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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Deutscher Fachbegriffe

Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
MadhyamakaMadhyamakaA Mahayana school of Indian Buddhism that does not assert the true existence of anything. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.Tib: dbu-ma
Skt: madhyamaka
MahamudramahamudraLiterally, "the great seal," a Mahayana meditation practice that focuses on the nature of the mind.Tib: phyag-rgya chen-po
Skt: mahamudra
Mahamudra, Essenz-mahamudra, essenceSee: essence mahamudra
Mahamudra, Mantra-mahamudra, mantraSee: mantra mahamudra
Mahamudra, Pfad-mahamudra, pathwaySee: pathway mahamudra
Mahamudra, Sutra-mahamudra, sutraSee: sutra mahamudra
MahayanaMahayanaLiterally, a "Vast Vehicle of Mind" - levels or states of mind that, with a vast motivation of bodhichitta, employ vast methods for reach the vast goal of enlightenment. Some translators render the term as "Greater Vehicle."Tib: theg-chen
Skt: mahayana
Mahayana-MeisterMahayana masterA spiritual mentor in whose presence disciples take bodhisattva vows. In a broader sense, a spiritual mentor whose teachings on compassion and bodhichitta lead disciples to develop aspiring and engaged bodhichittas, and then to take bodhisattva vows.
MahayogamahayogaWithin the Nyingma classification scheme of nine vehicles of mind, the class of tantra leading to dzogchen practice but with the main emphasis and detail on generation stage practice.Tib: ma-ha yo-ga
Makel, flüchtigerstain, fleetingSee: fleeting stain
MandalamandalaIn general, a round symbol used to represent a meaning. Most often used to represent a world system.Tib: dkyil- 'khor
Skt: mandala
Mandala, äußeresmandala, outerSee: outer mandala
Mandala, dreidimensionalesmandala, three-dimensionalSee: three-dimensional mandala
Mandala, inneresmandala, innerSee: inner mandala
Mandala, Körper-mandala, bodySee: body mandala
Mandala, Stoff-mandala, clothSee: cloth mandala
Mandala, unterstützendesmandala, supportingSee: supporting mandala
Mandala, unterstützesmandala, supportedSee: supported mandala
Mandala aus gestreutem Sandmandala, powdered sandSee: powdered sand mandala
Mandala aus gestreutem Sandpowdered sand mandalaA two-dimensional representation, made of powdered colored minerals, which is like an architectural blueprint of the three-dimensional palace, environment, and Buddha-figures of a symbolic world system, and used for conferring a tantric empowerment.Tib: rdul-phran-gyi dkyil-'khor
Mandala der Redemandala, speechSee: speech mandala
manifeste Wahrnehmungmanifest cognitionA cognition in which the consciousness gives rise to a mental hologram of a cognitive object and, in which, the cognitive object appears, through that hologram, both to the person and to the consciousness of the manifest cognition. Both the person and the manifest consciousness cognitively take it _ both cognize or "know" it. See also: subliminal cognition.Tib: shes-pa mngon-gyur-ba
MantramantraSets of syllables and, often, additional Sanskrit words and phrases, all of which represent enlightening speech and which, when repeated, protect the mind from destructive states. While repeating the mantras of a Buddha-figure, one imagines having the abilities to communicate perfectly to everyone the complete means for eliminating suffering and reaching enlightenment. Mantras shape the breath, and consequently the subtle energy-winds, enabling one to bring the winds under control for use in meditation practice. Tib: sngags
Skt: mantra
Mantra-Ansammlung, Mantra-Sammlungmantra-gatheringA tantric ritual for giving disciples confidence in the accuracy of a mantra, in which the vowels and consonants of the Sanskrit alphabet are written with colored powder in a grid on the surface of a metal mirror and the tantric master reads out, one by one, the grid location of the consonant and vowel for each syllable of the main mantra. After each specification of the consonant and vowel of a syllable, an assistant takes some colored powder from the mirror and uses it to write the syllable on the surface of another metal mirror.Tib: sngags-btus
Mantra-Mahamudramantra mahamudraMeditations on the nature of the mind with regard to the subtlest mind, clear light.Tib: sngags-kyi phyag-chen
MeditationmeditationThe repeated practice of generating and focusing on a beneficial state of mind in order to build it up as a habit.Tib: sgom
Skt: bhavana
Meditation, klar erkennendemeditation, discerningSee: discerning meditation
Meditation, stabilisierende oder verankerndemeditation, stabilizingSee: stabilizing meditation
Meditationstrainermeditation trainerA teacher who instructs one in the mechanics of meditation, such as the correct posture.
meditative Ausgewogenheitmeditative equipoiseSee: total absorption
Mengenlehreset theorySet theory has to do with the logical pervasions between two or more sets -- mutually exclusive, totally congruent, overlapping, etc. A set is a collection or a group of many items, like the set of all nonstatic phenomena.Tib: bsdus-grva
Skt: dura
Mentor, spirituellermentor, spiritualSee: spiritual mentor
Merkmal, unterscheidendesfeature, distinguishingSee: feature, distinguishing
Merkmalsbesitzerproperty-possessorA member of the set of phenomena possessing a certain property, such as voidness as its actual nature.Tib: chos-can
metaphysische Entitätenmetaphysical entitiesIn the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, those phenomena, the existence of which is established by their being merely imputed by conceptual cognition and which are superficial (relative, conventional) true phenomena. According to Sautrantika, they include all static phenomena; according to Chittamatra, they include all static phenomena other than voidnesses, true stoppings, and nirvanas. (1) In the Gelug system, they are the appearing objects of only conceptual cognitions, although they are not the actual cognitive appearances in those cognitions. They may be validly cognized not only by valid conceptual cognition, but also implicitly by valid nonconceptual cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug systems, they can only be validly cognized by valid conceptual cognition. Also translated as "generally characterized phenomena."Tib: spyi-mtshan
Skt: samanyalakshana
Methode der Realisierungmethod of actualizationSee: sadhana
metrische Versemetered versesTwo-to-six-lined verses composed by Buddha. One of the twelve scriptural categories.Tib: tshigs-su bcad-pa
Skt: gatha
mit einer verzerrten, feindseligen Geisteshaltung denkenthinking with a distorted antagonistic attitudeSee: distorted antagonistic thinking
mit einer verzerrten Ansicht denkenthinking with a distorted viewSee: distorted antagonistic thinking
MitgefühlcompassionMitgefühl ist der Wunsch, dass jemand frei sein möge vom Leiden und den Ursachen des Leidens. Tib: snying-rje
Skt: karuna
Mitgefühlcompassionate sympathySee: compassion
Mitgefühl, großescompassion, greatSee: great compassion
mit klarem Kopf daran glauben, dass eine Tatsache wahr istclearheadedly believing a fact to be trueSee: clearheaded belief in a factTib: dangs-ba'i dad-pa
Mittel, angebrachtesmeans, appropriateSee: appropriate means
mit Verwirrung verbundenconfusion, associated withSee: tainted
mit Verwirrung verbundenmixed with confusionSee: tainted
mit Worten fassbare letzendliche Phänomenedenumerable ultimate phenomenonVoidnesses that are validly cognized conceptually. They are "denumerable" in the sense that they can be counted among what appears to minds validly cognizing phenomena through mentally labeling them with words and concepts.Tib: rnam-grangs-pa'I don-dam
Möchtegern-Gottwould-be divineAlso called: anti-godsTib: lha ma-yin
Skt: asura
MomentmomentThe smallest unit of time.Tib: skad-cig
Skt: kshana
MonademonadAn undifferentiated, partless whole, either the size of an atom or the size of the universe, asserted by non-Buddhist schools of Indian philosophy as descriptive of the atman, the "soul" of a person.Tib: gcig
monastischer Sangha / Sangha der Mönchemonastic sanghaSee: Sangha
Mönchsgemeinschaftmonastic communitySee: Sangha
moralische Selbstwürdemoral self-dignityAs defined by Asanga, the sense to refrain from negative behavior because of caring how one's actions reflect on oneself.Tib: ngo-tsha shes-pa
Skt: hri
moralische Selbstwürde, kein Gefühl vonno sense of moral self-dignitySee: no moral self-dignityTib: ngo-tsha med-pa
Motivationmotivating aimSynonymous with intention. See: intention.Tib: kun-slong
MotivationmotivationWhen used in Western languages, a state of mind that entails two mental factors (subsidiary awarenesses): a motivating aim and a motivating emotion. A motivating aim is the mental factor of an intention – the intention to reach a certain goal for a certain purpose. A motivating emotion is the mental factor of the positive or negative emotion, such as love and compassion, or jealousy and greed, which accompanies the intention and moves one to attain that goal.
Motivation, ursächlichemotivating aim, causalSee: causal motivating aim
motivierender geistiger Rahmenmotivating mental frameworkA state of mind that accompanies a karmic urge or impulse and which is a cluster of three mental factors (subsidiary awarenesses): distinguishing an object on which to focus the action, the motivating aim of what one intends to do with or to that object, and a motivating emotion or attitude. Tib: bsam-pa
mühelosunlaboredA state of mind, such as bodhichitta, generated instantly without needing to work oneself up to it, with deliberate effort, through a series of steps, each of which entails a line of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-med
müheloses Bodhichittaunlabored bodhichittaA bodhichitta aim that arises automatically and effortlessly, without need to build up to it through steps or by relying on lines of reasoning.Tib: rtsol-med byang-sems
mündliche Übertragungoral transmissionA ceremony during which a spiritual teacher reads aloud or recites from memory, without any mistakes, a Buddhist text or mantra to disciples who listen attentively. The teacher needs to have heard, himself or herself, the words of the text or mantra recited faultlessly by his or her own teacher, who likewise heard it in this manner in an unbroken lineage tracing back to Buddha or to the author of the text. The ceremony insures the accurate transmission of the words, although neither the teacher reciting them nor the disciple hearing them need to understand their meaning.Tib: lung
Musiker, himmlischemusician, heavenlySee: those who sustain themselves on fragrances
Muttermother-awarenessThe recognition of all beings as having at some time been one's mother. The first of the seven-part cause and effect quintessence teaching for developing bodhichitta.Tib: mar-shes

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