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Das Buddhismus-Archiv von Dr. Alexander Berzin

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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Deutscher Fachbegriffe

Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
rätselhaftenigmaticAlso translated as: secret, hiddenTib: gsang-ba
Skt: guhya
Raum, offenersphere, openSee: open sphere
reagierendes Gewahrseinresponsive awarenessSee: responsiveness
realisierenactualizeEin spirituelles Ziel erlangen. Die Verwirklichung eines spirituellen Zieles wirklich (tatsächlich) geschehen lassen. Wird auch mit den Begriffen "erlangen", "Erlangung", "Erreichung", "Errungenschaft" und "Verwirklichung" übersetzt.Tib: sgrub-pa
RealisierungactualizationSee: actualize
RealitätrealityA nontechnical term for what actually exists.
Realität, wahrereality, trueSee: true reality
Rede, Buddhas erleuchtendespeech, enlighteningSee: Buddha's enlightening speech
reflexivreflexiveTurned in on itself.
reflexive Erscheinungreflexive appearanceAn appearance of a cognitive object that arises automatically from a person's clear light mind itself. Such an appearance may be either impure (with an appearance of truly established existence) or pure (without such an appearance).Tib: rang-snang
reflexives Gewahrseinreflexive awareness(1) The cognitive faculty within a cognition, asserted in the Sautrantika and Chittamatra tenet systems, that takes as its cognitive object the consciousness within the cognition that it is part of. It also cognizes the validity or invalidity of the cognition that it is part of, and accounts for the ability to recall the cognition. (2) In the non-Gelug schools, this cognitive faculty becomes reflexive deep awareness -- that part of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness that cognizes the two truths of that nonconceptual cognition.Tib: rang-rig
reflexives tiefes Gewahrseinreflexive deep awareness(1) In Kagyu and Sakya, that aspect of an arya's nonconceptual cognition of voidness that cognizes its own two-truth nature. (2) In Nyingma, that aspect of pure awareness (rigpa) that cognizes its own two truths or its own threefold nature. Synonymous with self-arising deep awareness.Tib: rang-rig ye-shes
reichhaltiger Vorrat an positiver Kraftbountiful store of positive forceSee: network of positive force
reichhaltiges Feldbountiful fieldA bountiful field for growing positive force, and that is shortened to bountiful field. It is usually translated as merit-field by others. Bountiful here means that it gives abundant crop.Tib: tshogs-shing
reifen / heranreifenripen(1) A karmic cause developing or growing to the point at which it can bear fruit, which means produce its result. This is ripening in its definitional sense. (2) A karmic causal factor on a mental continuum exhausting and finishing its presence there as it produces its fruit.Tib: smin-pa
Skt: vipaka
reifende Ursacheripening causeA destructive or tainted constructive phenomenon that, unless one has rid one's mental continuum forever of craving, has the power to produce the nonobstructive unspecified items contained in the five aggregate factors of future rebirth states, such as the body, the types of consciousness, and the feelings.Tib: rnam-smin-gyi rgyu
Skt: vipakahetu
rein, ursprünglichpure, primallySee: primal purity
reine Erscheinungpure appearanceAn appearance of something as an enlightened mind makes it appear, namely in the form of a Buddha-figure or mandala and devoid of any of the four extremes of impossible existence.Tib: dag-pa'i snang-ba
reines Gewahrseinpure awarenessIn the dozgchen system, the subtlest level of awareness, which is totally untainted by any of the fleeting stains of mental obscurations. It is devoid of all grosser levels of awareness and yet permeates all of them, and it spontaneously establishes pure appearances. Often left untranslated as "rigpa."Tib: rig-pa
Reinheit, ursprünglichepurity, primalSee: primal purity
Reinigen der Geisteshaltungencleansing of attitudesSee: attitude-training
relatives Bodhichittarelative bodhichittaSee: conventional bodhichitta
relative Wahrheitrelative truthSee: superficial truth
relativ wahres Phänomenrelative true phenomenonSee: superficial true phenomenon
Reliquien-Monumentreliquary monumentSee: stupa
RespektrespectSee: appreciation
resultierendes Einschlagen der sicheren Richtungresultant taking of safe directionA taking of safe direction (refuge) that takes as its sources of safe direction the Triple Gem that one will attain oneself in the future, based on actualizing one's own Buddha-nature. Synonymous with "special taking of safe direction." Tib: 'bras-bu'i skyabs-'gro
Reue / BedauernregretThe subsidiary awareness (mental factor) of not wishing to repeat doing something, either proper or improper, that one did or that someone else made one do. Tib: 'gyod-pa
Rezitationspraxisrecitation practiceIn tantra, the meditation practice with which one recites a ritual meditation text describing the self-visualization process and a complex series of further practices based on that self-generation, such as reciting mantras and making offerings.Tib: kha-'don
Richtung, sichere / Ausrichtung, sicheredirection, safeSee: safe direction
richtungsweisende Anleitungenguideline instructionsBeneficial practical advice concerning spiritual practice.Tib: gdams-ngag
Riechbewusstseinconsciousness, noseSee: nose consciousness
RigparigpaSee: pure awareness
Rigpa, Essenz-rigpa, essenceSee: essence rigpa
Rigpa, grundlegendesrigpa, basisSee: basis rigpa
Rigpa, strahlendesrigpa, effulgentSee: effulgent rigpa
Rigpa der all-umfassenden spontanen Präsenzrigpa of all-embracing spontaneous presencePure awareness (rigpa) from the point of view of its resultant level as the Dharmakaya of a Buddha.Tib: lhun-grub sbubs-kyi rig-pa
Ritual, Sühne-ritual, expiationSee: expiation ritual
Ritualtrainerritual trainerA teacher who instructs one in how to perform Buddhist rituals.
Ritualtrainertrainer, ritualSee: ritual trainer
Ritualzeremonieritual ceremonyAlso called puja. See: offering ritual.
rituelles freigebiges Festmahlritual bountiful feastA specially consecrated torma offered to one's tantric master, inseparable from the Buddha-figure, during a tantra ceremonial round of offering.Tib: tshogs
RuhepauserespiteEin vorübergehende Pause oder Unterbrechung von einem Zustand, in dem man keine Muße für Dharmapraxis hat, wie beispielsweise in den üblen Wiedergeburtszuständen. Einige Übersetzer geben den Begriff als "Freiheit" wieder. Tib: dal-ba
ruhiges Verweilencalm abidingSee: stilled and settled state of mind
RupakayaRupakayaSee: Corpus of Forms

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles