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Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Deutscher Fachbegriffe

Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
fabelhafte Berichtefabulous accountsDescriptions of such marvelous, wondrous things as the wisdom, extra-physical powers and saintly deeds of the Buddhas, pratyekabuddhas (self-realizers), and shravakas (listeners). One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: rmad-du byung-ba
Skt: adbhutadharma
Fabrikation, getrennt von geistigerfabrication, parted from mentalSee: state parted from mental fabrication
fade und wirkungslosflatOne's Dharma practice is flat when it is going nowhere, when it is not taking one anywhere. There is nothing lively in it anymore. "Flat" is usually used for sparkling water (soda water) or beer, when there are no more bubbles.
Fähige, derAble OneEin Beiname des Buddha - jemand der imstande war, das Ziel der Erleuchtung zu erreichen und der in der Lage ist, allen Lebewesen soviel wie möglich zu nutzen. Tib: thub-pa
Skt: muni
fähige Weise, derAble SageSee: Able One
Fähigkeit, auf andere einzugehenresponsivenessThe influencing nature of pure awareness (rigpa) - namely, that it responds to others effortlessly and spontaneously with compassionate communication. See: responsive awareness.Tib: thugs-rje
FahrzeugvehicleSee: vehicle of mind
Fahrzeug des Geistesvehicle of mindA level of state of mind that acts as either (1) a vehicle for bringing one to the spiritual goal of either liberation or enlightenment, or (2) the resultant goal of liberation or enlightenment to which one is brought.Tib: theg-pa
Skt: yana
falsche Ansichtfalse viewSee: deluded outlook
falsche Ansichtwrong viewSee: distorted outlook
falsche Ansichtwrong views, sixty-twoSee: sixty-two wrong views
falscher Lebenserwerb / falsche Methode des Lebenserwerbswrong livelihoodA dishonest means of earning a livelihood or procuring offerings.Tib: log-'tsho
Fehlen der Einflussvariabeln einer Handlunglack of an action’s affecting variablesThe voidness or total lack of true existence of the three affecting variables (three circles) involved with any action: an act to be done, an agent and an action that occurs.Tib: mngon-par ‘du-byed med-pa
Fehlen von Anzeichenlack of a signThe voidness or total lack of truly existent causes for any phenomenon; literally, the lack of any sign of truly existent causes from which a phenomenon arose.Tib: mtshan-ma med-pa
Fehlen von Hoffnunglack of a hopeDie Abwesenheit oder das vollständige Fehlen von wahrhaft existenten Wirkungen irgendeines Phänomens; wörtlich: das Fehlen von wahrhaft existenten Wirkungen, die man sich von einem Phänomen erhoffen könnte.Tib: smon-pa med-pa
fehlerhafte Betrachtungincorrect considerationSee: paying attention in a discordant manner
fehlerhafte Handlungfaulty actionsA set of forty-six actions that one vows to avoid and which, if committed, would be detrimental to one's practice of either one of the six far-reaching attitudes or to one's benefiting others. Also called: secondary bodhisattva vows.Tib: nyes-byas
FeindseligkeithostilityA subcategory of anger: anger directed primarily, although not exclusively, at limited beings. One of the three poisonous emotions and attitudes. See: anger.Tib: zhe-sdang
Skt: dvesha
Feind-Zerstörerfoe-destroyerSee: arhat
feinstoffliche Windesubtle windsSee: subtle energy-winds
festconcreteSolid, like cement -- a nontechnical term used to describe something with truly established findable existence.
feste Ausrichtungen der Vergegenwärtigung, vierclose placements of mindfulness, fourSee: four close placements of mindfulness
festes „Selbst" / festes "Ich“concrete "me"Ein nichttechnischer Begriff für wahrhaft existentes "Ich", der das zu widerlegende "Ich" darstellt. Siehe auch: solides "Ich"
feste Überzeugungfirm conviction(1) According to Asanga, the mental factor (subsidiary awareness) that focuses on a fact that one has validly ascertained to be like this and not like that, and which makes one's belief that a fact is true so firm that others' arguments or opinions will not dissuade one. (2) According to Vasubandhu, the term means "regard": the mental factor that takes its object to have some level of good qualities – on the spectrum from no good qualities to all good qualities – and may be either accurate or distorted.Tib: mos-pa
Festhalten, geistigeshold, mentalSee: mental hold
feststellend / feststellenascertainSee: decisively determine
Feststellung / VergewisserungascertainmentEine maßgebliche [***bestimmend, entscheidend, ausschlaggebend] Wahrnehmung eines kognitiven Objekts; mit Bestimmtheit wissen, was ein Objekt der Wahrnehmung ist oder wie es existiert. Tib: gtan-la dbab-pa
Feuerpujafire-pujaA tantric ritual, performed mostly upon completion of a mantra-recitation retreat of a Buddha-figure for which one has received an empowerment, during which one tosses into a fire a large number of specific substances, accompanied by elaborate visualizations. It is mostly performed in order to purify any mistakes one has made during the retreat.Tib: sbyin-sreg
FiligranschmuckfiligreeA piece of jewelry made of fine, intricately intertwined wires. A word used in the titles of many Buddhist texts to indicate that the subject matter is presented in a manner resembling a filigree, in which the various topics are intricately intertwined, resulting in a beautiful, elegant presentation of the material. Usually translated by others as "ornament."Tib: rgyan
Skt: alamkara
fixierende Meditationfixating meditationSee: stabilizing meditation
Flatterhaftigkeit, geistigeflightiness, mentalSee: flightiness of mind
Flatterhaftigkeit des Geistes / geistige Flatterhaftigkeitflightiness of mindThe mental factor with which the mind wanders to an object of attraction, due to desire for it or attachment, and which faults the mental abiding of mindfulness's mental hold on an object of focus. Sometimes translated as "mental agitation."Tib: rgod-pa
Fleck / MakelstainSomething that obscures the Buddha-nature factors, preventing them from being fully realized.Tib: dri-ma
fleischliches Auge, außersinnlichesflesh eye, extrasensorySee: extrasensory flesh eye
flüchtiger Makelfleeting stainAn emotional or cognitive obscuration that temporarily obscures the realization of Buddha-nature.Tib: glo-bur-gyi dri-ma
fokale Bedingungfocal conditionAn external phenomenon that presents an aspect of itself to be an object of cognition, and thus serves as a condition giving rise to a sensory cognition of it.Tib: dmigs-rkyen
Skt: alambanapratyaya
Fokus, deutlicherfocus, sharpSee: sharp focus
Formen physische Phänomeneforms of physical phenomenaNonstatic phenomena that can either (1) transform into another form of physical phenomenon when two or more of them come into contact with each other, such as water and earth which can transform into mud, or (2) be known as what they are by analyzing their directional parts, such as the sight of a vase seen in a dream. Forms of physical phenomena include the nonstatic phenomena of forms and eye sensors, sounds and ear sensors, smells and nose sensors, tastes and tongue sensors, phyiscal sensations and body sensors, and forms of physical phenomena included only among cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena. Equivalent to the aggregate of forms of physical phenomena.Tib: gzugs
Skt: rupa
Formen physischer Phänomene, die (ausschließlich) bei den kognitiven Anregern enthalten sind, die (alle) Phänomene sindforms of physical phenomena included (only) among the cognitive stimulators that are (all) phenomenaForms of physical phenomena that are not knowable by sensory consciousness, but are only knowable by mental consciousness. These include (1) those that make up other things by amassing together, (2) those existing in actual situations, (3) those arising from clearly taking them on, (4) totally imaginary forms, and (5) those arising from gaining control over the elements.Tib: chos-kyi skye-mched-pa'i gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, die andere Dinge bilden, indem sie sich ansammelnforms of physical phenomena that make up other things by amassing togetherForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are the invisible objects, such as atoms and subatomic particles, that make up visible objects.Tib: bsdud-pa-las gyur-pa'i gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, die dadurch entstehen, dass man Kontrolle über die Elemente erlangtforms of physical phenomena arising from gaining control over the elementsForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are actually emanated by the power of absorbed concentration.Tib: dbang-'byor-pa'i gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, die dadurch entstehen, dass man sie eindeutig übernimmtforms of physical phenomenon arising from clearly taking them onForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are acquired on a mental continuum, such as the nonrevealing forms of vows and of karmic actions.Tib: yang-dag-par blangs-pa-las byung-ba'i gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, die die funktionelle Natur des Geistes habenforms of physical phenomena having the functional nature of mindThe type of subtle phenomena that the body of an arhat in a pure land is: although still included among cognitive stimulators that are forms of physical phenomena, they are visible only to the eye consciousness of arhats in pure lands. Although they are not ways of being aware of anything, their functional nature is similar to that of forms of physical phenomena that can be known only by mental consciousness. Synonymous with "mental bodies."Tib: yid-kyi rang-bzhin gyi gzugs
Formen physischer Phänomene, vollkommen imaginäreforms of physical phenomena, totally imaginarySee: totally imaginary forms of physical phenomena
Formen physischer Phänomene die in wirklichen Situationen existierenforms of physical phenomena existing in actual situationsForms of physical phenomena included only among the cognitive stimulators that are all phenomena and which are spaces that are in between objects and either too large or too small to be seen, such as the space in between astronomical bodies or in between atoms.Tib: mngon-par skabs yod-pa'i gzugs
FormkörperBody of FormsSee: Corpus of Forms
formloser Bereichformless realmSee: plane of formless beings
Freiheit von SelbstselflessnessSee: lack of an impossible "soul"
frei von etwas/ ohne/ bar einer Sache/ leerdevoidTotally lacking something, in the sense that something never has in the past, never does in the present, and never will in the future possess a certain characteristic, whether that characteristic is a possibly existing one or an impossible one.Tib: stong
freudige Ausdauerjoyful perseverance(1) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to have zestful vigor for being constructive, without becoming lazy. With this mental factors, one takes joy in being constructive. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude. (2) For Theravada, see: "perseverance."Tib: brtson-'grus
Skt: virya
freudige Ausdauer, Rüstungs-gleichejoyful perseverance, armor-likeSee: armor-like joyful perseverance
frisch und reinfresh and cleanArising anew in each moment without being stained by any mental constructs -- descriptive of pure awareness (rig-pa) in the dzogchen systems.Tib: so-ma
fühlendes Wesensentient beingSee: limited being
fünf Aggregatefive aggregatesSee: five aggregate factors
fünf Aggregat-Faktorenfive aggregate factorsThe five networks that constitute all the nonstatic phenomena that could make up each moment of the mental continuum of each limited being: the aggregates of (1) forms of physical phenomena, (2) feelings of levels of happiness, (3) distinguishing, (4) other affecting variables, and (5) primary consciousnesses.Tib: phung-po lnga
Skt: pancaskandha
fünf Arten des tiefen Gewahrseinsfive types of deep awarenessFive types of principal awareness that all beings have as an aspect of Buddha-nature. The five are (1) mirror-like, (2) equalizing, (3) individualizing, and (4) accomplishing deep awareness, and (5) deep awareness of reality. Some translators render this term as "five Buddha-wisdoms." Compare: "deep awareness" (1).Tib: ye-shes lnga
fünf Arten von Bodhisattva-Pfadgeistfive bodhisattva pathway mindsAlso called: five pathsTib: lam-lnga
fünf BuddhakörperFive Buddha-BodiesSee: Five Corpuses of a Buddha
fünf Buddhaweisheitenfive Buddha-wisdomsSee: five types of deep awareness
fünf Hauptgebiete des Wissensfive major fields of knowledge**a) Kunst und Kunsthandwerk, b) Medizin, c) Sprachen und Grammatik, d) Logik und e) geheime oder außerordentliche SelbsterkenntnisTib: rig-gnas lnga
fünf Hindernissefive obstaclesSee: five obscurations
fünf Körper eines BuddhaFive Corpuses of a Buddha(I) In some presentations, (1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), (4) Corpus of Essential Nature of a Buddha (Svabhavakaya), and Vajra Corpus (Vajrakaya) of a Buddha. (II) In other presentations, (1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), (4) Corpus of Essential Nature (Svabhavakaya), and Corpus of Great Bliss (Mahasukhakaya) of a Buddha. (III) In other presentations, (1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), (4) Corpus of Essential Nature (Svabhavakaya), and (5) Corpus of Deep Awareness' Enlightening Influence of a Buddha. (IV) In yet other systems, (1) A Corpus of Emanations (Nirmanakaya), (2) Corpus of Full Use (Sambhogakaya), (3) Corpus of Deep Awareness Encompassing Everything (Jnanadharmakaya), (4) Vajra Corpus (Vajrakaya), and (5) Corpus of Manifest Enlightenment (Abhisambhodhikaya) of a Buddha.Tib: sku-lnga
fünf Schleierfive obscurationsA set of five mental factors that prevent the attainment of the three higher trainings, in ethical self-discipline, absorbed concentration, and discriminating awareness. According to Nagarjuna's Letter to a Friend, (1) flightiness of mind and regret, (2) foggy-mindedness, (3) indecisive wavering, (4) intentions toward sensory objects, and (5) malice. According to the Kalachakra Tantra, (1) regret, (2) foggy-mindedness, (3) sleepiness, (4) flightiness of mind, and (5) indecisive wavering. Also called: five obstacles.Tib: sgrib-pa lnga
funktionelle Naturfunctional natureThe nature of a phenomenon defined in terms of the function that the phenomenon performs.Tib: rang-bzhin

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles