bsnyen-sgrub
unsere geistigen Einstellungen uns selbst und anderen gegenüber gleichsetzen und austauschenequalizing and exchanging self and othersA method for developing a bodhichitta aim, consisting of (1) developing mere equanimity, (2) developing uncommon Mahayana equanimity, as a way to regard all others equally in the same way as one regards oneself, (3) thinking of the disadvantages of a self-cherishing attitude, (4) thinking of the advantages of cherishing others, (5) giving and taking, with attitudes of love and compassion, as a way of exchanging one's attitudes about self and others, (6) exceptional resolve, and (7) developing a bodhichitta aim.Tib: bdag-gzhan mnyam-brje
unterbewusstes Gewahrseinsubliminal awarenessSee: subliminal cognition
unterbewusste Wahrnehmungsubliminal cognitionA cognition in which the consciousness gives rise to a mental hologram of a cognitive object and, in which, the cognitive object appears, through that hologram, only to the consciousness of the subliminal cognition and only that consciousness cognizes it. The cognitive object of the subliminal cognition does not appear to the person and is not cognized by the person. Nor does it appear to or is it cognized by the consciousness of the manifest cognition that is simultaneously occurring and overpowering the subliminal cognition. Tib: bag-la nyal-gyi shes-pa
unterscheidendiscriminate(1) To differentiate decisively between two things -- for example, between what is correct and incorrect, (2) to single out something and come to a decisive conclusion about it, for example to incorrectly discriminate the shravaka teachings as being essential for only shravakas, and worthless for bodhisattvas.
UnterscheidendistinguishingOne of the five ever-functioning subsidiary awarenesses (mental factors) that takes an uncommon characteristic feature of the appearing object of a nonconceptual cognition or an outstanding feature of the appearing object of a conceptual cognition, and ascribes a conventional significance to it, different from that of everything else that appears in the background within that cognition. It does not necessarily ascribe a name or mental label to its object, nor does it compare it with previously cognized objects. Some translators render the term as "recognition."Tib: 'du-shes
Skt: samjna
unterscheidendes Gewahrseindiscriminating awarenessThe mental factor that decisively discriminates between what is correct and what is incorrect, or between what is helpful and what is harmful, or between what is appropriate or what is inappropriate, or between what is reality and what is not reality. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: shes-rab
Skt: prajna
UnterscheidungdiscriminationSee: discriminating awareness
Unterscheidungsvermögen, subtilesdiscernment, subtleSee: subtle discernment
unterstützendes Mandalasupporting mandalaThe immeasurably magnificent palace of a symbolic world system, together with the environment around it, visualized in tantra practice.Tib: rten-pa'i dkyil-'khor
unterstütztes Mandalasupported mandalaThe set of Buddha-figures residing inside the immeasurably magnificent palace of a symbolic world system visualized in tantra practice.Tib: brten-pa'i dkyil-'khor
Untersuchen / UntersuchunginvestigationSee: gross detection
Unterteilungen machendes Bewusstseindividing consciousnessA consciousness that makes dualistic appearances, dividing a moment of experience into an appearance of independently existing consciousness (subject) and object. It is a Kagyu/Nyingma explanation. The Tibetan is rnam-shes, the same as the usual word for consciousness. It is defined like this only in some very special places.Tib: rnam-shes
untrennbarinseparableTwo facts about the same attribute of an object are inseparable if, when one is the case, so is the other. The two facts may inseparably both be the case either naturally or made to be so through the power of meditation.Tib: dbyer-med
unveränderlicher Vajra-KörperImmutable Vajra BodySee: Immutable Vajra Corpus
unveränderlicher Vajra-KörperImmutable Vajra CorpusIn some Kagyu mahamudra systems, synonymous with "Vajra Corpus" in the meaning of the unchanging nature of the other four Corpuses of a Buddha.Tib: mi-'gyur rdo-rje'i sku
Unwissenheitunawareness(1) According to Vasubandhu and Asanga, not knowing. (2) According to Dharmakirti, knowing in an inverted (incorrect) manner. In both cases, unawareness is of either behavioral cause and effect, or of the lack of an impossible "soul" or voidness. Translators often render the term as "ignorance."Tib: ma-rig-pa
Skt: avidya
Unwissenheit, automatisch erscheinendeunawareness, automatically arisingSee: automatically arising unawareness
Unwissenheit, doktrinär bedingteunawareness, doctrinally basedSee: doctrinally based unawareness
UrsachecauseA nonstatic phenomenon able to bring about the production or arising of something.Tib: rgyu
Skt: hetu
Ursache, direktecause, directSee: direct cause
Ursache, gleichzeitig wirkendecause, simultaneously actingSee: simultaneously acting cause
Ursache, herbeiführendecause, obtainingSee: obtaining cause
Ursache, reifendecause, ripeningSee: ripening cause
Ursache, wirkendcause, actingSee: acting cause
Ursache der gleichen Artcause, similar familySee: similar family cause
Ursache der gleichen Artsimilar family causeDie Ursache gleicher Art ist eine Ursache, die zur selben Familie oder Kategorie von Phänomen gehört wie die Wirkung. Zum Beispiel ist die Vorlage zur Herstellung einer Vase die Ursache gleicher Art für die Vase, die man gerade herstellt. Tib: rigs-'dra'I rgyu
Skt: sajatiyakaranam
Ursache des gleichen Statuscause, equal statusSee: equal status cause
Ursachen des gleichen Statusequal status causeCauses for which the results are later moments in the same category of phenomena as they are -- either in the same ethical category or on the same plane of existence.Tib: skal-mnyam-gyi rgyu
Ursache und Wirkungcause and effectSee: behavioral cause and effect
Ursache und Wirkung, verhaltensbedingtecause and effect, behavioralSee: behavioral cause and effect
ursächliche Bedingungencausal conditionsAll the causes that have the power to produce a specific result.Tib: rgyu'i rkyen
Skt: hetupratyaya
ursächliche Motivationcausal motivating aimWas jemand beabsichtigt, gerade bevor er/sie damit beginnt etwas zu tun; diese Motiviation ist die Ursache dafür, dass die Person die entsprechende Handlung dann ausführt.Tib: rgyu'i kun-slong
ursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtungcausal taking of safe directionMit dem Begriff "ursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung" wird das Einschlagen einer sicheren Ausrichtung (Zufluchtnahme) bezeichnet, in der die Quellen einer sicheren Ausrichtung die Personen oder Phänomene sind, die als Ursachen für die eigene Erlangung der drei Juwelen, wirken, nämlich von Buddha, Dharma und Sangha, die bereits von anderen erlangt worden sind. Der Begriff "ursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung" ist synonym mit dem Begriff "bloßes Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung". Tib: rgyu'i skyabs-'gro
ursprüngliche Reinheitprimal purityThe essential nature of rigpa (pure awareness), which refers to its being pure of all stains, without a beginning.Tib: ka-dag
ursprünglicher Geistprimordial mindAwareness that, with no beginning, has been untainted by the fleeting stains of either the emotional or cognitive obscurations. A synonym for "clear light mind."Tib: gnyug-sems
ursprünglicher Zustandprimordial stateThe state of having, with no beginning, been untainted by the fleeting stains of either the emotional or cognitive obscurations. Descriptive of the clear light mind.Tib: gnyug-ma
ursprüngliches tiefstes Alayaprimordial deepest alayaIn the dzogchen system, a synonym for basis rigpa. The source of all appearances of samsara and nirvana.Tib: ye-don kun-gzhi
ursprünglich reinprimally pureSee: primal purity
ursprünglich reines Gewahrseinsprimally pure awarenessSee: primal purity
Ursprungsquelle // Geburtsquellenatal sourceThat which gives rise to something, such as a womb for a baby or an oven for a loaf of bread.Tib: rdzas
Skt: dravya
Ursprungsquelle / Geburtsquellesource, natalSee: natal source
VaibhashikaVaibhashikaA Hinayana school of Indian Buddhism that does not assert reflexive awareness and does assert external phenomena; a subdivision of the Sarvastivada school of Hinayana. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.Tib: Bye-brag smra-ba
Vajra-KörperVajra BodySee: Vajra Corpus
Vajra-KörperVajra CorpusIn some dzogchen systems, the voidness factor of the deep awareness of a Buddha's pure awareness (rigpa); the unchanging nature of the other corpuses of a Buddha. Also called Vajra Body.Tib: rdo-rje-i sku
Skt: vajrakaya
Vajra-Körper, unveränderlicherVajra Body, ImmutableSee: Immutable Vajra Corpus
Vajra-Körper, unveränderlicherVajra Corpus, ImmutableSee: Immutable Vajra Corpus
VajrayanaVajrayanaThe Diamond-strong Vehicle of Mind, within Mahayana, that makes use of the tantra methods. Synonymous with "Mantrayana" and "Tantrayana."Tib: rdo-rje theg-pa
Skt: vajrayana
Vasen-Ermächtigungempowerment, vaseSee: vase empowerment
verblendete Auffassungdeluded outlookOne of a set of five disturbing attitudes that view their objects in a certain way, for example as "me" or "mine." They seek and regard their objects as things to latch on to, without they themselves scrutinizing, analyzing, or investigating them. They are accompanied by either an interpolation or a repudiation, but they themselves do not interpolate or repudiate anything. Also called in full: "a disturbing, deluded outlook on life." Equivalent to the coined term "disturbing attitude." See: disturbing emotion or attitude.Tib: lta-ba nyon-mongs-can
verblendete Auffassung in Bezug auf ein vergängliches Netzwerkdeluded outlook toward a transitory network(1) According to Vasubandhu and Asanga, the disturbing attitude that regards some transitory network from one's own samsara-perpetuating five aggregates as "me" or as "mine." (2) According to Tsongkhapa, the disturbing attitude that focuses on the conventional "me" and regards it as a truly findable "me" identical with the aggregates, or as "me, the possessor, controller, or inhabitant" of the aggregates.Tib: 'jig-tshogs-la lta-ba
Skt: satkayadrshti
verblendetes Gewahrseindeluded awarenessA primary consciousness that is aimed at the alayavijnana in the Chittamatra system, or at the alaya for habits in the dzogchen system, and grasps at it to be the "me" to be refuted.Tib: nyon-yid
VerblendungdelusionSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
verborgener Pfad des Sutrahidden path of sutraThe mahamudra teachings concealed in the Mahayana sutras and passed down in lineage from Maitripa to Marpa to Milarepa to Gampopa.Tib: mdo'i gsang-lam
verborgenes Mandalahidden mandalaSee: secret mandala
verborgenes Mantrahidden mantraSynonymous with "mantra."Tib: gsang-sngags
Skt: guhyamantra
verborgenes Opferhidden offeringAn offering of one's blissful awareness or of one's blissful awareness of voidness, visualized in the form of an offering goddess.Tib: gsang-mchod
verbotene nicht lobenswerte Handlungenprohibited uncommendable actionEthically neutral (unspecified) actions that Buddha prohibited for certain types of practitioners, for instance monks or nuns, as detrimental to their spiritual practice.Tib: bcas-pa'i kha-na ma-tho-ba
Verbrechen, fünf unmittelbar ins Elend führendecrimes, five heinousSee: five heinous crimes
verbundenes Paarjoined pairEin Paar von Elementen, untrennbar miteinander verbunden, in welchem die anfängliche Erlangung des einen vor der anfänglichen Erlangung des anderen stattfindet.Tib: zung-'brel
verbundene Untrennbarkeitjoined inseparabilityThe relationship between two items that do not naturally occur simultaneously and inseparably, but are made to do so through the power of meditation. Once the attainments of both are joined, then whenever one is the case or is occurring, so is the other.Tib: sbyor-bcas dbyer-med
verbunden mit Verwirrungassociated with confusionSee: tainted
VerdienstmeritSee: positive karmic force
vereintes Paarunified pairA pair of items, joined inseparably, in which the initial attainment of both items occurs simultaneously. Sometimes used as a general term whether the initial attainment of both items occurs simultaneously or sequentially.Tib: zung-'jug
Skt: yuganaddha
Verfälschung / verfälschende HinzufügunginterpolationThe projection or superimposition, onto an object, of a quality or a conventional or ultimate identity that it doesn't have. For instance, to superimpose true existence onto the conventionally existent "me." Literally, the term means "sticking feathers on to something." Some translators render it as "exaggeration," but it is not the exaggeration of something present. Rather, it is the adding of something that is not there, as if it were present.Tib: sgro-'dogs
vergangenes Stattfindenpassed-happeningSee: no-longer-happening
Vergegenwärtigungmindfulness(1) The subsidiary awareness (mental factor), similar to a mental glue, that keeps a mental hold on a cognitive object, so that it is not lost. (2) The recollection of something, with which the mind keeps a mental hold on a mental hologram that resembles and represents something previously cognized. The term is often rendered as "memory" or "remembering," but has nothing to do with the recording or storage of mental information.Tib: dran-pa
Skt: smrti
Verhalten, gezügeltes/ Verhalten bezähmtesbehavior, tamedSee: tamed behavior
verhaltensbedingte Ursache und Wirkungbehavioral cause and effectMit dem Begriff "verhaltensbedingte Ursache und Wirkung" wird die Grundsatz (Grundprinzip) von Karma bezeichnet, nach dem bestimmte Handlungen bestimmte Wirkungen hervorbringen. Die Ursache ist unser Verhalten - also die Art und Weise wie wir handeln, sprechen und denken - und die Wirkung ist das, was wir erleben (bzw. was uns widerfährt). Verhaltensbedingte Ursache und Wirkung bezieht sich auf die Verbindung, die zwischen unserem Verhalten und dem, was wir als Wirkung erleben, besteht. Tib: las-'bras
VerlangendesireSee: longing desire
Verlangen, sehnsüchtigesdesire, longingSee: longing desire
Vermächtnis, karmischeslegacy, karmicSee: karmic legacy
VermutungpresumptionSee: presumptive cognition
vernichtendevastateTo totally weaken the effectiveness of something, such as the positive force of a constructive act, such that it ripens into something far less and more distant in the future, but without completely eliminating its potential to ripen.Tib: bcom
VerpflichtungcommitmentMit Verpflichtung wird eine spirituelle Praxis bezeichnet, die man versprochen hat regelmäßig zu üben. Auch der Geistesfaktor, mit dem man ein solches Versprechen gibt, wird so bezeichnet. Das Versprechen wird entweder formal während der Durchführung eines Rituals gegeben oder informell und entweder sprachlich oder nichtsprachlich. Im Falle einer Verpflichtung gegenüber einem spirituellem Lehrer, befindet sich der Geistesfaktor, der anwesend ist, während man verspricht, sich in gesunder Weise auf seinen Lehrer zu beziehen, in Übereinstimmung mit den Beschreibungen in den traditionellen Schriften.
verschleiertes Phänomenobscure phenomenonA validly knowable phenomenon that cannot be apprehended through the force of personal experience, but can be apprehended through the force of a line of reasoning.Tib: lkog-gyur
Verse, besondereverses, specialSee: special verses
Verse, metrischeverses, meteredSee: metered verses
Verse, wohlklingendeverses, melodicSee: melodic verses
versprochenes anstrebendes Bodhichitta / anstrebendes Bodhichitta, das man gelobt hatpledged aspiring bodhichittaSee: pledged state of aspiring bodhichitta
vertiefte Konzentrationabsorbed concentrationVollendete Konzentration, die vollständig ins Objekt vertieft oder versunken ist. auf ein Objekt der Ausrichtung vertieft oder in es versunken ist.Tib: ting-nge-'dzin
Skt: samadhi
Vertiefung, völligeabsorption, totalSee: total absorption
Vertiefung in Leerheit mit dem klaren Lichtabsorption on voidness, clear lightSee: clear light absorption on voidness
Vertiefung in Leerheit mit dem klaren Lichtclear light absorption on voidnessTotal absorption, with clear light awareness, on voidness (emptiness).
vertikale geistige Synthesevertical mental synthesisA collection or mental synthesis that extends over time, such as a human body over a lifetime.Tib: gong-ma'i spyi
VertrauenfaithSee: believing a fact to be true
verunreinigte Aggregatecontaminated aggregatesSee: tainted aggregates
VerunreinigungdefilementSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
vervollständigendes Karmacompleting karmaDas vervollständigende Karma ist ein geistiger Drang oder Impuls, der von einer relativ schwachen Motivation begleitet wird, und daher, als Wirkung dieses geistigen Drangs, lediglich die Kraft hat [Stärke besitzt] jene Umstände heranzureifen, die die Bedingungen für eine zukünftige Wiedergeburt vervollständigen. Tib: rdzogs-byed-kyi las
verwirklichen / erkennenrealizeTo understand correctly, in a stable manner, some point in the Dharma, such as voidness, such that it brings about a lasting attainment and change in the person who has gained it.
verwirklichtaccomplishedSee: highly accomplished
verwirklichte Errungenschaft / verwirklichte Erlangungactual attainmentEin bedeutsames spirituelles Ziel, dass man tatsächlich erlangt hat oder wörtlich, das man in seinem eigenen geistigen Kontinuum wirklich "gemacht hat" oder "real gemacht" [effektiv gemacht] hat. Die gewöhnlichen verwirklichten Errungenschaften beziehen sich auf außersinnliche und außerphysische Kräfte, wohingegen sich die höchsten [überragenden] verwirklichten Errungenschaften auf die Erleuchtung beziehen. Tib: dngos-grub
Skt: siddhi
VerwirklichungrealizationA stable, correct understanding of some point in the Dharma, such as voidness, which brings about a lasting attainment and change in the person who has it. Compare: "attainment".Tib: rtogs-pa
Verwirklichung, nachfolgenderealization, subsequentSee: subsequent attainment
Verwirklichung und Befreiung, gleichzeitigerealization and liberation, simultaneousSee: simultaneous realization and liberation
VerwirrungbewildermentEin naiver Geisteszustand des Nicht-Wissens in Bezug auf das, was geschieht.Tib: rmongs-pa
VerwirrungconfusionVerwirrung ist, um die Diskussion hier abzukürzen, ein nichttechnischer Begriff, der anstelle von Unwissenheit (Ignoranz) verwendet wird, dabei jedoch nicht den Beiklang von Unorganisiertheit, Desorientiertheit oder Demenz besitzt.
verzerrte, feindselige Geisteshaltungdistorted antagonistic thinkingThe action of thinking with a distorted outlook and, in addition, wishing to repudiate, with hostility, anyone that disagrees with one's view. Also called: "thinking with a distorted, antagonistic attitude.Tib: log-lta
verzerrte Ansichtdistorted viewSee: distorted outlook
verzerrte Auffassungdistorted outlookThe disturbing attitude that regards an actual cause, an actual effect, an actual functioning, or an existent phenomenon as not being actual or existent. According to Tsongkhapa, it may also regard a false cause, a false effect, a false functioning, or a nonexistent phenomenon as true or existent. Also translated as "distorted view," other translators render it as "wrong view" or "false view."Tib: log-lta
verzerrte Wahrnehmungdistorted cognitionA way of being aware of something that takes its object incorrectly. Conceptual distorted cognition is deceived with respect to its conceptualized object; nonconceptual distorted cognition is deceived with respect to its involved object.Tib: log-shes
vier Ausrichtungen der Vergegenwärtigungfour placements of mindfulnessSee: four close placements of mindfulness
vier Axiomefour axiomsThe four axioms for examining a Dharma teaching in order to accept its validity: (1) dependency, (2) functionality, (3) establishment by reason, and (4) the nature of things.Tib: rigs-pa bzhi
vier bindende Faktorenfour binding factorsFactors which, when they accompany someone's acting in breach of a vow, bind that person to the full karmic result, in the sense of guaranteeing that the full karmic result will follow.Tib: kun-dkris bzhi
vier BuddhakörperFour Buddha-BodiesSee: Four Corpuses of a Buddha
vier feste Ausrichtungen der Vergegenwärtigungfour close placements of mindfulnessVon anderen Autoren als "vier Grundlagen der Achtsamkeit" übersetzt.Tib: dran-pa nyer-bzhag bzhi
Skt: smrtyupasthana
vier Freudenfour joysSee: four gradations of joyful awareness
vier Grundlagen des Vertrauenfour placements of confidenceDon’t place your confidence on the person, place it on his or her teachings; don’t place your confidence on his or her words, place it on their meanings; don’t place your confidence on their interpretable meanings, place it on their definitive meanings; (to understand them) don’t place your confidence on your dividing consciousness, place it on your deep awareness.Tib: rton-pa bzhi
vier Gruppen von angewendeten Verwirklichungenfour sets of applied realizationsAlso translated as: four yogasTib: sbyor-ba bzhi
vier Kennzeichen des Dharmafour hallmarks of the DharmaFour points which, if contained in a system of teachings, indicate that the system is a Buddhist one: (1) all affected (conditioned) phenomena are nonstatic (impermanent), (2) all tainted phenomena are problematic (suffering), (3) all phenomena are devoid and lacking an impossible "soul," while (4) a nirvana release is a pacification and something constructive. Also called "four sealing points for labeling an outlook as being based on enlightening words."Tib: chos-kyi sdom-pa bzhi
vier Kennzeichen des Dharmahallmarks of the Dharma, fourSee: four hallmarks of the Dharma
vier Körper eines BuddhaFour Corpuses of a Buddha(1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), and (4) Corpus of Essential Nature of a Buddha.Tib: sku-bzhi
vierte Ermächtigungfourth empowermentAlso called: word empowerment (tshig-dbang)Tib: dbang bzhi-pa
VinayavinayaSee: rules of discipline
VipassanavipassanaVipassana (Pali for vipashyana) is a state of mind that cognizes clearly, distinctly and directly the true nature of the breath, thoughts, and all other affecting variables -- namely their being nonstatic (impermanent), suffering, and, in relation to them, the lack of an impossible soul. Also, the Theravada practices leading to this state of mind. See also: exceptionally perceptive state of mind.
Vira (spirituelle Helden)vira(spiritual hero)Tib: dpa'-bo
Virini (spirituelle Heldinnen)virini(spiritual heroine)Tib: dpa'-mo
vollbringendes Gewahrseinaccomplishing awarenessSee: accomplishing deep awareness
vollbringendes tiefes Gewahrseinaccomplishing deep awarenessDas vollbringende tiefe Gewahrsein ist eine von fünf Arten des tiefen Gewahrseins, das jedes Lebewesen als ein Aspekt seiner Buddhanatur besitzt. Das tiefe Gewahrsein geht zu einem kognitiven Objekt hinaus und hat die Bereitschaft, etwas mit diesem Objekt zu erreichen, oder mit ihm etwas zu tun, oder dem Objekt etwas anzutun, oder sich in persönlicher Weise auf das Objekt zu beziehen. Es wird auch als bezeichnet als: das tiefe Gewahrsein etwas zu vollbringen. Tib: bya-grub ye-shes
vollendete Qualitäten/ ErrungenschaftaccomplishmentDas Erlangen eines spirituellen ZielesTib: sgrub-pa
Vollendungsstufecompletion stageSee: complete stage
völlige Vertiefungtotal absorptionA state of mind having the joined pair of shamatha and vipashyana, and in which absorbed concentration is focused single-pointedly on a voidness that is like space. It may be either conceptual or nonconceptual. Sometimes translated as "meditative equipoise."Tib: mnyam-bzhag
Skt: samahita
völlig konzeptionelle Phänomenetotally conceptional phenomena(1) In the context of the Chittamatra tenet-system, all static phenomena other than the various types of voidness, true stoppings, and nirvana, plus all non-existent phenomena. (2) In the context of the Madhyamaka tenet-system, all non-existent phenomena, especially true existence.Tib: kun-btags
Skt: parikalpita
vollkommen begründete Phänomenethoroughly established phenomena(1) In the context of the Mahayana tenet system, a synonym for deepest truths. Specifically, in the Chittamatra system, the various voidnesses, true stoppings, and nirvana. (2) In the Buddhist medical system, hereditary, congenital diseases; genetic disorders.Tib: yongs-grub
Skt: parinishpanna
VollkommenheitperfectionSee: far-reaching attitude
Vollkommenheit der Weisheitperfection of wisdomSee: far-reaching discriminating awareness
vollkommen imaginäre Formen physischer Phänomenetotally imaginary forms of physical phenomenaForms of physical phenomena included only among cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which appear in certain mental states, such as the sensory objects appearing in dreams and the conceptually implied objects in visualizations and imaginings.Tib: kun-btags-pa'i gzugs
vom Intellekt herrührtintellectually derivedDescriptive of meditation with verbal thoughts based on conceptual schemes.Tib: blos-byas
von anderem beeinflusstes Phänomenother-powered phenomenaSee: dependent phenomenon
von Menschhand geschaffene Wirkung, die künstlich erzeugt wurdeman-made result that is producedSomething material, such as a vase, a bruise, or a profit, that arises from someone's effort or actions, but which does not ripen from that person's karma.Tib: bskyed-pa'i skyes-bu byed-pa'i 'bras-bu
von nichts beeinflusstunaffectedSee: unaffected phenomenon
vorangehende Praxis der Verwirklichungantecedent practice for realizationEine Visualisationspraxis bei der man sich selbst als eine Buddhagestalt vorstellt, für die man eine Ermächtigung erhalten hat. Man führt die Visualisationspraxis aus, um sich selbst als die Buddhagestalt zu realisieren. [***verwirklichen besser? Realisieren nach Glossar] Synonym mit "Sadhana". Tib: mngon-rtogs
Vorbereitende ÜbungenpreliminariesSee: preliminary practices
vorbereitende Übungen / vorbereitende Praxispreliminary practicesPractices, such as prostration, usually repeated 100,000 times, done as a method to build up positive force and cleanse negative force so as to have more success in tantra practice. Also called "ngondro."Tib: sngon-'gro
Vorbild eines Geistes des klaren Lichtsclear light mind, modelSee: model clear light mind
Vorbild eines Geistes des klaren Lichtsmodel clear light mindDas Vorbild eines Geistes des klaren Lichts ist eine subtile Ebene des Bewusstseins, die eine glückselige konzeptuelle Wahrnehmung von Leerheit besitzt, die erlangt wird, wenn die subtilen Energie-Winde zum Teil im zentralen Kanal aufgelöst worden sind. Der Begriff wird auch als "annähernder Geist des klaren Lichts" übersetzt. Tib: dpe'i 'od-gsal
vorläufige Quelle einer sicheren Ausrichtungprovisional source of safe directionThe aryas with incomplete sets of true stoppings and true pathway minds on their mental continuums.Tib: gnas-skabs-kyi skyabs-gnas
vorrangige Wirkungoverriding resultSee: dominating result
Vorwärtssprungleap-aheadThe practice, and resultant stage of the practice, in dzogchen during which one "leaps ahead" from the attainment of break-through, and during which effulgent rigpa gives rises to and cognizes itself as a rainbow body. During this stage, effulgent rigpa becomes increasingly more prominent, while essence rigpa is also prominently maintained. This stage is equivalent to an accustoming pathway of mind (path of meditation).Tib: thod-rgal
WachsamkeitalertnessWachsamkeit ist der Geistesfaktor mit dem geprüft wird, in welcher Verfassung sich die Vergegenwärtigung in Bezug auf ihr geistiges Festhalten am Fokus-Objekt [***Objekt der Ausrichtung] befindet. Der Geistesfaktor achtet darauf, ob das geistige Festhalten aufgrund von Flatterhaftigkeit des Geistes oder geistiger Trägheit zu locker, zu schwach oder zu angespannt geworden ist. Wachsamkeit ist jedoch mehr als nur ein reflexives Bewusstsein oder eine implizites Begreifen, das lediglich bemerkt, was in der Meditation passiert. Der Geistesfaktor Wachsamkeit gleicht einer Alarmanlage, die eine die Aufmerksamkeit wiederherstellende Reaktion auslöst, um jegliche Fehler zu korrigieren. Tib: shes-bzhin
Skt: samprajanya
Wahnehmung, gültigecognition, validSee: valid cognition
Wahnehmung, indirektecognition, indirectSee: indirect cognition
wahre Beendigungtrue cessationSee: true stopping
wahre Beendigungtrue stoppingThe elimination, forever, of some degree of either an emotional or a cognitive obscuration from a mental continuum. They occur only on the mental continuum of aryas -- those with nonconceptual cognition of voidness. Often translated as "true cessation."Tib: 'gog-pa'i bden-pa
Skt: nirodha-satya
wahre Existenztrue existence(1) An impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Existence established or proven (a) merely by the power of something on the side of an object and not in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis, according to Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, or (b) by the power of something on the side of an object, either by itself or in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis, according to Gelug Prasangika-Madhyamaka. (2) A mode of existence that is true. Existence established or proven by (a) arising from causes and conditions, according to Jetsunpa and Kunkhyen Gelug Sautrantika, or (b) the power of something on the side of an object, according to Panchen Gelug Sautrantika and Gelug Chittamatra. Also translated as "truly established existence."Tib: bden-par grub-pa
wahre Identität, Mangel antrue identity, lack ofSee: lack of true identities
wahre nichtzugeschriebene Existenztrue unimputed existenceExistence established or proven merely by the power of something on the side of an object and not in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis. According to Madhyamaka, an impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Also called "truly and unimputedly established existence."Tib: bden-par grub-pa
wahre Realitättrue realityA nontechnical term used for what actually exists.
wahrer Pfadgeisttrue pathway mindAlso called: true pathTib: lam-bden
Skt: marga-satya
wahrer Ursprungtrue originAlso translated as: true causesTib: kun-'byung bden-pa
Skt: samudaya-satya
wahrhaft auffindbare Existenztrue findable existenceExistence established or proven by the power of something findable on the side of an object, either by itself or in conjunction with being something imputable on a basis. According to Gelug Prasangika-Madhyamaka, an impossible mode of existence mistakenly considered to be true. Also called "truly and findably established existence."Tib: bden-par grub-pa
wahrhaft begründete Existenztruly established existenceSee: true existence
Wahrhaftigkeit / zu seinem Wort stehenbeing true to one's wordWahrhaftigkeit ist der Geisteszustand, in dem man sein Versprechen nicht bricht, nachdem man sein Wort gegeben hat, etwas zum Wohle anderer zu tun. Wahrhaftigkeit ist die siebte der zehn weitreichenden Geisteshaltungen, die gemäß der Theravada-Tradition von einem Bodhisattva entwickelt wird.Tib: bden-pa
Skt: satya
wahrhaft und auffindbar begründete Existenztruly and findably established existenceSee: true findable existence
wahrhaft und nichtzugeschrieben begründete Existenztruly and unimputedly established existenceSee: true unimputed existence
Wahrheit, oberflächlichetruth, superficialSee: superficial truth
Wahrheiten, zweitruths, twoSee: two truths
wahrnehmencognizeSee: cognition
Wahrnehmen, sieben Arten derknowing, seven ways ofSee: seven ways of knowing
Wahrnehmungcognition(1) Der Akt des Wahrnehmens oder Erkennens einer Sache, aber ohne dabei notwendigerweise zu wissen, was diese Sache ist oder bedeutet. Sie ist entweder gültig oder ungültig, konzeptuell oder nichtkonzeptuell. "Wahrnehmung" ist der allgemeinste Begriff dafür, etwas zu wissen [erkennen]. (2) Das "Paket" des Hauptbewusstseins, seiner begleitenden Geistesfaktoren (Arten von Nebengewahrsein) und das kognitive Objekt, was allen gemein ist. Einigen Lehrsysteme zur Folge beinhaltet eine Wahrnehmung auch ein reflexives Gewahrsein. Tib: shes-pa
WahrnehmungperceptionA general, nontechnical term used for valid sensory cognition.
Wahrnehmung, blossecognition, bareSee: bare cognition
Wahrnehmung, direktecognition, directSee: direct cognition
Wahrnehmung, einfachecognition, straightforwardSee: straightforward cognition
Wahrnehmung, explizitecognition, explicitSee: explicit apprehension
Wahrnehmung, implizitecognition, implicitSee: implicit apprehension
Wahrnehmung, konzeptuellecognition, conceptualSee: conceptual cognition
Wahrnehmung, nachfolgendecognition, subsequentSee: subsequent cognition
Wahrnehmung, nichtkonzeptuellecognition, nonconceptualSee: nonconceptual cognition
Wahrnehmung, schlussfolgerndecognition, inferentialSee: inferential cognition
Wahrnehmung, trügerischecognition, deceptiveSee: deceptive cognition
Wahrnehmung, unentschiedenecognition, nondeterminingSee: nondetermining cognition
Wahrnehmung, unentschlossenecognition, indecisiveSee: indecisive wavering
Wahrnehmung, ungültigecognition, invalidSee: invalid cognition
Wahrnehmung, vermutendecognition, presumptiveSee: presumptive cognition
Wahrnehmung, verzerrtecognition, distortedSee: distorted cognition
Wahrnehmungsanreger, die (alle) Phänomene sindcognitive stimulators that are (all) phenomenaAll validly knowable phenomena, all of which may be validly cognized by mental consciousness.Tib: chos-kyi skye-mched
wanderndes Wesenwandering beingA being that "wanders" from one uncontrollably recurring rebirth to the next; a being caught in samsara. Synonymous with "limited being" (sentient being).Tib: 'gro-ba
Skt: gamin
Weisen, in denen man sich etwas gewahr istways of being aware of somethingEine von drei Arten nichtstatischer Phänomene - alle Arten geistiger Aktivität, die ein Objekt wahrnehmen.Tib: shes-pa
Weiterexistenzfurther existenceSee: karmic impulse that actualizes a further existenceTib: srid-pa
Skt: bhava
weitreichende Geisteshaltungenfar-reaching attitudeA mental factor that brings one to the far shore of samsara, either to liberation or to enlightenment. There are either six or ten far-reaching attitudes. Also called "perfection." Theravada and Mahayana give slightly different lists of these. According to Mahayana, the six are the far-reaching attitudes of (1) generosity, (2) ethical self-discipline, (3) patience, (4) joyful perseverance, (5) mental stability, and (6) discriminating awareness (wisdom). The Mahayana list of ten adds the far-reaching attitudes of (7) skill in means, (8) aspirational prayer, (9) strengthening, and (10) deep awareness.Tib: pha-rol-tu phyin-pa
Skt: paramita
WertschätzungappreciationEtwas hoch schätzen, gewöhnlicherweise die Freundlichkeit von jemanden. Häufig im Zusammenhang mit dem Wertschätzen seines spirituellen Mentors verwendet. Wird auch als "Respekt" bezeichnet. Tib: gus-pa
Wesen, gewöhnlichesbeing, ordinarySee: ordinary being
WiderlegungrefutationSee: negation phenomenon
widersprüchlichcontradictorySee: mutually exclusive
WidmungdedicationSee: dedication prayer
Widmungsgebet / Gebet der Widmungdedication prayerA prayer for the attainment of a spiritual goal or of the circumstances conducive for reaching that goal, in which the person making the prayer directs the positive force (merit) from a constructive action that he or she has done toward ripening into that attainment.Tib: bsngo-ba
Skt: pranidhana
Wiedergeburtszustände, schlechterebirth states, worseSee: worse rebirth states
wiederkehrende Existenzrecurring existenceSee: samsara
wie die Dinge sind (Soheit)how things areAlso called: thusness.Tib: de-nyid
wirkende Ursacheacting causeAll phenomena, other than the result itself, which do not impede the production of the result.Tib: byed-rgyu
Skt: karanahetu
wirklichrealA nontechnical term for what actually exists.
wirklicher Zustandactual stateThe full definitional state of something, such as one of levels of mental constancy.Tib: dngos-gzhi
wirksames Phänomenfunctional phenomenon(1) A validly knowable, existent object that performs a function -- in other words, it produces a result -- namely, a nonstatic phenomenon. (2) In the Vaibhashika system, all validly knowable, existent phenomenon, all of which at least perform the function of acting as an object for the valid cognition of them.Tib: dngos-po
Wirkung, die der Ursache entsprichtresult that corresponds to its causeA result that in some way resembles its cause, either in the wish to repeat its causal action or in the experience of something happening back to one that resembles what one did.Tib: rgyu-mthun-gyi 'bras-bu
Skt: nishyandaphalam
Wirkung, die der Ursache im eigenen Verhalten ähneltresult that corresponds to its cause in one's behaviorThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of liking or wishing to do an action, in a particular moment, similar to what one has done in the past. Also translated as "result that is similar to its cause in one's behavior" and "result that is similar to its cause in one's instinctive behavior."Tib: byed-pa rgyu-mthun-gyi 'bras-bu
Wirkung, die der Ursache im eigenen Verhalten gleichtresult that is similar to its cause on one's behaviorSee: result that corresponds to its cause in one's behavior
Wirkung, die der Ursache in der eigenen Erfahrung ähneltresult that corresponds to its cause in one's experienceThe experience of a situation in which something similar to one's previous action happens back to oneself. Also translated as "result that is similar to its cause on one's experience."Tib: myong-ba rgyu-mthun-gyi 'bras-bu
Wirkung, die durch Menschenhand hervorgebracht worden istresult, man-madeSee: man-made result
Wirkung, gereiftesresult, ripenedSee: ripened result
Wirkungen, die ihren Ursachen im eigenen instinktivem Verhalten ähnelnresult that is similar to its cause on one's instinctive behaviorSee: result that corresponds to its cause in one's behavior
Wirkungsebenelevel, resultantThe level of a fully enlightened Buddha, attained as the result of Mahayana practice.Tib: 'bras-bu
Wirkungsebeneresultant levelIn the context of basis, pathway, and resultant levels of something being specified, the level of something, for instance Buddha-nature, in the state of a Buddha when it is fully purified.Tib: 'bras-bu
wohlklingende Versemelodic versesOne of the twelve scriptural categories. (1) Verses that Buddha uttered during the course of and at the conclusion of his sutras. (2) According to some explanations, scriptures of interpretable meaning.Tib: dbyangs-kyis bsnyad-pa
Skt: geya
WohlwollenbenevolenceThe mental factor of wishing to benefit others, wishing others well. Often translated by others as "altruism."Tib: phan-sems
Wörter, gestattetewords, permittedSee: permitted words
wundersame Emanationmiraculous emanations(1) In mahamudra and dzogchen texts, a descriptive synonym for the mental aspects (mental appearances, mental holograms) that are produced by the clarity aspect of the mind and which are directly cognized by conceptual or nonconceptual cognition. (2) A synonym for extraphysical emanations.Tib: rnam-'phrul
Skt: vikurvana
wundersame Kräftemiraculous powersSee: extraphysical emanations
Wurzelgelübde des Bodhisattvaroot bodhisattva vowsThe eighteen primary bodhisattva vows which, if kept purely, act as a root for attaining enlightenment, and which, if fully transgressed, act as a root for rebirth in one of the worse rebirth states.
Wurzelgelübde des Tantraroot tantric vowsThe fourteen primary tantric vows which, if kept purely, act as a root for attaining enlightenment, and which, if fully transgressed, act as a root for rebirth in one of the worse rebirth states.
Wurzelgururoot guruThe spiritual teacher that inspires one the most, such that his or her inspiration serves as the root giving sustenance to one's spiritual growth.Tib: rtsa-ba'i bla-ma
Wurzeln der Tugendroots of virtueSee: roots of positive force
Wurzeln konstruktiver Kraftroots of constructive forceSee: roots of positive forceTib: dge-rtsa
Wurzel positiver Kräfteroots of positive forceThe network of positive force (collection of merit), described from the point of view of it serving as the "root" for one to grow into a Buddha.Tib: dge-ba'i rtsa-ba
YogacharaYogacharaAnother name for the Chittamatra school of Indian Buddhism.Tib: rNal-'byor spyod-pa
Yoga in sechs SitzungenSix-Session YogaIn Gelug, a practice, recited six times daily, required of those who have received an anuttarayoga empowerment, through which they keep the nineteen closely bonding practices for the five Buddha-families.Tib: Thun-drug rnal-'byor
zehn Ebenen eines höchst verwirklichten Geistesten levels of highly realized mindsalso translated as: ten bhumi mindsTib: sa-bcu
Skt: dasha-bhumi
ZeittimeAn interval imputed or measured in the continuum of the occurrence of a sequence of cause and effect. Since time is conceptually imputable, time is a function of and therefore relative to the mind that conceptually imputes it.Tib: dus
Skt: kala
zeremonielle Folge der Darbringung eines rituellen Festmahlsceremonial round of offering a ritual feastEine zeremonielle Folge der Darbringung eines rituellen Festmahls ist ein tantrisches Ritual, das Teil einer Puja ist, in der man seinem spirituellem Meister, der als untrennbar von der Buddhagestalt betrachtet wird, speziell geweihte Gaben darbringt, die üblicherweise auch ein Torma beinhalten. Im Anuttara-Yoga-Tantra umfassen diese Gaben gesegneten Alkohol und Fleisch. Tib: tshogs-'khor
Skt: ganacakra
Ziel, gleichzeitig (stattfindendes) motivierendesaim, contemporaneous motivatingSee: contemporaneous motivating aim
Ziel, kausales, motivierendesaim, causal motivatingSee: causal motivating aim
Ziel, motivierendesaim, motivatingSee: motivating aim
zu einem spirituellen Mentor eine gesunde Beziehung aufbauenrelating to a spiritual mentor in a healthy mannerEntrusting oneself, through mind and actions, to a fully qualified spiritual mentor. Also called: relying on a spiritual mentor, entrusting oneself to a spiritual mentor, whole-hearted commitment to a spiritual mentor. Often translated as: guru-devotion.Tib: bshes-gnyen bsten-pa
Zuflucht/ ZufluchtnahmerefugeSee: safe direction
Zuflucht nehmenrefuge, takeSee: take safe direction
Zuflucht nehmentake refugeSee: take safe direction
Zufluchts-Präzeptor / die Zufluchten gebende Präzeptorrefuge preceptorA spiritual mentor who has kept one of the sets of pratimoksha vows purely for a certain number of years and in whose presence spiritual seekers formally take refuge (put a safe direction in their lives), thus committing themselves to the Buddhist path.
Zuflucht zu den Drei Juwelen nehmengo for refuge to the Three GemsSee: take safe direction from the Three Gems
Zugang zur geistigen Aktivität des klaren Lichtsaccess clear light mental activityZugang zur geistigen Aktivitäten des klaren Lichts erlangt man durch fortgeschrittene Meditationspraktiken des Anuttarayoga-Tantra der Vollständigkeitsstufe -- und zwar im Sinne einer Beendigung der gröberen Ebenen des Geistes, so dass der Geist nur auf der Ebene des zugrunde liegende klaren Lichts operiert, welche die subtilste Ebene geistiger Aktivität ist und die bereits seit anfangloser Zeit wirksam ist. Findet man Zugang zur geistigen Aktivität des klaren Lichts, erkennt man dann sowohl diese subtilste Ebene des Geistes, als das, was sie ist, und verwendet sie auch, um Objekte zu erkennen [wahrzunehmen].
Zugang zu Rigpa finden / in den Zustand von Rigpa eintretenaccess rigpaEin Dharma-Praktizierender verwirklicht die Rigpa-Ebene des Geistes (die Ebene des reinen Gewahrseins) durch spezielle Methoden, die ein Dzogchen-Meister in persönlicher Interaktion mit einem vollständig vorbereiteten Dzogchen-Praktizierenden verwendet. Das geschieht in dem Sinne, dass diese zugrundliegende subtilste, unbefleckte Ebene geistiger Aktivität, die seid anfangsloser Zeit wirkt, zum alleinige Fokus der Aufmerksamkeit gemacht wird. Und dann erkennen beide - sowohl der Meister, als auch der vorbereitete Schüler - Rigpa als das, was es ist und machen beide Gebrauch von seinen natürlichen Merkmalen.
ZuhörenlisteningAt the time when the Buddhist teachings were only available in oral form, hearing the recitation of the teachings. Nowadays, also reading the teachings. By means of listening to the teachings, one learns about them.Tib: thos-pa
Skt: shruta
Zurückweisung / NichtanerkennenrepudiationA conceptual denial of something that is true or is present.Tib: skur-'debs
zusätzliche bindende Praktikenauxiliary bonding practicesDie zusätzlich bindenden Praktiken sind eine Gruppe von neun Praktiken und Geisteshaltungen, die man im Rahmen einer Ermächtigung in eine Praxis des Anuttarayoga-Tantra nimmt und von der man verspricht sie einzuhalten, um eine enge Verbindung mit der Tantra-Praxis aufrechtzuerhalten. Tib: yan-lag-gi dam-tshig
zusätzliche bindende Praktikenbonding practices, auxiliarySee: auxiliary bonding practices
zusätzliche schwerwiegende Handlungenauxiliary thick actionsDie zusätzlichen schwerwiegende Handlungen sind eine Gruppe von Handlungen, die man bei einer Ermächtigung in eine Praxis des Yoga-Tantra oder des Anuttara-Yoga-Tantra gelobt zu vermeiden, und die, wenn man die Handlungen ausführt, die Meditationspraxis schwächen und das Fortschreiten auf dem Tantra-Pfad erschweren. Tib: yan-lag-gi sbom-po
zuschreiben / ZuschreibungimputationSee: mental labeling
Zustand, ursprünglicherstate, primordialSee: primordial state
Zustand getrennt vom geistigen Aufnehmenstate parted from taking to mindThe state of mind that is parted from conceptual constructs -- in other words, equivalent to the state parted from mental fabrication.Tib: yid-byed bral-ba
Zustand getrennt von geistiger Fabrikationstate parted from mental fabricationThe state of mind that is parted from conceptual constructs.Tib: spros-bral
zwanghafte Existenzcompulsive existenceExistence under the control of karma and disturbing emotions and attitudes. Synonym for uncontrollably recurring existence, samsara.Tib: srid-pa
zwei BuddhakörperTwo Buddha-BodiesSee: Two Corpuses of a Buddha
ZweifeldoubtSee: indecisive wavering
zwei Körper eines BuddhaTwo Corpuses of a Buddha(1) A Corpus of Forms (Rupakaya) and (2) Corpus Encompassing Everything (Dharmakaya) of a Buddha.Tib: sku-gnyis
Zweiunddreißig hervorragende Zeichenthirty-two excellent signsAuch übersetzt als "32 Hauptmerkmale".Tib: mtshan bzang-po gsum-cu rtsa-gnyis
zweiundsechzig falsche Ansichtensixty-two wrong viewsA set of sixty-two incorrect positions regarding the past, present and future of the self, the universe, and so on, propounded by the eighteen non-Buddhist extremeists and refuted in Buddhism. Sometimes translated by others as the sixty-two bad views.Tib: lta-ba ngan-pa drug-cu re-gnyis
zwei Wahrheitentwo truths(1) In Hinayana, two types of validly knowable phenomena into which all existent phenomena can be divided: superficially true and deepest true phenomena. (2) In Gelug Mahayana, two true facts that can be validly known about any existent phenomenon. (3) In non-Gelug Mahayana, all existent phenomena cognized with dualistic appearance-making and cognized without dualistic appearance-making.Tib: bden-pa gnyis
Zwischenexistenzinbetween existenceSee: bardo
Zwischenzustandinbetween stateSee: bardo
zwölf Anregertwelve stimulators of cognitionThe twelve classes of nonstatic phenomena that serve as focal and dominating conditions for the six types of cognition -- namely, (1) sights, (2) eye sensors, (3) sounds, (4) ear sensors, (5) smells, (6) nose sensors, (7) tastes, (8) tongue sensors, (9) physical sensations, (10) body sensors, (11) (all) phenomena, and (12) mnd sensors.Tib: skye-mched bcu-gnyis
Skt: dvadasha ayatana
zwölf Glieder des abhängigen Entstehenstwelve links of dependent arisingThe twelve-part mechanism whereby the existence of all samsaric phenomena, especially those of future rebirth, are established by reliance on unawareness: (1) unawareness, (2) affecting impulses, (3) loaded consciousness, (4) nameable mental faculties with or without gross form, (5) stimulators of cognition, (6) contacting awareness, (7) feeling a level of happiness, (8) craving, (9) an obtainer, (10) further existence, (11) conception, and (12) aging and dying.Tib: rten-'brel yan-lag bcu-gnyis
zyklische Existenzcyclic existenceSee: samsara

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