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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Deutscher Fachbegriffe

Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

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A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
nachfolgende Erlangungattainment, subsequentSee: subsequent attainment
nachfolgende Erlangungsubsequent attainmentA state of mind having the joined pair of shamatha and vipashyana, and in which absorbed concentration is focused single-pointedly on a voidness that is like an illusion. It is attained only upon rising from total absorption on space-like voidness and may occur either while still in meditation or after arising from meditation. It may be either conceptual or nonconceptual. Sometimes translated as "subsequent realization." Other translators often render the term as "post-meditation."Tib: rjes-thob
nachfolgende Verwirklichungsubsequent realizationSee: subsequent attainment
nachfolgende Wahrnehmungsubsequent cognitionOne of the seven ways of knowing something: a nonfraudulent, but not fresh, cognition of an object. It is the second phase of a valid bare cognition or inferential cognition, and is asserted only by the Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika tenet systems.Tib: bcad-shes
Nachkomme, spirituelleroffspring, spiritualSee: spiritual offspring
nahe Linienear lineageThe lineage of a teaching that did not begin with Buddha himself, but began with an Indian or Tibetan master, usually through a pure vision.Tib: nye-brgyud
NaivitätnaivetyEine Unterkategorie des Gewahrseins. Das Gewahrsein von verhaltensbedingter Ursache und Wirkung oder das Gewahrsein der Realität, das lediglich destruktive Geisteszustände oder Verhaltensweisen begleitet. Eine der drei giftigen Emotionen. Tib: gti-mug
Skt: moha
Natur, essentiellenature, essentialSee: essential nature
Natur, funktionellenature, functionalSee: functional nature
Natur, tatsächlichenature, actualSee: actual nature
Natur-KörperNature BodySee: Corpus of Essential Nature
natürlich andauernde Familieneigenschaftennaturally abiding family-traits(1) In the Chittamatra system, the seeds that, without beginning, are imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being and which serve as factors allowing that being to attain one of the three purified states. (2) In the Madhyamaka systems, the voidnesses imputable on the basis of the stained mind of each limited being.Tib: rang-bzhin gnas-rigs
natürlicherweise destruktive nicht lobenswerte Handlungnaturally destructive uncommendable actionSee: naturally uncommendable action
natürlicherweise nicht lobenswerte Handlungennaturally uncommendable actionA negative action which, because it is destructive by nature, ripens into the experience of suffering by anyone who commits it.Tib: rang-bzhin-gyi kha-na ma-tho-ba
natürliches Nirvananatural nirvanaEquivalent to voidness (emptiness), the natural state of all phenomena being released from impossible ways of existing. Asserted only by the Mahayana tenet systems.Tib: rang-bzhin-gyi mya-ngan 'das
natürliche Untrennbarkeitnatural inseparabilityThe relationship between two items, in which when one is the case or is occurring, then automatically so is the other.Tib: rang-bzhin dbyer-med
natürlich untrennbare Aspektenaturally inseparable aspectsSee: natural inseparability
Nebengelübde des Bodhisattvassecondary bodhisattva vowsSee: faulty actions
Nebengewahrseinsubsidiary awarenessBei einem Nebengewahrsein handelt es sich um eine Art des Wahrnehmens eines Objektes, welche ein Primärbewusstsein begleitet [die gleichzeitig stattfindet, wenn auch das Primärbewusstsein aktiv ist]. Das Nebengewahrsein hat mit dem Primärbewusstsein fünf Dinge gemeinsam. Zudem befähigt das Nebengewahrsein zur Wahrnehmung des Objektes oder hilft bei der Wahrnehmung des Objektes. Das Nebengewahrsein wird auch als "Geistesfaktor" bezeichnet. Tib: sems-byung
Skt: caitika
negative karmische Kraftnegative karmic forceDie Art von karmischer Kraft die mit einer destruktiven Handlung verbunden ist und mit kurzen Unterbrechungen als Unzufriedenheit und als Leiden unter Problemen und Schmerz heranreift. Die negative karmische Kraft wird auch als "negatives karmisches Potenzial" bezeichnet. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff als "Sünde". Siehe: karmische Kraft. Tib: sdig-pa
Skt: papa
negative Kraftnegative forceSee: negative karmic force
negatives Potenzialnegative potentialSee: negative karmic force
negierend erkanntes Phänomen / durch Negierung erkanntes Phänomennegatingly known phenomenonSee: negation phenomenon
NegierungnegationSee: negation phenomenon
NegierungnullificationSee: negation phenomenon
Negierungs-Phänomennegation phenomenonAn item, or a truth about an item, defined in terms of the exclusion of something else, in which an object to be negated is explicitly precluded by the conceptual cognition that cognizes the phenomenon. Also translated as: "negation," "nullification," "refutation."Tib: dgag-pa
Negierungs-Phänomen, implizierendesnegation phenomenon, implicativeSee: implicative negation phenomenon
Negierungs-Phänomen, nichtimplizierendesnegation phenomenon, nonimplicativeSee: nonimplicative negation phenomenon
Netzwerk des tiefen Gewahrseinsnetwork of deep awarenessA constructive noncongruent affecting variable imputable on the moments of conceptual or nonconceptual cognition of the four noble truths or of voidness, on the mental continuum of a limited being, when followed by a bodhichitta dedication, and which functions as the obtaining cause for the Dharmakaya of a Buddha. Also called: "bountiful store of deep awareness." Some translators render the term as "collection of wisdom" or "collection of insight."Tib: ye-shes-kyi tshogs
Skt: jnanasambhara
Netzwerk positiver Kraftnetwork of positive forceA constructive noncongruent affecting variable imputable on the positive force on the mental continuum of a limited being, when dedicated with bodhichitta, and which functions as the obtaining cause for the Form Corpus of a Buddha. Also called: "bountiful store of positive force." Some translators render the term as "collection of merit."Tib: bsod-nams-kyi tshogs
Skt: punyasambhara
neutrales Gefühl / neutrale Empfindungneutral feelingThat feeling which, when it arises, one neither wants to be parted from it, nor, when it stops, one wishes to meet it again.Tib: btang-snyoms
Skt: upeksha
NgöndrongondroSee: preliminary practices
Nicht (mit Worten) fassbares letztendliches Phänomennondenumerable ultimate phenomenonVoidnesses that are validly cognized nonconceptually. They are "nondenumerable" in the sense that they cannot be counted among what appears to minds validly cognizing phenomena through mentally labeling them with words and concepts, thus they are voidnesses that are "beyond words and beyond concepts."Tib: rnam-grangs ma-yin-pa'I don-dam
Nicht-AnhaftungnonattachmentSee: detachment
Nicht-Ärgernon-angerSee: imperturbability
nichtaufregendnonupsettingA way of being aware of something that shares five congruent features with an arya's total absorption on voidness.Tib: zang-zing med-pa
nichtbeinflusstes Phänomenunaffected phenomenonA phenomenon that is not affected by causes or conditions. A synonym for static phenomenon. Often rendered by other translators as "unconditioned phenomenon."Tib: 'dus ma-byas
Skt: asamskrtadharma
nichtbestätigende Negierungnonaffirming negationSee: nonimplicative negation phenomenon
nicht-budhhistischer Extremistnon-Buddhist extremistA follower of a non-Buddhist Indian school of philosophy that asserts either an eternalist position of an unchanging static soul (atman) of a person or a nihilist position that denies the continuity of a person after death and/or the workings of karmic cause and effect.Tib: mu-stegs-pa
Skt: tirthika
nichtdualnondual(1) In Gelug Prasangika, the absence (the voidness) of a manner of existence that does not correspond to the actual manner in which everything exists. (2) In non-Gelug Madhyamaka, within a cognition, the absence (the voidness) of a consciousness and its object as each having truly established existence, independently of each other. (3) In Chittamatra, within a cognition, the absence (the voidness) of a consciousness and its object as deriving from different natal sources.Tib: gnyis-med
nichtduales Tantranondual tantraA division of anuttarayoga tantra, specified only in the non-Gelug schools, in which there is equal emphasis on practices for generating the physical bodies of a Buddha and practices for generating the mind of a Buddha.Tib: gnyis-med rgyud
NichtexistierendenonexistentsThings that cannot be validly known.Tib: med-pa
nicht existierendes Phänomennonexistent phenomenonSee: nonexistents
nichtimplizierendes Negierungs-Phänomennonimplicative negation phenomenonAn exclusion of something else in which, after the sounds of the words that exclude the object to be negated have negated that object, they do not leave behind in their wake, explicitly or implicitly, something else. Some translators render the term as a "nonaffirming negation." Tib: med-dgag
nichtkongruentnoncongruentDer Begriff "nichtkongruent" beschreibt die Beziehung zwischen nichtstatischen Komponenten [Bestandteile] einer Wahrnehmung, in der zwei oder mehr dieser Komponenten fünf Dinge nicht gemeinsam haben. Tib: mtshungs-ldan med-pa
nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variablenoncongruent affecting variableDer Begriff "nichkongruente beeinflussende Variable" bezeichnet eine von drei Arten nichtstatischer Phänomene - und zwar jener nichtstatischer Phänomene die mit dem Hauptbewusstsein und den Arten von Nebengewahrsein der Wahrnehmung, der sie erscheinen, keine fünf Dinge gemeinsam haben und die weder Formen physischer Phänomene sind noch Weisen, in denen man sich etwas gewahr ist [sich einer Sache gewahr zu sein]. Für eine ausführliche Erklärung vergleichen Sie bitte den Artikel: Kongruente und nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variablen.Tib: ldan-min 'du-byed
NichtkonzeptualitätnonconceptuailtyA state of mind that cognizes an object without the filter of a concept, idea, category, or universal.
nichtkonzeptuelle Wahrnehmungnonconceptual cognitionCognition of an object, without that cognition being through the medium of a universal, a category, or a mental label.Tib: rtog-med shes-pa
nichtkünstlichunartificialSee: uncontrived
nichtkünstlichuncontrivedA state of mind not mentally constructed by conceptual thought. Also translated as "unartificial."Tib: bcos-med
Nicht-Länger-Stattfindenno-longer-happeningThe past occurrence of something. According to Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a static nonimplicative negation phenomenon; according to Gelug Prasangika, a nonstatic implicative negation phenomenon. Also translated as "passed-happening."Tib: 'das-pa
nicht lobenswerte Handlunguncommendable actionAn action that ripens into the experience of suffering by the person who commits it or into a hindrance to his or her spiritual practice. An action that cannot be spoken about with praise.Tib: kha-na ma-tho-ba
Skt: avadya
nichtoffenbarende Formnonrevealing formA subtle form of physical phenomenon, asserted only by the Vaibhashika and Gelug Prasangika schools, that is caused by a strong constructive or destructive motivation, but which does not show ("reveal") that motivation. Such a phenomenon is part of a mental continuum, but is not felt on that continuum; it does not degenerate from moment to moment; it can only be an object of mental cognition; and it must be either constructive or destructive. Examples are vows and one aspect of karmic impulses.Tib: rnam-par rig-byed ma-yin-pa'i gzugs
Skt: avijnaptirupa
nichtstatischnonstaticSee: nonstatic phenomenon
nichtstatische Abstraktionnonstatic abstractionSee: noncongruent affecting variable
nichtstatisches Phänomennonstatic phenomenonNichtstatische Phänomene sind Phänomene, die von Uraschen und Bedingungen beeinflusst und getragen werden und die sich folglich von Augenblick zu Augenblick verändern. Zudem erzeugen nichtstatische Phänomene Wirkungen. Ihre Kontinuitätsströme haben möglicherweise einen Anfang, aber kein Ende, oder sie haben einen Anfang und kein Ende, oder sie haben keinen Anfang, aber ein Ende, oder sie haben kein Anfang und kein Ende. Einige Übersetzer übertragen den Begriff mit "vergängliche Phänomene" oder "unbeständige Phänomene".Tib: mi-rtag-pa
Skt: anitya
NichtstatischseinnonstaticnessNichtstatischsein bezeichnet die nichtkongruente beeinflussende Variable, die sich unter dem Einfluss von Ursachen und Umständen von Augenblick zu Augenblick verändert. Manchmal wird der Begriff als "Unbeständigkeit" oder "Vergänglichkeit" übersetzt. Tib: mi-rtag-pa
Skt: anitya
nichttrügerisch / untrügerischnonfallaciousNot incorrect.Tib: mi-bslu-ba
nichttugendhaftnonvirtuousSee: destructive
nicht vermischt mit Verwirrungunmixed with confusionSee: untainted
nichtverweilendes Nirvananirvana, nonabidingSee: nonabiding nirvana
nichtverweilendes Nirvananonabiding nirvana(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the static unchanging state of full enlightenment attained by a Buddha and lasting only so long as he is alive. In this state, a Buddha does not abide in either the extreme of continued samsaric suffering or in the extreme of the passivity of a Hinayana arhat's nirvana without residue. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems, including Gelug Prasangika, the static unchanging state of full enlightenment attained by a Buddha and lasting forever, in which a Buddha does not abide in either the extreme of continued samsaric suffering or in the extreme of the passivity of a Hinayana arhat's nirvana without residue.Tib: mi-gnas-pa'i mya-ngan 'das
Skt: apratisthita-nirvana
Nichtvorhandensein einer "Seele" einer Personlack of an impossible soul of a personThe total absence (voidness) of something findable inside the five aggregate factors of an individual being that is static, a partless monad, separable from the body and mind, and self-sufficiently knowable. Often translated by others as "selflessness of a person" or "identitylessness of a person."Tib: gang-zag-kyi bdag-med
Skt: pudgala-anatman
Nichtvorhander einer "Seele" aller Phänomenelack of an impossible "soul" of all phenomenaThe total absence (voidness) of an impossible mode of existence that establishes the existence of a phenomenon by the power of something findable inside that phenomenon. Often translated by others as "selflessness of all phenomena" or "identitylessness of all phenomena."Tib: chos-kyi bdag-med
Skt: dharma-anatman
nichtwirksames Phänomen / unwirksames Phänomennonfunctional phenomenon(1) An validly knowable, existent object that does not perform a function -- in other words, it does not produce a result -- namely, a static phenomenon. (2) A nonexistent object, such as an impossible way of existing.Tib: dngos-med
nichtzugeschriebenunimputedSee: true unimputed existence
NirmanakayaNirmanakayaSee: Corpus of Emanations
NirvananirvanaAn extinguished state of release -- either an acquired one, in which all samsaric sufferings and their causes have been removed, or a naturally occurring one, in which all stains of impossible existence have always been removed. The Tibetan term means, literally, "a state beyond sorrow."Tib: mya-ngan-'das
Skt: nirvana
Nirvana, erlangtesnirvana, acquiredSee: acquired nirvana
Nirvana, natürlichesnirvana, naturalSee: natural nirvana
Nirvana mit Überrestnirvana with residue(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the state of nirvana that a shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhat, or a Buddha, attains during his lifetime and which lasts only so long as the person is alive. This is so called because the person still has left a residue of tainted aggregates. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems other than Gelug Prasangika, the same as asserted by the Hinayana systems, but in reference only to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats. (3) According to Gelug Prasangika, in reference to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats, their state either during subsequent attainment (post-meditation) periods, when meditating on something other than voidness, or when not meditating at all. In reference to Buddhas, their Corpuses of Form.Tib: lhag-bcas-kyi mya-ngan 'das
Skt: sopadhishesha-nirvana
Nirvana ohne Überrestnirvana without residue(1) According to the Hinayana tenet systems, the state of nirvana that shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhats, or a Buddha, attains immediately upon their death from the lifetime in which they attain nirvana with residue. No longer having a residue of tainted aggregates left, their mental continuum extinguishes, like a spent candle. (2) According to the Mahayana tenet systems other than Gelug Prasangika, the state that shravaka or pratyekabuddha arhats attain immediately upon their death from the lifetime in which they attain nirvana with residue. Although they no longer have a residue of tainted aggregates left, their mental continuums now go on in a purified form. (3) According to Gelug Prasangika, in reference to shravaka and pratyekabuddha arhats, their state during total absorption on voidness, when there is no appearance-making of truly established existence. In reference to Buddhas, their Deep Awareness Dharmakayas.Tib: lhag-med mya-ngan 'das
Skt: nirupadhishesha-nirvana
Noch-nicht-Stattfindennot-yet-happeningThe future occurrence of something. According to Gelug Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a static nonimplicative negation phenomenon; according to Gelug Prasangika, a nonstatic implicative negation phenomenon.Tib: ma-'ong-pa
nominelles Buddhajuwel / Buddhajuwel dem Namen nachnominal Buddha GemA painting or statue of a Buddha, representing a Buddha that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to an actual Buddha Gem.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i sangs-rgyas dkon-mchog
nominelles Darmajuwel / Dharmajuwel dem Namen nachnominal Dharma GemPrinted Dharma texts, representing the Dharma that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to the actual Dharma Gem.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i chos dkon-mchog
nominelles Juwel / Juwel dem Namen nachnominal gemRepresentations of the Three Rare and Supreme Gems, which themselves are not actual sources of safe direction, but which serve as a basis for showing respect to them.Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i dkon-mchog
nominelles Sanghajuwelnominal Sangha GemFour or more people from any of the four groups of the monastic sangha (full or novice monks or nuns), representing the Sangha that is an actual source of safe direction and serving as a basis for showing respect to the actual Sangha Gem. Tib: brdar-btags-pa'i dge-'dun dkon-mchog
normales Gewahrseinnormal awarenessIn the Karma Kagyu system, a synonym for clear light mind, which is "normal" in the sense that it is the primordial, natural state that has always been the case.Tib: tha-mal-gyi shes-pa
NyingmaNyingmaThe Old Translation Period tradition of Tibetan Buddhism deriving from Guru Rinpoche, Padmasambhava.Tib: rNying-ma

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles