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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Deutscher Fachbegriffe

Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
Ebene / SphäreplaneSee: three planes of samsaric existenceTib: khams
Ebene der ätherischen Formenplane of ethereal formsSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings have desire for subtle forms of physical phenomena. Usually translated by others as "form realm."Tib: gzugs-khams
Skt: rupadhatu
Ebene der Basisbasis levelDie Ebene der Basis ist die Ebene von etwas, wie beispielsweise der Buddhanatur, die ganz im Allgemeinen auftritt, unabhängig davon, ob man eine Errungenschaft auf dem buddhistischen spirituellen Weg erreicht hat oder nicht. Tib: gzhi
Ebene der Basislevel, basisSee: basis level
Ebene der formlosen Wesenplane of formless beingsSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings lack any gross body. Usually translated by others as "formless realm."Tib: gzugs-med khams
Skt: arupadhatu
Ebene des Pfadeslevel, pathwaySee: pathway level
Ebene des Pfadespathway levelIn the context of basis, pathway, and resultant levels of something being specified, the level of it in the context of someone engaged in the practices for attaining enlightenment. In some usages, the level of a Mahayana arya with a seeing or accustoming pathway mind.Tib: lam
Skt: marga
Ebene des Sinnesbegehrensplane of sensory desiresSamsaric rebirth states in which the limited beings have desire for sensory objects. Usually translated by others as "desire realm."Tib: 'dod-khams
Skt: kamadhatu
Edle, dernoble oneSee: arya
EhrlichkeitsinceritySincerity has two factors included in it: (1) lack of hypocrisy (g.yo-med) – not hiding our own faults, (2) lack of pretension (sgyu-med) – not pretending to have qualities that we do not have.Tib: bsam-pa
EifersuchtjealousyA disturbing emotion that focuses on other peoples' accomplishments – such as their good qualities, possessions, or success – and is the inability to bear their accomplishments, due to excessive attachment to one's own gain or to the respect one receives. Also translated as "envy."Tib: phrag-dog
Skt: irshya
eigene Identitäten behauptenasserting one's identityThe fourth of the four "obtainers" that constitute the ninth link of dependent arising. Equivalent to a deluded outlook toward a transitory network.Tib: bdag-tu smra-ba
eigenes Angesicht/Anlitzown faceThe manner of existence and good qualities of pure awareness (rig-pa) as can be cognized by reflexive deep awareness.Tib: rang-ngo
Eigenschaften, andauerndetraits, abidingSee: naturally abiding family-traits
Eigenschaften, gutequalities, goodSee: good qualities
Eigenschaften, sich entwickelndetraits, evolvingSee: evolving family-traits
eigenständig erkennbarself-sufficiently knowableA validly knowable phenomenon that, when actually cognized, does not rely on actual cognition of or by something else, for instance actual cognition of the object's basis for labeling.Tib: rang-rkya thub-pa'i rdzas-yod
eigentliche Natur der Realitätvery nature of realityA synonym for voidness (emptiness). Some translators render the term as "thusness."Tib: de-kho-na-nyid
Skt: tattvam
einfache Wahrnehmungstraightforward cognitionNach Gelug Prasangika, die Wahrnehmung eines Objektes, die, ohne dass man sich auf eine schlussfolgernde Argumentationskette verlassen muss, im ihr unmittelbar vorhergehenden Augenblick entsteht. Die einfache (nackte / bloße) Wahrnehmung kann entweder konzeptuell oder nichtkonzeptuell sein. Tib: mngon-sum
Skt: pratyaksha
Einfluss, erleuchtenderinfluence, enlighteningSee: enlightening influence
Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung, besonderestaking of safe direction, specialSee: special taking of safe direction
Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung, bloßestaking of safe direction, mereSee: mere taking of safe direction
Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung, resultierendestaking of safe direction, resultantSee: resultant taking of safe direction
Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung, ursächlichestaking of safe direction, causalSee: causal taking of safe direction
EinsichtinsightA nontechnical term for an understanding of a deeper level of meaning of something that one did not understand so deeply before or not at all before.
einspitzigsingle-pointedConcentration settled on an object or settled in a state of mind (such as compassion) and free of all flightiness of mind an mental dullness.
Einstellung, nominell störendeattitude, nominal disturbingSee: nominal disturbing attitude
Emanation, wundersameemanation, miraculousSee: miraculous emanations
Emotion, störendeemotion, disturbingSee: disturbing emotion or attitude
emotionale Schleieremotional obscurationsFleeting stains that temporarily "cover" or accompany mental activity (more precisely, clear light mental activity), thereby preventing the mental activity from cognizing phenomena without accompanying disturbing emotions or attitudes. They include the disturbing emotions and attitudes, as well as their tendencies (seeds), and prevent the attainment of liberation from samsara, Also translated as "obscurations that are the disturbing emotions and attitudes"and "obscurations preventing liberation."Tib: nyon-sgrib
Skt: kleshavarana
Empfängnis-Existenzconception existenceThe period of time in the mental continuum of an individual limited being during which they experience conception. It lasts only one moment. Some translators render the term as "birth existence."Tib: skye-srid
Empfinden verschiedener Grade von Glücklichseinfeeling a level of happinessOne of the five ever-functioning subsidiary awarenesses (mental factors). The subsidiary awareness that accompanies each moment of sensory or mental cognition of a limited being before attaining liberation and with which that being experiences the ripenings of its own karma in the form of something within the spectrum of extreme unhappiness, through neutral, to extreme happiness. Also called "feeling."Tib: tshor-ba
Skt: vedana
Empfindung / GefühlfeelingSee: feeling a level of happiness
endgültige Lehre / eindeutige Lehredefinitive teachingA passage in a sutra text that discusses the most profound view of voidness, and to which all other passages in all other sutra texts eventually lead or point. Such passages do not need to be explained as indicating anything more profound.Tib: nges-don
Skt: nitartha
Energie, karmischeenergy, karmicSee: karmic energy
Energiekanal, linkerenergy-channel, leftSee: left energy-channel
Energiekanal, rechterenergy-channel, rightSee: right energy-channel
Energiekanal, zentralerenergy-channel, centralSee: central energy-channel
Energiewindenergy-windAlso called: energy-wind breathsTib: rlung
Skt: prana
Energiewind, subtilerenergy-wind, subtleSee: subtle energy-winds
Energiewind-Atemzügeenergy-wind breathsSee: energy-wind
eng bindende Praktik / enge Bindungclosely bonding practiceSee: bonding practice
enge Bindungclose bondSee: bonding practice
Engstirnigkeitclosed-mindednessSiehe: Naivität
entfernte Liniedistant lineageThe lineage of a teaching that began with Buddha himself.Tib: ring-brgyud
enthüllende Berichterevelatory accountsOne of the twelve scriptural categories. (1) Buddha's revelations of what has happened in the past or prophesies of what will occur in the future. (2) According to some explanations, scriptures of definitive meaning.Tib: lung-bstan-pa
Skt: vyakarana
EntitätentityA truly existent "thing," either objective or metaphysical, that exists as a findable "thing" on its own, established as that "thing" by its own power from its own side.
Entität, metaphysischeentity, metaphysicalSee: metaphysical entities
Entität, objektiveentity, objectiveSee: objective entities
Entsagungrenunciation(1) The definite determination to be free of samsara and to gain liberation, and with which one is willing to give up true suffering and true causes. Also translated as "determination to be free." (2) In Theravada, the mental factor to give up all attachment to worldly possessions, social status, and even one's body. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: nges-'byung
Skt: naishkramya
Entsagung, kurzlebige, hocherregterenunciation, short-lived all-excitedSee: short-lived all-excited renunciation
entscheidende Erklärungendecisive explicationsPrecise indications of the meaning of the works in The Basket of Sutras by specifying the individual and general definitions of things. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: gtan-la phab-pa
Skt: upadesha
entscheidendes Gewahrseindecisive awarenessSee: ascertainment
entscheidende Wahrnehmungdecisive cognitionSee: ascertainment
Entschlossenheit / EntschlusskraftresolutionOne of the ten far-reaching attitudes in the Theravada tradition. An attitude of determination with which a bodhisattva never abandons what he or she needs to do in order to benefit others.Tib: byin-rlabs
Skt: adhisthana
Entschluss, außergewöhnlicherresolve, exceptionalSee: exceptional resolve
Entstehen, kognitivesarising, cognitiveSee: cognitive arising
Entstehenlassenarise, makingSee: making arise
Entstehenlassengiving rise toSee: making arise
Entstehenlassenmaking ariseThe mental activity of appearance-making, which causes a cognitive appearance (mental hologram) to occur as an object of cognition in a moment of a mental continuum. Also translated as: "giving rise to."
epische Darstellungenepic presentationsPresentations of the vast and profound aspects of such topics as the six far-reaching attitudes (six perfections) and ten arya bodhisattva levels of bhumi-mind (ten bhumis) of The Basket of the Mahayana or Bodhisattva Sutras. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: shin-tu rgyas-pa
Skt: vaipulya
erarbeitetlaboredA state of mind, such as bodhichitta, generated by working oneself up to it, with deliberate effort, through a series of steps, each of which entails a line of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-bcas
erhöhtes Gewahrseinheightened awarenessSee: advanced awareness
ErhöhungelevationSee: inspiration
ErkenntnisrecognitionThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of distinguishing an object as being something specific, such as when studying the Dharma, oneself as being a sick person, one's spiritual teacher as being a doctor, and the Dharma as being medicine.Tib: 'du-shes
Skt: samjna
Erkentnisse, dreirecognitions, threeSee: three recognitions
Erklärungen, entscheidendeexplications, decisiveSee: decisive explications
erlangen / erreichenattainSee: actualize
erlangtes Nirvana / errungenes Nirvanaacquired nirvanaErloschene Zustände der Erlösung aus allen samsarischen Leiden und ihren wahren Ursachen, die durch die Kraft der Meditation erlangt werden. Tib: thob-pa'i mya-ngan 'das
Erlaubnis, anschließendepermission, subsequentSee: subsequent attainment
erläuternde Berichteillustrative accountsTeachings of Buddha given with examples for ease of comprehension by the listener. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: rtogs-par brjod-pa
Skt: avadana
erleuchtender Einflussenlightening influenceThe unceasing, unending, effortless activity of a Buddha, which helps bring all limited beings to higher rebirth, liberation, and enlightenment. Such activity does not require a Buddha actually doing anything: a Buddha's attainment itself exerts a positive influence on others to pacify disturbance, stimulate the growth of good qualities, bring disorder under control, and forcefully end any harm. Also translated as: "Buddha-activity."Tib: 'phrin-las
Skt: samudacara
erleuchtende Tatenenlightening deedsAccording to Mahayana, a set of twelve actions or deeds in the life of a Buddha, with which a Buddha demonstrates to all limited beings the way to achieve enlightenment.Tib: mdzad-pa
ErmächtigungempowermentA tantric ritual that activates and empowers Buddha-nature factors to grow so that, through repeated, sustained tantric practice, they will eventually transform into the Three Corpuses (Bodies) of a Buddha. An empowerment also plants new seeds, or potentials, that will likewise grow in the same manner. The term is often translated as "initiation."Tib: dbang
Skt: abhishekha
Ermächtigung, geheimeempowerment, secretSee: secret empowerment
Ermächtigung, vierteempowerment, fourthSee: fourth empowerment
Ermächtigung des tiefen unterscheidenden tiefen Gewahrseinsempowerment, discriminating deep awarenessSee: discriminating deep awareness empowerment
Ermächtigung des Vajra-tiefen Gewahrseinsempowerment, vajra deep awarenessSee: vajra deep awareness empowerment
Ermächtigung des Wortesempowerment, wordSee: word empowerment
Errungenschaft, verwirklichte / Erlangung, verwirklichteattainment, actualSee: actual attainment
erscheinendawnA verb used for the arising of a cognitive appearance on a mental continuum, in analogy with the sun rising at dawn, except that the cognitive appearance is not already existing somewhere hidden in the mind in some unconscious manner and then comes up to consciousness when it dawns. Also translated as "to arise."Tib: shar-ba
erscheinendes Objektappearing objectDas erscheinende Objekt ist ein geistiges Hologramm (geistige Darstellung) eines sich im Äußeren oder Inneren befindenden Objektes der Wahrnehmung, das durch die Wahrnehmung hervorgebracht wird. Das erscheinende Objekt ist gleichbedeutend mit dem kognitiv aufgenommenen Objekt. Manchmal wir dieser Fachbegriff synonym mit dem Begriff "geistiges Erscheinungsbild" verwendet, und zwar in dem Sinne, dass eine Wahrnehmung das "geistige Erscheinungsbild" seines ihm erscheinenden Objektes annimmt. Tib: snang-yul
Erscheinenlassenappearance, giving rise toSee: appearance-making
Erscheinenlassengiving rise to appearancesSee: appearance-making
ErscheinungappearanceDas geistige Hologramm (geistige Darstellung) eines sich im Äußeren oder Inneren befindenden Objektes der Wahrnehmung, das im Geist entsteht. Tib: snang-ba
Erscheinung, kognitiveappearance, cognitiveSee: appearance
Erscheinung, reflexiveappearance, reflexiveSee: reflexive appearance
Erscheinung, reineappearance, pureSee: pure appearance
Erscheinung, trügerischeappearance, deceptiveSee: deceptive appearance
Erscheinung, unreineappearance, impureSee: impure appearance
Erscheinungen hervorbringendes grundlegendes Rigpaappearance-making basis rigpaReines Gewahrsein (rigpa) aus dem Blickwinkel seines Aspektes spontan Erscheinungen hervorzubringen. Synonym mit dem Fachbegriff: strahlendes Rigpa. Tib: gzhi-snang-gi rig-pa
Erscheinungen von nichtwahrer Existenzappearances of non-true existenceErscheinungen von nicht wahrer Existenz sind im Nyingma-System geistige Hologramme von Objekten der Wahrnehmung, die Objekte nicht so erscheinen lassen als seien sie wahrhaft als "dies" oder "das" existierende Dinge. Die Erscheinungen von nichtwahrer Existenz entstehen lediglich bei der sinnlichen und nichtkonzeptuellen geistigen Wahrnehmung auf. Tib: med-snang
Erscheinungsbild, geistigesaspect, mentalSee: mental aspect
Erscheinungs-Hervorbringen, dualesappearance-making, dualSee: dualistic appearance-making
Erscheinungs-hervorbringendes grundlegendes Rigparigpa, appearance-making basis rigpaSee: appearance-making basis rigpa
Erstarren der Erscheinungappearance congealmentAuch übersetzt als: Erscheinung, weiße ErscheinungTib: snang
Erzählungen, ethischenarratives, ethicalSee: ethical narratives
Erzählungen aus alter Zeitancient narrativesStories from ancient times that Buddha told. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: de-lta-bu byung-ba
Skt: itivrttika
Erzählungen aus alter Zeitnarratives, ancientSee: ancient narratives
Erzeugungsstufegeneration stageThe first stage of anuttarayoga practice, during which one uses the powers of imagination to generate oneself in the form of a Buddha-figure and performs a sadhana.Tib: bskyed-rim
Erzeugung vor einemfront-generationThe part of a self-initiation in which one generates in front of oneself the supported and supporting mandalas from which one will receive the full empowerment.Tib: mdun-bskyed
essentielle Naturessential natureDie allgemeine Art von Phänomen, die eine Sache ist - beispielsweise ein Anblick, ein Klang und so weiter. [So ist beispielsweise die essentielle Natur des schönen Anblicks eines Sonnenuntergangs, der Anblick] Tib: ngo-bo
essentielle Natur, gleicheessential nature, sameSee: same essential nature
Essenz-Mahamudraessence mahamudraA pathway of mahamudra practice concerning the nature of the mind in which specially qualified disciples receive the inspiration of the realizations all the lineage masters through receiving a vajra deep awareness empowerment and thereby achieve realization of mind-itself, equivalent to a seeing pathway mind. As "those for whom it happens all at once," they achieve enlightenment simultaneously with this realization. Also known as "the singular sufficient white panacea."Tib: snying-po'i phyag-chen
Essenz-Rigpaessence rigpaEssenz-Ripga ist das reine Gewahrsein vom Standpunkt her, dass es ursprünglich rein ist und als offener Raum dient, in dem das strahlende Rigpa fungiert. Tib: ngo-bo'i rig-pa
ethische Erzählungenethical narrativesRules, codified by Buddha for those who are ordained, concerning which actions constitute a breach of their vows. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: gleng-bzhi
Skt: nidana
ethische Selbstdisziplinethical self-discipline(1) In Theravada, the subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to avoid doing any harm to others, by keeping one's vows, free from anger or ill-will even if others harm one. (2) In Mahayana, the mental urge to safeguard the actions of one's body, speech, and mind, which comes from having turned one's mind away from any wish to cause harm to others and from the disturbing and destructive mental factors that had motivated one to harm others. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: tshul-khrims
Skt: shila
ethisch neutralethically neutralSee: unspecified phenomenon
ethisch nicht näher bezeichnetethically unspecifiedSee: unspecified phenomenon
etwas, das die wirkliche Natur besitztsomething possessing the actual natureSee: property-possessor
Existenz, die durch Selbstnatur begründet istexistence established by self-natureExistence of something established or proven by the fact that the referent object of the imputation of it can be found upon searching for it. For example, the existence of a table established or proven by the fact that when one searches for the object that the mental label "table" refers to, one can find the object, a "table." Also translated as "self-established existence," it is often translated by others as "inherent existence."Tib: rang-bzhin-gyis grub-pa
Existenz, inhärenteexistence, inherentSee: existence established by self-nature
Existenz, wahreexistence, trueSee: true existence
Existenzbereiche, sechsrealms of existence, sixSee: six realms of existence
Existenz vor dem Todepredeath existenceThe period of time in the mental continuum of an individual limited being starting from the moment immediately after conception until the moment immediately before death.Tib: sngon-dus-kyi srid-pa
ExistierendeexistentsValidly knowable phenomena.Tib: yod-pa
existierendes Phänomenexistent phenomenonSee: existents
explizites Begreifenexplicit apprehensionIn the Gelug system, apprehension of a cognitive object in which a cognitive appearance (mental hologram) of the involved object of the cognition arises. Compare: implicit apprehension.Tib: dngos-su rtogs-pa
explizite Wahrnehmungexplicit cognitionSee: explicit apprehension
explizit hinweisende Bedeutungexplicit suggestive meaningOne of the six alternative meanings. When an expression in a root tantra text has two dissimilar meanings, the literal, evident, or face value meaning of the expression. It suggests or leads one on to the second meaning (the implicit suggested meaning), which is dissimilar to what is actually said on face value.Tib: drang-don
Skt: neyartha
extreme Auffassungextreme outlookThe disturbing attitude that regards one's five samsara-perpetuating aggregates in either an eternalist or nihilistic way. (1) According to Vasubandhu, an extreme outlook that views the samsara-producing aggregate factors themselves as either lasting eternally or ending totally at death, with no continuity in future lives. (2) According to Tsongkhapa, a disturbing, deluded discriminating awareness that focuses on the conventional "me" and considers it either as having a truly existent identity permanently or as not having continuity in future lives.Tib: mthar-'dzin-pa'i lta-ba
Skt: antagrahadrshti
extrem kraftvollforcefulUsing extremely strong actions or methods, such as yelling at someone or hitting someone, in order to make the person stop doing something harmful. Forceful methods are used only when all other methods to make the person stop have failed or are impossible in the situation. Some translators render the term as "wrathful," but this has an inappropriate connotation, since "wrathful," in English, is used for the Old Testament God, who, when people disobey Him, gets angry and punishes them.Tib: drag-po
extrem verschleiertes Phänomenextremely obscure phenomenonA validly knowable phenomenon that can be apprehended through authoritative texts or speech, such as the enlightening words of the Buddha, or that can be apprehended through the words of persons who are valid sources of information.Tib: shin-tu lkog-gyur

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles