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Startseite > Glossar > Glossar Deutscher Fachbegriffe

Deutsches Glossar Buddhistischer Fachbegriffe

Dieses Glossar enthält bislang nur einen Teil der Fachbegriffe, die auf unserer Webseite verwendet werden. Mit weiterem Fortschreiten der Arbeit am Glossar werden wir weitere Begriffe hinzufügen. Die Definitionen liegen bislang noch nicht in der deutschen Übersetzung vor, wir haben daher in diese Fassung des Glossars die englischen Definitionen aufgenommen.

Wählen Sie einen der folgenden Buchstaben. Es werden dann alle Glossareinträge mit diesem Anfangsbuchstaben angezeigt:

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles

DeutschEnglischDefinition (Teilweise Englisch)Tibetisch / Sanskrit
umfassendpervasive"x" is pervasive with "y" if, whenever "x" is the case, so is "y". Used in such formulations as "If "x" is the case, then it is pervasive that "y" is the case."Tib: khyab
umfassendes FahrzeugVast VehicleSee: Vast Vehicle of Mind
umfassendes Fahrzeug des GeistesVast Vehicle of MindSee: Mahayana
umfassende Wirkungcomprehensive resultSee: dominating result
umfassende Wirkungresult, comprehensiveSee: dominating result
unbedingtes Phänomenunconditioned phenomenonSee: unaffected phenomenon
unbeflecktuntaintedSomething that does not derive from a disturbing emotion or attitude, or is not related in any way with a disturbing emotion or attitude. Also translated as "unmixed with confusion" or "dissociated from confusion." Many translators render this term as "uncontaminated."Tib: zag-med
Skt: anashrava
unbefleckte Aggregateuntainted aggregatesAggregate factors of someone's experience that do not include the causes that will obtain for that being any further samsaric rebirths.Tib: zag-med-kyi phung-po
unbeständiges Phänomenimpermanent phenomenonSee: nonstatic phenomenon
Unbeständigkeit / VeränderlichkeitimpermanenceSee: nonstaticness
Unbewegliche, dreiimmovables, threeSee: three immovables
unentschiedene Wahrnehmungnondetermining cognitionA cognition of an object, in which (a) the involved object is an objective entity, (b) a mental aspect (mental hologram) of the involved object arises, but (c) there is no ascertainment (certainty, decisiveness) of what the involved object is or that the cognition of it has occurred. Also called: inattentive cognition.Tib: snang-la ma-nges-pa
unentschlossenes Schwankenindecisive waveringThe mental factor (subsidiary awareness) that entertains two opinions about what is true – in other words, wavering between accepting or rejecting what is true. One of the six root disturbing emotions and attitudes. Sometimes translated as "doubt."Tib: the-tshoms
unentschlossene Wahrnehmungindecisive cognitionSee: indecisive wavering
UnentschlossenheitindecisivenessSee: indecisive wavering
unermesslich herrlicher Palastimmeasurably magnificent palaceA palace visualized in tantra practice as part of the supporting mandala. Each architectural feature of the palace represents one or another realization gained along the tantra path, and inside the palace reside one or more Buddha-figures.Tib: gzhal-yas khang
UnglücklichseinunhappinessThat feeling which, when it arises, one wants to be parted from it.Tib: mi-bde-ba
Skt: du:kha (duhkha)
ungültige Wahrnehmunginvalid cognition(1) According to Gelug Sautrantika, Gelug Chittamatra, and Gelug Svatantrika-Madhyamaka, a cognition that is not fresh, or one that is fallacious, or one that is both not fresh and fallacious. (2) According to Gelug Prasangika and all tenet systems according to non-Gelug, a fallacious cognition.Tib: tshad-min
unkontrollierbare sich wiederholende Existenzuncontrollably recurring existenceSee: samsara
unkontrollierbar sich wiederholendes Samsarauncontrollably recurring samsaraSee: samsara
unlöbliche Handlungen, die der Buddha bestimmten Individuen untersagt hatuncommendable action, prohibitedSee: prohibited uncommendable action
unmittelbare Ursachenimmediate causesThe causes that are very close in time to bringing about a result.Tib: nye-ba'i rgyu
unmittelbar vorausgehende Bedingungimmediately preceding conditionThe immediately preceding moment of awareness, which produces the appearance-making and cognizing (clarity and awareness) of the next moment of awareness as its result.Tib: de-ma-thag rkyen
Skt: samanantarapratyaya
unreine Erscheinungimpure appearanceAn appearance of something as a nonenlightened mind makes it appear, namely in only a mundane form and with true existence.Tib: ma-dag-pa'i snang-ba
uns der spezifischen Buddhagestalt anzunähern und uns selbst als sie zu realisierenapproximate and actualize oneself as a Buddha-figureIntensive tantrische Meditationspraxis, welche die Visualisation von einem selbst als Buddhagestalt, wie auch die Rezitation der dazugehörigen Mantras umfasst. Tib: bsnyen-sgrub
unsere geistigen Einstellungen uns selbst und anderen gegenüber gleichsetzen und austauschenequalizing and exchanging self and othersA method for developing a bodhichitta aim, consisting of (1) developing mere equanimity, (2) developing uncommon Mahayana equanimity, as a way to regard all others equally in the same way as one regards oneself, (3) thinking of the disadvantages of a self-cherishing attitude, (4) thinking of the advantages of cherishing others, (5) giving and taking, with attitudes of love and compassion, as a way of exchanging one's attitudes about self and others, (6) exceptional resolve, and (7) developing a bodhichitta aim.Tib: bdag-gzhan mnyam-brje
unterbewusstes Gewahrseinsubliminal awarenessSee: subliminal cognition
unterbewusste Wahrnehmungsubliminal cognitionA cognition in which the consciousness gives rise to a mental hologram of a cognitive object and, in which, the cognitive object appears, through that hologram, only to the consciousness of the subliminal cognition and only that consciousness cognizes it. The cognitive object of the subliminal cognition does not appear to the person and is not cognized by the person. Nor does it appear to or is it cognized by the consciousness of the manifest cognition that is simultaneously occurring and overpowering the subliminal cognition. Tib: bag-la nyal-gyi shes-pa
unterscheidendiscriminate(1) To differentiate decisively between two things -- for example, between what is correct and incorrect, (2) to single out something and come to a decisive conclusion about it, for example to incorrectly discriminate the shravaka teachings as being essential for only shravakas, and worthless for bodhisattvas.
UnterscheidendistinguishingOne of the five ever-functioning subsidiary awarenesses (mental factors) that takes an uncommon characteristic feature of the appearing object of a nonconceptual cognition or an outstanding feature of the appearing object of a conceptual cognition, and ascribes a conventional significance to it, different from that of everything else that appears in the background within that cognition. It does not necessarily ascribe a name or mental label to its object, nor does it compare it with previously cognized objects. Some translators render the term as "recognition."Tib: 'du-shes
Skt: samjna
unterscheidendes Gewahrseindiscriminating awarenessThe mental factor that decisively discriminates between what is correct and what is incorrect, or between what is helpful and what is harmful, or between what is appropriate or what is inappropriate, or between what is reality and what is not reality. When conjoined with a bodhichitta aim, it becomes a far-reaching attitude.Tib: shes-rab
Skt: prajna
UnterscheidungdiscriminationSee: discriminating awareness
Unterscheidungsvermögen, subtilesdiscernment, subtleSee: subtle discernment
unterstützendes Mandalasupporting mandalaThe immeasurably magnificent palace of a symbolic world system, together with the environment around it, visualized in tantra practice.Tib: rten-pa'i dkyil-'khor
unterstütztes Mandalasupported mandalaThe set of Buddha-figures residing inside the immeasurably magnificent palace of a symbolic world system visualized in tantra practice.Tib: brten-pa'i dkyil-'khor
Untersuchen / UntersuchunginvestigationSee: gross detection
Unterteilungen machendes Bewusstseindividing consciousnessA consciousness that makes dualistic appearances, dividing a moment of experience into an appearance of independently existing consciousness (subject) and object. It is a Kagyu/Nyingma explanation. The Tibetan is rnam-shes, the same as the usual word for consciousness. It is defined like this only in some very special places.Tib: rnam-shes
untrennbarinseparableTwo facts about the same attribute of an object are inseparable if, when one is the case, so is the other. The two facts may inseparably both be the case either naturally or made to be so through the power of meditation.Tib: dbyer-med
unveränderlicher Vajra-KörperImmutable Vajra BodySee: Immutable Vajra Corpus
unveränderlicher Vajra-KörperImmutable Vajra CorpusIn some Kagyu mahamudra systems, synonymous with "Vajra Corpus" in the meaning of the unchanging nature of the other four Corpuses of a Buddha.Tib: mi-'gyur rdo-rje'i sku
Unwissenheitunawareness(1) According to Vasubandhu and Asanga, not knowing. (2) According to Dharmakirti, knowing in an inverted (incorrect) manner. In both cases, unawareness is of either behavioral cause and effect, or of the lack of an impossible "soul" or voidness. Translators often render the term as "ignorance."Tib: ma-rig-pa
Skt: avidya
Unwissenheit, automatisch erscheinendeunawareness, automatically arisingSee: automatically arising unawareness
Unwissenheit, doktrinär bedingteunawareness, doctrinally basedSee: doctrinally based unawareness
UrsachecauseA nonstatic phenomenon able to bring about the production or arising of something.Tib: rgyu
Skt: hetu
Ursache, direktecause, directSee: direct cause
Ursache, gleichzeitig wirkendecause, simultaneously actingSee: simultaneously acting cause
Ursache, herbeiführendecause, obtainingSee: obtaining cause
Ursache, reifendecause, ripeningSee: ripening cause
Ursache, wirkendcause, actingSee: acting cause
Ursache der gleichen Artcause, similar familySee: similar family cause
Ursache der gleichen Artsimilar family causeDie Ursache gleicher Art ist eine Ursache, die zur selben Familie oder Kategorie von Phänomen gehört wie die Wirkung. Zum Beispiel ist die Vorlage zur Herstellung einer Vase die Ursache gleicher Art für die Vase, die man gerade herstellt. Tib: rigs-'dra'I rgyu
Skt: sajatiyakaranam
Ursache des gleichen Statuscause, equal statusSee: equal status cause
Ursachen des gleichen Statusequal status causeCauses for which the results are later moments in the same category of phenomena as they are -- either in the same ethical category or on the same plane of existence.Tib: skal-mnyam-gyi rgyu
Ursache und Wirkungcause and effectSee: behavioral cause and effect
Ursache und Wirkung, verhaltensbedingtecause and effect, behavioralSee: behavioral cause and effect
ursächliche Bedingungencausal conditionsAll the causes that have the power to produce a specific result.Tib: rgyu'i rkyen
Skt: hetupratyaya
ursächliche Motivationcausal motivating aimWas jemand beabsichtigt, gerade bevor er/sie damit beginnt etwas zu tun; diese Motiviation ist die Ursache dafür, dass die Person die entsprechende Handlung dann ausführt.Tib: rgyu'i kun-slong
ursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtungcausal taking of safe directionMit dem Begriff "ursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung" wird das Einschlagen einer sicheren Ausrichtung (Zufluchtnahme) bezeichnet, in der die Quellen einer sicheren Ausrichtung die Personen oder Phänomene sind, die als Ursachen für die eigene Erlangung der drei Juwelen, wirken, nämlich von Buddha, Dharma und Sangha, die bereits von anderen erlangt worden sind. Der Begriff "ursächliches Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung" ist synonym mit dem Begriff "bloßes Einschlagen der sicheren Richtung". Tib: rgyu'i skyabs-'gro
ursprüngliche Reinheitprimal purityThe essential nature of rigpa (pure awareness), which refers to its being pure of all stains, without a beginning.Tib: ka-dag
ursprünglicher Geistprimordial mindAwareness that, with no beginning, has been untainted by the fleeting stains of either the emotional or cognitive obscurations. A synonym for "clear light mind."Tib: gnyug-sems
ursprünglicher Zustandprimordial stateThe state of having, with no beginning, been untainted by the fleeting stains of either the emotional or cognitive obscurations. Descriptive of the clear light mind.Tib: gnyug-ma
ursprüngliches tiefstes Alayaprimordial deepest alayaIn the dzogchen system, a synonym for basis rigpa. The source of all appearances of samsara and nirvana.Tib: ye-don kun-gzhi
ursprünglich reinprimally pureSee: primal purity
ursprünglich reines Gewahrseinsprimally pure awarenessSee: primal purity
Ursprungsquelle // Geburtsquellenatal sourceThat which gives rise to something, such as a womb for a baby or an oven for a loaf of bread.Tib: rdzas
Skt: dravya
Ursprungsquelle / Geburtsquellesource, natalSee: natal source

A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U Ü V W Y Z alles