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Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
Gabe / Opfer der ureigensten Natur der Realitätoffering of the very nature of realityOffering of a nonconceptual cognition of voidness with a blissful awareness or of one's nonconceptual blissful cognition of voidness together with one's appearance as an illusory body.Tib: de-kho-na-nyid mchod-pa
Gabe / OpfergabeofferingSomething presented, with respect and the intention to bring happiness and benefit, to someone else.Tib: mchod-pa
Gabe / Opfergabe, äußereoffering, outerSee: outer offerings
Gabe / Opfergabe, innereoffering, innerSee: inner offering
Gabe / Opfergabe des Samadhiofferings of samadhiSee: offerings of absorbed concentration
Gabe / Opfergaben der tiefen Konzentrationofferings of absorbed concentrationOfferings made of various aspects of one's Dharma practice, visualized in the form of the outer offerings. Also called: offerings of samadhi.Tib: ting-nge-'dzin-gyi mchod-pa
Geben und Nehmengiving and takingWith love, giving one's happiness to others, and with compassion, taking on their suffering. Often practiced with visualizations and in coordination with the breath, this is a practice done in conjunction with exchanging one's attitudes about self with others. Often called by the Tibetan term "tonglen."
Gebet der Aspirationaspirational prayerEin Gebet zum Erlangen eines spirituellen Zieles oder für das Erlangen der Umstände, die förderlich sind, um das Ziel zu erreichen. Tib: smon-lam
Skt: pranidhana
Geduldpatience(1) In Theravada, the mental factor of not becoming angry at others' shortcomings, mistakes, or cruel deeds. (2) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to be unperturbed by those who do harm and by suffering, so that one never becomes angry. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, patience becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: bzod-pa
Skt: kshanti
Gefühl der körperlichen und geistigen Leistungsfähigkeitsense of physical and mental fitnessSee: sense of fitness
Gefühl der Leistungsfähigkeitsense of fitnessThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of feeling totally fit to do something, and which is both exhilarating and blissful, physically and mentally, but in a nondisturbing way.Tib: shin-sbyangs
GegengötterantigodsSee: would-be divine
geheimes Mandalasecret mandalaThe offering of a blissful awareness, or of a nonconceptual blissful awareness of voidness with a clear-light mind. Also called: hidden mandala.Tib: gsang-ba'i dkyil-'khor
geheimes Opfersecret offeringSee: hidden offering
GeistmindThe cognitive activity of merely giving rise to an appearance or mental hologram of something knowable and cognitively engaging with it.Tib: sems
Skt: chitta
Geist, der sie aufnimmt / der sie im Geist hältobjects taken and minds that take themSee: consciousness that takes objects and objects taken by consciousness
Geist, gelassen beruhigter und zur Ruhe gekommenermind, serenely stilled and settledSee: stilled and settled state of mind
Geist, nicht erfindendermind, noncontrivingSee: noncontriving mind
Geist, ursprünglichermind, primordialSee: primordial mind
Geist des Klaren Lichtsclear light mindSee: clear light awareness
Geist des klaren Lichts, tatsächlicherclear light mind, actualSee: actual clear light mind
Geistesfaktormental factorSee: subsidiary awareness
Geisteshaltung, störendeattitude, disturbingSee: disturbing attitude
Geisteshaltung, verzerrte, feindseligeattitude, distorted antagonisticSee: distorted antagonistic thinkingTib: log-lta
Geisteshaltung / geistige EinstellungattitudeEin Geistesfaktor, der ein kognitives Objekt erfasst, indem er es von einem bestimmten Standpunkt aus betrachtet. Tib: blo
Geisteshaltungen, weitreichendeattitude, far-reachingSee: far-reaching attitude
Geisteskräfte, benennbare, mit oder ohne feste Formmental faculties, nameable, with or without gross formSee: nameable mental faculties with or without gross form
Geistesstrommind-streamSee: mental continuum
Geistestrainingmind-trainingSee: attitude-training
Geisteszustand, still gewordener und zur Ruhe gekommenermind, stilled and settled state ofSee: stilled and settled state of mind
Geisteszustand von außergewöhnlicher Wahrnehmungsfähigkeitexceptionally perceptive state of mindA state of mind that, in addition to being stilled and settled (shamatha), is accompanied by an additional sense of fitness -- the subsidiary awareness of feeling totally fit to discern and understand fully the subtle details of anything. Vipashyana is not necessarily focused on voidness or on the four noble truths, although most commonly in sutra it is. Other translators render the term as "special insight." Tib: lhag-mthong
Skt: vipashyana
Geisteszustand von außergewöhnlicher Wahrnehmungsfähigkeitmind, exceptionally perceptive state ofSee: exceptionally perceptive state of mind
geistig Aufnehmentaking to mindSee: attentionTib: yid-la byed-pa
geistige Ableitungmental derivative(A) In Gelug, except in the case of Chittamatra and Yogachara Svatantrika: (1) In sensory nonconceptual cognition, a fully transparent appearing object, which is a mental aspect, similar to a mental hologram of an external objective entity, through which that external entity is directly cognized also as an appearing object of the cognition. (2) In conceptual cognition, a static conceptual category that is mentally constructed from all individual objective entities that fit into it and thus is a semitransparent, static, metaphysical entity. It is the appearing object through which a fully transparent mental representation of a specific objective entity is cognized. (B) In non-Gelug, except in the case of Chittamatra: (1) In sensory nonconceptual cognition, the opaque, directly cognized appearing object, which is a mental aspect similar to a mental hologram of an external objective entity that the cognition indirectly cognizes as its focal object, but not as an additional appearing object. (2) In conceptual cognition, a conceptually isolated item, an opaque metaphysical entity that stands for the mentally synthesized commonsense object and category in the cognition and which is the appearing object of the cognition.Tib: gzugs-bsnyan
Skt: pratibimba
geistige Abschweifung / Abschweifungmental wanderingA subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that causes the mind to lose concentration and to go on and on, uncontrollably from one object to another, due to any reason.Tib: rnam-g.yeng
geistige Aktivität, subtilstemind, subtlestSee: clear light awareness
Geistige Aktivität des klaren Lichtsclear light mental activitySee: clear light awareness
geistige Artsynthesekind mental synthesisThe type of phenomenon that a specific individual item is an instance of, such as "a table" imputed on a specific instance of something having legs and a flat surface. This is equivalent to the conventional identity of something.Tib: rigs-spyi
geistige Artsynthesemental synthesis, kindSee: kind mental synthesis
geistige Beständigkeitmental constancySee: mental stability
geistige Darstellung / geistige Repräsentationmental representationSomething that appears in a conceptual cognition. (1) In Gelug, a static, fully transparent conceptually isolated item through which the cognition cognizes the external object that the hologram resembles; equivalent to a mental aspect. (2) In non-Gelug, a static, partially transparent mentally synthesized commonsense object and category through which the cognition cognizes a conceptually isolated item (a mental aspect) that stands for a commonsense object.Tib: snang-ba
geistige Fabrikationmental fabricationAn appearance of truly established existence that mental activity in a conceptual cognition produces and projects due to the habits of grasping for truly established existence.Tib: spros-pa
Skt: prapanca
geistige Flatterhaftigkeitmental flightinessSee: flightiness of mind
geistige Konstruktemental constructSee: mental fabrication
geistige Objektsynthesemental synthesis, objectSee: object mental synthesis
geistige Objektsyntheseobject mental synthesis(1) The conceptual category of a commonsense object, such as a table, used when thinking of, verbalizing, imagining (visualizing), or remembering a commonsense object. (2) A specific commonsense object as a conceptual category into which fit all moments of anyone's mental or sensory cognition of any amount of parts of any of its sensibilia. Tib: don-spyi
geistiger Ausschluss von etwas anderemmental exclusions of something elseStatic implicative negation phenomena, including audio categories, meaning/object categories, and conceptually isolated items.Tib: blo'i gzhan-sel
geistiger Drang / geistiger Antriebmental urgeThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that causes the mental activity to face an object or to go in its direction. In general, it moves a mental continuum to cognitively take an object. It is equivalent to mental karma and, according to Sautrantika, Chittamatra, Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, and the non-Gelug Prasangika-Madhyamaka schools, it is equivalent to physical and verbal karmas as well.Tib: sems-pa
Skt: cetana
geistiger Impulsmental impulseSee: karma
geistiger Körpermental bodyThe type of body that arhats in pure lands have. See: forms of physical phenomena having the functional nature of mind.Tib: yid-lus
geistige Ruhemental quiescenceSee: stilled and settled state of mind
geistige Sammelsynthesecollection mental synthesisMit dem Begriff geistige Sammelsynthese wird ein Ganzes bezeichnet, das auf räumliche, sinnliche und/oder zeitliche Teile zugeschrieben wird. Tib: tshogs-spyi
geistige Sammelsynthesemental synthesis, collectionSee: collection mental synthesis
geistiges Ausschließenmental exclusionsSee: mental exclusions of something else
geistiges Bewusstseinmental consciousnessA primary consciousness that can take any existent phenomenon as its object and which relies on merely the previous moment of cognition as its dominating condition and not on any physical sensors.Tib: yid-kyi rnam-shes
Skt: manovijnana
geistiges Bezeichnen / geistiges Zuschreibenmental labeling"Geistige Bezeichnen" (Benennen) oder "geistiges Zuschreiben" bezeichnet den Vorgang, bei dem einer Grundlage (wie z.B.: vier Beinen und einem sich darauf befindlichem flachen Brett), mittels der konzeptuellen Wahrnehmung, eine Audiokategorie (wie z.B. das Wort oder der Name "Tisch") oder die Bedeutung / Objekt-Kategorie (wie z.B. "Tisch" als ein individuelles Objekt) zugeschrieben wird. Tib: ming 'dogs-pa
geistiges Erscheinungsbildmental aspectA nonstatic mental hologram, asserted by all Indian Buddhist tenet systems other than Vaibhashika, that is a likeness of an object of cognition, and which both conceptual and nonconceptual mental activity produces in order to cognize the object; the "mental shape" of the appearing object of a cognition. (1) According to Gelug, except in the case of Chittamatra and Yogachara Svatantrika, they are fully transparent so that through them, one directly cognizes external objects. (2) According to non-Gelug, they are opaque and thus allow only indirect cognition of external objects.Tib: rnam-pa
Skt: akara
geistiges Festhaltenmental holdThe aspect of a cognition that describes the level of strength of maintenance of attention on the focal object, without letting go of it. Also translated as "mental glue," it is established by the subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of mindfulness and has two aspects: mental abiding and appearance-making.Tib: 'dzin-cha
geistiges Fixierenmental fixationThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of maintaining mental placement on any object of cognition taken by any type of cognition, including sensory cognition. Also called "mentally fixating" and "concentration," it accompanies all cognitions and varies in intensity from very weak to very strong. When perfected, it becomes "absorbed concentration."Tib: ting-nge-'dzin
Skt: samadhi
geistiges Kontinuummental continuumThe stream of continuity of mental activity (mind, awareness) of an individual being, which has no beginning, which continues even into Buddhahood, and, according to Mahayana, has no end. According to the Hinayana tenets, it comes to an end when an arhat or Buddha dies at the end of the lifetime in which the person attains liberation or enlightenment. Also called a "mind-stream."Tib: sems-rgyud
Skt: santana
geistige Spiegelung / geistige Wiederspiegelungmental reflectionSee: mental derivative
geistige Stabilitätmental stabilitySingle-pointed placement of the mind on any constructive focal object, without any mental wandering -- a stable state of mind that is not only free of flightiness and dullness, but is also not distracted by any disturbing emotion of the plane of sensory desires. In Mahayana, when conjoined with bodhichitta, a far-reaching attitude. Some translators render the term as "concentration."Tib: bsam-gtan
Skt: dhyana
geistige Synthesemental synthesisThe imputation of a conceptual category in which the bases for imputation are the individual sensibilia of a commonsense object, the parts of any of the sensibilia of a commonsense object, the moments in the continuum of a commonsense object, or items sharing a common defining characteristic. Synonymous with "conceptual category" and "category."Tib: spyi
geistige Trägheitmental dullnessA mental factor (subsidiary awareness) faulting the appearance-making of mindfulness's mental hold on an object of focus. Some translators render the term as "sinking."Tib: bying-ba
geistige Umnebelungfoggy-mindednessThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of a heavy feeling of body and mind that makes the mind unclear, unserviceable, and incapable either of giving rise to a cognitive appearance of its object or of apprehending the object correctly.Tib: rmugs-pa
geistig Fixierenmentally fixatingSee: mental fixation
geistig konstruierte Synthesementally constructed synthesisSee: mental synthesis
geistig weitreichend, weitreichend-gesonnenvast-mindedAn adjective used to describe a Mahayana practice, practitioner, person, aim, or motivation. It implies something that involves a mind that is aimed at the vastest goal (enlightenment) for the vastest number of beings (everyone).
Geist selbst, dermind-itselfIn the Kagyu and Nyingma systems, the deepest nature of the mind.Tib: sems-nyid
gelassen beruhigter und zur Ruhe gekommener Geistserenely stilled and settled state of mindSee: stilled and settled state of mind
gelobte Enthaltung / Einschränkung / Zurückhaltungvowed restraintSee: vow
Gelübdevow(1) In the Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Madhyamaka schools other than Gelug Prasangika, the subsidiary awareness (mental factor) to restrain from a certain type of detrimental behavior, which, during a specific ceremony, one has formally promised to restrain from. (2) In the Vaibhashika and Gelug-Prasangika systems, a non-revealing form on a person's mental continuum that performs the same function as in (1) by shaping one's behavior.Tib: sdom-pa
Skt: samvara
Gelübde, Bodhisattva-vows, bodhisattvaSee: bodhisattva vows
Gelübde, tantrischevows, tantricSee: tantric vows
Gelübde der individuellen Befreiung / Gelübde für die individuelle Befreiungvows for individual liberationSee: pratimoksha vows
Gelübde-Präzeptor / die Gelübde abnehmender Präzeptorvow preceptorA spiritual mentor who has kept one or more of the sets of pratimoksha vows purely for a certain number of years and who confers on disciples one of the sets of pratimoksha vows that he or she has kept purely.
GelugGelugOne of the New Translation traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, deriving from the reforms made by Tsongkhapa.Tib: dGe-lugs
gemeinsame Bedeutung, Lehren mit einershared meaning, teaching ofSee: teaching of shared meaning
gemeinsame Grundlagecommon locusAuch übersetzt als: gemeinsamer NennerTib: gzhi-mthun
gemeinsam entstehend / mit entstehendco-arisingGemeinsam mit jedem Moment der Erfahrung entstehend, zum Beispiel ein glückseliges Gewahrsein selber oder ein glückseliges Gewahrsein der Leerheit, welches mit der Praxis der Vollendungsstufe des Annuttara-Yoga-Tantra erreicht wird.Tib: lhan-skyes
Skt: sahaja
genaue PrüfungscrutinySee: subtle discernment
Geräusch / KlangsoundAn object explicitly cognized by ear consciousness.Tib: sgra
Skt: shabda
gereifte Wirkungripened resultA nonobstructive unspecified item conjoined with the mental continuum of a limited being, such as the body, consciousness, and feelings of happiness and unhappiness, and which comes from a ripening cause that was also conjoined with his or her mental continuum.Tib: rnam-smin-gyi 'bras-bu
Skt: vipakaphalam
gereinigter Zustandpurified stateThe state of a shravaka arhat, pratyekabuddha arhat, or a Buddha, in which the mental continuum of the person attaining this state has been purified of either the emotional obscurations or both the emotional and the cognitive obscurations.Tib: byang-chub
Skt: bodhi
Geschick bezüglich der Mittelskill in meansThe special discriminating awareness concerning the most effective and appropriate internal methods for actualizing the Buddha's teachings and the most effective and appropriate external methods for making limited beings ripe for attaining liberation and enlightenment. In Mahayana, when conjoined with a bodhichitta, the seventh of the ten far-reaching attitudes. Tib: thabs-mkhas
Skt: upayakaushalya
geschickte Mittelskillful meansSee: skill in means
Geschmacksbewusstseinconsciousness, tongueSee: tongue consciousness
Gesegnete, der/ der HeiligeBlessed OneSee: Vanquishing Master Surpassing All
Geshegeshe(1) In the Kadam tradition, a title given to a spiritual mentor and friend, especially those that are masters of attitude-training (lojong). (2) In the Gelug tradition, a title given to those who have completed the monastic education system.Tib: dge-bshes
Skt: kalyanamitra
getrennt vom sich zu Geiste nehmenparted from taking to mindSee: state parted from taking to mind
getrennt von geistiger Fabrikationparted from mental fabricationSee: state parted from mental fabrication
getrennt von Verwirrungconfusion, dissociated fromSee: untainted
getrennt von Verwirrungdissociated from confusionSee: untainted
getrennt von Verwirrungunassociated with confusionSee: untainted
GewahrseinawarenessGewahrsein ist der allgemeine, alles umfassende Begriff für das Erkennen eines Objekts. Er wird sowohl in dem Sinne verwendet, dass man einer Sache gewahr ist, als auch, dass man etwas zu einem Objekt des Gewahrseins macht. Es muss sich dabei jedoch nicht um eine bewusste Willensakt oder einen Akt des Erkennens handeln, was das Objekt ist.
Gewahrsein, allgemeinesawareness, generalSee: general awareness
Gewahrsein, allwissendes verwirklichtesawareness, omniscient realizedSee: omniscient realized awareness
Gewahrsein, begrenztesawareness, limitedSee: sem
Gewahrsein, entscheidendesawareness, decisiveSee: ascertainment
Gewahrsein, erhöhtesawareness, advancedSee: advanced awareness
Gewahrsein, grundlegendes verwirklichtesawareness, basis or fundamental realizedSee: basis or fundamental realized awareness
Gewahrsein, Haupt-awareness, principalSee: principal awareness
Gewahrsein, Neben-awareness, subsidiarySee: subsidiary awareness
Gewahrsein, normalesawareness, normalSee: normal awareness
Gewahrsein, reflexivesawareness, reflexiveSee: reflexive awareness
Gewahrsein, reinesawareness, pureSee: pure awareness
Gewahrsein, spezifischesawareness, specificSee: specific awareness
Gewahrsein, tiefesawareness, deepSee: deep awareness
Gewahrsein, tiefes reflexivesawareness, reflexive deepSee: reflexive deep awareness
Gewahrsein, unterscheidendesawareness, discriminatingSee: discriminating awareness
Gewahrsein, ursprünglich reinesawareness, primally pureSee: primal purity
Gewahrsein, vollbringendesawareness, accomplishingSee: accomplishing deep awarenessTib: bya-grub ye-shes
Gewahrsein des klaren Lichtsclear light awarenessDas Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts ist die subtilste Ebene geistiger Aktivität (Geist), die sich, ohne einen Anfang und ohne ein Ende zu besitzen, selbst nach dem Tod und in der Buddhaschaft weiter fortsetzt [fortdauert]. Das Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts ist individuell und macht das geistige Kontinuum eines jeden Wesens aus [bildet das geistige Kontinuum jedes einzelnen Wesens]. Es ist frei von konzeptueller Wahrnehmung, dem Hervorbringen von Erscheinungen wahrer Existenz und frei vom Greifen nach wahrer Existenz, da es subtiler ist als die gröberen Ebenen geistiger Aktivität, mit denen das Gewahrsein auftritt. Das Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts hat nichts mit "Licht" zu tun.Tib: 'od-gsal
Gewahrsein des Pfades, verwirklichtesawareness, pathway realizedSee: pathway realized awareness
Gewahrsein seines eigenen Angesichtsawareness of its own faceDas Gewahrsein seines eigenen Angesichts bezeichnet bei einem reinen Gewahrsein (Rigpa) die nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmung von seiner eigenen Natur. Tib: rang-ngo shes-pa
Gewohnheit, karmische ständigehabit, karmic constantSee: karmic constant habit
gewöhnliche Aufregungordinary commotionThe emotional ups and downs of overexcitement and depression in response to the eight transitory things in life: praise or criticism, good or bad news, gains or losses, things going well or poorly.Tib: tha-mal 'du-'dzi
gewöhnliches Wesenordinary beingA limited being who has not yet attained the state of an arya. In other words, someone who has not yet attained nonconceptual cognition of the four noble truths.Tib: so-so'i skye-bo
gezügeltes Verhaltentamed behaviorEthical behavior with which one both restrains oneself from destructive actions and engages in constructive ones.Tib: brtul-zhugs
Glaube an eine Tatsache auf der Grundlage der Vernunft /aus Vernunftsgründenbelief in a fact based on reasonEine konstruktive Emotion, die eine Tatsache über etwas als wahr betrachtet, wobei sie sich auf die Gründe stützt, die die Tatsache durch logisches Denken untermauern. Tib: yid-ches-kyi dad-pa
Glaube an eine Tatsache mit einem klaren Verstandbelief in a fact, clearheadedSee: clearheaded belief in a fact
Glaube an Tasachenbelief in factsSee: believing a fact to be true
Glaube an Tatsachen mit einem klaren Verstandclearheaded belief in a factEine konstruktive Emotion, die sich über eine Tatsache im Klaren ist und wie ein Wasserreiniger den Geist von störenden Emotionen und Geisteshaltungen reinigt, die er in Bezug auf ein Objekt besitzt.Tib: dvang-ba'i dad-pa
Glauben, dass eine Tatsache wahr istbelieving a fact to be trueA constructive emotion that focuses on something existent and validly knowable, something with good qualities, or an actual potential, and considers it either existent or true, or considers a fact about it as true. Some translators render the term as "faith."Tib: dad-pa
Skt: shraddha
Glauben, dass eine Tatsache wahr ist, auf Grundlage der Vernunftbelieving a fact to be true based on reasonSee: belief in a fact based on reasonTib: yid-ches-kyi dad-pa
Glauben an eine Tatsache mit einem Streben in diese Richtung / wobei man sie anstrebtbelief in a fact with an aspirationEine konstruktive Emotion, die sowohl eine Tatsache über etwas als wahr betrachtet, wie auch den Wunsch, den man in Bezug auf ein bestimmtes Objekt hegt, wie beispielsweise, dass man ein lebensbejahendes Ziel erreichen kann und dass man es erreichen wird. Tib: mngon-'dod-kyi dad-pa
gleiche essentielle Natursame essential natureThe relationship between two facts about the same attribute of a phenomenon. In a sense, the two facts are referring to the same phenomenon from two points of view. The two facts may be naturally inseparable, such as the two truths about the phenomenon, or they may constitute a joined inseparability arising from the power of meditation, such as a blissful awareness and an awareness of voidness. Some translators render the term as "one by nature."Tib: ngo-bo gcig
Gleichmutequanimity(1) The mental factor (subsidiary awareness) of having an equal attitude toward everyone. (2) In Theravada, when conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, the tenth of the ten far-reaching attitudes -- the attitude with which one does not expect anything in return for one's help, being indifferent to pleasure and pain, and to any benefit or harm one might receive.Tib: btang-snyoms
Skt: upeksha
Gleichmut, bloßerequanimity, mereSee: mere equanimity
gleichsetzendes tiefes Gewahrseinequalizing deep awarenessOne of the five types of deep awareness that all beings have as an aspect of Buddha-nature. The deep awareness that is aware of several items as belonging equally to the same category, or as fitting into the same pattern. Also called: deep awareness of the equality of things.Tib: mnyam-nyid ye-shes
gleichzeitig(e) (stattfindende) Motivationcontemporaneous motivating aimDie Motivation oder Absicht, die den Impuls begleitet, eine Handlung zu beginnen oder fortzusetzen.Tib: dus-kyi kun-slong
gleichzeitig auftretensimultaneously arisingTwo items simultaneously arise if, when one of them arises or happens, the other does also, at the same time. The two items may arise simultaneously either naturally or through the power of meditation. Also called: innate.Tib: lhan-skyes
Skt: sahaja
gleichzeitig wirkende Bedingungsimultaneously acting conditionAn item that must exist prior to the arising of something and which assists in making the arising happen, but which does not transform into what arises, for instance water for a sprout.Tib: lhan-cig byed-pa'i rkyen
Skt: sahakaripratyaya
Glieder, die sich aus dem Realisierten ergebenresultant links of what is actualizedIn the twelve links of dependent arising, the two links of conception and aging and dying in a future rebirth thrown by the activated karmic aftermath of throwing karma.Tib: mngon-par grub-pa'i 'bras-bu'i yan-lag
Glorreiche, derTriumphant OneAn epithet of a Buddha - one who has triumphed over the emotional and cognitive obscurations. Some translators render the term as "Victorious One."Tib: rgyal-ba
Skt: jina
Glück, geistigeshappiness, mentalSee: mental happiness
GlücklichseinhappinessThat feeling which, when it stops, we wish to meet with it again.Tib: bde-ba
Skt: sukha
glückseliges Gewahrseinblissful awarenessGlückseliges Gewahrsein ist ein Geisteszustand der entweder befleckt oder unbefleckt ist, und der durch unterschiedliche Intensitätsgrade von Glück gekennzeichnet ist. Einige der unbefleckten Grade von glückseligem Gewahrsein können in Praktiken des Anuttara-Yoga-Tantra als die Art von Gewahrsein verwendet werden, mit dem man sich auf Leerheit ausrichtet und mit dessen Hilfe man die Energiewinde im Zentralkanal auflöst, um Zugang zum Gewahrsein des klaren Lichts zu erlangen. Tib: bde-ba
Skt: sukha
Glückselig GegangenerBlissfully Gone OneEin Beiname des Buddha - jemand der das glückselige Ziel der Erleuchtung durch Methoden erreicht hat, die auf dem Weg zum Ziel Glück erzeugen.Tib: bde-bar gshegs-pa
Skt: sugata
GlückseligkeitblissSee: blissful awareness
goldenes Trankopfergolden libation(1) An offering of a liquid, most commonly alcohol, made usually to a Dharma protector and ideally offered in a golden bowl. (2) The ritual that accompanies this offering.Tib: gser-skyems
Götterwesenbeing, divineSee: divine being
Götterwesendivine beingA limited (sentient) being in the rebirth state that, out of the six states of rebirth, has the least amount of suffering. This class of being includes some that are on the plane of sensory desires, and all beings on the plane of ethereal forms and the plane of formless beings. Also called a "god."Tib: lha
Skt: deva
Gottheit, kraftvolledeity, forcefulSee: forceful deity
göttliches Auge, außersinnlichesdivine eye, extrasensorySee: extrasensory divine eye
göttliches Ohr, außersinnlichesdivine ear, extrasensorySee: extrasensory divine ear
Greifen nach wahrer Existenzgrasping for truly established existence(1) Both to cognize (literally, take as a cognitive object) the appearance of the world as having truly established existence, which the habits of this grasping cause the mind to fabricate and project, as well as believing this deceptive appearance to correspond to how things actually exist, (2) simply cognizing the appearance of the world as having truly established existence, without actually believing this deceptive appearance to correspond to how things actually exist. Gelug asserts both definitions, while non-Gelug asserts only the first. Abbreviated as "grasping for true existence."Tib: bden-'dzin
Skt: satyagraha
grobes Feststellengross detectionThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) that investigates something roughly, such as detecting if there are mistakes on a page. According to Asanga, one of the four changeable subsidiary awarenesses. Also translated as "investigation."Tib: rtog-pa
grobe Unbeständigkeitgross impermanenceThe final destruction or disintegration of a nonstatic phenomenon.Tib: mi-rtag-pa rags-pa
große Liebegreat loveThe wish for everyone to be happy and to have the causes for happiness.Tib: byams-pa chen-po
Skt: mahamaitri
großes Annäherungsretreatgreat approximation retreatA three-year, three-month retreat focusing exclusively on one Buddha-figure (deity) system, in which one recites tens of millions of mantras and makes millions of offerings in fire pujas.Tib: bsnyen-chen
großes FahrzeugGreater VehicleSee: Mahayana
großes Mitgefühlgreat compassionGroßes Mitgefühl bezeichnet den Wunsch, das jedes Wesen frei sein möge vom Leiden und den Ursachen des Leidens. Tib: snying-rje chen-po
Skt: mahakaruna
großes Siegelgreat sealSee: mahamudra
große Vollendunggreat completenessSee: dzogchen
Großzügigkeitgenerosity(1) In Theravada, the mental factor of wishing to give material things to all beings, so that they may be happy, without investigating whether or not they are worthy to receive them. (2) In Mahayana, the mental urge that leads one to wish to give to others all that is one's own – one's body, material wealth, and the roots of one's constructive actions. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude. Also translated as "giving."Tib: sbyin-pa
Skt: dana
Grundlage der Zuschreibungbasis for imputationSee: basis for labeling
grundlegendes Bewusstseinfoundation consciousnessSee: all-encompassing foundation consciousness
grundlegendes Rigpabasis rigpaDas grundlegende Rigpa ist ein reines Gewahrsein (Rigpa) aus dem Blickwinkel, dass das reine Gewahrsein eine Form von Buddhanatur oder Arbeitsgrundlage zum Erlangen der Erleuchtung ist. Tib: gzhi'i rig-pa
gültige bloße Wahrnehmungvalid bare cognitionBare cognition that is fresh and nonfallacious. See: bare cognition.Tib: mngon-sum tshad-ma
Skt: pratyakshapramana
gültige einfache Wahrnehmungvalid straightforward cognitionStraightforward cognition that is nonfallacious. See: straightforward cognition.Tib: mngon-sum tshad-ma
Skt: pratyakshapramana
gültig erkennbare Phänomenevalidly knowable phenomenaPhenomena that can be the objects of valid cognition. Synonymous with "existents."Tib: shes-bya
gültige Wahnehmungvalid cognition(1) According to Gelug Sautrantika, Gelug Chittamatra, and Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a fresh, nonfallacious cognition. (2) According to Gelug Prasangika and all tenet systems according to non-Gelug, a nonfallacious cognition.Tib: tshad-ma
Skt: pramana
Guru, Hingabe zumdevotion, guruSee: guru devotion
Güte / gütige HandlungkindnessA beneficial action that is of help to others.Tib: drin
gute Eigenschaftengood qualitiesHelpful aspects or beneficial talents of a person that are corrections of inadequacies.Tib: yon-tan
Skt: guna
Güte erinnernkindness, rememberingSee: remembering kindness
Güte erinnernremembering kindnessRemembering the kindness of motherly love, remembering all the beneficial things that all beings have shown us when they were our mothers. The second of the six part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta.Tib: drin-dran
Güte zurückgebenkindness, repayingSee: repaying kindness
Güte zurückgebenrepaying kindnessAppreciating the beneficial things that all beings have shown us when they were our mothers and wishing to benefit them in return. The third of the seven part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta.Tib: drin-gso

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