Das Berzin-Archiv

Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

Zur Textversion für diese Seite wechseln. Zur Haupt-Navigation springen.

Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Deutscher Fachbegriffe

Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
dämonische Kraftdemonic forceSomething that harms limited beings or causes interference and obstacles to constructive actions.Tib: bdud
Skt: mara
Darstellung, geistige / Repräsentation, geistigerepresentation, mentalSee: mental representation
Darstellungen, epischepresentations, epicSee: epic presentations
Darstellungen der praxisbezogenen Themenexpositions on themes of practiceSee: sutra
das Glied der Wahrnehmungsanregerlink of stimulators of cognitionThe fifth of the twelve links of dependent arising. The stimulators of cognition during the period of time in the development of a fetus from when the six different stimulators of cognition are differentiated up until but just before the aggregate of distinguishing is differentiated.Tib: skye-mched-kyi yan-lag
Skt: ayatana-anga
das Glied der Wahrnehmungsanregerstimulators of cognition, link ofSee: link of stimulators of cognition
das HeranreifenripeningThe process whereby a karmic cause gives rise to its result. See: ripen.Tib: smin-pa
Skt: vipaka
Deckenfriesmoldings(on walls or ceilings)
definierende Charakteristikadefining characteristicsSee: defining characteristic mark
der tatsächliche Zustand der ersten Ebene geistiger Stabilitätactual state of the first level of mental stabilityA state of mind attained on the basis of the attainment of a stilled and settled state of shamatha and which temporarily blocks all disturbing emotions and attitudes directed at phenomena on the plane of sensory desires (the "desire realm"). The various types of advanced awareness arise as a byproduct of the attainment of this state of mind. Also called: "actual state of the first dhyana."Tib: bsam-gtan dang-po'i dngos-gzhi
Dharmadharma(1) Preventive measures which, if one puts into practice or achieves, prevent the experience of future suffering. (2) Buddha's teachings. (3) Any phenomenon or "thing."Tib: chos
Skt: dharma
Dharma, der echteDharma, "real thing"See: real-thing Dharma
Dharma-AusbilderDharma instructorA teacher, either lay or monastic, Western or Asian, who explains the Buddhist teachings from his or her own experiential insight and understanding.
Dharmajuwel, nominellesDharma Gem, nominalSee: nominal Dharma Gem
Dharmajuwel, offensichtlichesDharma Gem, apparentSee: apparent Dharma Gem
Dharmajuwel, tiefstesDharma Gem, deepestSee: deepest Dharma Gem
DharmakayaDharmakayaSee: Corpus Encompassing Everything
Dharmakaya des tiefen Gewahrseinsdeep awareness DharmakayaSee: Corpus of Deep Awareness' Encompassing Everything
Dharma lightDharma-liteA version of the Buddhist teachings without the presentation of past and futures lives and in which the motivating aim is usually just to improve one's samsaric existence of this life.
Dharma-SchützerDharma-protectorA class of forceful beings, tamed by Buddha or a spiritual lineage master such as Guru Rinpoche, and made to take an oath to protect the Dharma and its practitioners. They may be either ordinary worldly beings (non-aryas) or highly realized aryas. In some cases, they are emanations of a Buddha, appearing in the form of a Dharma-protector.Tib: chos-skyong
Skt: dharmapala
Dharma-Schützerprotector, DharmaSee: Dharma-protector
DichotomiedichotomyTwo mutually exclusive sets form a dichotomy if all existent phenomena must be a member of either one or the other mutually exclusive set.Tib: dngos-'gal
die guten Eigenschaften anderer anregen (Wachstum)stimulating others' good qualitiesAlso translated as "increase."Tib: rgyas-pa
die Kategorie der Herzessenzheart essence divisionAnother name for the quintessence teachings division of treasure texts, and for the texts contained in this division.Tib: snying-thig
Ding, auf die sich etwas beziehtthing, referentSee: referent thing
Dinge, auf die sich etwas bezieht / Bezugs-Dingreferent thingThe actual "thing" referred to by a name or concept, corresponding to the names or concepts for something, and which is findable, establishing its own existence by its own power, on the side of the referent object of the name or concept. In Gelug, according to Prasangika it is nonexistent and according to lower tenet systems it is existent.Tib: btags-don
direkte Ursachedirect causeThe phenomenon that actually produces its result, without need for any intermediary -- for example, a visible object is the direct cause for the seeing of it.Tib: dngos-rgyu
direkte Wahrnehmungdirect cognitionAccording to the non-Gelug presentation, the type of cognition that a present moment of sensory consciousness has of the present moment of a mental aspect (mental hologram) of the immediately preceding moment of an external sense object. Compare: indirect cognition.Tib: dngos-su shes-pa
doktrinär bedingte störende Emotionen und Geisteshaltungendoctrinally based disturbed emotions and attitudesDisturbing emotions and attitudes that arise based on having been taught and having accepted a non-Buddhist Indian tenet system or a less sophisticated Indian Buddhist tenet system.Tib: nyon-mongs kun-brtags
doktrinär bedingte Unwissenheitdoctrinally based unawarenessThe mental factor of either not knowing or knowing invertedly either behavioral cause and effect or the manner in which the self and all phenomena exist, and which arises on a person's mental continuum based on that person having been taught an incorrect tenet system. Also called: doctrinally based ignorance.Tib: ma-rig kun-brtags
dominante Bedingung / vorherrschende Bedingungdominating conditionThe nonstatic phenomena that produce the essential nature of something, such as the eye sensors for the visual consciousness and congruent mental factors of a visual cognition. This condition is called "dominating" – literally, the "overlord condition" – because it rules what the essential nature of its result will be.Tib: bdag-rkyen
Skt: adhipatipratyaya
DrangurgeSee: mental urge
drei Bereichethree realmsSee: three planes of samsaric existence
drei BuddhakörperThree Buddha-BodiesSee: Three Corpuses of a Buddha
drei Ebenen der Existenzthree planes of existenceSee: three planes of samsaric existence
drei Ebenen der samsarischen Existenzthree planes of samsaric existenceA threefold division of samsaric rebirth states: the planes of (1) sensory desires, (2) ethereal forms, and (3) formless beings. Sometimes called "the three realms."Tib: khams-gsum
Skt: tridhatu
Dreifaches KleinodTriple GemSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
drei gereinigte Zuständethree purified statesThe three states of bodhi; the three states of a shravaka arhat, a pratyekabuddha arhat, and a Buddha.
Drei JuwelenThree JewelsSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
Drei Juwelen der Zuflucht / Drei ZufluchtsjuwelenThree Jewels of RefugeSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
Drei KleinodienThree GemsSee: Three Rare and Supreme Gems
drei Körper des BuddhaThree Corpuses of a Buddha(1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), and (3) Corpus Encompassing Everything (Dharmakaya) of a Buddha.Tib: sku-gsum
Skt: trikaya
drei Kreisethree circlesThree aspects of an action that are all equally void of true existence: (1) the individual performing the action, (2) the object upon or toward which the action is committed, and (3) the action itself. Occasionally, as in the case of the action of giving, the object may refer to the object given. The existence of each of these is established dependently on the others. Sometimes translated as "the three spheres" of an action.Tib: 'khor-lo gsum
Drei Seltene und Überragende KleinodienThree Rare and Supreme GemsThe Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. Also called "The Three Gems," "The Triple Gem," "The Three Jewels," and "The Three Jewels of Refuge."Tib: dkon-mchog gsum
Skt: triratna
duales Erscheinungs-Hervorbringendual appearance-makingSee: dualistic appearance-making
Durchbruchbreak-throughMit Durchbruch wir im Dzogchen-System die Praxis und Ergebnisstufe bezeichnet, in der man die Ebene des begrenzten (gewöhnlichen) Geistes "durchbricht" und sowohl das Essenz-Rigpa erkennt, als auch Zugang zum Essenz-Rigpa erhält, dadurch den Pfadgeist des Sehens (Pfad des Sehens) erlangt und ein Arya wird. Tib: thregs-chod
durch Menschenhand geschaffene Folgenman-made resultA result that arises as the direct result of the effort of a limited being, but which does not ripen from karma.Tib: skyes-bu byed-pa'i 'bras-bu
Skt: purushakaraphalam
DzogchendzogchenDas Dzogchen bezeichnet ein Mahayana-System oder eine Mahayana-Praxis in den Nyingma-, Bön-, Karma-Kagyü-, Drugpa-Kagyü- und Drigung-Kagyü-Traditionen. Die Praktiken befassen sich damit einen Zugang zu Rigpa zu erlangen, d.h. zu seinem eigenen reinen Gewahrsein, und zu erkennen, dass dieses bereits vollständig alle guten Qualitäten besitzt. Dzogchen wird als "die große Vollendung" übersetzt. Tib: rdzogs-chen

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles